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What is Occupational Therapy
- Categories: Children Development Therapy
About this sample
Words: 1523 |
Published: Dec 12, 2018
Words: 1523 | Pages: 3 | 8 min read
Table of contents
What is occupational therapy, occupational therapy activities for children, works cited, role of occupational therapist.
- social interaction.
- Fine Motor Skills Development of small muscles needed for fingers to pick up small items. For example, picking up colourful beads from bowl using fingers.
- Visual Motor Integration Hand eye coordination, such as picking up small pieces of food from the plate and getting it to the mouth.
- Gross Motor CoordinationWalking, standing, running, jumping
- Cognition and perception Thinking and problem solving. For example, trying to figure out how to get a book off a shelf
- Sensory Processing Integration of information coming in from the different senses, such as adjusting your walk from the boardwalk to the sand and into the water on a summer day at the beach)
- Environmental modifications/adaptive equipment Changing the environment so a child can “do” the “work” such as sliding a special pencil grip onto the pencil so it can be held securely for writing.
For Toddlers and Infants:
Sensory integration activities, coordination activities, visual perception activities, activities for fine and gross motor skills, research behind intervention, focus of research.
- Is Handwriting interventions effective to improve the legibility of school aged children?
- Are Cognitive and Performance based measures used effective for the prevention and wellness among older adults in fall prevention?
- How cognitive interventions to promote neuroplasticity and improve verbal memory and attention
- Research on school based interventions for students with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in inclusive classrooms
- Are school based yoga programs on adaptive behaviour in children and adolescents with disabilities efficient
- Exploration of strength based practices to improve outcomes for children, adolescents and adults with Autism Spectrum DisorderReliability and validity of assessment tools used by occupational therapists
- Validity of computerized visual perceptual motor measures for school aged children
- Outcome measure for children’s occupational repertoire development
Who conducted the Research?
- Yu-Lun Chen is a PhD student in the Department of Occupational Therapy at NYU. She has clinical experience which includes home-based intervention for children and families with neurological and developmental disorders. Yu-Lun’s research focuses on participation of children and adolescents withdisabilities in schools, home activities and in their communities. Her main objectives are to identify the determinants of participation outcomes and to improve current services and interventions.
- Ellen Modlin is a Ph.D. student in the Department of Occupational Therapy at NYU. She has worked in the NYC public schools, Early Intervention, and the Nassau County school district. She is currently serving on the school district’s assistive tech committee for the development of screenings and interventions with technology to support students in the classroom. Ellen’s focus of interest is using assistive tech to assist students with visual-perceptual deficits.
- Researches that was involved in the research are experienced (Based on their work experience in the field)
- Research does not only focus on young children but it also focuses on adolescents and adults (not age biased as it has a wide age range)
- Research was conducted in various settings such as classrooms, homes and communities
- It focuses how Occupational Therapist can serve better to help people with disorders Areas of improvement:
- Duration of the research – It should be done over a longer period of time
- Although it focuses on how to improve Occupational Therapist, it would be better if they focus more on how the OTs can help the people with disorders function better in their everyday lives
- Getting parents, guardians or family members of people with disorders to be part of this research Future Directions for Occupational TherapyIt is important for everyone (parents, teachers, therapist, healthcare personnel etc) to begin focusing on the long-term health and education needs for people of all ages and how Occupational Therapy can benefit people with disabilities achieve these needs. On a greater scale, more and more people are accepting the view that disability results from the daily interaction between the individual and his environment, rather than coming from within the person himself. This perspective stresses how the ability to carry out activities and participate in life situations is an essential component of a person’s daily living. Participation is described as involvement in a person’s daily life and represents the highest level in the hierarchy of functioning. Participation is the ultimate long-term objective of occupational therapy and more focus should be placed on it. More research should be conducted on how to help people with these disabilities to integrate themselves into society. The individualized treatment approach implemented by occupational therapists enables people with disabilities to meet the demands of their occupations, promotes well-being, prevents disability and helps people of all ages maintain optimum health.
- American Occupational Therapy Association. (2014). Occupational therapy practice framework: Domain and process (3rd ed.). American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 68(Suppl. 1), S1-S48.
- Chen, Y. L. (2019). Participation outcomes of children and adolescents with disabilities in schools, home activities, and community: A scoping review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 73(3), 1-10.
- Chen, Y. L., & Modlin, E. (2020). Assistive technology interventions for students with visual-perceptual deficits: A scoping review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 74(4), 1-10.
- College of Occupational Therapists. (2017). Sensory integration therapy and sensory processing disorder. Retrieved from https://www.rcot.co.uk/children-and-young-people/sensory-integration-therapy-and-sensory-processing-disorder
- Department of Health and Human Services. (2018). Occupational therapy in early intervention. Retrieved from https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/occupational-therapy-in-early-intervention
- New York University Steinhardt Department of Occupational Therapy. (n.d.). Research.
- Occupational Therapy Australia. (2015). Occupational therapy and sensory processing.
- Occupational Therapy Association of South Africa. (2020). Occupational therapy in schools. Retrieved from https://www.otasa.org.za/page/occupationaltherapyinschools
- World Federation of Occupational Therapists. (2018). Occupational therapy in school settings. Retrieved from https://www.wfot.org/resources/occupational-therapy-in-school-settings
- World Health Organization. (2021). Rehabilitation in health systems.
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Occupational Therapy: Role and Importance Essay
Occupational therapy is incorporation of intervention strategies to counter the stigmas associated with disabilities via therapeutic deployment of dairy activities. It demands the requisite skills of occupational therapy assistants and or occupational therapists.
Occupational therapy (OT) helps people achieve independence in all activities that are normally performed by people without disabilities at ease. The intent of performing such involving tasks in the sense that it entails intensive training in the ways of doing things which seem impossible by some challenged persons especially children, is to make them live life to the fullest. OT helps to empower children to achieve exemplary results through improved cognitive abilities, self esteem, physical abilities and above all giving children a sense of accomplishment. According to the mission of the American occupational therapy association (AOTA), OT goes beyond addressing issues to do with individual physical challenges to embrace social, psychological and environmental factors. All the other factors, apart from the physical challenges facilitate functionality of such people in different ways and hence vital for incorporation in the health care of both kid and adults.
In an attempt to enable challenged people live their life to the fullest, AOTA, performs an evaluation at an individual level in which the AOTA staff determines the clients goals and aspirations in life and derive customized intervention strategies to arrive at the goals set out in the initial phase. Finally, they examine the results against the initially stipulated strategies. Where the anticipated results fails to merge the actual results, then the therapy crew make appropriate adjustments to the intervention plan. The prerogative of OT is to adapt the environment to adopt the client. Furthermore, the client forms an intrinsic element of the OT team.
Reflecting on Jacob’s physical situation: he was born with very short arms that rendered him comparable with a person with both hands amputated and deserved an artificial limb on one leg and a brace on the other leg, OT, interventions to make him live his life to the fullest , reminiscent to the chores of the AOTA, were amicably required. Urgent, change of conception of teachers that he really needed one on one assistant was crucial as it serves to inculcate a feeling of low self-esteem and therefore an enormous hindrance toward achieving personal independence. To participate in core activities just like other children, Jacob needed a universal cuff that would see him able to hold items such a paper and a pencil. He also deserved OT interventions to enable him ride on school bus just like other kids. This required his ability to fasten his seat belt fast enough as well as ‘unbelting’ it. Due to his condition, a customized and adapted chair was required to allow him adjust his body position both horizontally and vertically. On extracurricular such gym, media art and music additional specifics were required. For instance, his talent in painting had to be backed with appropriate interventional to enable him carry paints on a tray. The various successful therapeutic interventions changed Jacob from an ‘I cannot’ individual to an award-winning child. The various achievements obtained by Jacob not only brought fame and recognition on his part, but also on his occupational therapy assistant and his family. In a big way, the transformation of Jacob exemplifies the noble roles the organizations such AOTA play to help light up people’s lives irrespective of their challenges.
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IvyPanda . "Occupational Therapy: Role and Importance." April 1, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/occupational-therapy-role-and-importance/.
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