Artificial Intelligence Essay for Students and Children


500+ Words Essay on Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence refers to the intelligence of machines. This is in contrast to the natural intelligence of humans and animals. With Artificial Intelligence, machines perform functions such as learning, planning, reasoning and problem-solving. Most noteworthy, Artificial Intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence by machines. It is probably the fastest-growing development in the World of technology and innovation . Furthermore, many experts believe AI could solve major challenges and crisis situations.

Artificial Intelligence Essay

Types of Artificial Intelligence

First of all, the categorization of Artificial Intelligence is into four types. Arend Hintze came up with this categorization. The categories are as follows:

Type 1: Reactive machines – These machines can react to situations. A famous example can be Deep Blue, the IBM chess program. Most noteworthy, the chess program won against Garry Kasparov , the popular chess legend. Furthermore, such machines lack memory. These machines certainly cannot use past experiences to inform future ones. It analyses all possible alternatives and chooses the best one.

Type 2: Limited memory – These AI systems are capable of using past experiences to inform future ones. A good example can be self-driving cars. Such cars have decision making systems . The car makes actions like changing lanes. Most noteworthy, these actions come from observations. There is no permanent storage of these observations.

Type 3: Theory of mind – This refers to understand others. Above all, this means to understand that others have their beliefs, intentions, desires, and opinions. However, this type of AI does not exist yet.

Type 4: Self-awareness – This is the highest and most sophisticated level of Artificial Intelligence. Such systems have a sense of self. Furthermore, they have awareness, consciousness, and emotions. Obviously, such type of technology does not yet exist. This technology would certainly be a revolution .

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Applications of Artificial Intelligence

First of all, AI has significant use in healthcare. Companies are trying to develop technologies for quick diagnosis. Artificial Intelligence would efficiently operate on patients without human supervision. Such technological surgeries are already taking place. Another excellent healthcare technology is IBM Watson.

Artificial Intelligence in business would significantly save time and effort. There is an application of robotic automation to human business tasks. Furthermore, Machine learning algorithms help in better serving customers. Chatbots provide immediate response and service to customers.

artificial intelligence summary essays

AI can greatly increase the rate of work in manufacturing. Manufacture of a huge number of products can take place with AI. Furthermore, the entire production process can take place without human intervention. Hence, a lot of time and effort is saved.

Artificial Intelligence has applications in various other fields. These fields can be military , law , video games , government, finance, automotive, audit, art, etc. Hence, it’s clear that AI has a massive amount of different applications.

To sum it up, Artificial Intelligence looks all set to be the future of the World. Experts believe AI would certainly become a part and parcel of human life soon. AI would completely change the way we view our World. With Artificial Intelligence, the future seems intriguing and exciting.

{ “@context”: “”, “@type”: “FAQPage”, “mainEntity”: [{ “@type”: “Question”, “name”: “Give an example of AI reactive machines?”, “acceptedAnswer”: { “@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Reactive machines react to situations. An example of it is the Deep Blue, the IBM chess program, This program defeated the popular chess player Garry Kasparov.” } }, { “@type”: “Question”, “name”: “How do chatbots help in business?”, “acceptedAnswer”: { “@type”: “Answer”, “text”:”Chatbots help in business by assisting customers. Above all, they do this by providing immediate response and service to customers.”} }] }


  • Travelling Essay
  • Picnic Essay
  • Our Country Essay
  • My Parents Essay
  • Essay on Favourite Personality
  • Essay on Memorable Day of My Life
  • Essay on Knowledge is Power
  • Essay on Gurpurab
  • Essay on My Favourite Season
  • Essay on Types of Sports

Which class are you in?


Download the App

Google Play

  • Online Degree Explore Bachelor’s & Master’s degrees
  • MasterTrack™ Earn credit towards a Master’s degree
  • University Certificates Advance your career with graduate-level learning
  • Top Courses
  • Join for Free

What Is Artificial Intelligence? Definition, Uses, and Types

Learn what artificial intelligence actually is, how it’s used today, and what it may do in the future.

[Featured Image] Waves of 0 and 1 digits on a blue background.

Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to computer systems capable of performing complex tasks that historically only a human could do, such as reasoning, making decisions, or solving problems. 

Today, the term “AI” describes a wide range of technologies that power many of the services and goods we use every day – from apps that recommend tv shows to chatbots that provide customer support in real time. But do all of these really constitute artificial intelligence as most of us envision it? And if not, then why do we use the term so often? 

In this article, you’ll learn more about artificial intelligence, what it actually does, and different types of it. In the end, you’ll also learn about some of its benefits and dangers and explore flexible courses that can help you expand your knowledge of AI even further.  

What is artificial intelligence?

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the theory and development of computer systems capable of performing tasks that historically required human intelligence, such as recognizing speech, making decisions, and identifying patterns. AI is an umbrella term that encompasses a wide variety of technologies, including machine learning , deep learning , and natural language processing (NLP) . 

Although the term is commonly used to describe a range of different technologies in use today, many disagree on whether these actually constitute artificial intelligence. Instead, some argue that much of the technology used in the real world today actually constitutes highly advanced machine learning that is simply a first step towards true artificial intelligence, or “general artificial intelligence” (GAI).

Yet, despite the many philosophical disagreements over whether “true” intelligent machines actually exist, when most people use the term AI today, they’re referring to a suite of machine learning-powered technologies, such as Chat GPT or computer vision, that enable machines to perform tasks that previously only humans can do like generating written content, steering a car, or analyzing data. 

Artificial intelligence examples 

Though the humanoid robots often associated with AI (think Star Trek: The Next Generation’s Data or Terminator’s   T-800) don’t exist yet, you’ve likely interacted with machine learning-powered services or devices many times before. 

At the simplest level, machine learning uses algorithms trained on data sets to create machine learning models that allow computer systems to perform tasks like making song recommendations, identifying the fastest way to travel to a destination, or translating text from one language to another. Some of the most common examples of AI in use today include: 

ChatGPT : Uses large language models (LLMs) to generate text in response to questions or comments posed to it. 

Google Translate: Uses deep learning algorithms to translate text from one language to another. 

Netflix: Uses machine learning algorithms to create personalized recommendation engines for users based on their previous viewing history. 

Tesla: Uses computer vision to power self-driving features on their cars. 

Read more: Deep Learning vs. Machine Learning: Beginner’s Guide

AI in the workforce

Artificial intelligence is prevalent across many industries. Automating tasks that don't require human intervention saves money and time, and can reduce the risk of human error. Here are a couple of ways AI could be employed in different industries:

Finance industry. Fraud detection is a notable use case for AI in the finance industry. AI's capability to analyze large amounts of data enables it to detect anomalies or patterns that signal fraudulent behavior.

Health care industry. AI-powered robotics could support surgeries close to highly delicate organs or tissue to mitigate blood loss or risk of infection.

What is artificial general intelligence (AGI)? 

Artificial general intelligence (AGI) refers to a theoretical state in which computer systems will be able to achieve or exceed human intelligence. In other words, AGI is “true” artificial intelligence as depicted in countless science fiction novels, television shows, movies, and comics. 

As for the precise meaning of “AI” itself, researchers don’t quite agree on how we would recognize “true” artificial general intelligence when it appears. However, the most famous approach to identifying whether a machine is intelligent or not is known as the Turing Test or Imitation Game, an experiment that was first outlined by influential mathematician, computer scientist, and cryptanalyst Alan Turing in a 1950 paper on computer intelligence. There, Turing described a three-player game in which a human “interrogator” is asked to communicate via text with another human and a machine and judge who composed each response. If the interrogator cannot reliably identify the human, then Turing says the machine can be said to be intelligent [ 1 ]. 

To complicate matters, researchers and philosophers also can’t quite agree whether we’re beginning to achieve AGI, if it’s still far off, or just totally impossible. For example, while a recent paper from Microsoft Research and OpenAI argues that Chat GPT-4 is an early form of AGI, many other researchers are skeptical of these claims and argue that they were just made for publicity [ 2 , 3 ].

Regardless of how far we are from achieving AGI, you can assume that when someone uses the term artificial general intelligence, they’re referring to the kind of sentient computer programs and machines that are commonly found in popular science fiction. 

Strong AI vs. Weak AI

When researching artificial intelligence, you might have come across the terms “strong” and “weak” AI. Though these terms might seem confusing, you likely already have a sense of what they mean. 

Strong AI is essentially AI that is capable of human-level, general intelligence. In other words, it’s just another way to say “artificial general intelligence.” 

Weak AI , meanwhile, refers to the narrow use of widely available AI technology, like machine learning or deep learning, to perform very specific tasks, such as playing chess, recommending songs, or steering cars. Also known as Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI), weak AI is essentially the kind of AI we use daily.

Read more: Machine Learning vs. AI: Differences, Uses, and Benefits

The 4 Types of AI 

As researchers attempt to build more advanced forms of artificial intelligence, they must also begin to formulate more nuanced understandings of what intelligence or even consciousness precisely mean. In their attempt to clarify these concepts, researchers have outlined four types of artificial intelligence .

Here’s a summary of each AI type, according to Professor Arend Hintze of the University of Michigan [ 4 ]: 

1. Reactive machines

Reactive machines are the most basic type of artificial intelligence. Machines built in this way don’t possess any knowledge of previous events but instead only “react” to what is before them in a given moment. As a result, they can only perform certain advanced tasks within a very narrow scope, such as playing chess, and are incapable of performing tasks outside of their limited context. 

2. Limited memory machines

Machines with limited memory possess a limited understanding of past events. They can interact more with the world around them than reactive machines can. For example, self-driving cars use a form of limited memory to make turns, observe approaching vehicles, and adjust their speed. However, machines with only limited memory cannot form a complete understanding of the world because their recall of past events is limited and only used in a narrow band of time. 

3. Theory of mind machines

Machines that possess a “theory of mind” represent an early form of artificial general intelligence. In addition to being able to create representations of the world, machines of this type would also have an understanding of other entities that exist within the world. As of this moment, this reality has still not materialized. 

4. Self-aware machines

Machines with self-awareness are the theoretically most advanced type of AI and would possess an understanding of the world, others, and itself. This is what most people mean when they talk about achieving AGI. Currently, this is a far-off reality. 

AI benefits and dangers

AI has a range of applications with the potential to transform how we work and our daily lives. While many of these transformations are exciting, like self-driving cars, virtual assistants, or wearable devices in the healthcare industry, they also pose many challenges.

It’s a complicated picture that often summons competing images: a utopia for some, a dystopia for others. The reality is likely to be much more complex. Here are a few of the possible benefits and dangers AI may pose: 

These are just some of the ways that AI provides benefits and dangers to society. When using new technologies like AI, it’s best to keep a clear mind about what it is and isn’t. With great power comes great responsibility, after all. 

Read more: AI Ethics: What It Is and Why It Matters

Learn more about AI on Coursera

Artificial Intelligence is quickly changing the world we live in. If you’re interested in learning more about AI and how you can use it at work or in your own life, consider taking a relevant course on Coursera today. 

In DeepLearning.AI’s AI For Everyone course , you’ll learn what AI can realistically do and not do, how to spot opportunities to apply AI to problems in your own organization, and what it feels like to build machine learning and data science projects. 

In DeepLearning.AI’s AI For Good Specialization , meanwhile, you’ll build skills combining human and machine intelligence for positive real-world impact using AI in a beginner-friendly, three-course program. 

Article sources

UMBC. “ Computing Machinery and Intelligence by A. M. Turing ,” Accessed October 27, 2023. 

ArXiv. “ Sparks of Artificial General Intelligence: Early experiments with GPT-4 ,” Accessed October 27, 2023.

Wired. “ What’s AGI, and Why Are AI Experts Skeptical? ,” Accessed October 27, 2023. 

GovTech. “ Understanding the Four Types of Artificial Intelligence ,” Accessed October 27, 2023.

Keep reading

Coursera staff.

Editorial Team

Coursera’s editorial team is comprised of highly experienced professional editors, writers, and fact...

This content has been made available for informational purposes only. Learners are advised to conduct additional research to ensure that courses and other credentials pursued meet their personal, professional, and financial goals.

Take $100 off your annual subscription

  • For a limited time, you can get a new Coursera Plus annual subscription for $100 off for your first year!
  • Get unlimited access to 7,000+ learning programs from world-class universities and companies like Google, Microsoft, and Yale.
  • Build the skills you need to succeed, anytime you need them—whether you're starting your first job, switching to a new career, or advancing in your current role.

How artificial intelligence is transforming the world

Subscribe to techstream, darrell m. west and darrell m. west senior fellow - center for technology innovation , douglas dillon chair in governmental studies john r. allen john r. allen.

April 24, 2018

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a wide-ranging tool that enables people to rethink how we integrate information, analyze data, and use the resulting insights to improve decision making—and already it is transforming every walk of life. In this report, Darrell West and John Allen discuss AI’s application across a variety of sectors, address issues in its development, and offer recommendations for getting the most out of AI while still protecting important human values.

Table of Contents I. Qualities of artificial intelligence II. Applications in diverse sectors III. Policy, regulatory, and ethical issues IV. Recommendations V. Conclusion

  • 49 min read

Most people are not very familiar with the concept of artificial intelligence (AI). As an illustration, when 1,500 senior business leaders in the United States in 2017 were asked about AI, only 17 percent said they were familiar with it. 1 A number of them were not sure what it was or how it would affect their particular companies. They understood there was considerable potential for altering business processes, but were not clear how AI could be deployed within their own organizations.

Despite its widespread lack of familiarity, AI is a technology that is transforming every walk of life. It is a wide-ranging tool that enables people to rethink how we integrate information, analyze data, and use the resulting insights to improve decisionmaking. Our hope through this comprehensive overview is to explain AI to an audience of policymakers, opinion leaders, and interested observers, and demonstrate how AI already is altering the world and raising important questions for society, the economy, and governance.

In this paper, we discuss novel applications in finance, national security, health care, criminal justice, transportation, and smart cities, and address issues such as data access problems, algorithmic bias, AI ethics and transparency, and legal liability for AI decisions. We contrast the regulatory approaches of the U.S. and European Union, and close by making a number of recommendations for getting the most out of AI while still protecting important human values. 2

In order to maximize AI benefits, we recommend nine steps for going forward:

  • Encourage greater data access for researchers without compromising users’ personal privacy,
  • invest more government funding in unclassified AI research,
  • promote new models of digital education and AI workforce development so employees have the skills needed in the 21 st -century economy,
  • create a federal AI advisory committee to make policy recommendations,
  • engage with state and local officials so they enact effective policies,
  • regulate broad AI principles rather than specific algorithms,
  • take bias complaints seriously so AI does not replicate historic injustice, unfairness, or discrimination in data or algorithms,
  • maintain mechanisms for human oversight and control, and
  • penalize malicious AI behavior and promote cybersecurity.

Qualities of artificial intelligence

Although there is no uniformly agreed upon definition, AI generally is thought to refer to “machines that respond to stimulation consistent with traditional responses from humans, given the human capacity for contemplation, judgment and intention.” 3  According to researchers Shubhendu and Vijay, these software systems “make decisions which normally require [a] human level of expertise” and help people anticipate problems or deal with issues as they come up. 4 As such, they operate in an intentional, intelligent, and adaptive manner.


Artificial intelligence algorithms are designed to make decisions, often using real-time data. They are unlike passive machines that are capable only of mechanical or predetermined responses. Using sensors, digital data, or remote inputs, they combine information from a variety of different sources, analyze the material instantly, and act on the insights derived from those data. With massive improvements in storage systems, processing speeds, and analytic techniques, they are capable of tremendous sophistication in analysis and decisionmaking.

Artificial intelligence is already altering the world and raising important questions for society, the economy, and governance.


AI generally is undertaken in conjunction with machine learning and data analytics. 5 Machine learning takes data and looks for underlying trends. If it spots something that is relevant for a practical problem, software designers can take that knowledge and use it to analyze specific issues. All that is required are data that are sufficiently robust that algorithms can discern useful patterns. Data can come in the form of digital information, satellite imagery, visual information, text, or unstructured data.


AI systems have the ability to learn and adapt as they make decisions. In the transportation area, for example, semi-autonomous vehicles have tools that let drivers and vehicles know about upcoming congestion, potholes, highway construction, or other possible traffic impediments. Vehicles can take advantage of the experience of other vehicles on the road, without human involvement, and the entire corpus of their achieved “experience” is immediately and fully transferable to other similarly configured vehicles. Their advanced algorithms, sensors, and cameras incorporate experience in current operations, and use dashboards and visual displays to present information in real time so human drivers are able to make sense of ongoing traffic and vehicular conditions. And in the case of fully autonomous vehicles, advanced systems can completely control the car or truck, and make all the navigational decisions.

Related Content

Jack Karsten, Darrell M. West

October 26, 2015

Makada Henry-Nickie

November 16, 2017

Sunil Johal, Daniel Araya

February 28, 2017

Applications in diverse sectors

AI is not a futuristic vision, but rather something that is here today and being integrated with and deployed into a variety of sectors. This includes fields such as finance, national security, health care, criminal justice, transportation, and smart cities. There are numerous examples where AI already is making an impact on the world and augmenting human capabilities in significant ways. 6

One of the reasons for the growing role of AI is the tremendous opportunities for economic development that it presents. A project undertaken by PriceWaterhouseCoopers estimated that “artificial intelligence technologies could increase global GDP by $15.7 trillion, a full 14%, by 2030.” 7 That includes advances of $7 trillion in China, $3.7 trillion in North America, $1.8 trillion in Northern Europe, $1.2 trillion for Africa and Oceania, $0.9 trillion in the rest of Asia outside of China, $0.7 trillion in Southern Europe, and $0.5 trillion in Latin America. China is making rapid strides because it has set a national goal of investing $150 billion in AI and becoming the global leader in this area by 2030.

Meanwhile, a McKinsey Global Institute study of China found that “AI-led automation can give the Chinese economy a productivity injection that would add 0.8 to 1.4 percentage points to GDP growth annually, depending on the speed of adoption.” 8 Although its authors found that China currently lags the United States and the United Kingdom in AI deployment, the sheer size of its AI market gives that country tremendous opportunities for pilot testing and future development.

Investments in financial AI in the United States tripled between 2013 and 2014 to a total of $12.2 billion. 9 According to observers in that sector, “Decisions about loans are now being made by software that can take into account a variety of finely parsed data about a borrower, rather than just a credit score and a background check.” 10 In addition, there are so-called robo-advisers that “create personalized investment portfolios, obviating the need for stockbrokers and financial advisers.” 11 These advances are designed to take the emotion out of investing and undertake decisions based on analytical considerations, and make these choices in a matter of minutes.

A prominent example of this is taking place in stock exchanges, where high-frequency trading by machines has replaced much of human decisionmaking. People submit buy and sell orders, and computers match them in the blink of an eye without human intervention. Machines can spot trading inefficiencies or market differentials on a very small scale and execute trades that make money according to investor instructions. 12 Powered in some places by advanced computing, these tools have much greater capacities for storing information because of their emphasis not on a zero or a one, but on “quantum bits” that can store multiple values in each location. 13 That dramatically increases storage capacity and decreases processing times.

Fraud detection represents another way AI is helpful in financial systems. It sometimes is difficult to discern fraudulent activities in large organizations, but AI can identify abnormalities, outliers, or deviant cases requiring additional investigation. That helps managers find problems early in the cycle, before they reach dangerous levels. 14

National security

AI plays a substantial role in national defense. Through its Project Maven, the American military is deploying AI “to sift through the massive troves of data and video captured by surveillance and then alert human analysts of patterns or when there is abnormal or suspicious activity.” 15 According to Deputy Secretary of Defense Patrick Shanahan, the goal of emerging technologies in this area is “to meet our warfighters’ needs and to increase [the] speed and agility [of] technology development and procurement.” 16

Artificial intelligence will accelerate the traditional process of warfare so rapidly that a new term has been coined: hyperwar.

The big data analytics associated with AI will profoundly affect intelligence analysis, as massive amounts of data are sifted in near real time—if not eventually in real time—thereby providing commanders and their staffs a level of intelligence analysis and productivity heretofore unseen. Command and control will similarly be affected as human commanders delegate certain routine, and in special circumstances, key decisions to AI platforms, reducing dramatically the time associated with the decision and subsequent action. In the end, warfare is a time competitive process, where the side able to decide the fastest and move most quickly to execution will generally prevail. Indeed, artificially intelligent intelligence systems, tied to AI-assisted command and control systems, can move decision support and decisionmaking to a speed vastly superior to the speeds of the traditional means of waging war. So fast will be this process, especially if coupled to automatic decisions to launch artificially intelligent autonomous weapons systems capable of lethal outcomes, that a new term has been coined specifically to embrace the speed at which war will be waged: hyperwar.

While the ethical and legal debate is raging over whether America will ever wage war with artificially intelligent autonomous lethal systems, the Chinese and Russians are not nearly so mired in this debate, and we should anticipate our need to defend against these systems operating at hyperwar speeds. The challenge in the West of where to position “humans in the loop” in a hyperwar scenario will ultimately dictate the West’s capacity to be competitive in this new form of conflict. 17

Just as AI will profoundly affect the speed of warfare, the proliferation of zero day or zero second cyber threats as well as polymorphic malware will challenge even the most sophisticated signature-based cyber protection. This forces significant improvement to existing cyber defenses. Increasingly, vulnerable systems are migrating, and will need to shift to a layered approach to cybersecurity with cloud-based, cognitive AI platforms. This approach moves the community toward a “thinking” defensive capability that can defend networks through constant training on known threats. This capability includes DNA-level analysis of heretofore unknown code, with the possibility of recognizing and stopping inbound malicious code by recognizing a string component of the file. This is how certain key U.S.-based systems stopped the debilitating “WannaCry” and “Petya” viruses.

Preparing for hyperwar and defending critical cyber networks must become a high priority because China, Russia, North Korea, and other countries are putting substantial resources into AI. In 2017, China’s State Council issued a plan for the country to “build a domestic industry worth almost $150 billion” by 2030. 18 As an example of the possibilities, the Chinese search firm Baidu has pioneered a facial recognition application that finds missing people. In addition, cities such as Shenzhen are providing up to $1 million to support AI labs. That country hopes AI will provide security, combat terrorism, and improve speech recognition programs. 19 The dual-use nature of many AI algorithms will mean AI research focused on one sector of society can be rapidly modified for use in the security sector as well. 20

Health care

AI tools are helping designers improve computational sophistication in health care. For example, Merantix is a German company that applies deep learning to medical issues. It has an application in medical imaging that “detects lymph nodes in the human body in Computer Tomography (CT) images.” 21 According to its developers, the key is labeling the nodes and identifying small lesions or growths that could be problematic. Humans can do this, but radiologists charge $100 per hour and may be able to carefully read only four images an hour. If there were 10,000 images, the cost of this process would be $250,000, which is prohibitively expensive if done by humans.

What deep learning can do in this situation is train computers on data sets to learn what a normal-looking versus an irregular-appearing lymph node is. After doing that through imaging exercises and honing the accuracy of the labeling, radiological imaging specialists can apply this knowledge to actual patients and determine the extent to which someone is at risk of cancerous lymph nodes. Since only a few are likely to test positive, it is a matter of identifying the unhealthy versus healthy node.

AI has been applied to congestive heart failure as well, an illness that afflicts 10 percent of senior citizens and costs $35 billion each year in the United States. AI tools are helpful because they “predict in advance potential challenges ahead and allocate resources to patient education, sensing, and proactive interventions that keep patients out of the hospital.” 22

Criminal justice

AI is being deployed in the criminal justice area. The city of Chicago has developed an AI-driven “Strategic Subject List” that analyzes people who have been arrested for their risk of becoming future perpetrators. It ranks 400,000 people on a scale of 0 to 500, using items such as age, criminal activity, victimization, drug arrest records, and gang affiliation. In looking at the data, analysts found that youth is a strong predictor of violence, being a shooting victim is associated with becoming a future perpetrator, gang affiliation has little predictive value, and drug arrests are not significantly associated with future criminal activity. 23

Judicial experts claim AI programs reduce human bias in law enforcement and leads to a fairer sentencing system. R Street Institute Associate Caleb Watney writes:

Empirically grounded questions of predictive risk analysis play to the strengths of machine learning, automated reasoning and other forms of AI. One machine-learning policy simulation concluded that such programs could be used to cut crime up to 24.8 percent with no change in jailing rates, or reduce jail populations by up to 42 percent with no increase in crime rates. 24

However, critics worry that AI algorithms represent “a secret system to punish citizens for crimes they haven’t yet committed. The risk scores have been used numerous times to guide large-scale roundups.” 25 The fear is that such tools target people of color unfairly and have not helped Chicago reduce the murder wave that has plagued it in recent years.

Despite these concerns, other countries are moving ahead with rapid deployment in this area. In China, for example, companies already have “considerable resources and access to voices, faces and other biometric data in vast quantities, which would help them develop their technologies.” 26 New technologies make it possible to match images and voices with other types of information, and to use AI on these combined data sets to improve law enforcement and national security. Through its “Sharp Eyes” program, Chinese law enforcement is matching video images, social media activity, online purchases, travel records, and personal identity into a “police cloud.” This integrated database enables authorities to keep track of criminals, potential law-breakers, and terrorists. 27 Put differently, China has become the world’s leading AI-powered surveillance state.


Transportation represents an area where AI and machine learning are producing major innovations. Research by Cameron Kerry and Jack Karsten of the Brookings Institution has found that over $80 billion was invested in autonomous vehicle technology between August 2014 and June 2017. Those investments include applications both for autonomous driving and the core technologies vital to that sector. 28

Autonomous vehicles—cars, trucks, buses, and drone delivery systems—use advanced technological capabilities. Those features include automated vehicle guidance and braking, lane-changing systems, the use of cameras and sensors for collision avoidance, the use of AI to analyze information in real time, and the use of high-performance computing and deep learning systems to adapt to new circumstances through detailed maps. 29

Light detection and ranging systems (LIDARs) and AI are key to navigation and collision avoidance. LIDAR systems combine light and radar instruments. They are mounted on the top of vehicles that use imaging in a 360-degree environment from a radar and light beams to measure the speed and distance of surrounding objects. Along with sensors placed on the front, sides, and back of the vehicle, these instruments provide information that keeps fast-moving cars and trucks in their own lane, helps them avoid other vehicles, applies brakes and steering when needed, and does so instantly so as to avoid accidents.

Advanced software enables cars to learn from the experiences of other vehicles on the road and adjust their guidance systems as weather, driving, or road conditions change. This means that software is the key—not the physical car or truck itself.

Since these cameras and sensors compile a huge amount of information and need to process it instantly to avoid the car in the next lane, autonomous vehicles require high-performance computing, advanced algorithms, and deep learning systems to adapt to new scenarios. This means that software is the key, not the physical car or truck itself. 30 Advanced software enables cars to learn from the experiences of other vehicles on the road and adjust their guidance systems as weather, driving, or road conditions change. 31

Ride-sharing companies are very interested in autonomous vehicles. They see advantages in terms of customer service and labor productivity. All of the major ride-sharing companies are exploring driverless cars. The surge of car-sharing and taxi services—such as Uber and Lyft in the United States, Daimler’s Mytaxi and Hailo service in Great Britain, and Didi Chuxing in China—demonstrate the opportunities of this transportation option. Uber recently signed an agreement to purchase 24,000 autonomous cars from Volvo for its ride-sharing service. 32

However, the ride-sharing firm suffered a setback in March 2018 when one of its autonomous vehicles in Arizona hit and killed a pedestrian. Uber and several auto manufacturers immediately suspended testing and launched investigations into what went wrong and how the fatality could have occurred. 33 Both industry and consumers want reassurance that the technology is safe and able to deliver on its stated promises. Unless there are persuasive answers, this accident could slow AI advancements in the transportation sector.

Smart cities

Metropolitan governments are using AI to improve urban service delivery. For example, according to Kevin Desouza, Rashmi Krishnamurthy, and Gregory Dawson:

The Cincinnati Fire Department is using data analytics to optimize medical emergency responses. The new analytics system recommends to the dispatcher an appropriate response to a medical emergency call—whether a patient can be treated on-site or needs to be taken to the hospital—by taking into account several factors, such as the type of call, location, weather, and similar calls. 34

Since it fields 80,000 requests each year, Cincinnati officials are deploying this technology to prioritize responses and determine the best ways to handle emergencies. They see AI as a way to deal with large volumes of data and figure out efficient ways of responding to public requests. Rather than address service issues in an ad hoc manner, authorities are trying to be proactive in how they provide urban services.

Cincinnati is not alone. A number of metropolitan areas are adopting smart city applications that use AI to improve service delivery, environmental planning, resource management, energy utilization, and crime prevention, among other things. For its smart cities index, the magazine Fast Company ranked American locales and found Seattle, Boston, San Francisco, Washington, D.C., and New York City as the top adopters. Seattle, for example, has embraced sustainability and is using AI to manage energy usage and resource management. Boston has launched a “City Hall To Go” that makes sure underserved communities receive needed public services. It also has deployed “cameras and inductive loops to manage traffic and acoustic sensors to identify gun shots.” San Francisco has certified 203 buildings as meeting LEED sustainability standards. 35

Through these and other means, metropolitan areas are leading the country in the deployment of AI solutions. Indeed, according to a National League of Cities report, 66 percent of American cities are investing in smart city technology. Among the top applications noted in the report are “smart meters for utilities, intelligent traffic signals, e-governance applications, Wi-Fi kiosks, and radio frequency identification sensors in pavement.” 36

Policy, regulatory, and ethical issues

These examples from a variety of sectors demonstrate how AI is transforming many walks of human existence. The increasing penetration of AI and autonomous devices into many aspects of life is altering basic operations and decisionmaking within organizations, and improving efficiency and response times.

At the same time, though, these developments raise important policy, regulatory, and ethical issues. For example, how should we promote data access? How do we guard against biased or unfair data used in algorithms? What types of ethical principles are introduced through software programming, and how transparent should designers be about their choices? What about questions of legal liability in cases where algorithms cause harm? 37

The increasing penetration of AI into many aspects of life is altering decisionmaking within organizations and improving efficiency. At the same time, though, these developments raise important policy, regulatory, and ethical issues.

Data access problems

The key to getting the most out of AI is having a “data-friendly ecosystem with unified standards and cross-platform sharing.” AI depends on data that can be analyzed in real time and brought to bear on concrete problems. Having data that are “accessible for exploration” in the research community is a prerequisite for successful AI development. 38

According to a McKinsey Global Institute study, nations that promote open data sources and data sharing are the ones most likely to see AI advances. In this regard, the United States has a substantial advantage over China. Global ratings on data openness show that U.S. ranks eighth overall in the world, compared to 93 for China. 39

But right now, the United States does not have a coherent national data strategy. There are few protocols for promoting research access or platforms that make it possible to gain new insights from proprietary data. It is not always clear who owns data or how much belongs in the public sphere. These uncertainties limit the innovation economy and act as a drag on academic research. In the following section, we outline ways to improve data access for researchers.

Biases in data and algorithms

In some instances, certain AI systems are thought to have enabled discriminatory or biased practices. 40 For example, Airbnb has been accused of having homeowners on its platform who discriminate against racial minorities. A research project undertaken by the Harvard Business School found that “Airbnb users with distinctly African American names were roughly 16 percent less likely to be accepted as guests than those with distinctly white names.” 41

Racial issues also come up with facial recognition software. Most such systems operate by comparing a person’s face to a range of faces in a large database. As pointed out by Joy Buolamwini of the Algorithmic Justice League, “If your facial recognition data contains mostly Caucasian faces, that’s what your program will learn to recognize.” 42 Unless the databases have access to diverse data, these programs perform poorly when attempting to recognize African-American or Asian-American features.

Many historical data sets reflect traditional values, which may or may not represent the preferences wanted in a current system. As Buolamwini notes, such an approach risks repeating inequities of the past:

The rise of automation and the increased reliance on algorithms for high-stakes decisions such as whether someone get insurance or not, your likelihood to default on a loan or somebody’s risk of recidivism means this is something that needs to be addressed. Even admissions decisions are increasingly automated—what school our children go to and what opportunities they have. We don’t have to bring the structural inequalities of the past into the future we create. 43

AI ethics and transparency

Algorithms embed ethical considerations and value choices into program decisions. As such, these systems raise questions concerning the criteria used in automated decisionmaking. Some people want to have a better understanding of how algorithms function and what choices are being made. 44

In the United States, many urban schools use algorithms for enrollment decisions based on a variety of considerations, such as parent preferences, neighborhood qualities, income level, and demographic background. According to Brookings researcher Jon Valant, the New Orleans–based Bricolage Academy “gives priority to economically disadvantaged applicants for up to 33 percent of available seats. In practice, though, most cities have opted for categories that prioritize siblings of current students, children of school employees, and families that live in school’s broad geographic area.” 45 Enrollment choices can be expected to be very different when considerations of this sort come into play.

Depending on how AI systems are set up, they can facilitate the redlining of mortgage applications, help people discriminate against individuals they don’t like, or help screen or build rosters of individuals based on unfair criteria. The types of considerations that go into programming decisions matter a lot in terms of how the systems operate and how they affect customers. 46

For these reasons, the EU is implementing the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in May 2018. The rules specify that people have “the right to opt out of personally tailored ads” and “can contest ‘legal or similarly significant’ decisions made by algorithms and appeal for human intervention” in the form of an explanation of how the algorithm generated a particular outcome. Each guideline is designed to ensure the protection of personal data and provide individuals with information on how the “black box” operates. 47

Legal liability

There are questions concerning the legal liability of AI systems. If there are harms or infractions (or fatalities in the case of driverless cars), the operators of the algorithm likely will fall under product liability rules. A body of case law has shown that the situation’s facts and circumstances determine liability and influence the kind of penalties that are imposed. Those can range from civil fines to imprisonment for major harms. 48 The Uber-related fatality in Arizona will be an important test case for legal liability. The state actively recruited Uber to test its autonomous vehicles and gave the company considerable latitude in terms of road testing. It remains to be seen if there will be lawsuits in this case and who is sued: the human backup driver, the state of Arizona, the Phoenix suburb where the accident took place, Uber, software developers, or the auto manufacturer. Given the multiple people and organizations involved in the road testing, there are many legal questions to be resolved.

In non-transportation areas, digital platforms often have limited liability for what happens on their sites. For example, in the case of Airbnb, the firm “requires that people agree to waive their right to sue, or to join in any class-action lawsuit or class-action arbitration, to use the service.” By demanding that its users sacrifice basic rights, the company limits consumer protections and therefore curtails the ability of people to fight discrimination arising from unfair algorithms. 49 But whether the principle of neutral networks holds up in many sectors is yet to be determined on a widespread basis.


In order to balance innovation with basic human values, we propose a number of recommendations for moving forward with AI. This includes improving data access, increasing government investment in AI, promoting AI workforce development, creating a federal advisory committee, engaging with state and local officials to ensure they enact effective policies, regulating broad objectives as opposed to specific algorithms, taking bias seriously as an AI issue, maintaining mechanisms for human control and oversight, and penalizing malicious behavior and promoting cybersecurity.

Improving data access

The United States should develop a data strategy that promotes innovation and consumer protection. Right now, there are no uniform standards in terms of data access, data sharing, or data protection. Almost all the data are proprietary in nature and not shared very broadly with the research community, and this limits innovation and system design. AI requires data to test and improve its learning capacity. 50 Without structured and unstructured data sets, it will be nearly impossible to gain the full benefits of artificial intelligence.

In general, the research community needs better access to government and business data, although with appropriate safeguards to make sure researchers do not misuse data in the way Cambridge Analytica did with Facebook information. There is a variety of ways researchers could gain data access. One is through voluntary agreements with companies holding proprietary data. Facebook, for example, recently announced a partnership with Stanford economist Raj Chetty to use its social media data to explore inequality. 51 As part of the arrangement, researchers were required to undergo background checks and could only access data from secured sites in order to protect user privacy and security.

In the U.S., there are no uniform standards in terms of data access, data sharing, or data protection. Almost all the data are proprietary in nature and not shared very broadly with the research community, and this limits innovation and system design.

Google long has made available search results in aggregated form for researchers and the general public. Through its “Trends” site, scholars can analyze topics such as interest in Trump, views about democracy, and perspectives on the overall economy. 52 That helps people track movements in public interest and identify topics that galvanize the general public.

Twitter makes much of its tweets available to researchers through application programming interfaces, commonly referred to as APIs. These tools help people outside the company build application software and make use of data from its social media platform. They can study patterns of social media communications and see how people are commenting on or reacting to current events.

In some sectors where there is a discernible public benefit, governments can facilitate collaboration by building infrastructure that shares data. For example, the National Cancer Institute has pioneered a data-sharing protocol where certified researchers can query health data it has using de-identified information drawn from clinical data, claims information, and drug therapies. That enables researchers to evaluate efficacy and effectiveness, and make recommendations regarding the best medical approaches, without compromising the privacy of individual patients.

There could be public-private data partnerships that combine government and business data sets to improve system performance. For example, cities could integrate information from ride-sharing services with its own material on social service locations, bus lines, mass transit, and highway congestion to improve transportation. That would help metropolitan areas deal with traffic tie-ups and assist in highway and mass transit planning.

Some combination of these approaches would improve data access for researchers, the government, and the business community, without impinging on personal privacy. As noted by Ian Buck, the vice president of NVIDIA, “Data is the fuel that drives the AI engine. The federal government has access to vast sources of information. Opening access to that data will help us get insights that will transform the U.S. economy.” 53 Through its portal, the federal government already has put over 230,000 data sets into the public domain, and this has propelled innovation and aided improvements in AI and data analytic technologies. 54 The private sector also needs to facilitate research data access so that society can achieve the full benefits of artificial intelligence.

Increase government investment in AI

According to Greg Brockman, the co-founder of OpenAI, the U.S. federal government invests only $1.1 billion in non-classified AI technology. 55 That is far lower than the amount being spent by China or other leading nations in this area of research. That shortfall is noteworthy because the economic payoffs of AI are substantial. In order to boost economic development and social innovation, federal officials need to increase investment in artificial intelligence and data analytics. Higher investment is likely to pay for itself many times over in economic and social benefits. 56

Promote digital education and workforce development

As AI applications accelerate across many sectors, it is vital that we reimagine our educational institutions for a world where AI will be ubiquitous and students need a different kind of training than they currently receive. Right now, many students do not receive instruction in the kinds of skills that will be needed in an AI-dominated landscape. For example, there currently are shortages of data scientists, computer scientists, engineers, coders, and platform developers. These are skills that are in short supply; unless our educational system generates more people with these capabilities, it will limit AI development.

For these reasons, both state and federal governments have been investing in AI human capital. For example, in 2017, the National Science Foundation funded over 6,500 graduate students in computer-related fields and has launched several new initiatives designed to encourage data and computer science at all levels from pre-K to higher and continuing education. 57 The goal is to build a larger pipeline of AI and data analytic personnel so that the United States can reap the full advantages of the knowledge revolution.

But there also needs to be substantial changes in the process of learning itself. It is not just technical skills that are needed in an AI world but skills of critical reasoning, collaboration, design, visual display of information, and independent thinking, among others. AI will reconfigure how society and the economy operate, and there needs to be “big picture” thinking on what this will mean for ethics, governance, and societal impact. People will need the ability to think broadly about many questions and integrate knowledge from a number of different areas.

One example of new ways to prepare students for a digital future is IBM’s Teacher Advisor program, utilizing Watson’s free online tools to help teachers bring the latest knowledge into the classroom. They enable instructors to develop new lesson plans in STEM and non-STEM fields, find relevant instructional videos, and help students get the most out of the classroom. 58 As such, they are precursors of new educational environments that need to be created.

Create a federal AI advisory committee

Federal officials need to think about how they deal with artificial intelligence. As noted previously, there are many issues ranging from the need for improved data access to addressing issues of bias and discrimination. It is vital that these and other concerns be considered so we gain the full benefits of this emerging technology.

In order to move forward in this area, several members of Congress have introduced the “Future of Artificial Intelligence Act,” a bill designed to establish broad policy and legal principles for AI. It proposes the secretary of commerce create a federal advisory committee on the development and implementation of artificial intelligence. The legislation provides a mechanism for the federal government to get advice on ways to promote a “climate of investment and innovation to ensure the global competitiveness of the United States,” “optimize the development of artificial intelligence to address the potential growth, restructuring, or other changes in the United States workforce,” “support the unbiased development and application of artificial intelligence,” and “protect the privacy rights of individuals.” 59

Among the specific questions the committee is asked to address include the following: competitiveness, workforce impact, education, ethics training, data sharing, international cooperation, accountability, machine learning bias, rural impact, government efficiency, investment climate, job impact, bias, and consumer impact. The committee is directed to submit a report to Congress and the administration 540 days after enactment regarding any legislative or administrative action needed on AI.

This legislation is a step in the right direction, although the field is moving so rapidly that we would recommend shortening the reporting timeline from 540 days to 180 days. Waiting nearly two years for a committee report will certainly result in missed opportunities and a lack of action on important issues. Given rapid advances in the field, having a much quicker turnaround time on the committee analysis would be quite beneficial.

Engage with state and local officials

States and localities also are taking action on AI. For example, the New York City Council unanimously passed a bill that directed the mayor to form a taskforce that would “monitor the fairness and validity of algorithms used by municipal agencies.” 60 The city employs algorithms to “determine if a lower bail will be assigned to an indigent defendant, where firehouses are established, student placement for public schools, assessing teacher performance, identifying Medicaid fraud and determine where crime will happen next.” 61

According to the legislation’s developers, city officials want to know how these algorithms work and make sure there is sufficient AI transparency and accountability. In addition, there is concern regarding the fairness and biases of AI algorithms, so the taskforce has been directed to analyze these issues and make recommendations regarding future usage. It is scheduled to report back to the mayor on a range of AI policy, legal, and regulatory issues by late 2019.

Some observers already are worrying that the taskforce won’t go far enough in holding algorithms accountable. For example, Julia Powles of Cornell Tech and New York University argues that the bill originally required companies to make the AI source code available to the public for inspection, and that there be simulations of its decisionmaking using actual data. After criticism of those provisions, however, former Councilman James Vacca dropped the requirements in favor of a task force studying these issues. He and other city officials were concerned that publication of proprietary information on algorithms would slow innovation and make it difficult to find AI vendors who would work with the city. 62 It remains to be seen how this local task force will balance issues of innovation, privacy, and transparency.

Regulate broad objectives more than specific algorithms

The European Union has taken a restrictive stance on these issues of data collection and analysis. 63 It has rules limiting the ability of companies from collecting data on road conditions and mapping street views. Because many of these countries worry that people’s personal information in unencrypted Wi-Fi networks are swept up in overall data collection, the EU has fined technology firms, demanded copies of data, and placed limits on the material collected. 64 This has made it more difficult for technology companies operating there to develop the high-definition maps required for autonomous vehicles.

The GDPR being implemented in Europe place severe restrictions on the use of artificial intelligence and machine learning. According to published guidelines, “Regulations prohibit any automated decision that ‘significantly affects’ EU citizens. This includes techniques that evaluates a person’s ‘performance at work, economic situation, health, personal preferences, interests, reliability, behavior, location, or movements.’” 65 In addition, these new rules give citizens the right to review how digital services made specific algorithmic choices affecting people.

By taking a restrictive stance on issues of data collection and analysis, the European Union is putting its manufacturers and software designers at a significant disadvantage to the rest of the world.

If interpreted stringently, these rules will make it difficult for European software designers (and American designers who work with European counterparts) to incorporate artificial intelligence and high-definition mapping in autonomous vehicles. Central to navigation in these cars and trucks is tracking location and movements. Without high-definition maps containing geo-coded data and the deep learning that makes use of this information, fully autonomous driving will stagnate in Europe. Through this and other data protection actions, the European Union is putting its manufacturers and software designers at a significant disadvantage to the rest of the world.

It makes more sense to think about the broad objectives desired in AI and enact policies that advance them, as opposed to governments trying to crack open the “black boxes” and see exactly how specific algorithms operate. Regulating individual algorithms will limit innovation and make it difficult for companies to make use of artificial intelligence.

Take biases seriously

Bias and discrimination are serious issues for AI. There already have been a number of cases of unfair treatment linked to historic data, and steps need to be undertaken to make sure that does not become prevalent in artificial intelligence. Existing statutes governing discrimination in the physical economy need to be extended to digital platforms. That will help protect consumers and build confidence in these systems as a whole.

For these advances to be widely adopted, more transparency is needed in how AI systems operate. Andrew Burt of Immuta argues, “The key problem confronting predictive analytics is really transparency. We’re in a world where data science operations are taking on increasingly important tasks, and the only thing holding them back is going to be how well the data scientists who train the models can explain what it is their models are doing.” 66

Maintaining mechanisms for human oversight and control

Some individuals have argued that there needs to be avenues for humans to exercise oversight and control of AI systems. For example, Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence CEO Oren Etzioni argues there should be rules for regulating these systems. First, he says, AI must be governed by all the laws that already have been developed for human behavior, including regulations concerning “cyberbullying, stock manipulation or terrorist threats,” as well as “entrap[ping] people into committing crimes.” Second, he believes that these systems should disclose they are automated systems and not human beings. Third, he states, “An A.I. system cannot retain or disclose confidential information without explicit approval from the source of that information.” 67 His rationale is that these tools store so much data that people have to be cognizant of the privacy risks posed by AI.

In the same vein, the IEEE Global Initiative has ethical guidelines for AI and autonomous systems. Its experts suggest that these models be programmed with consideration for widely accepted human norms and rules for behavior. AI algorithms need to take into effect the importance of these norms, how norm conflict can be resolved, and ways these systems can be transparent about norm resolution. Software designs should be programmed for “nondeception” and “honesty,” according to ethics experts. When failures occur, there must be mitigation mechanisms to deal with the consequences. In particular, AI must be sensitive to problems such as bias, discrimination, and fairness. 68

A group of machine learning experts claim it is possible to automate ethical decisionmaking. Using the trolley problem as a moral dilemma, they ask the following question: If an autonomous car goes out of control, should it be programmed to kill its own passengers or the pedestrians who are crossing the street? They devised a “voting-based system” that asked 1.3 million people to assess alternative scenarios, summarized the overall choices, and applied the overall perspective of these individuals to a range of vehicular possibilities. That allowed them to automate ethical decisionmaking in AI algorithms, taking public preferences into account. 69 This procedure, of course, does not reduce the tragedy involved in any kind of fatality, such as seen in the Uber case, but it provides a mechanism to help AI developers incorporate ethical considerations in their planning.

Penalize malicious behavior and promote cybersecurity

As with any emerging technology, it is important to discourage malicious treatment designed to trick software or use it for undesirable ends. 70 This is especially important given the dual-use aspects of AI, where the same tool can be used for beneficial or malicious purposes. The malevolent use of AI exposes individuals and organizations to unnecessary risks and undermines the virtues of the emerging technology. This includes behaviors such as hacking, manipulating algorithms, compromising privacy and confidentiality, or stealing identities. Efforts to hijack AI in order to solicit confidential information should be seriously penalized as a way to deter such actions. 71

In a rapidly changing world with many entities having advanced computing capabilities, there needs to be serious attention devoted to cybersecurity. Countries have to be careful to safeguard their own systems and keep other nations from damaging their security. 72 According to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, a major American bank receives around 11 million calls a week at its service center. In order to protect its telephony from denial of service attacks, it uses a “machine learning-based policy engine [that] blocks more than 120,000 calls per month based on voice firewall policies including harassing callers, robocalls and potential fraudulent calls.” 73 This represents a way in which machine learning can help defend technology systems from malevolent attacks.

To summarize, the world is on the cusp of revolutionizing many sectors through artificial intelligence and data analytics. There already are significant deployments in finance, national security, health care, criminal justice, transportation, and smart cities that have altered decisionmaking, business models, risk mitigation, and system performance. These developments are generating substantial economic and social benefits.

The world is on the cusp of revolutionizing many sectors through artificial intelligence, but the way AI systems are developed need to be better understood due to the major implications these technologies will have for society as a whole.

Yet the manner in which AI systems unfold has major implications for society as a whole. It matters how policy issues are addressed, ethical conflicts are reconciled, legal realities are resolved, and how much transparency is required in AI and data analytic solutions. 74 Human choices about software development affect the way in which decisions are made and the manner in which they are integrated into organizational routines. Exactly how these processes are executed need to be better understood because they will have substantial impact on the general public soon, and for the foreseeable future. AI may well be a revolution in human affairs, and become the single most influential human innovation in history.

Note: We appreciate the research assistance of Grace Gilberg, Jack Karsten, Hillary Schaub, and Kristjan Tomasson on this project.

The Brookings Institution is a nonprofit organization devoted to independent research and policy solutions. Its mission is to conduct high-quality, independent research and, based on that research, to provide innovative, practical recommendations for policymakers and the public. The conclusions and recommendations of any Brookings publication are solely those of its author(s), and do not reflect the views of the Institution, its management, or its other scholars.

Support for this publication was generously provided by Amazon. Brookings recognizes that the value it provides is in its absolute commitment to quality, independence, and impact. Activities supported by its donors reflect this commitment. 

John R. Allen is a member of the Board of Advisors of Amida Technology and on the Board of Directors of Spark Cognition. Both companies work in fields discussed in this piece.

  • Thomas Davenport, Jeff Loucks, and David Schatsky, “Bullish on the Business Value of Cognitive” (Deloitte, 2017), p. 3 (
  • Luke Dormehl, Thinking Machines: The Quest for Artificial Intelligence—and Where It’s Taking Us Next (New York: Penguin–TarcherPerigee, 2017).
  • Shubhendu and Vijay, “Applicability of Artificial Intelligence in Different Fields of Life.”
  • Andrew McAfee and Erik Brynjolfsson, Machine Platform Crowd: Harnessing Our Digital Future (New York: Norton, 2017).
  • Portions of this paper draw on Darrell M. West, The Future of Work: Robots, AI, and Automation , Brookings Institution Press, 2018.
  • PriceWaterhouseCoopers, “Sizing the Prize: What’s the Real Value of AI for Your Business and How Can You Capitalise?” 2017.
  • Dominic Barton, Jonathan Woetzel, Jeongmin Seong, and Qinzheng Tian, “Artificial Intelligence: Implications for China” (New York: McKinsey Global Institute, April 2017), p. 1.
  • Nathaniel Popper, “Stocks and Bots,” New York Times Magazine , February 28, 2016.
  • Michael Lewis, Flash Boys: A Wall Street Revolt (New York: Norton, 2015).
  • Cade Metz, “In Quantum Computing Race, Yale Professors Battle Tech Giants,” New York Times , November 14, 2017, p. B3.
  • Executive Office of the President, “Artificial Intelligence, Automation, and the Economy,” December 2016, pp. 27-28.
  • Christian Davenport, “Future Wars May Depend as Much on Algorithms as on Ammunition, Report Says,” Washington Post , December 3, 2017.
  • John R. Allen and Amir Husain, “On Hyperwar,” Naval Institute Proceedings , July 17, 2017, pp. 30-36.
  • Paul Mozur, “China Sets Goal to Lead in Artificial Intelligence,” New York Times , July 21, 2017, p. B1.
  • Paul Mozur and John Markoff, “Is China Outsmarting American Artificial Intelligence?” New York Times , May 28, 2017.
  • Economist , “America v China: The Battle for Digital Supremacy,” March 15, 2018.
  • Rasmus Rothe, “Applying Deep Learning to Real-World Problems,” Medium , May 23, 2017.
  • Eric Horvitz, “Reflections on the Status and Future of Artificial Intelligence,” Testimony before the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Space, Science, and Competitiveness, November 30, 2016, p. 5.
  • Jeff Asher and Rob Arthur, “Inside the Algorithm That Tries to Predict Gun Violence in Chicago,” New York Times Upshot , June 13, 2017.
  • Caleb Watney, “It’s Time for our Justice System to Embrace Artificial Intelligence,” TechTank (blog), Brookings Institution, July 20, 2017.
  • Asher and Arthur, “Inside the Algorithm That Tries to Predict Gun Violence in Chicago.”
  • Paul Mozur and Keith Bradsher, “China’s A.I. Advances Help Its Tech Industry, and State Security,” New York Times , December 3, 2017.
  • Simon Denyer, “China’s Watchful Eye,” Washington Post , January 7, 2018.
  • Cameron Kerry and Jack Karsten, “Gauging Investment in Self-Driving Cars,” Brookings Institution, October 16, 2017.
  • Portions of this section are drawn from Darrell M. West, “Driverless Cars in China, Europe, Japan, Korea, and the United States,” Brookings Institution, September 2016.
  • Yuming Ge, Xiaoman Liu, Libo Tang, and Darrell M. West, “Smart Transportation in China and the United States,” Center for Technology Innovation, Brookings Institution, December 2017.
  • Peter Holley, “Uber Signs Deal to Buy 24,000 Autonomous Vehicles from Volvo,” Washington Post , November 20, 2017.
  • Daisuke Wakabayashi, “Self-Driving Uber Car Kills Pedestrian in Arizona, Where Robots Roam,” New York Times , March 19, 2018.
  • Kevin Desouza, Rashmi Krishnamurthy, and Gregory Dawson, “Learning from Public Sector Experimentation with Artificial Intelligence,” TechTank (blog), Brookings Institution, June 23, 2017.
  • Boyd Cohen, “The 10 Smartest Cities in North America,” Fast Company , November 14, 2013.
  • Teena Maddox, “66% of US Cities Are Investing in Smart City Technology,” TechRepublic , November 6, 2017.
  • Osonde Osoba and William Welser IV, “The Risks of Artificial Intelligence to Security and the Future of Work” (Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corp., December 2017) (
  • Ibid., p. 7.
  • Dominic Barton, Jonathan Woetzel, Jeongmin Seong, and Qinzheng Tian, “Artificial Intelligence: Implications for China” (New York: McKinsey Global Institute, April 2017), p. 7.
  • Executive Office of the President, “Preparing for the Future of Artificial Intelligence,” October 2016, pp. 30-31.
  • Elaine Glusac, “As Airbnb Grows, So Do Claims of Discrimination,” New York Times , June 21, 2016.
  • “Joy Buolamwini,” Bloomberg Businessweek , July 3, 2017, p. 80.
  • Mark Purdy and Paul Daugherty, “Why Artificial Intelligence is the Future of Growth,” Accenture, 2016.
  • Jon Valant, “Integrating Charter Schools and Choice-Based Education Systems,” Brown Center Chalkboard blog, Brookings Institution, June 23, 2017.
  • Tucker, “‘A White Mask Worked Better.’”
  • Cliff Kuang, “Can A.I. Be Taught to Explain Itself?” New York Times Magazine , November 21, 2017.
  • Yale Law School Information Society Project, “Governing Machine Learning,” September 2017.
  • Katie Benner, “Airbnb Vows to Fight Racism, But Its Users Can’t Sue to Prompt Fairness,” New York Times , June 19, 2016.
  • Executive Office of the President, “Artificial Intelligence, Automation, and the Economy” and “Preparing for the Future of Artificial Intelligence.”
  • Nancy Scolar, “Facebook’s Next Project: American Inequality,” Politico , February 19, 2018.
  • Darrell M. West, “What Internet Search Data Reveals about Donald Trump’s First Year in Office,” Brookings Institution policy report, January 17, 2018.
  • Ian Buck, “Testimony before the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Information Technology,” February 14, 2018.
  • Keith Nakasone, “Testimony before the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Information Technology,” March 7, 2018.
  • Greg Brockman, “The Dawn of Artificial Intelligence,” Testimony before U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Space, Science, and Competitiveness, November 30, 2016.
  • Amir Khosrowshahi, “Testimony before the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Information Technology,” February 14, 2018.
  • James Kurose, “Testimony before the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Information Technology,” March 7, 2018.
  • Stephen Noonoo, “Teachers Can Now Use IBM’s Watson to Search for Free Lesson Plans,” EdSurge , September 13, 2017.
  •, “H.R. 4625 FUTURE of Artificial Intelligence Act of 2017,” December 12, 2017.
  • Elizabeth Zima, “Could New York City’s AI Transparency Bill Be a Model for the Country?” Government Technology , January 4, 2018.
  • Julia Powles, “New York City’s Bold, Flawed Attempt to Make Algorithms Accountable,” New Yorker , December 20, 2017.
  • Sheera Frenkel, “Tech Giants Brace for Europe’s New Data Privacy Rules,” New York Times , January 28, 2018.
  • Claire Miller and Kevin O’Brien, “Germany’s Complicated Relationship with Google Street View,” New York Times , April 23, 2013.
  • Cade Metz, “Artificial Intelligence is Setting Up the Internet for a Huge Clash with Europe,” Wired , July 11, 2016.
  • Eric Siegel, “Predictive Analytics Interview Series: Andrew Burt,” Predictive Analytics Times , June 14, 2017.
  • Oren Etzioni, “How to Regulate Artificial Intelligence,” New York Times , September 1, 2017.
  • “Ethical Considerations in Artificial Intelligence and Autonomous Systems,” unpublished paper. IEEE Global Initiative, 2018.
  • Ritesh Noothigattu, Snehalkumar Gaikwad, Edmond Awad, Sohan Dsouza, Iyad Rahwan, Pradeep Ravikumar, and Ariel Procaccia, “A Voting-Based System for Ethical Decision Making,” Computers and Society , September 20, 2017 (
  • Miles Brundage, et al., “The Malicious Use of Artificial Intelligence,” University of Oxford unpublished paper, February 2018.
  • John Markoff, “As Artificial Intelligence Evolves, So Does Its Criminal Potential,” New York Times, October 24, 2016, p. B3.
  • Economist , “The Challenger: Technopolitics,” March 17, 2018.
  • Douglas Maughan, “Testimony before the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Information Technology,” March 7, 2018.
  • Levi Tillemann and Colin McCormick, “Roadmapping a U.S.-German Agenda for Artificial Intelligence Policy,” New American Foundation, March 2017.

Artificial Intelligence

Governance Studies

Center for Technology Innovation

Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technology Initiative

Matt Perault, J. Scott Babwah Brennen

December 11, 2023

Landry Signé

December 8, 2023

Nicol Turner Lee

December 6, 2023

Javatpoint Logo

Artificial Intelligence

Control System

  • Interview Q

Intelligent Agent

Problem-solving, adversarial search, knowledge represent, uncertain knowledge r., subsets of ai, artificial intelligence mcq, related tutorials.


  • Send your Feedback to [email protected]

Help Others, Please Share


Learn Latest Tutorials

Splunk tutorial


Tumblr tutorial

Reinforcement Learning

R Programming tutorial

R Programming

RxJS tutorial

React Native

Python Design Patterns

Python Design Patterns

Python Pillow tutorial

Python Pillow

Python Turtle tutorial

Python Turtle

Keras tutorial



Verbal Ability

Interview Questions

Interview Questions

Company Interview Questions

Company Questions

Trending Technologies

Artificial Intelligence

Cloud Computing

Hadoop tutorial

Data Science

Angular 7 Tutorial

Machine Learning

DevOps Tutorial

B.Tech / MCA

DBMS tutorial

Data Structures

DAA tutorial

Operating System

Computer Network tutorial

Computer Network

Compiler Design tutorial

Compiler Design

Computer Organization and Architecture

Computer Organization

Discrete Mathematics Tutorial

Discrete Mathematics

Ethical Hacking

Ethical Hacking

Computer Graphics Tutorial

Computer Graphics

Software Engineering

Software Engineering

html tutorial

Web Technology

Cyber Security tutorial

Cyber Security

Automata Tutorial

C Programming

C++ tutorial

Data Mining

Data Warehouse Tutorial

Data Warehouse

Javatpoint Services

JavaTpoint offers too many high quality services. Mail us on [email protected] , to get more information about given services.

  • Website Designing
  • Website Development
  • Java Development
  • PHP Development
  • Graphic Designing
  • Digital Marketing
  • On Page and Off Page SEO
  • Content Development
  • Corporate Training
  • Classroom and Online Training

Training For College Campus

JavaTpoint offers college campus training on Core Java, Advance Java, .Net, Android, Hadoop, PHP, Web Technology and Python. Please mail your requirement at [email protected] . Duration: 1 week to 2 week

RSS Feed

The present and future of AI

Finale doshi-velez on how ai is shaping our lives and how we can shape ai.

image of Finale Doshi-Velez, the John L. Loeb Professor of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Finale Doshi-Velez, the John L. Loeb Professor of Engineering and Applied Sciences. (Photo courtesy of Eliza Grinnell/Harvard SEAS)

How has artificial intelligence changed and shaped our world over the last five years? How will AI continue to impact our lives in the coming years? Those were the questions addressed in the most recent report from the One Hundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence (AI100), an ongoing project hosted at Stanford University, that will study the status of AI technology and its impacts on the world over the next 100 years.

The 2021 report is the second in a series that will be released every five years until 2116. Titled “Gathering Strength, Gathering Storms,” the report explores the various ways AI is  increasingly touching people’s lives in settings that range from  movie recommendations  and  voice assistants  to  autonomous driving  and  automated medical diagnoses .

Barbara Grosz , the Higgins Research Professor of Natural Sciences at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) is a member of the standing committee overseeing the AI100 project and Finale Doshi-Velez , Gordon McKay Professor of Computer Science, is part of the panel of interdisciplinary researchers who wrote this year’s report. 

We spoke with Doshi-Velez about the report, what it says about the role AI is currently playing in our lives, and how it will change in the future.  

Q: Let's start with a snapshot: What is the current state of AI and its potential?

Doshi-Velez: Some of the biggest changes in the last five years have been how well AIs now perform in large data regimes on specific types of tasks.  We've seen [DeepMind’s] AlphaZero become the best Go player entirely through self-play, and everyday uses of AI such as grammar checks and autocomplete, automatic personal photo organization and search, and speech recognition become commonplace for large numbers of people.  

In terms of potential, I'm most excited about AIs that might augment and assist people.  They can be used to drive insights in drug discovery, help with decision making such as identifying a menu of likely treatment options for patients, and provide basic assistance, such as lane keeping while driving or text-to-speech based on images from a phone for the visually impaired.  In many situations, people and AIs have complementary strengths. I think we're getting closer to unlocking the potential of people and AI teams.

There's a much greater recognition that we should not be waiting for AI tools to become mainstream before making sure they are ethical.

Q: Over the course of 100 years, these reports will tell the story of AI and its evolving role in society. Even though there have only been two reports, what's the story so far?

There's actually a lot of change even in five years.  The first report is fairly rosy.  For example, it mentions how algorithmic risk assessments may mitigate the human biases of judges.  The second has a much more mixed view.  I think this comes from the fact that as AI tools have come into the mainstream — both in higher stakes and everyday settings — we are appropriately much less willing to tolerate flaws, especially discriminatory ones. There's also been questions of information and disinformation control as people get their news, social media, and entertainment via searches and rankings personalized to them. So, there's a much greater recognition that we should not be waiting for AI tools to become mainstream before making sure they are ethical.

Q: What is the responsibility of institutes of higher education in preparing students and the next generation of computer scientists for the future of AI and its impact on society?

First, I'll say that the need to understand the basics of AI and data science starts much earlier than higher education!  Children are being exposed to AIs as soon as they click on videos on YouTube or browse photo albums. They need to understand aspects of AI such as how their actions affect future recommendations.

But for computer science students in college, I think a key thing that future engineers need to realize is when to demand input and how to talk across disciplinary boundaries to get at often difficult-to-quantify notions of safety, equity, fairness, etc.  I'm really excited that Harvard has the Embedded EthiCS program to provide some of this education.  Of course, this is an addition to standard good engineering practices like building robust models, validating them, and so forth, which is all a bit harder with AI.

I think a key thing that future engineers need to realize is when to demand input and how to talk across disciplinary boundaries to get at often difficult-to-quantify notions of safety, equity, fairness, etc. 

Q: Your work focuses on machine learning with applications to healthcare, which is also an area of focus of this report. What is the state of AI in healthcare? 

A lot of AI in healthcare has been on the business end, used for optimizing billing, scheduling surgeries, that sort of thing.  When it comes to AI for better patient care, which is what we usually think about, there are few legal, regulatory, and financial incentives to do so, and many disincentives. Still, there's been slow but steady integration of AI-based tools, often in the form of risk scoring and alert systems.

In the near future, two applications that I'm really excited about are triage in low-resource settings — having AIs do initial reads of pathology slides, for example, if there are not enough pathologists, or get an initial check of whether a mole looks suspicious — and ways in which AIs can help identify promising treatment options for discussion with a clinician team and patient.

Q: Any predictions for the next report?

I'll be keen to see where currently nascent AI regulation initiatives have gotten to. Accountability is such a difficult question in AI,  it's tricky to nurture both innovation and basic protections.  Perhaps the most important innovation will be in approaches for AI accountability.

Topics: AI / Machine Learning , Computer Science

Cutting-edge science delivered direct to your inbox.

Join the Harvard SEAS mailing list.

Scientist Profiles

Finale Doshi-Velez

Finale Doshi-Velez

Herchel Smith Professor of Computer Science

Press Contact

Leah Burrows | 617-496-1351 | [email protected]

Related News

Eight people standing and kneeling in a workshop room surrounded by materials and machines

Mind-expanding technology

SEAS students create residency for experimental augmentation technology

AI / Machine Learning , Computer Science , Design , Technology

A large crowd of students sitting at tables and standing on stairwells at HackHarvard 2023

Hacking the future

Hundreds come to SEC for HackHarvard 2023

Computer Science , Student Organizations

SEAS postdoctoral researcher Esther Rolf accepts her United Nations “Strategic Development Goals Digital Gamechanger Award''

Easing access to satellite data

SEAS postdoc recognized for software that combines satellite data with machine learning

AI / Machine Learning , Awards , Climate , Computer Science , Environment , Environmental Science & Engineering

Artificial Intelligence Essay

500+ words essay on artificial intelligence.

Artificial intelligence (AI) has come into our daily lives through mobile devices and the Internet. Governments and businesses are increasingly making use of AI tools and techniques to solve business problems and improve many business processes, especially online ones. Such developments bring about new realities to social life that may not have been experienced before. This essay on Artificial Intelligence will help students to know the various advantages of using AI and how it has made our lives easier and simpler. Also, in the end, we have described the future scope of AI and the harmful effects of using it. To get a good command of essay writing, students must practise CBSE Essays on different topics.

Artificial Intelligence is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs. It is concerned with getting computers to do tasks that would normally require human intelligence. AI systems are basically software systems (or controllers for robots) that use techniques such as machine learning and deep learning to solve problems in particular domains without hard coding all possibilities (i.e. algorithmic steps) in software. Due to this, AI started showing promising solutions for industry and businesses as well as our daily lives.

Importance and Advantages of Artificial Intelligence

Advances in computing and digital technologies have a direct influence on our lives, businesses and social life. This has influenced our daily routines, such as using mobile devices and active involvement on social media. AI systems are the most influential digital technologies. With AI systems, businesses are able to handle large data sets and provide speedy essential input to operations. Moreover, businesses are able to adapt to constant changes and are becoming more flexible.

By introducing Artificial Intelligence systems into devices, new business processes are opting for the automated process. A new paradigm emerges as a result of such intelligent automation, which now dictates not only how businesses operate but also who does the job. Many manufacturing sites can now operate fully automated with robots and without any human workers. Artificial Intelligence now brings unheard and unexpected innovations to the business world that many organizations will need to integrate to remain competitive and move further to lead the competitors.

Artificial Intelligence shapes our lives and social interactions through technological advancement. There are many AI applications which are specifically developed for providing better services to individuals, such as mobile phones, electronic gadgets, social media platforms etc. We are delegating our activities through intelligent applications, such as personal assistants, intelligent wearable devices and other applications. AI systems that operate household apparatus help us at home with cooking or cleaning.

Future Scope of Artificial Intelligence

In the future, intelligent machines will replace or enhance human capabilities in many areas. Artificial intelligence is becoming a popular field in computer science as it has enhanced humans. Application areas of artificial intelligence are having a huge impact on various fields of life to solve complex problems in various areas such as education, engineering, business, medicine, weather forecasting etc. Many labourers’ work can be done by a single machine. But Artificial Intelligence has another aspect: it can be dangerous for us. If we become completely dependent on machines, then it can ruin our life. We will not be able to do any work by ourselves and get lazy. Another disadvantage is that it cannot give a human-like feeling. So machines should be used only where they are actually required.

Students must have found this essay on “Artificial Intelligence” useful for improving their essay writing skills. They can get the study material and the latest updates on CBSE/ICSE/State Board/Competitive Exams, at BYJU’S.

Leave a Comment Cancel reply

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Request OTP on Voice Call

Post My Comment

artificial intelligence summary essays

  • Share Share

Register with BYJU'S & Download Free PDFs

Register with byju's & watch live videos.



Live Support

Home — Essay Samples — Information Science and Technology — Modern Technology — Artificial Intelligence

one px

Essays on Artificial Intelligence

The future language: the evolution of communication, computer vision software: important requirements and factors, made-to-order essay as fast as you need it.

Each essay is customized to cater to your unique preferences

+ experts online

Computer Vision: Technological Development and Applications

Advantages and problems of artificial intelligence.

Rated by a GradeFixer's writer

Artificial Intelligence: Good and Bad Effects for Humanity

How robots can take over humanity, let us write you an essay from scratch.

  • 450+ experts on 30 subjects ready to help
  • Custom essay delivered in as few as 3 hours

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence as the next digital frontier, the possibility of humanity to succumb to artificial intelligence, the ethical issues of artificial intelligence, get a personalized essay in under 3 hours.

Expert-written essays crafted with your exact needs in mind

Ethical Issues in Using Ai Technology Today

Artificial intelligence: pros and cons, artificial intelligence: applications, advantages and disanvantages, the possibility of machines to be able to think and feel, artificial intelligence: what really makes us human, how artificial intelligence is transforming the world, risks and benefits of ai in the future, the possibility of artificial intelligence to replace teachers, artificial intelligence, machine learning and deep learning, the ethical challenges of artificial intelligence, will artificial intelligence have a progressive or retrogressive impact on our society, artificial intelligence in medicine, impact of technology: how artificial intelligence will change the future, artificial intelligence in home automation, artificial intelligence and the future of human rights, artificial intelligence (ai) and its impact on our life, impact of artificial intelligence on hr jobs, the ability of artificial intelligence to make society more sustainable, deep learning for artificial intelligence, the role of artificial intelligence in future technology.

Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the intellectual capabilities exhibited by machines, contrasting with the innate intelligence observed in living beings, such as animals and humans.

The inception of artificial intelligence research as an academic field can be traced back to its establishment in 1956. It was during the renowned Dartmouth conference of the same year that artificial intelligence acquired its distinctive name, definitive purpose, initial accomplishments, and notable pioneers, thereby earning its reputation as the birthplace of AI. The esteemed figures of Marvin Minsky and John McCarthy are widely recognized as the founding fathers of this discipline.

Early pioneers such as John McCarthy, Marvin Minsky, and Allen Newell played instrumental roles in shaping the foundations of AI research. In the following years after its original inception, AI witnessed both periods of optimism and periods of skepticism, as researchers explored different approaches and techniques. Notable breakthroughs include the development of expert systems in the 1970s, which aimed to replicate human knowledge and reasoning, and the emergence of machine learning algorithms in the 1980s and 1990s. The turn of the 21st century witnessed significant advancements in AI, with the rise of big data, powerful computing technologies, and deep learning algorithms. This led to remarkable achievements in areas such as natural language processing, computer vision, and autonomous systems.

There are four types of artificial intelligence: reactive machines, limited memory, theory of mind and self-awareness.

Healthcare: AI assists in medical diagnosis, drug discovery, personalized treatment plans, and analyzing medical images. Finance: AI is used for automated trading, fraud detection, risk assessment, and customer service through chatbots. Transportation: AI powers autonomous vehicles, traffic optimization, logistics, and supply chain management. Entertainment: AI contributes to recommendation systems, AI-generated music and art, virtual reality experiences, and content creation. Cybersecurity: AI helps in detecting and preventing cyber threats and enhancing network security. Agriculture: AI optimizes farming practices, crop management, and precision agriculture. Education: AI enables personalized learning, adaptive assessments, and intelligent tutoring systems. Natural Language Processing: AI facilitates language translation, voice assistants, chatbots, and sentiment analysis. Robotics: AI powers robots in various applications, such as manufacturing, healthcare, and exploration. Environmental Conservation: AI aids in environmental monitoring, wildlife protection, and climate modeling.

John McCarthy: Coined the term "artificial intelligence" and organized the Dartmouth Conference in 1956, which is considered the birth of AI as an academic discipline. Marvin Minsky: A cognitive scientist and AI pioneer, Minsky co-founded the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's AI Laboratory and made notable contributions to robotics and cognitive psychology. Geoffrey Hinton: Renowned for his work on neural networks and deep learning, Hinton's research has greatly advanced the field of AI and revolutionized areas such as image and speech recognition. Andrew Ng: An influential figure in the field of AI, Ng co-founded Google Brain, led the development of the deep learning framework TensorFlow, and has made significant contributions to machine learning algorithms. Fei-Fei Li: A prominent researcher in computer vision and AI, Li has made groundbreaking contributions to image recognition and has been a strong advocate for responsible and ethical AI development.. Demis Hassabis: Co-founder of DeepMind, a leading AI research company, Hassabis has made notable contributions to areas such as deep reinforcement learning and has led the development of groundbreaking AI systems. Elon Musk: Although primarily known for his role in space exploration and electric vehicles, Musk has also made notable contributions to AI through his involvement in companies like OpenAI and Neuralink, advocating for AI safety and ethics.

1. According to a report by IDC, global spending on AI systems is expected to reach $98.4 billion in 2023, indicating a significant increase from the $37.5 billion spent in 2019. 2. The job market for AI professionals is thriving. LinkedIn's 2021 Emerging Jobs Report listed AI specialist as one of the top emerging jobs, with a 74% annual growth rate over the past four years. 3. AI-powered chatbots are revolutionizing customer service. A study by Oracle found that 80% of businesses plan to use chatbots by 2022. Furthermore, 58% of consumers have already interacted with chatbots for customer support, indicating the growing acceptance and adoption of AI in enhancing customer experiences. 4. McKinsey Global Institute estimates that by 2030, automation and AI technologies could contribute to a global economic impact of $13 trillion. 5. The healthcare industry is leveraging AI for improved patient care. A study published in the journal Nature Medicine reported that an AI model was able to detect breast cancer with an accuracy of 94.5%, outperforming human radiologists.

The topic of artificial intelligence (AI) holds immense importance in today's world, making it an intriguing subject to explore in an essay. AI has revolutionized multiple facets of human life, ranging from technology and business to healthcare and transportation. Understanding its significance is crucial for comprehending the potential and impact of this rapidly evolving field. Firstly, AI has the power to reshape industries and transform economies. It enables automation, streamlines processes, and enhances efficiency, leading to increased productivity and economic growth. Moreover, AI advancements have the potential to address complex societal challenges, such as healthcare accessibility, environmental sustainability, and resource management. Secondly, AI raises ethical considerations and socio-economic implications. Discussions on privacy, bias, job displacement, and AI's role in decision-making become essential for navigating its responsible implementation. Examining the ethical dimensions of AI fosters critical thinking and encourages the development of guidelines and regulations to ensure its ethical use. Lastly, exploring AI allows us to envision the future possibilities and risks associated with this technology. It sparks discussions on the boundaries of machine intelligence, the potential for sentient AI, and the impact on human existence. By studying AI, we gain insights into technological progress, its limitations, and the responsibilities associated with harnessing its potential.

1. Russell, S. J., & Norvig, P. (2016). Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach (3rd ed.). Prentice Hall. 2. Goodfellow, I., Bengio, Y., & Courville, A. (2016). Deep Learning. MIT Press. 3. Kurzweil, R. (2005). The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology. Viking. 4. Bostrom, N. (2014). Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies. Oxford University Press. 5. Chollet, F. (2017). Deep Learning with Python. Manning Publications. 6. Domingos, P. (2018). The Master Algorithm: How the Quest for the Ultimate Learning Machine Will Remake Our World. Basic Books. 7. Ng, A. (2017). Machine Learning Yearning. 8. Marcus, G. (2018). Rebooting AI: Building Artificial Intelligence We Can Trust. Vintage. 9. Winfield, A. (2018). Robotics: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press. 10. Shalev-Shwartz, S., & Ben-David, S. (2014). Understanding Machine Learning: From Theory to Algorithms. Cambridge University Press.

Relevant topics

  • Digital Era
  • Computer Science

By clicking “Check Writers’ Offers”, you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy . We’ll occasionally send you promo and account related email

No need to pay just yet!


We use cookies to personalyze your web-site experience. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy .

  • Instructions Followed To The Letter
  • Deadlines Met At Every Stage
  • Unique And Plagiarism Free

artificial intelligence summary essays

Writing Universe - logo

  • Environment
  • Information Science
  • Social Issues
  • Argumentative
  • Cause and Effect
  • Classification
  • Compare and Contrast
  • Descriptive
  • Exemplification
  • Informative
  • Controversial
  • Exploratory
  • What Is an Essay
  • Length of an Essay
  • Generate Ideas
  • Types of Essays
  • Structuring an Essay
  • Outline For Essay
  • Essay Introduction
  • Thesis Statement
  • Body of an Essay
  • Writing a Conclusion
  • Essay Writing Tips
  • Drafting an Essay
  • Revision Process
  • Fix a Broken Essay
  • Format of an Essay
  • Essay Examples
  • Essay Checklist
  • Essay Writing Service
  • Pay for Research Paper
  • Write My Research Paper
  • Write My Essay
  • Custom Essay Writing Service
  • Admission Essay Writing Service
  • Pay for Essay
  • Academic Ghostwriting
  • Write My Book Report
  • Case Study Writing Service
  • Dissertation Writing Service
  • Coursework Writing Service
  • Lab Report Writing Service
  • Do My Assignment
  • Buy College Papers

Can’t find a perfect paper?

  • Free Essay Samples
  • Information Science and Technology
  • Artificial Intelligence

Essays on Artificial Intelligence

Your artificial intelligence essay should cover recent AI advancements. Humanity always wanted to create a system similar in operation to the human brain, which could learn on itself – most samples of artificial intelligence essays contain information on how AI creation was achieved. With AI certain actions can be performed more efficiently, demanding less time and energy. Our artificial intelligence essay samples highlight other benefits of AI as well. Since the late 1940s, scientists in many universities and research labs have pursued creating AI. Recently, there has been more and more interest in artificial intelligence, caused by the increased requirements for information systems. Essays on artificial intelligence explore the use of AI in different fields. Thanks to AI, the software is getting smarter, applications are handier than ever, production and logistics are unbeatable. Which aspects of AI your essay is going to tackle?

The debate on whether inanimate objects can or cannot hold any type of conscious state has been around in the modern world for a while now. Rene Descartes is amongst scholars who have questioned the capability of non-animals to hold reasoning faculties same as the ones for humans. To prove...

Words: 1891

With the growing reliance on technology, there are several technological developments taking place that will completely change how we live in the future. It is imminent that technology plays an essential role in shaping the society and will continue playing the same role in the society years ahead. Improvements in...

Words: 1378

The traditional approach to technology presented human beings with machines under their control. The changing times are refurbishing the ideology of innovations by introducing artificial systems with the ability to make independent decisions. The machinery does not need any power from human beings making them autonomous. Artificial intelligence is a...

Words: 1460

The book by Linda McQuaig believes that the existence of machines is killing people and their abilities to work. She also views robots as having been sent to destroy humankind as their performance is killing people. Robots, drones, and computers, according to Linda is working against humankind as their presence...

Artificial intelligence is the defined as the capability to perform human being tasks using a computer or any other computer controlled systems such as robots (Buchanan 34). These systems are manipulated to develop human attributes such as reasoning, learning, and discovery. Computers were developed in the early years of the...

Words: 2332

According to the Editorial Board, in the article, "Artificial intelligence isn't the scary future. It's the amazing present," as technology makes headway with artificial intelligence, we-humans still seem to be in charge. First, the author explains how computer programs are being invented to play complex board games against actual human...

Found a perfect essay sample but want a unique one?

Request writing help from expert writer in you feed!

What do slavery, sweatshops, and AI simulated dating apps have in common? The three display humanity's power to be dismissive of ethics to gain their goals. In the Hang the DJ, Mirror introduces viewers to characters Frank and Amy that tests the new dating up with a high success rate...

Words: 1109

Smart technology is not a destroyer but a creator of jobs. Many people opposed to technology reason that automating processes in industries will replace the need for humans with computers. Computers have replaced blue collar jobs in areas such as car assembly plants, telephone receptionists and bank tellers. Therefore, it...

Words: 1897

In the recent past, the world has witnessed the growth of artificial intelligence (AI). In fact, AI has formed part of human life because it provides a wide range of services via gadgets such as voice-activated virtual assistants, smart thermostats, and smartphones. Such devices assist to deliver outstanding services, which...

Artificial intelligence is evident in the online world of today, by invisibly sitting behind online commercial websites and research engines, it is already a part of our daily lives. It offers possibilities to enable a more effective governance and commercial enterprise, but instead, the application of artificial intelligence results in...

Words: 1575

Artificial intelligence (AI) will become part of companies and masses by the end of this decade. Unlike other previous technological developments which have interrupted service and blue-collar jobs, the recent AI advances will also affect the management. Imagine an organization where AI automates the planning, reporting and resource allocation as...

Words: 5104

Technological development has changed how everything is done and the modern world is experiencing a digital revolution. The world is in a smart era which includes smartphones, smart technology, smart destinations, smart data, and smart tourism. The next technological advancements will affect different sectors and especially the tourism industry. Different...

Words: 1133

Related topic to Artificial Intelligence

You might also like.

Plagiarism checker

Writing help, paraphrasing tool, artificial intelligence - essay samples and topic ideas for free.

A college essay on AI allows one to delve into the intriguing world where machines and algorithms shape the future. It demonstrates how exciting the field of advanced technology and its impact on human society can be. When preparing a persuasive and argumentative essay on artificial intelligence, it is essential to explore the potential danger and benefits associated with AI.

To begin, select from a range of compelling essay topics related to this. This could include exploring the ethical implications of AI, the role of it in healthcare, or its impact on the job market. Conduct careful analysis using reputable sources. For example, it can be an interesting research paper on artificial intelligence or free samples to support your arguments.

The next step is to formulate a clear and concise thesis statement that will convey your position on the topic. Creating an outline will help you with this. Each paragraph in the body should focus on a specific aspect of AI, such as cybernetic systems or the ethical considerations surrounding AI development.

In the introduction of your paper, you can highlight the rapid advancements in AI and its pervasive presence in various industries. It will be useful to mention such an organization as OpenAI. Do not forget to craft a captivating hook to capture the reader’s attention. It could be a thought-provoking question, a startling statistic, or a compelling anecdote. No matter what you choose, it should emphasize the significance of AI technology in today’s world. At the conclusion of the essay, all you have to do is summarize the key points discussed in your paper.

Should Humanity Fear Advances in Artificial Intelligence

Nowadays, there are a lot of talks and debates on Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its future. This is an issue which is increasingly causing concern amongst a significant portion of the world's population. But before discussing fear of advances in AI, first, it is better to clearly know what AI is. "AI can be seen as a collection of technologies that can be used to imitate or even to outperform tasks performed by humans using machines" (Bollegala, 2016, para. 4). […]

Benefits of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is the theory and development of computer systems capable of performing tasks that normally require human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision making and translation between languages. Artificial intelligence has its advantages and disadvantages. Some of these advantages would be the few mistakes they would make; some of these robots could be used to explore the space that goes to the moon or other planets, also to explore the deepest oceans and mining. One of the […]

Negative Effects of Social Media

Social media is a vast platform, luring us in with a lot of different content. The amount of interaction one can have with people online within the span of a day is surreal. So, it becomes self-evident that platforms that have so much impact on our lives should be truly understood, and this research will seek to educate people on the negative impact of social media on society. So why is social media bad? To say good doesn’t exist without […]

Use of Artificial Intelligence in Medicine

In the late 90s and early 21st century, AI technology became widely used as elements of larger systems, but the field is rarely credited for these successes. For example, music, toys and games, transportation, finance, hospitals and medicine, news, publishing & writing, aviation, and heavy industries. Not only that, but "it has increased the level of performance of physicians at hospital facilities. The situation acts in the interest of patients who are regarded as customers" (Nadimpalli, 1). According to the […]

Why Artificial Intelligence a Serious Problem

Technology is in our lives every day. Smartphones, computers, tablets, and laptops have all become extensions of ourselves. Now, a new type of technology has appeared: artificial intelligence. Unlike previous technology, artificial intelligence is just that. A machine that simulates intelligence. It does this so well that nobody can tell the difference. Artificial intelligence, or AI, is divided into three subsections: artificial narrow intelligence, artificial general intelligence, and artificial superintelligence (Pasichnyk and Strelkova). Artificial narrow intelligence (ANI) is AI specifically […]

We will write an essay sample crafted to your needs.

How AI is Beneficial to Society

Artificial intelligence may be the last invention humans will ever need to make. AI is the development of a computer system able to perform a task that normally requires human intelligence. People tend to disagree about-about the evolvement of AI because they will soon become faster and more capable than humans. AI is beneficial to society because they help with enforcing the laws and solving crimes, military use, and ethical issues. In particular, AI 's are beneficial when it comes […]

Use of Artificial Intelligence in Marketing

The Oxford English Dictionary defines artificial intelligence as "the theory and development of computer systems able to perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence." To elaborate this definition, Artificial Intelligence will use the same algorithm once created to produce different results based on the amount and accuracy of data fed. Most large companies employ Artificial Intelligence tool in their marketing strategies for personalized and relevant communication, personalization of products, set prices, integrated marketing communication and. It also allows doing things better […]

Artificial Intelligence and its Impact on Accounting

In this research paper, it will explain what artificial intelligence is and how it has affected the accounting industry. Whenever people think of artificial intelligence they contemplate of new technology that has now evolved and has taken over human and animal intelligence. So basically, a machine doing human tasks, for example a self-driving car which doesn't need a human body to drive it because the device (car) will drive on its own. This can both be a good and a […]

Revolutions are Seen as Positive Advancements

Industrial Revolutions are seen as positive advancements, which can lead to furthering economic growth in a nation. Although, industrial revolutions can bring numerous positive outcomes, it can also bring many negative outcomes to the developing country that is going through an industrial change. Throughout history, there has been more than one industrial revolution that has occurred, and it also continues to happen to this day. So far, there has been three different waves of industrial revolution and we are currently […]

Welcome to the 21st Century: the Benefits of Artificial Intelligence

Over one hundred thirty million people worldwide use the Netflix streaming service; however, most may not know how the recommendation system works. The brilliant mind behind this program is actually an algorithm produced under the influence of Artificial Intelligence (AI). AI is a developing technology with a "learning" capacity that seemingly imitates human capabilities. The field of AI originated in 1950s thanks to John McCarthy, a professor of computer science at Stanford, whose goal was to "[mimic] the logic-based reasoning […]

Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence in Finance

Abstract In this investigative report paper we'll present an overview of finance, what it looks like today, give some examples of the emerging markets in finance and outline the general trends and tendencies. Then, we'll describe what trading is, how it is done and list some of the biggest trading firms; go through an overview of ML and AI and present some examples of how they are mostly used in today's markets. After that, we'll dive into the influences of […]

Automation Will Crash Democracy

Around the world, technology is constantly disrupting the workforce, with automation poised to displace humans in the fields of medicine, agriculture, and beyond. Will the rise of robots fuel a new wave of “us versus them” populism capable of undermining democracy? For some, the answer is yes. They argue that as people lose jobs to robots, the gap between the rich and poor widens, distrust in government and democratic institutions grows, and populist ideas become more attractive to those who […]

The Beauty and Danger of Artificial Intelligence

Since the dawn of novels and television, the notion of artificial intelligence in the form of robots has been a reoccurring theme in the science fiction genre. The over dramatization of inimical artificial intelligence in these fictional narratives has led the general population to form a slight aversion to the idea of further developing artificial intelligence. The inherent fear of the unknown has also contributed to this problem; people are afraid of developing a race that could potentially replace us […]

Why Artificial Intelligence Must be Regulated

In the past decade, tremendous strides have been made in computing technology due to Moore's law, which states that the manufacturable density of transistors in microchips will roughly double every two years. This has lead to dramatically increased computing power, and has allowed for previously theoretical concepts, such as Neural Networks, to become practical in modern society. The negative impact that these new technologies could have, however, is often not considered in favor of uncontested innovation. Although some may argue […]

The Connection of Artificial Intelligence and Marketing

Artificial intelligence connects quite well with marketing, and if used in conjunction, companies can achieve success. According to the Merriam Webster dictionary, Artificial Intelligence is "the capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behavior." It's quite an interesting concept, which helps cater to the personalization that consumers desire. Many major companies, such as Google, Facebook, and Spotify, use artificial intelligence. It can offer a deeper understanding of customer wants, needs, and preferences at an efficient rate. Marketing can make […]

Understanding of Artificial Intelligence Development

The term Artificial Intelligence might be a frightening term but yet so useful in the human daily life. When you hear the term "Artificial Intelligence" you might imagine attacking robots, sci-fi movies or the worst case scenario, but this is way too drastic for what AI really is. Artificial Intelligence is whatever technological gadget that can mimic any human movement or thought. It is a door-opener that facilitates complete tasks with the help of technological gadgets or programs. Its high […]

Rise of Machine Labor

The Industrial Revolution and the Rise of Machine Labor If even a casual reader takes a glance at contemporary media sources, one of the most recurring themes that she will encounter is that of a revolution ongoing at this very moment, and that is the automatization of labor. All sorts of headlines bombard the reader, from Will Artificial Intelligence be Replacing Your Job Soon? (DeCleene, 2018) to This company replaced 90% of its workforce with machines. Here's what happened (Javelosa […]

The Power of Artificial Intelligence

As society develops into this technology driven world, the question most people ask is "what is artificial intelligence? And how might I be impacted?". According to Management Information Systems by Stephen Haag, AI is "the science of making machines imitate human thinking and behavior" (Hagg). Taping into the business industry, AI machines are used to create, build, design, sort, deliver, and much more in various sectors. In just the US alone, jobs requiring some form of AI skills increased 5x […]

Artificial Intelligence in Society

Throughout history evolution has played a large role in the development of society. For the most part, organisms have been locked in toward a certain level of intelligence. Species develop and improve overtime and each species finds their role in the ecosystem. However, there is one exception: AI. This is because there is no limit to its intelligence. It would be impossible to control something that stands at the level of complexity of artificial intelligence. The show Black Mirror emphasizes […]

Artificial Intelligence: the Intelligent Choice in Medicine

Artificial intelligence, or simulated machine intelligence, is a rapidly growing sector of the medical field. There are numerous uses for robots and AI in healthcare, from reading test results and analyzing scans, to performing simple surgeries and even diagnosing ailments. There are endless possibilities to implement this technology, and the benefits will extend beyond the possible detriments that some professionals and the public are worried about. The introduction and immersion of artificial intelligence into the medical field would impact millions […]

Artificial Intelligence and its Effect on Mankind

Since the mid 1900's the idea of creating artificial intelligence, also known as A.I., that can think and act on its own has been discussed between many engineers from the math and science community but back then it seemed more like fiction than anything else, until now. Thanks to the technological boom that started in the 1990's the thought of creating such machinery became more probable and people around the world started to recognized this as well. The purpose of […]

AI in Modern Technological Era

In today's modern technological era, we use technology every day of our lives, and it has essentially become part of who we are. The advancements in technology have influenced every aspect of our lives, from how we communicate with each other to how we travel around the world. Technological advancements have paved the way for the development of artificial intelligence, a system where computers are able to complete tasks previously performed by humans only. Artificial intelligence, or AI, has enabled […]

Societal Effects of Artificial Intelligence

The past century for humans has been unmatched to all others when it comes to technological advancement. Medical breakthroughs have made our life expectancy higher than ever, the creation and proliferation of the internet means you can now talk to somebody on the other side of the world in real time, and promises are being made to have humans on Mars within a decade. So then, what comes next? What will be the next watershed moment for humanity after a […]

A Discussion about Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence is a breakthrough in modern science and technology. It is the aspect of automating machines to become intelligent. The idea itself is mind blowing! It is a great and commendable feat that humanity has accomplished. However it leaves one asking the question, "Did we go too far this time?" One cannot help but wonder if humanity is going to regret giving their thinking power to a bunch of machines or if these machines will get smarter over the […]

Phenomenon of Artificial Intelligence

The largest Artificial intelligence (AI) robot in the world today, is a robotic dragon that can breathe fire and weighs more than two tons. This robot is a Guinness world record holder for the biggest robot in the world. The creators of the dragon have put so many details into it, to the point where if you wake up and see `it, you would think it's real, starting from the detail into the scales, and the detail in the facial […]

How See Now, Buy Now Enabled by Artificial Intelligence

Walter Mischel, a psychologist famed for the 1960's Marshmallow Test, which he elucidated the virtue of delayed gratification for youngsters. Today, the data economy promotes the dichotomy of an on-demand culture. Enabled by AI on divinatory consumer demand and predictive supply chain, front-line companies are charged up to provide a See-Now-Buy-Now (SNBN) experience to the consumers. Amongst the US retail categories, grocery ranks first with $770 billion (30% of dollar share), while apparel second at $310 billion. After the acquisition […]

CMTY Community Democratic Citizenship Article Summary

A study published in the Journal for Artificial Societies and Social Stimulation (the JASSS) developed and used an artificial intelligence to study whether people are naturally violent, or if environmental factors can lead to violence. The factors tested were religion, natural disasters, and other human encounters. The tests revealed that, as a whole, people are naturally peaceful, but in a wide range of contexts they may become violent. Violence emerged particularly in situations when others went against or threatened the […]

Artificial Intelligence, Based Training and Placement Management

ABSTRACT The Training and Placement cell in colleges is responsible for conducting all job interviews and skill development procedures for candidates. These procedures are carried out either manually or using some form of database software, which can be slow and inefficient. We, therefore, have taken a step forward to build an Artificial Intelligence-based solution to this problem. We propose a system where the admin and student can carry out all the training and placement related operations within an Artificial Intelligence-based […]

Study on Artificial Intelligence

The study of Artificial Intelligence had always been an intriguing field for both scientists and the general population. An inanimate being with facial features equivalent to that of a homo-sapien, along with exceeding intelligence, their existence are often a controversial topic to human beings. As various mediums of entertainment has portrayed, the creation of a "new species" not only magnifies the narcissistic complex of the human race itself, numerous social problems also surfaced. Apart from the obvious issue of job […]

The Rise of Artificial Intelligence: AI and Robotics

Section 1: Introduction and History Beware the Fourth Industrial Revolution!  The Robots are coming!  The Robots are coming!  Do we need a modern-day Paul Revere to call the country to arms?  Maybe not just yet. . . The rise of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Robotics from 1970 to today has been persistent, amazing, and both a benefit and challenge to mankind.  Although we did not achieve Marvin Minsky's 1970 prediction, that by the end of the decade we would have […]

Related topic

Essay About Artificial Intelligence The artificial intelligence in The Matrix, Robot in Robot and Frank, and the title character Wall-E all show how artificial intelligence in science fiction surpasses humankind. This Artificial Intelligence is superior to humans. They exhibit strength and intelligence beyond people’s abilities. Although, these films suggest that artificial intelligence could be humankind’s legacy long after humankind’s extinct, it could also be dangerous to put too much trust into artificial intelligence. In the film The Matrix, Artificial intelligence created software that’s called the Matrix which basically copies the real world. This also keeps anyone from noticing anything unusual. Leo who was born as Thomas A. Anderson fights alongside the last colony of humans to defeat the machines in The Matrix. Artificial intelligence caused most of humanity to be enslaved and also caused them to be at war. In the film Robot and Frank, Frank Weld is an aging jewel thief who has a hard time remembering certain events. He also has a son named Hunter Weld who gave Frank a robot who is programmed to take care of his health every day. A few days after, Frank realizes that he can use the robot to do something other than cleaning the house and to take care of his health. Frank uses the robot to become an aging jewel thief again. The robot was easily influenced into doing what Frank wanted to do. The robot should have just said no and just leave it at that. In the film Wall-E, Wall-E is a wasted collector drone that is programmed to haul the garbage plaguing the earth. Over the years, Wall-E developed a personality. But one day, a ship named Axiom sent a robot to earth to look for a plant that can save them all. Along the way, Human beings became so reliant that they lost the ability to walk and have devolved instead of continuing to evolve as a species. In these dependents upon the A.I, they have all aboard that ship and are not really living. Having AI introduced in their lives could be detrimental and problematic. In the films, artificial intelligence would change the world in a completely different way. Artificial intelligence does everything that they do but even better. This means that AI could influence them, hurt them, and even make them think they are in the real world but in reality, they are somewhere else.   

1. Tell Us Your Requirements

2. Pick your perfect writer

3. Get Your Paper and Pay

Hi! I'm Amy, your personal assistant!

Don't know where to start? Give me your paper requirements and I connect you to an academic expert.

short deadlines

100% Plagiarism-Free

Certified writers

  • View All Management Exams

Colleges & Courses

  • MBA College Admissions
  • MBA Colleges in India
  • Top MBA Colleges in India
  • Top Online MBA Colleges in India
  • CAT Registration 2023
  • BBA Colleges in India
  • CAT Percentile Predictor 2023
  • CAT 2023 College Predictor
  • XAT College Predictor 2024
  • CMAT College Predictor 2024
  • SNAP College Predictor 2023
  • MAT College Predictor 2023
  • NMAT College Predictor
  • CAT Score Vs Percentile
  • CAT 2023 Answer Key
  • CAT Result 2023
  • CAT Cut Off
  • Download Helpful Ebooks
  • List of Popular Branches
  • QnA - Get answers to your doubts
  • IIM Fees Structure
  • JEE Main 2024
  • JEE Advanced 2024
  • BITSAT 2024
  • View All Engineering Exams
  • Colleges Accepting B.Tech Applications
  • Top Engineering Colleges in India
  • Engineering Colleges in India
  • Engineering Colleges in Tamil Nadu
  • Engineering Colleges Accepting JEE Main
  • Top Engineering Colleges in Hyderabad
  • Top Engineering Colleges in Bangalore
  • Top Engineering Colleges in Maharashtra
  • JEE Main College Predictor
  • JEE Main Rank Predictor
  • MHT CET College Predictor
  • AP EAMCET College Predictor
  • TS EAMCET College Predictor
  • KCET College Predictor
  • JEE Advanced College Predictor
  • View All College Predictors
  • JEE Main Question Paper
  • JEE Main Mock Test
  • GATE Mock Test
  • JEE Main Syllabus
  • Download E-Books and Sample Papers
  • Compare Colleges
  • B.Tech College Applications
  • BITSAT Question Paper
  • AIIMS Nursing
  • Top Medical Colleges in India
  • Top Medical Colleges in India accepting NEET Score
  • Medical Colleges accepting NEET
  • List of Medical Colleges in India
  • Medical Colleges In Karnataka
  • Medical Colleges in Maharashtra
  • Medical Colleges in India Accepting NEET PG
  • NEET College Predictor
  • NEET PG College Predictor
  • NEET MDS College Predictor
  • DNB CET College Predictor
  • DNB PDCET College Predictor
  • NEET Counselling
  • NEET Result
  • NEET Cut off
  • NEET Online Preparation
  • Download Helpful E-books
  • LSAT India 2024
  • Colleges Accepting Admissions
  • Top Law Colleges in India
  • Law College Accepting CLAT Score
  • List of Law Colleges in India
  • Top Law Colleges in Delhi
  • Top Law Collages in Indore
  • Top Law Colleges in Chandigarh
  • Top Law Collages in Lucknow

Predictors & E-Books

  • CLAT College Predictor
  • MHCET Law ( 5 Year L.L.B) College Predictor
  • AILET College Predictor
  • Sample Papers
  • Compare Law Collages
  • Careers360 Youtube Channel
  • CLAT 2024 Exam Live
  • CLAT Result 2024
  • AIBE Admit Card 2023
  • NID DAT 2024
  • NID Admit Card 2024
  • NIFT Exam Application Form 2024
  • UPES DAT 2023

Animation Courses

  • Animation Courses in India
  • Animation Courses in Bangalore
  • Animation Courses in Mumbai
  • Animation Courses in Pune
  • Animation Courses in Chennai
  • Animation Courses in Hyderabad
  • Design Colleges in India
  • Fashion Design Colleges in Bangalore
  • Fashion Design Colleges in Mumbai
  • Fashion Design Colleges in Pune
  • Fashion Design Colleges in Delhi
  • Fashion Design Colleges in Hyderabad
  • Fashion Design Colleges in India
  • Top Design Colleges in India
  • Free Sample Papers
  • Free Design E-books
  • List of Branches
  • Careers360 Youtube channel
  • NIFT College Predictor
  • JMI Mass Communication Entrance Exam
  • IIMC Entrance Exam
  • Media & Journalism colleges in Delhi
  • Media & Journalism colleges in Bangalore
  • Media & Journalism colleges in Mumbai
  • List of Media & Journalism Colleges in India
  • Free Ebooks
  • CA Intermediate
  • CA Foundation
  • CS Executive
  • CS Professional
  • Difference between CA and CS
  • Difference between CA and CMA
  • CA Full form
  • CMA Full form
  • CS Full form
  • CA Salary In India

Top Courses & Careers

  • Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com)
  • Master of Commerce (M.Com)
  • Company Secretary
  • Cost Accountant
  • Charted Accountant
  • Credit Manager
  • Financial Advisor
  • Top Commerce Colleges in India
  • Top Government Commerce Colleges in India
  • Top Private Commerce Colleges in India
  • Top M.Com Colleges in Mumbai
  • Top B.Com Colleges in India
  • IT Colleges in Tamil Nadu
  • IT Colleges in Uttar Pradesh
  • MCA Colleges in India
  • BCA Colleges in India

Quick Links

  • Information Technology Courses
  • Programming Courses
  • Web Development Courses
  • Data Analytics Courses
  • Big Data Analytics Courses
  • RUHS Pharmacy Admission Test
  • Top Pharmacy Colleges in India
  • Pharmacy Colleges in Pune
  • Pharmacy Colleges in Mumbai
  • Colleges Accepting GPAT Score
  • Pharmacy Colleges in Lucknow
  • List of Pharmacy Colleges in Nagpur
  • GPAT Result
  • GPAT 2024 Admit Card
  • GPAT Question Papers
  • NCHMCT JEE 2024
  • Top Hotel Management Colleges in Delhi
  • Top Hotel Management Colleges in Hyderabad
  • Top Hotel Management Colleges in Mumbai
  • Top Hotel Management Colleges in Tamil Nadu
  • Top Hotel Management Colleges in Maharashtra
  • B.Sc Hotel Management
  • Hotel Management
  • Diploma in Hotel Management and Catering Technology

Diploma Colleges

  • Top Diploma Colleges in Maharashtra
  • UPSC IAS 2024
  • SSC CGL 2023
  • IBPS RRB 2023
  • Previous Year Sample Papers
  • Free Competition E-books
  • Sarkari Result
  • QnA- Get your doubts answered
  • UPSC Previous Year Sample Papers
  • CTET Previous Year Sample Papers
  • SBI Clerk Previous Year Sample Papers
  • NDA Previous Year Sample Papers

Upcoming Events

  • NDA Application Form 2024
  • UPSC IAS Application Form 2024
  • CDS Application Form 2024
  • SSC MTS Result 2023
  • IBPS PO Result 2023
  • SSC Stenographer Result 2023
  • UPTET Notification 2023
  • SSC JE Result 2023

Other Exams

  • SSC CHSL 2023
  • UP PCS 2023
  • UGC NET 2023
  • RRB NTPC 2023
  • IBPS PO 2023
  • IBPS Clerk 2023
  • IBPS SO 2023
  • CBSE Class 10th
  • CBSE Class 12th
  • UP Board 10th
  • UP Board 12th
  • Bihar Board 10th
  • Bihar Board 12th
  • Top Schools in India
  • Top Schools in Delhi
  • Top Schools in Mumbai
  • Top Schools in Chennai
  • Top Schools in Hyderabad
  • Top Schools in Kolkata
  • Top Schools in Pune
  • Top Schools in Bangalore

Products & Resources

  • JEE Main Knockout April
  • NCERT Notes
  • NCERT Syllabus
  • NCERT Books
  • RD Sharma Solutions
  • Navodaya Vidyalaya Admission 2024-25
  • NCERT Solutions
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 12
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 11
  • NCERT solutions for Class 10
  • NCERT solutions for Class 9
  • NCERT solutions for Class 8
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 7
  • Top University in USA
  • Top University in Canada
  • Top University in Ireland
  • Top Universities in UK
  • Top Universities in Australia
  • Best MBA Colleges in Abroad
  • Business Management Studies Colleges

Top Countries

  • Study in USA
  • Study in UK
  • Study in Canada
  • Study in Australia
  • Study in Ireland
  • Study in Germany
  • Study in Singapore
  • Study in Europe

Student Visas

  • Student Visa Canada
  • Student Visa UK
  • Student Visa USA
  • Student Visa Australia
  • Student Visa Germany
  • Student Visa New Zealand
  • Student Visa Ireland
  • CUET PG 2024
  • IGNOU Admission 2024
  • DU Admission
  • UP B.Ed JEE 2024
  • DDU Entrance Exam
  • IIT JAM 2024
  • Universities in India 2023
  • Top Universities in India 2023
  • Top Colleges in India
  • Top Universities in Uttar Pradesh 2023
  • Top Universities in Bihar 2023
  • Top Universities in Madhya Pradesh 2023
  • Top Universities in Tamil Nadu 2023
  • Central Universities in India
  • IGNOU Date Sheet
  • CUET Mock Test 2024
  • CUET Application Form 2024
  • CUET PG Application Form 2024
  • CUET Participating Universities 2024
  • CUET Previous Year Question Paper
  • ICAR AIEEA Previous Year Question Papers
  • E-Books and Sample Papers
  • CUET Exam Pattern 2024
  • CUET Exam Date 2024
  • CUET Syllabus 2024
  • IGNOU Exam Form 2023
  • IGNOU Result 2023
  • CUET PG Courses 2024

Engineering Preparation

  • Knockout JEE Main 2024
  • Test Series JEE Main 2024
  • JEE Main 2024 Rank Booster

Medical Preparation

  • Knockout NEET 2024
  • Test Series NEET 2024
  • Rank Booster NEET 2024

Online Courses

  • JEE Main One Month Course
  • NEET One Month Course
  • IBSAT Free Mock Tests
  • IIT JEE Foundation Course
  • Knockout BITSAT 2024
  • Career Guidance Tool

Top Streams

  • IT & Software Certification Courses
  • Engineering and Architecture Certification Courses
  • Programming And Development Certification Courses
  • Business and Management Certification Courses
  • Marketing Certification Courses
  • Health and Fitness Certification Courses
  • Design Certification Courses


  • Digital Marketing Certification Courses
  • Cyber Security Certification Courses
  • Artificial Intelligence Certification Courses
  • Business Analytics Certification Courses
  • Data Science Certification Courses
  • Cloud Computing Certification Courses
  • Machine Learning Certification Courses
  • View All Certification Courses
  • UG Degree Courses
  • PG Degree Courses
  • Short Term Courses
  • Free Courses
  • Online Degrees and Diplomas
  • Compare Courses

Top Providers

  • Coursera Courses
  • Udemy Courses
  • Edx Courses
  • Swayam Courses
  • upGrad Courses
  • Simplilearn Courses
  • Great Learning Courses

Popular Searches

Access premium articles, webinars, resources to make the best decisions for career, course, exams, scholarships, study abroad and much more with

Plan, Prepare & Make the Best Career Choices

Artificial Intelligence Essay

Who would have imagined that we would live in a world with self-driven cars, robots that could clean our homes, or virtual assistants that could respond to any question we had without having to type it into our mobile devices? Yet, here we are, with all of these amenities that are enhancing and simplifying our lives. Here are some sample essays on artificial intelligence.

100 Words Essay On Artificial Intelligence

200 words essay on artificial intelligence, 500 words essay on artificial intelligence, 4 types of artificial intelligence.

Artificial Intelligence Essay

Artificial intelligence is referred to as machine intelligence. It basically refers to the capability of machines to emulate human intelligence. Machines are now capable of learning, planning, thinking, and problem-solving, thanks to artificial intelligence. The most notable aspect of artificial intelligence is how robots simulate human intellect. It is probably the fastest-growing development in the world of technology and innovation. AI is a technology that is transforming every walk of life. Today, artificial intelligence is being used more and more in practically every industry. While technology has improved and eased our lives, it has also put many people's employment at risk.

Artificial intelligence was developed in 1950. John McCarthy is considered as the “Father of artificial intelligence” as he first coined the term. The development of gadgets that can mimic human intelligence, including abilities such as voice recognition, decision-making, and language translation, is known as artificial intelligence. Making computers understand like humans, think like humans, and act like humans is done by instilling data as instructions and inputs.

Taking Over Industry | The need for human help is dwindling as AI has taken over many parts of the industry, which may result in concerns with unemployment in many occupations. However, the degree of control the human species chooses to give technology will always be up to them. As is correctly said, technology works best when it unites people.

AI In Everyday Life | Advancement in technology has a direct influence on our lives, businesses and social life. Whether or not we consciously realise it, AI has begun to penetrate the various aspects of our everyday lives. If we observe, many aspects of our everyday lives now involve the use of artificial intelligence, for instance, face ID and image recognition features in mobile phones, emails, various apps, digital voice assistants like Apple’s Siri and Amazon’s Alexa, Google search, route mapping, traffic updates, weather updates, Netflix and Amazon for entertainment, etc.

The field of computer science and engineering has attempted to simulate the features of human intelligence for a very long time with the help of machines, which is called artificial intelligence. The acronym for it is AI. The things that machines are designed to do through the implementation of AI are to learn, understand, reason, adapt, etc.

British mathematician and computer pioneer, Alan Turing, initiated developments in the then new field of artificial intelligence. In 1950, Turing predicted that a machine will one day be able to completely replicate human intellect.

Artificial Intelligence is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines that would make human life easier. It is concerned with getting computers to do tasks that would normally require human intelligence. AI started showing promising solutions for industry and businesses as well as our daily lives. The developments in artificial intelligence were initially slow and eventually gained pace. But recently, due to advancement of the technological era, the popularity of artificial intelligence got a boost with the evolutionary discoveries being made in the field.

Artificial Intelligence has been categorised into four categories by Arend Hintze:-

The first types of AI are those machines which can react to certain situations but don’t have any sort of memory and hence cannot learn or use past experience. For example – computer chess games.

The second types of AI are those machines which are capable of using past memory to form future ones. An excellent example of this second type of AI is self-driven cars.

The third type of AI at present only exists in theory, and as per the imagination, it will be able to have human emotions like beliefs, desires, opinions, intentions, etc.

The fourth form of AI if ever comes to exist would be the type of AI machine that will be able to have a sense of self-awareness, emotions and consciousness. If this type of AI ever comes to exist, then it would be a real revolution.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Artificial Intelligence

Just like two sides to a coin, artificial intelligence is subject to be beneficial and have harmful impacts too.

Saves Manual Effort | One of the emerging technologies, artificial intelligence, is proven to be beneficial. It lessens the burden of work that is to be done manually and so a person may save a lot of time with the help of technology. AI can work endlessly without getting tired, unlike humans, and hence bring more work productivity.

Reduces Human Interaction | The negative effects of artificial intelligence are numerous. Any new technology is only intended to make our work simpler; it does not imply that we should stop working. AI requires less human interaction, making students more engaged with the online world than the world in front of them.

Technology is always evolving. It is demonstrating to be a benefit to humanity. Every type of technology has both advantages and disadvantages, and artificial intelligence is no exception. It is important in several fields of business and study, but if misused, it might become a danger to humanity.

Explore Career Options (By Industry)

  • Construction
  • Entertainment
  • Manufacturing
  • Information Technology

Bio Medical Engineer

The field of biomedical engineering opens up a universe of expert chances. An Individual in the biomedical engineering career path work in the field of engineering as well as medicine, in order to find out solutions to common problems of the two fields. The biomedical engineering job opportunities are to collaborate with doctors and researchers to develop medical systems, equipment, or devices that can solve clinical problems. Here we will be discussing jobs after biomedical engineering, how to get a job in biomedical engineering, biomedical engineering scope, and salary. 

Data Administrator

Database professionals use software to store and organise data such as financial information, and customer shipping records. Individuals who opt for a career as data administrators ensure that data is available for users and secured from unauthorised sales. DB administrators may work in various types of industries. It may involve computer systems design, service firms, insurance companies, banks and hospitals.

Database Architect

If you are intrigued by the programming world and are interested in developing communications networks then a career as database architect may be a good option for you. Data architect roles and responsibilities include building design models for data communication networks. Wide Area Networks (WANs), local area networks (LANs), and intranets are included in the database networks. It is expected that database architects will have in-depth knowledge of a company's business to develop a network to fulfil the requirements of the organisation. Stay tuned as we look at the larger picture and give you more information on what is db architecture, why you should pursue database architecture, what to expect from such a degree and what your job opportunities will be after graduation. Here, we will be discussing how to become a data architect. Students can visit NIT Trichy , IIT Kharagpur , JMI New Delhi . 

Ethical Hacker

A career as ethical hacker involves various challenges and provides lucrative opportunities in the digital era where every giant business and startup owns its cyberspace on the world wide web. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path try to find the vulnerabilities in the cyber system to get its authority. If he or she succeeds in it then he or she gets its illegal authority. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path then steal information or delete the file that could affect the business, functioning, or services of the organization.

Data Analyst

The invention of the database has given fresh breath to the people involved in the data analytics career path. Analysis refers to splitting up a whole into its individual components for individual analysis. Data analysis is a method through which raw data are processed and transformed into information that would be beneficial for user strategic thinking.

Data are collected and examined to respond to questions, evaluate hypotheses or contradict theories. It is a tool for analyzing, transforming, modeling, and arranging data with useful knowledge, to assist in decision-making and methods, encompassing various strategies, and is used in different fields of business, research, and social science.

Geothermal Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as geothermal engineers are the professionals involved in the processing of geothermal energy. The responsibilities of geothermal engineers may vary depending on the workplace location. Those who work in fields design facilities to process and distribute geothermal energy. They oversee the functioning of machinery used in the field.

Geotechnical engineer

The role of geotechnical engineer starts with reviewing the projects needed to define the required material properties. The work responsibilities are followed by a site investigation of rock, soil, fault distribution and bedrock properties on and below an area of interest. The investigation is aimed to improve the ground engineering design and determine their engineering properties that include how they will interact with, on or in a proposed construction. 

The role of geotechnical engineer in mining includes designing and determining the type of foundations, earthworks, and or pavement subgrades required for the intended man-made structures to be made. Geotechnical engineering jobs are involved in earthen and concrete dam construction projects, working under a range of normal and extreme loading conditions. 


How fascinating it is to represent the whole world on just a piece of paper or a sphere. With the help of maps, we are able to represent the real world on a much smaller scale. Individuals who opt for a career as a cartographer are those who make maps. But, cartography is not just limited to maps, it is about a mixture of art , science , and technology. As a cartographer, not only you will create maps but use various geodetic surveys and remote sensing systems to measure, analyse, and create different maps for political, cultural or educational purposes.

Treasury analyst career path is often regarded as certified treasury specialist in some business situations, is a finance expert who specifically manages a company or organisation's long-term and short-term financial targets. Treasurer synonym could be a financial officer, which is one of the reputed positions in the corporate world. In a large company, the corporate treasury jobs hold power over the financial decision-making of the total investment and development strategy of the organisation.

Product Manager

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  


An underwriter is a person who assesses and evaluates the risk of insurance in his or her field like mortgage, loan, health policy, investment, and so on and so forth. The underwriter career path does involve risks as analysing the risks means finding out if there is a way for the insurance underwriter jobs to recover the money from its clients. If the risk turns out to be too much for the company then in the future it is an underwriter who will be held accountable for it. Therefore, one must carry out his or her job with a lot of attention and diligence.

Bank Probationary Officer (PO)

A career as Bank Probationary Officer (PO) is seen as a promising career opportunity and a white-collar career. Each year aspirants take the Bank PO exam . This career provides plenty of career development and opportunities for a successful banking future. If you have more questions about a career as  Bank Probationary Officer (PO),  what is probationary officer  or how to become a Bank Probationary Officer (PO) then you can read the article and clear all your doubts. 

Operations Manager

Individuals in the operations manager jobs are responsible for ensuring the efficiency of each department to acquire its optimal goal. They plan the use of resources and distribution of materials. The operations manager's job description includes managing budgets, negotiating contracts, and performing administrative tasks.

Finance Executive

A career as a Finance Executive requires one to be responsible for monitoring an organisation's income, investments and expenses to create and evaluate financial reports. His or her role involves performing audits, invoices, and budget preparations. He or she manages accounting activities, bank reconciliations, and payable and receivable accounts.  

Investment Banker

An Investment Banking career involves the invention and generation of capital for other organizations, governments, and other entities. Individuals who opt for a career as Investment Bankers are the head of a team dedicated to raising capital by issuing bonds. Investment bankers are termed as the experts who have their fingers on the pulse of the current financial and investing climate. Students can pursue various Investment Banker courses, such as Banking and Insurance , and  Economics to opt for an Investment Banking career path.

Transportation Planner

A career as Transportation Planner requires technical application of science and technology in engineering, particularly the concepts, equipment and technologies involved in the production of products and services. In fields like land use, infrastructure review, ecological standards and street design, he or she considers issues of health, environment and performance. A Transportation Planner assigns resources for implementing and designing programmes. He or she is responsible for assessing needs, preparing plans and forecasts and compliance with regulations.

Conservation Architect

A Conservation Architect is a professional responsible for conserving and restoring buildings or monuments having a historic value. He or she applies techniques to document and stabilise the object’s state without any further damage. A Conservation Architect restores the monuments and heritage buildings to bring them back to their original state.

Safety Manager

A Safety Manager is a professional responsible for employee’s safety at work. He or she plans, implements and oversees the company’s employee safety. A Safety Manager ensures compliance and adherence to Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) guidelines.

A Team Leader is a professional responsible for guiding, monitoring and leading the entire group. He or she is responsible for motivating team members by providing a pleasant work environment to them and inspiring positive communication. A Team Leader contributes to the achievement of the organisation’s goals. He or she improves the confidence, product knowledge and communication skills of the team members and empowers them.

Structural Engineer

A Structural Engineer designs buildings, bridges, and other related structures. He or she analyzes the structures and makes sure the structures are strong enough to be used by the people. A career as a Structural Engineer requires working in the construction process. It comes under the civil engineering discipline. A Structure Engineer creates structural models with the help of computer-aided design software. 

Individuals in the architecture career are the building designers who plan the whole construction keeping the safety and requirements of the people. Individuals in architect career in India provides professional services for new constructions, alterations, renovations and several other activities. Individuals in architectural careers in India visit site locations to visualize their projects and prepare scaled drawings to submit to a client or employer as a design. Individuals in architecture careers also estimate build costs, materials needed, and the projected time frame to complete a build.

Landscape Architect

Having a landscape architecture career, you are involved in site analysis, site inventory, land planning, planting design, grading, stormwater management, suitable design, and construction specification. Frederick Law Olmsted, the designer of Central Park in New York introduced the title “landscape architect”. The Australian Institute of Landscape Architects (AILA) proclaims that "Landscape Architects research, plan, design and advise on the stewardship, conservation and sustainability of development of the environment and spaces, both within and beyond the built environment". Therefore, individuals who opt for a career as a landscape architect are those who are educated and experienced in landscape architecture. Students need to pursue various landscape architecture degrees, such as  M.Des , M.Plan to become landscape architects. If you have more questions regarding a career as a landscape architect or how to become a landscape architect then you can read the article to get your doubts cleared. 

An expert in plumbing is aware of building regulations and safety standards and works to make sure these standards are upheld. Testing pipes for leakage using air pressure and other gauges, and also the ability to construct new pipe systems by cutting, fitting, measuring and threading pipes are some of the other more involved aspects of plumbing. Individuals in the plumber career path are self-employed or work for a small business employing less than ten people, though some might find working for larger entities or the government more desirable.

Orthotist and Prosthetist

Orthotists and Prosthetists are professionals who provide aid to patients with disabilities. They fix them to artificial limbs (prosthetics) and help them to regain stability. There are times when people lose their limbs in an accident. In some other occasions, they are born without a limb or orthopaedic impairment. Orthotists and prosthetists play a crucial role in their lives with fixing them to assistive devices and provide mobility.

Veterinary Doctor

A veterinary doctor is a medical professional with a degree in veterinary science. The veterinary science qualification is the minimum requirement to become a veterinary doctor. There are numerous veterinary science courses offered by various institutes. He or she is employed at zoos to ensure they are provided with good health facilities and medical care to improve their life expectancy.


A career in pathology in India is filled with several responsibilities as it is a medical branch and affects human lives. The demand for pathologists has been increasing over the past few years as people are getting more aware of different diseases. Not only that, but an increase in population and lifestyle changes have also contributed to the increase in a pathologist’s demand. The pathology careers provide an extremely huge number of opportunities and if you want to be a part of the medical field you can consider being a pathologist. If you want to know more about a career in pathology in India then continue reading this article.


Gynaecology can be defined as the study of the female body. The job outlook for gynaecology is excellent since there is evergreen demand for one because of their responsibility of dealing with not only women’s health but also fertility and pregnancy issues. Although most women prefer to have a women obstetrician gynaecologist as their doctor, men also explore a career as a gynaecologist and there are ample amounts of male doctors in the field who are gynaecologists and aid women during delivery and childbirth. 

Surgical Technologist

When it comes to an operation theatre, there are several tasks that are to be carried out before as well as after the operation or surgery has taken place. Such tasks are not possible without surgical tech and surgical tech tools. A single surgeon cannot do it all alone. It’s like for a footballer he needs his team’s support to score a goal the same goes for a surgeon. It is here, when a surgical technologist comes into the picture. It is the job of a surgical technologist to prepare the operation theatre with all the required equipment before the surgery. Not only that, once an operation is done it is the job of the surgical technologist to clean all the equipment. One has to fulfil the minimum requirements of surgical tech qualifications. 

Also Read: Career as Nurse

An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.

Those who wish to make a dentist career in India must know that dental training opens up a universe of expert chances. Notwithstanding private practice, the present dental school graduates can pick other dental profession alternatives, remembering working in medical clinic crisis rooms, leading propelled lab examinations, teaching future dental specialists, or in any event, venturing to the far corners of the planet with International health and relief organizations.

Health Inspector

Individuals following a career as health inspectors have to face resistance and lack of cooperation while working on the sites. The health inspector's job description includes taking precautionary measures while inspecting to save themself from any external injury and the need to cover their mouth to avoid toxic substances. A health inspector does the desk job as well as the fieldwork. Health inspector jobs require one to travel long hours to inspect a particular place.

For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs. 

Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages. Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

Talent Agent

The career as a Talent Agent is filled with responsibilities. A Talent Agent is someone who is involved in the pre-production process of the film. It is a very busy job for a Talent Agent but as and when an individual gains experience and progresses in the career he or she can have people assisting him or her in work. Depending on one’s responsibilities, number of clients and experience he or she may also have to lead a team and work with juniors under him or her in a talent agency. In order to know more about the job of a talent agent continue reading the article.

If you want to know more about talent agent meaning, how to become a Talent Agent, or Talent Agent job description then continue reading this article.

Radio Jockey

Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.


The word “choreography" actually comes from Greek words that mean “dance writing." Individuals who opt for a career as a choreographer create and direct original dances, in addition to developing interpretations of existing dances. A Choreographer dances and utilises his or her creativity in other aspects of dance performance. For example, he or she may work with the music director to select music or collaborate with other famous choreographers to enhance such performance elements as lighting, costume and set design.


Careers in videography are art that can be defined as a creative and interpretive process that culminates in the authorship of an original work of art rather than a simple recording of a simple event. It would be wrong to portrait it as a subcategory of photography, rather photography is one of the crafts used in videographer jobs in addition to technical skills like organization, management, interpretation, and image-manipulation techniques. Students pursue Visual Media , Film, Television, Digital Video Production to opt for a videographer career path. The visual impacts of a film are driven by the creative decisions taken in videography jobs. Individuals who opt for a career as a videographer are involved in the entire lifecycle of a film and production. 

Multimedia Specialist

A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications. 

Copy Writer

In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism , Advertising , Marketing Management . Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. Ever since internet cost got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, the career as vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the career as vlogger, how to become a vlogger, so on and so forth then continue reading the article. Students can visit Jamia Millia Islamia , Asian College of Journalism , Indian Institute of Mass Communication to pursue journalism degrees.

Travel Journalist

The career of a travel journalist is full of passion, excitement and responsibility. Journalism as a career could be challenging at times, but if you're someone who has been genuinely enthusiastic about all this, then it is the best decision for you. Travel journalism jobs are all about insightful, artfully written, informative narratives designed to cover the travel industry. Travel Journalist is someone who explores, gathers and presents information as a news article.

SEO Analyst

An SEO Analyst is a web professional who is proficient in the implementation of SEO strategies to target more keywords to improve the reach of the content on search engines. He or she provides support to acquire the goals and success of the client’s campaigns. 

Production Manager

Production Manager Job Description: A Production Manager is responsible for ensuring smooth running of manufacturing processes in an efficient manner. He or she plans and organises production schedules. The role of Production Manager involves estimation, negotiation on budget and timescales with the clients and managers. 

Resource Links for Online MBA 

Online MBA Colleges

Online MBA Syllabus

Online MBA Admission

Quality Controller

A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product. 

A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

Production Engineer

A career as Production Engineer is crucial in the manufacturing industry. He or she ensures the functionality of production equipment and machinery to improve productivity and minimize production costs in order to drive revenues and increase profitability. 

Automation Test Engineer

An Automation Test Engineer job involves executing automated test scripts. He or she identifies the project’s problems and troubleshoots them. The role involves documenting the defect using management tools. He or she works with the application team in order to resolve any issues arising during the testing process. 

Product Designer

Individuals who opt for a career as product designers are responsible for designing the components and overall product concerning its shape, size, and material used in manufacturing. They are responsible for the aesthetic appearance of the product. A product designer uses his or her creative skills to give a product its final outlook and ensures the functionality of the design. 

Students can opt for various product design degrees such as B.Des and M.Des to become product designers. Industrial product designer prepares 3D models of designs for approval and discusses them with clients and other colleagues. Individuals who opt for a career as a product designer estimate the total cost involved in designing.

R&D Personnel

A career as R&D Personnel requires researching, planning, and implementing new programs and protocols into their organization and overseeing new products’ development. He or she uses his or her creative abilities to improve the existing products as per the requirements of the target market.

Commercial Manager

A Commercial Manager negotiates, advises and secures information about pricing for commercial contracts. He or she is responsible for developing financial plans in order to maximise the business's profitability.

ITSM Manager

ITSM Manager is a professional responsible for heading the ITSM (Information Technology Service Management) or (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) processes. He or she ensures that operation management provides appropriate resource levels for problem resolutions. The ITSM Manager oversees the level of prioritisation for the problems, critical incidents, planned as well as proactive tasks. 

Information Security Manager

Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack 

Computer Programmer

Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

IT Consultant

An IT Consultant is a professional who is also known as a technology consultant. He or she is required to provide consultation to industrial and commercial clients to resolve business and IT problems and acquire optimum growth. An IT consultant can find work by signing up with an IT consultancy firm, or he or she can work on their own as independent contractors and select the projects he or she wants to work on.

Data Architect

A Data Architect role involves formulating the organisational data strategy. It involves data quality, flow of data within the organisation and security of data. The vision of Data Architect provides support to convert business requirements into technical requirements. 

Security Engineer

The Security Engineer is responsible for overseeing and controlling the various aspects of a company's computer security. Individuals in the security engineer jobs include developing and implementing policies and procedures to protect the data and information of the organisation. In this article, we will discuss the security engineer job description, security engineer skills, security engineer course, and security engineer career path.

UX Architect

A UX Architect is someone who influences the design processes and its outcomes. He or she possesses a solid understanding of user research, information architecture, interaction design and content strategy. 

Applications for Admissions are open.

NEET 2024 Most scoring concepts

NEET 2024 Most scoring concepts

Just Study 32% of the NEET syllabus and Score upto 100% marks



Thinking of Studying Abroad? Think the TOEFL® test & make your dreams come true

JEE Main high scoring chapters and topics

JEE Main high scoring chapters and topics

As per latest 2024 syllabus. Study 40% syllabus and score upto 100% marks in JEE

NEET previous year papers with solutions

NEET previous year papers with solutions

Solve NEET previous years question papers & check your preparedness

JEE Main Important Mathematics Formulas

JEE Main Important Mathematics Formulas

As per latest 2024 syllabus. Maths formulas, equations, & theorems of class 11 & 12th chapters

JEE Main Important Physics formulas

JEE Main Important Physics formulas

As per latest 2024 syllabus. Physics formulas, equations, & laws of class 11 & 12th chapters

Everything about Education

Latest updates, Exclusive Content, Webinars and more.

Download Careers360 App's

Regular exam updates, QnA, Predictors, College Applications & E-books now on your Mobile




We Appeared in

Economic Times

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • View all journals
  • Explore content
  • About the journal
  • Publish with us
  • Sign up for alerts
  • Published: 24 February 2023

Artificial intelligence in academic writing: a paradigm-shifting technological advance

  • Roei Golan   ORCID: 1   na1 ,
  • Rohit Reddy 2   na1 ,
  • Akhil Muthigi 2 &
  • Ranjith Ramasamy 2  

Nature Reviews Urology volume  20 ,  pages 327–328 ( 2023 ) Cite this article

2808 Accesses

13 Citations

58 Altmetric

Metrics details

  • Preclinical research
  • Translational research

Artificial intelligence (AI) has rapidly become one of the most important and transformative technologies of our time, with applications in virtually every field and industry. Among these applications, academic writing is one of the areas that has experienced perhaps the most rapid development and uptake of AI-based tools and methodologies. We argue that use of AI-based tools for scientific writing should widely be adopted.

The use of artificial intelligence (AI) in academic writing can be divided into two broad categories: those that assist authors in the writing process; and those that are used to evaluate and assess the quality and validity of written work. Tools such as natural language processing that can understand and generate human-like language can assist authors in writing and preparing manuscripts (Box 1 ). Tools such as plagiarism detection software and automated peer-review platforms can assist reviewers and editors in evaluating the quality of the manuscript. Furthermore, automated peer-review platforms can quickly and objectively evaluate large numbers of manuscripts, potentially reducing their workload 1 .

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

How artificial intelligence will affect the future of medical publishing

  • Jean-Louis Vincent

Critical Care Open Access 06 July 2023

Access options

Access Nature and 54 other Nature Portfolio journals

Get Nature+, our best-value online-access subscription

$29.99 / 30 days

cancel any time

Subscribe to this journal

Receive 12 print issues and online access

$209.00 per year

only $17.42 per issue

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Checco, A., Bracciale, L., Loreti, P., Pinfield, S. & Bianchi, G. AI-assisted peer review. Humanit. Soc. Sci. Commun. 8 , 25 (2021).

Article   Google Scholar  

Hutson, M. Could AI help you to write your next paper? Nature 611 , 192–193 (2022).

Article   CAS   PubMed   Google Scholar  

Krzastek, S. C., Farhi, J., Gray, M. & Smith, R. P. Impact of environmental toxin exposure on male fertility potential. Transl Androl. Urol. 9 , 2797–2813 (2020).

Article   PubMed   PubMed Central   Google Scholar  

Khullar, D. Social media and medical misinformation: confronting new variants of an old problem. JAMA 328 , 1393–1394 (2022).

Article   PubMed   Google Scholar  

Reddy, R. V. et al. Assessing the quality and readability of online content on shock wave therapy for erectile dysfunction. Andrologia 54 , e14607 (2022).

Khodamoradi, K., Golan, R., Dullea, A. & Ramasamy, R. Exosomes as potential biomarkers for erectile dysfunction, varicocele, and testicular injury. Sex. Med. Rev. 10 , 311–322 (2022).

Stone, L. You’ve got a friend online. Nat. Rev. Urol. 17 , 320 (2020).

PubMed   Google Scholar  

Pai, R. K. et al. A review of current advancements and limitations of artificial intelligence in genitourinary cancers. Am. J. Clin. Exp. Urol. 8 , 152–162 (2020).

PubMed   PubMed Central   Google Scholar  

You, J. B. et al. Machine learning for sperm selection. Nat. Rev. Urol. 18 , 387–403 (2021).

Stone, L. The dawning of the age of artificial intelligence in urology. Nat. Rev. Urol. 18 , 322 (2021).

Download references


The manuscript was edited for grammar and structure using the advanced language model ChatGPT. The authors thank S. Verma for addressing inquiries related to artificial intelligence.

Author information

These authors contributed equally: Roei Golan, Rohit Reddy.

Authors and Affiliations

Department of Clinical Sciences, Florida State University College of Medicine, Tallahassee, FL, USA

Desai Sethi Urology Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA

Rohit Reddy, Akhil Muthigi & Ranjith Ramasamy

You can also search for this author in PubMed   Google Scholar

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ranjith Ramasamy .

Ethics declarations

Competing interests.

R.R. is funded by the National Institutes of Health Grant R01 DK130991 and the Clinician Scientist Development Grant from the American Cancer Society. The other authors declare no competing interests.

Additional information

Related links.



CoSchedule Headline Analyzer:




Semantic Scholar:

Wordtune by AI21 Labs:


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article.

Golan, R., Reddy, R., Muthigi, A. et al. Artificial intelligence in academic writing: a paradigm-shifting technological advance. Nat Rev Urol 20 , 327–328 (2023).

Download citation

Published : 24 February 2023

Issue Date : June 2023


Share this article

Anyone you share the following link with will be able to read this content:

Sorry, a shareable link is not currently available for this article.

Provided by the Springer Nature SharedIt content-sharing initiative

This article is cited by

Critical Care (2023)

What do academics have to say about ChatGPT? A text mining analytics on the discussions regarding ChatGPT on research writing

  • Rex Bringula

AI and Ethics (2023)

Quick links

  • Explore articles by subject
  • Guide to authors
  • Editorial policies

Sign up for the Nature Briefing: Translational Research newsletter — top stories in biotechnology, drug discovery and pharma.

artificial intelligence summary essays


Argumentative Essay Example on Artificial Intelligence in MLA

Artificial Intelligence

Like we discussed in our previous blog, argumentative essays are complicated to write. In most cases, having a look at the examples of argumentative essays can help you construct ideas and write yours. In this blog, we present to you an example of an MLA argumentative essay on Artificial Intelligence as a solution more than a threat. When writing an argumentative essay, it is a chance to present your prowess ion sharing with the audience why both options are considerable. Also, just like in a persuasive essay you can persuade the readers to adopt your side of the argument. In this respect, either side of the arguments on argumentative essay topics is presented, including a counterargument. The conclusion should then make clear what is in the body of the essay.

Provided you have a great topic for your essay, enough and proper evidence to back your claims, and facts to refute the opponent's viewpoint, you can always write convincing arguments. A strong thesis is a must for an argumentative essay. So is the conclusion, which must stand out. Look at this top-grade argumentative essay example and learn the art.

Argumentative Essay Example: Artificial Intelligence: A Solution more than a Threat

The debate on the future of making in the age of computers remains to be a hotly contested debate in the public, professional, and scholarly spheres. Within the stem of the debate, there have been fears in the fast growing field of computing referred to as artificial intelligence.  Artificial intelligence or AI is a term that was originally coined in the 1950s by John McCarthy, and it simply means machine intelligence. It is the field of computer science that deals with the study of the systems that act or behave in a way that an observer sees them as intelligent and using human and animal intelligent behavior models in solving sophisticated problems (Kaplan 1). Even though portrayed as a threat on account of the loss of jobs, AI is a promising solution for medical applications with efficiency and high precision compared to humans and in disaster response.

Artificial intelligence (AI) has proven to be a solution to natural disasters abound to affect different places globally. The success of any humanitarian intervention depends on quality information, which is in the heart AI systems. For example, the Artificial Intelligence Disaster Response (AIDR) has been applied in different catastrophes in enabling the coordination between machines and human intelligence in coordination response operations (Imran et al. 159). During such events, AIDR allows for the coordination of drones, sensors, and robots to acquire, synthesize and produce accurate information based on the landscapes, thus making rescue less-time consuming and easier (Imran et al. 159-160). It has been used in the Nepal earthquake in the mobilization of volunteers as well as in the Chile earthquake in evacuation processes, in 2015 (EKU). Therefore, artificial intelligence offers high precision and accuracy in solving tasks that are otherwise complicated and time-consuming to humans.

Apart from disaster response, Artificial Intelligence also plays a critical role in the field of medicine including research, training, and diagnosis of diseases. In fact, Medical Artificial Intelligence deals with the construction of AI systems and programs that can make diagnosis and therapy recommendations easier (Moein xi). The medical field uses AI techniques such as Expert systems and Knowledge-based systems. These systems offer the clinicians and other medical professionals the ability to do data mining that is used in interpreting complex diagnostic tests. Such tests and results are accurate since the AI systems integrate information from various sources to offer patient-specific therapy and treatment recommendations (Moein 2). AI-supported medical diagnosis is correct and provides information for both the patients and the experts for effective decision making. As such, it is evident that artificial intelligence has not only revolutionized the medical field but promises its sustainability.

Despite being a savior to humankind in the field of medicine and natural disaster response, AI presents the existential threat of loss of jobs. Research predicts that artificial intelligence already has and poses an existential threat to the labor market. The emergence of intelligent algorithms that control robots has led to the loss of jobs that are otherwise tiring and monotonous to humans (Kaplan 113). For example, artificial intelligence controls the robots that are used in the design and manufacture of vehicles. In this case, the people formerly employed in the industry have lost jobs. In a study by researchers at Oxford University, it emerged that the recent emergence of machine learning and robotics will significantly affect the U.S. labor market, with 47% of the jobs being at risk of automation (Kaplan 118). Even so, not all jobs in entirety will be affected. Rather, even the existence of AI in the workplace would require the support of experts, which is also another frontier for job creation. In sum, even though AI poses a threat to the labor market, it creates an avenue for employment as well.

In conclusion, amidst the fear that artificial intelligence is a threat, either now or in the future, it is clear that it has substantial and critical benefits for humans. Using the systems that mimic human and animal intelligence is the next frontier in solving problems within society. In fact, in its definition, AI seeks to create solutions to complex problems. In this respect, its application in medicine could help in creating a breakthrough in finding the cure for chronic diseases such as cancer and HIV that are affecting masses.  Furthermore, as man increases activity on the earth's surface nature is poised to fight back through natural disasters. In this case, AI comes handy as a partner to help humans prevent the aftermath of disasters. The only threat posed by AI is the loss of jobs, which again is predictable and has been a progressive issue. Even in doing so, AI presents an opportunity for job creation. Therefore, AI has more benefits compared to the threats and stands as a solution other than a threat.

Works Cited

EKU. "Using Artificial Intelligence for Emergency Management | EKU Online." . N.p., 2017. Web. 4 Sept. 2017.

Imran, Muhammad et al. "AIDR."  Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on World Wide Web - WWW '14 Companion  (2014): 159-162. Web. 4 Sept. 2017.

Kaplan, Jerry.  Artificial Intelligence: What Everyone Needs To Know ? New York, NY, United States of America: Oxford University Press, 2016. Print.

Moein, Sara.  Medical Diagnosis Using Artificial Neural Networks . Hershey, PA: Medical Information Science Reference, 2014. Print.

Parting Shot!

When writing a research paper with works cited page or an essay for that matter, it is always MLA formatting. If it is an essay that requires you to have endnotes and footnotes then you should write it in Chicago style. Most of the argumentative essays we have helped students write are always in APA or MLA.

Related Article:

  • Best topics for argumentative essays.
  • Topics and Ideas for Persuasive essays

On rare occasions, we also get requests for argumentative essays in Vancouver, Oxford, and Turabian. The good news is that if you still cannot wrap your head around writing an excellent argumentative essay, we can always help. You can choose to buy argumentative essays from Gradecrest. Be assured of quality, well-researched, and plagiarism-free argumentative essays.

artificial intelligence summary essays

Gradecrest is a professional writing service that provides original model papers. We offer personalized services along with research materials for assistance purposes only. All the materials from our website should be used with proper references. See our Terms of Use Page for proper details.

paypal logo

Essay on Artificial Intelligence for Students and Children in 1000 Words

Essay on Artificial Intelligence for Students and Children in 1000 Words

In this article you will read an Essay on Artificial Intelligence for Students and Children in 1000 Words. This includes its history, kinds, advantages, and 10 lines on Artificial Intelligence.

Table of Contents

Essay on Artificial Intelligence (1000 Words)

In our daily life, we study and see that new technology is emerging day by day. The level of thinking had changed. Our scientists have made several unique things.

Few of them are related to our intelligence. Now we see that automatic machines, robots, satellites and our smartphones all are examples of artificial intelligence.

In the least complex terms, Artificial Intelligence implies building up the capacity to think and comprehend and settle on choices in a machine. Man-made reasoning is viewed as the most progressive type of software engineering, and it makes a brain where the PC cerebrum can think like people.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Man-made brainpower (AI) or “man-made reasoning” is a part of software engineering, which is creating machines that can think and work like people.

Few examples for this are: recognition of sound or voice, problem handling and solving, teaching, learning and planning. It is the knowledge shown by machines rather than the normal insight shown by people and creatures. 

It intends to make a PC controlled robot or programming that can think similarly as the human psyche thinks. Computerized reasoning is continually being set up to make it great.

In its preparation, it is shown understanding from machines, is set up to stay up with fresh data sources and perform human-like errands.

Along these lines, by the utilization of Artificial Intelligence, such a machine is being made. This can collaborate with its condition and work carefully on the information got.

If the AI ​​concept, later on, is more grounded, at that point, it will resemble our companion. If you get an issue at that point, you will instruct yourself for it.

History of Artificial Intelligence

1950 was likewise the year when artificial insight research began. Examination in AI started with the improvement of electronic PCs and put away program PCs.

Much after this, for a long time, a connection couldn’t interface a PC to think or act like a human psyche. Afterwards, a disclosure that incredibly quickened the early advancement of AI was made by Norbert Wiener.  

He has showed that all creative conduct of individuals is the consequence of the response component. Another progression toward present-day AI was when Logic Theorist was made.

Structured by Newell and Simon in 1955, it is viewed as the principal AI program.

Father of Artificial Intelligence 

After many explorations, the individual who established the framework for artificial insight was the dad of AI, John McCarthy, an American researcher. In 1956, he composed a gathering “The Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence” to additionally build up the field of AI. 

In which each one of those individuals who were keen on machine insight could take part. The motivation behind this gathering was to draw in the ability and mastery of intrigued individuals to assist McCarthy regarding this errand.

In later years the AI ​​Research Center was framed at Carnegie Mellon University just as the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Alongside this, AI additionally confronted many difficulties. The primary test they confronted was to manufacture a framework that could take care of an issue productively with almost no exploration. 

The subsequent test is building a framework that can get familiar with an errand with no one else. The principal forward leap in man-made consciousness came when a Novel program called General Problem Solver (G.P.S) was made by Newell and Simon in 1957. 

Kinds of Artificial Intelligence 

Artificial Intelligence is grouped into four types, Arend Hintze thought of this arrangement; the classes are as per the following – 

Responsive machines – These machines can respond to circumstances. A notable model could be Deep Blue, the IBM chess program. Outstanding, the chess program was won against the well-known chess legend Garry Kasparov.

Also, such machines need memory. These machines absolutely can’t use past encounters to educate future individuals. It breaks down every single imaginable choice and chooses the best.

Restricted Memory – These AI frameworks are fit for utilizing past encounters to illuminate future individuals. In contrast to responsive machines, it can make future expectations dependent on experience. Self-driving or automatic vehicles are an example of Artificial Intelligence. 

The hypothesis of the brain – You should be shocked to realize that it alludes to getting others. It implies that others have their convictions, goals , wants, and feelings; this kind of AI doesn’t yet exist. 

Mindfulness – This is the most elevated and most complex degree of Artificial Intelligence. Such frameworks have a feeling of self; also, they have mindfulness, awareness and feelings. This technique doesn’t exist yet. This Technique will be an upheaval.  

Advantages of Artificial Intelligence 

Computerized reasoning advantages scientists in financial aspects and law, yet additionally in specialized teaching, for example, authenticity, security, check, and control. 

A few instances of innovation, for example, administration help decrease ailment and deprivation, making AI the most significant and most prominent creation in humanity’s history. Some significant advantages of AI are as per the following – 

Computerized Assistance – Organizations with a propelled group use machines in the interest of people to associate with their clients as a help group or deals group. 

Clinical Applications of AI – One of the most significant focal points of AI is that it is utilized in medication, use of man-made consciousness called “radio surgery”. It is right now utilized by enormous clinical associations in the healing activity of “tumors”.

Decrease of Errors – Another incredible bit of leeway of Artificial Intelligence is that it can diminish mistakes and increment the likelihood of arriving at higher exactness. 

10 Lines About Artificial Intelligence

  • Artificial insight alludes to the knowledge of machines. 
  • Artificial insight endeavors to make savvy PCs or machines like people.
  • The idea of Artificial Intelligence initially appeared in 1956. 
  • Artificial insight diminishes blunders.
  • Artificial Intelligence Research Center is available in many spots far and wide. 
  • Diseases from Artificial Intelligence can be distinguished, 
  • It has been an incredible innovation ever, which has made our life exceptionally fascinating and simple. 
  • With Artificial Intelligence, it turns out to be anything but difficult to determine request, flexibly and evaluating. 
  • Artificial knowledge is a program for making keen machines and programming. 
  • Today, Artificial Intelligence is a well-known point, which has a great deal of conversation in the fields of innovation and business.

It is concluded that artificial intelligence is an essential invention of human development. It depends upon the correct usage.

If we use it rightfully for the sake of humanity and development, then it will be a boon for us. We should not use it for losing any other. Our motto should be clear in using artificial intelligence.

Must share your thoughts regarding artificial intelligence below in the comment section. Hope you liked this essay on artificial intelligence.

1 thought on “Essay on Artificial Intelligence for Students and Children in 1000 Words”

Can you help me in intelligence essay writing

Leave a comment Cancel reply

8 Key Moments in the Development of A.I.

By Santul Nerkar Dec. 5, 2023

A Brief History of A.I.

Santul Nerkar

A.I. is hard to miss, whether in cheeky chatbots or while playing chess. But how did artificial intelligence rise to such prominence?

Here are eight key moments that led to A.I.’s reigning supreme in the minds of business leaders and policymakers →

A summer gathering of scholars at Dartmouth College in Hanover, N.H., is considered the founding event of A.I.

Organized by John McCarthy, a computer scientist credited with coining the term “artificial intelligence,” it follows decades of speculative research, including Alan Turing’s 1950 paper that considered machines that could think like humans.

Funding for A.I. research is cut during the 1970s, amid skepticism about its potential. The 1980s sees renewed corporate interest — as well as an ambitious effort by the Japanese government.

By the 1990s, investors grow weary again, and hundreds of companies fold.

In a seminal moment for A.I., Deep Blue, a chess-playing expert system designed by IBM, defeats the world champion Garry Kasparov in a chess match.

Deep Blue’s victory is seen as a symbolic marker of A.I.’s cultural heft and a precursor of future powerful A.I. machines.

A group of technology investors, including Reid Hoffman, Elon Musk and Peter Thiel, commit $1 billion in long-term funding for the A.I. venture intended to benefit humanity.

“Since our research is free from financial obligations, we can better focus on a positive human impact,” the group says at the time.

The neural networks that have come to define the A.I. revolution — called large language models — are released. They will learn by analyzing vast amounts of text.

BERT, a system developed by Google that can complete sentences, signals a major breakthrough.

Timnit Gebru, a prominent ethical A.I. researcher at Google, and her colleagues write a paper noting the bias and environmental harms of large language models, which Google refuses to publish.

Dr. Gebru is ousted from the company in the aftermath, raising concerns over Google’s A.I. development. The co-head of Ethical A.I., Margaret Mitchell, is fired a few months later.

The arrival of ChatGPT, an online chatbot designed by OpenAI, is perhaps the biggest cultural flashpoint of the A.I. revolution.

Though its accuracy is criticized, ChatGPT’s ability to deliver college admissions essays and life advice signals a breakthrough for A.I. — while raising worries about its misuse.

The world of A.I. is thrown into disarray on Nov. 17, when Sam Altman, the chief executive of OpenAI, is removed by its board — only to return a few days later after employees threaten to quit.

The episode highlights a central divide in the industry — between optimists and those who worry about the technology’s ability to do harm.

THE A.I. RACE is a series about modern artificial intelligence.

An illustration of Larry Page and Elon Musk sitting and talking by a yellow-green fire beside a pool outside at night.

Explore Our Coverage of Artificial Intelligence

Latest News

E.U. policymakers agreed to a sweeping new law to regulate A.I., one of the world’s first comprehensive attempts to limit the use of a rapidly evolving technology .

Google released a new version of its chatbot , Google Bard; the updated bot is underpinned by new A.I. technology called Gemini. Amazon joined the chatbot race with its announcement of an A.I. assistant of its own: Amazon Q .

Sam Altman was reinstated as OpenAI’s chief executive , successfully reversing his ouster by OpenAI’s board  after a campaign waged by his allies, employees and investors .

The Age of A.I.

Mainstream companies have concerns about the provenance of the data that powers A.I. applications. An industry group is addressing that challenge .

Swarms of A.I. killer drones could soon be a standard feature of battlefields  around the world. That has ignited debate over how or whether to regulate their use .

Humane, a company started by two former Apple employees, says its A.I. pin can liberate the world from its smartphone addiction . Can it live up to the hype ?

Very soon, A.I. “agents” may be able to send emails and schedule meetings, book restaurant reservations and handle other complex tasks for us . That could have huge implications.


  • Australia edition
  • International edition
  • Europe edition

robot hand and man's hand on laptop keyboard

Now AI can write students’ essays for them, will everyone become a cheat?

Rob Reich

Teachers and parents can’t detect this new form of plagiarism. Tech companies could step in – if they had the will to do so

P arents and teachers across the world are rejoicing as students have returned to classrooms. But unbeknownst to them, an unexpected insidious academic threat is on the scene: a revolution in artificial intelligence has created powerful new automatic writing tools. These are machines optimised for cheating on school and university papers, a potential siren song for students that is difficult, if not outright impossible, to catch.

Of course, cheats have always existed, and there is an eternal and familiar cat-and-mouse dynamic between students and teachers. But where once the cheat had to pay someone to write an essay for them, or download an essay from the web that was easily detectable by plagiarism software, new AI language-generation technologies make it easy to produce high-quality essays.

The breakthrough technology is a new kind of machine learning system called a large language model. Give the model a prompt, hit return, and you get back full paragraphs of unique text. These models are capable of producing all kinds of outputs – essays, blogposts, poetry, op-eds, lyrics and even computer code.

Initially developed by AI researchers just a few years ago, they were treated with caution and concern. OpenAI, the first company to develop such models, restricted their external use and did not release the source code of its most recent model as it was so worried about potential abuse. OpenAI now has a comprehensive policy focused on permissible uses and content moderation.

But as the race to commercialise the technology has kicked off, those responsible precautions have not been adopted across the industry. In the past six months, easy-to-use commercial versions of these powerful AI tools have proliferated, many of them without the barest of limits or restrictions.

One company’s stated mission is to employ cutting edge-AI technology in order to make writing painless. Another released an app for smartphones with an eyebrow-raising sample prompt for a high schooler: “Write an article about the themes of Macbeth.” We won’t name any of those companies here – no need to make it easier for cheaters – but they are easy to find, and they often cost nothing to use, at least for now. For a high school pupil, a well written and unique English essay on Hamlet or short argument about the causes of the first world war is now just a few clicks away.

While it’s important that parents and teachers know about these new tools for cheating, there’s not much they can do about it. It’s almost impossible to prevent kids from accessing these new technologies, and schools will be outmatched when it comes to detecting their use. This also isn’t a problem that lends itself to government regulation. While the government is already intervening (albeit slowly) to address the potential misuse of AI in various domains – for example, in hiring staff, or facial recognition – there is much less understanding of language models and how their potential harms can be addressed.

copy of hamlet

In this situation, the solution lies in getting technology companies and the community of AI developers to embrace an ethic of responsibility. Unlike in law or medicine, there are no widely accepted standards in technology for what counts as responsible behaviour. There are scant legal requirements for beneficial uses of technology. In law and medicine, standards were a product of deliberate decisions by leading practitioners to adopt a form of self-regulation. In this case, that would mean companies establishing a shared framework for the responsible development, deployment or release of language models to mitigate their harmful effects, especially in the hands of adversarial users.

What could companies do that would promote the socially beneficial uses and deter or prevent the obviously negative uses, such as using a text generator to cheat in school?

There are a number of obvious possibilities. Perhaps all text generated by commercially available language models could be placed in an independent repository to allow for plagiarism detection. A second would be age restrictions and age-verification systems to make clear that pupils should not access the software. Finally, and more ambitiously, leading AI developers could establish an independent review board that would authorise whether and how to release language models, prioritising access to independent researchers who can help assess risks and suggest mitigation strategies, rather than speeding toward commercialisation.

After all, because language models can be adapted to so many downstream applications, no single company could foresee all the potential risks (or benefits). Years ago, software companies realised that it was necessary to thoroughly test their products for technical problems before they were released – a process now known in the industry as quality assurance. It’s high time tech companies realised that their products need to go through a social assurance process before being released, to anticipate and mitigate the societal problems that may result.

In an environment in which technology outpaces democracy, we need to develop an ethic of responsibility on the technological frontier. Powerful tech companies cannot treat the ethical and social implications of their products as an afterthought. If they simply rush to occupy the marketplace, and then apologise later if necessary – a story we’ve become all too familiar with in recent years – society pays the price for others’ lack of foresight.

Rob Reich is a professor of political science at Stanford University. His colleagues, Mehran Sahami and Jeremy Weinstein, co-authored this piece. Together they are the authors of System Error: Where Big Tech Went Wrong and How We Can Reboot

  • Artificial intelligence (AI)

Most viewed


  1. 33% off Proton Mail

    Protect yourself from targeted ads and trackers. Proton Mail does not scan or spy on your emails.

  2. Save Up To 90% On Temu

    Come and check everything at a surprisingly low price, you'd never want to miss it. Discover a world of convenience with our Clearance. Best sellers up to 90% off.

  3. Artificial Intelligence Essay for Students and Children

    Artificial Intelligence refers to the intelligence of machines. This is in contrast to the natural intelligence of humans and animals. With Artificial Intelligence, machines perform functions such as learning, planning, reasoning and problem-solving. Most noteworthy, Artificial Intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence by machines.

  4. Essay on The Rise of Artificial Intelligence

    Introduction Generally, when most hear the words artificial intelligence, the first thing that comes to mind is menacing robots. However, this is not accurate. Artificial intelligence is an imitation of human knowledge that is programmed in different machines, using algorithms, to simulate the thought process and actions of humans.

  5. What Is Artificial Intelligence? Definition, Uses, and Types

    Artificial intelligence (AI) is the theory and development of computer systems capable of performing tasks that historically required human intelligence, such as recognizing speech, making decisions, and identifying patterns.

  6. How artificial intelligence is transforming the world

    Artificial intelligence (AI) is a wide-ranging tool that enables people to rethink how we integrate information, analyze data, and use the resulting insights to improve decision making—and...

  7. Artificial intelligence (AI)

    Artificial intelligence, the ability of a computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings. The term is frequently applied to the project of developing systems with the ability to reason, discover meaning, generalize, or learn from past experiences.

  8. Artificial Intelligence Essay

    This long essay on Artificial Intelligence will cover more than 1000 words, including Introduction of AI, History of AI, Advantages and disadvantages, Types of AI, Applications of AI, Challenges with AI, and Conclusion. This long essay will be helpful for students and competitive exam aspirants. Essay on Artificial Intelligence


    2 • Artificial intelligence (AI), sometimes called machine intelligence, is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence displayed by humans and other animals, such as "learning" and "problem solving. . In computer science AI research is defined as the study of "intelligent agents": any device that perceives its environment and

  10. The present and future of AI

    Titled "Gathering Strength, Gathering Storms," the report explores the various ways AI is increasingly touching people's lives in settings that range from movie recommendations and voice assistants to autonomous driving and automated medical diagnoses.

  11. 500+ Words Essay on Artificial Intelligence

    This essay on Artificial Intelligence will help students to know the various advantages of using AI and how it has made our lives easier and simpler. Also, in the end, we have described the future scope of AI and the harmful effects of using it. To get a good command of essay writing, students must practise CBSE Essays on different topics.

  12. ≡Essays on Artificial Intelligence: Top 10 Examples by

    Essays on Artificial Intelligence Essay examples Essay topics General Overview 130 essay samples found 1 The Future Language: The Evolution of Communication 2 pages / 717 words Language, the cornerstone of human communication, has continually evolved throughout history.

  13. Artificial intelligence

    Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence of machines or software, as opposed to the intelligence of humans or animals.It is a field of study in computer science which develops and studies intelligent machines. Such machines may be called AIs. AI technology is widely used throughout industry, government, and science. Some high-profile applications are: advanced web search engines (e.g ...

  14. Essays on Artificial Intelligence

    Your artificial intelligence essay should cover recent AI advancements. Humanity always wanted to create a system similar in operation to the human brain, which could learn on itself - most samples of artificial intelligence essays contain information on how AI creation was achieved.

  15. Artificial Intelligence

    A college essay on AI allows one to delve into the intriguing world where machines and algorithms shape the future. It demonstrates how exciting the field of advanced technology and its impact on human society can be.

  16. Artificial Intelligence Essays Examples

    Research Papers and Essay On Artificial Intelligence🗨️ More than 30000 essays Find the foremost AI Essays Ideas and Topics to achieve great results! ... Abstract We have tried to give a short summary of what intelligence is, and then we have compared the key components which separate the human intelligence versus the artificial one ...

  17. Exploring Artificial Intelligence in Academic Essay: Higher Education

    Higher education perceptions of artificial intelligence. Studies have explored the diverse functionalities of these AI tools and their impact on writing productivity, quality, and students' learning experiences. The integration of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in writing academic essays has become a significant area of interest in higher education.

  18. Essay on Artificial Intelligence

    Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a subfield of computer science that focuses on designing and developing intelligent agents. These are systems with the ability to reason, plan and learn. AI can be divided into two broad categories: narrow AI and general AI. Narrow AI, or weak AI, is designed to perform specific tasks such as playing chess or ...

  19. Artificial Intelligence Essay

    100 Words Essay On Artificial Intelligence. Artificial intelligence is referred to as machine intelligence. It basically refers to the capability of machines to emulate human intelligence. Machines are now capable of learning, planning, thinking, and problem-solving, thanks to artificial intelligence. The most notable aspect of artificial ...

  20. Artificial Intelligence Essay

    Artificial Intelligence Essay: In contrast to the natural intelligence of humans and animals when the machines are equipped to do intelligent tasks, it is called Artificial Intelligence. Some tasks that human intelligence is capable like learning, analyzing, problem-solving, etc. when done by machines is a noteworthy example of AI. All in all, the simulation of some […]

  21. Artificial intelligence in academic writing: a paradigm-shifting

    The use of artificial intelligence (AI) in academic writing can be divided into two broad categories: those that assist authors in the writing process; and those that are used to evaluate and ...

  22. Artificial Intelligence Essay: 500+ Words Essay for Students

    10 Pointers to Write Artificial Intelligence Essay 300 Words. Artificial Intelligence is transforming as the synonym for future. As the name suggests, it is an Artificial Intelligence created with extraordinary human intelligence. The advantages of Artificial Intelligence include planning, learning, reasoning and problem-solving abilities.

  23. Argumentative Essay Example on Artificial Intelligence in MLA

    Argumentative Essay Example: Artificial Intelligence: A Solution more than a Threat The debate on the future of making in the age of computers remains to be a hotly contested debate in the public, professional, and scholarly spheres.

  24. Essay on Artificial Intelligence for Students 1000 Words

    Essay on Artificial Intelligence (1000 Words) In our daily life, we study and see that new technology is emerging day by day. The level of thinking had changed. Our scientists have made several unique things. Few of them are related to our intelligence. Now we see that automatic machines, robots, satellites and our smartphones all are examples ...

  25. 8 Key Moments in the Development of A.I.

    A group of technology investors, including Reid Hoffman, Elon Musk and Peter Thiel, commit $1 billion in long-term funding for the A.I. venture intended to benefit humanity. "Since our research ...

  26. Now AI can write students' essays for them, will everyone become a

    But unbeknownst to them, an unexpected insidious academic threat is on the scene: a revolution in artificial intelligence has created powerful new automatic writing tools. These are machines ...