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The Impact of Media Violence Essays

Unit 6 assignment: annotated bibliography on media violence.

THESIS STATEMENT: The world’s media today seem to have more violence than ever. Video games have vivid depictions of accident catastrophes, fighting and murder. Television news programs generally lead with a violent story in order to gain an audience. This is free society people can stay what they want. ‘’ Media violence has many negative effect on youth today to commit crimes in society.’’

Violent Media Creates Monsters

​Violent T.V shows and video games can increase children's aggression. Dr Phil explains "the number one negative effect is they tend to in appropriately resolve anxiety by externalizing it.  They can attack someone, they can kick a wall or they can be mean to a dog, abet or even people." It means that the kids who are exposed to violent shows or

Television and Media Violence - Effects of TV Violence on Children

  • 23 Works Cited

Viewing violence encourages children to see other people as enemies rather as individuals with thoughts and feelings like themselves. Violent scenes less arouses children whom watch a lot of TV than those who only watch a little. They are less bothered by violence in general and less likely to see anything wrong with it. "For example, in several studies, children who watched a violent program instead of a non-violent one were less quick to intervene or to call for

Psychological Effects of Television on Children’s Behavior/Learning

  • 6 Works Cited

Does violence on television have a negative effect on children and teenagers? The violence seen on television has had surprising negative effect. Violence shown on television causes children and teenagers to develop behavioral problems and learning disabilities. Such behavioral and learning problems include; language development, school performance / learning, cognitive development and their general behavior to others (Kinnear 27). In a study on the correlation between violence and television done with 1,565 teenage boys over a six-year period in London, William Belson, a British psychologist, found that every time a child saw someone being shot or killed on television they became less caring towards other people. William Belson also

The Effects on Media Violence Essay

  • 9 Works Cited

In the media there is a great deal of violence and nobody can really deny that. However, the effects media has on children and young adults have been debated for years. In this paper I will be discussing the effects of media violence, the other factors, and the possible solutions to alleviate this global issue.

Columbine High Tech Violence Research Paper

Many people still have several questions they want answered, such as, is media violence actually affecting children or are children already prone to violence drawn to media violence? Some experts have shown short and long-term negative effects occur in children from watching violent media; however another group of experts have shown that media violence is only one of many risk factors leading to aggression developed in children. These two groups need to continue more research and go beyond that to find true solutions. Nevertheless, no sources were found to say that media violence has no influence on the increase in modern culture’s violent actions. The key to discovering the true correlation between violence in children and media violence is to continue research until a solution is

Media Violence Essay

Media violence is one of the most debated public issues society faces today. Television screens are loaded with the glamorization of weapon carrying. Violence constitute as amusing and trivialized. Needless portrayals of interpersonal violence spread across the television screens like wild fire. Televisions spew the disturbing events such as children being assaulted, husbands inflicting domestic abuse on their wives and children succumbing to abuse by their parents. Scenes of betrayal, anguish, infiltrate the television screen. Unfortunately, a child becomes subjected to media violence. Everything a child sees or hears in the media affects them in some way or another. The precise effects of media violence on children are

Children and Violence: An American Media Controversy Essay

  • 4 Works Cited

As censorship of the American media has broken down over the years, the amount of violence allowed to be shown in movies, on television, and in video games has skyrocketed. From coast to coast in our nation, this saturation of hostility in our media has caused many contentious debates between scholars, parents, students and government officials alike. In this controversy, the central argument revolves around the effects violent media has on our society. The question that most researchers strive to answer is this: does watching or participating in violent media cause violent or other harmful behaviors? There are those who would say yes, it does promote destructive behavior in

Children, Media, and Violence Essay

  • 14 Works Cited

"The evidence is overwhelming. To argue against it, the link between media violence and teen violence is like arguing against gravity," said Jeffrey McIntyre, legislative and federal affairs officer for the American Psychological Association. As children are exposed to acts of violence in the media through television, video games, music, movies, etc. alarming results are occurring. The main negative effect being an increase in aggression among youth who are regularly exposed to the media and an increase in violent patterns as they mature into adulthood. If not resolved this problem of violence in the media will continue to push children, youth and adults to acts of aggression such as verbal and physical abuse and other more serious

Correlation between Violence in Media and Violent Behavior in Older Children and Adolescents

The media is one of the main elements that influences on aggressive and violent behavior in adolescents. Many researchers have revealed that adolescents spend hours in front of the television. However, violence in movies may convey that the superheroes negative physically and verbally aggressive behaviors are being considered cool, which makes them a role model for adolescents. This kind of violence in television demonstrates to older children and adolescents that is okay to have that behavior, since the characters in a movie are being rewarded for their behavior. According to Rasit Avci and Songül Sonay Gucray (2013): “The claim that watching violence behavior supports the emerge of

Social Learning Theory Essay examples

These results correlate highly with the social learning theory on aggressive behavior. Those exposed to substantial violence and aggression were likely to imitate it later on in life. However, while an observational study can elicit enlightening results, they do not provide much on practical, empirical evidence. What the researchers did was observe behavior exhibited by the individuals they studied; they did not control the amount of violence the individuals were being exposed nor were they preventing others from being exposed to such programming. Thus, this study can not be deemed as an “experiment”. While they tried eliminating the lurking variables that may plague the results of their findings, it would be impossible to eliminate every possible influence other than the television exposure through an observational study.

Literature Review On Media Violence

A range of studies assert that causes of violent behavior are complex at the level of environmental influence and compare other learning, modelling and disinhibiting factors. This is an area where opposition to the hypothesis is more common. Two longitudinal studies assessing levels of violence pre-and post the introduction of television found a positive correlation, however

Violence in the Media Essay

According to E.F Dubow and L.S Miller, authors of Television Violence and Aggressive Behavior: Social Science Perspectives on Television, “Ignoring consequences of violence (including the pain of victims, the victims’ families, and the families of perpetrators) or depicting the consequences unreasonably sets in motion a destructive encoding process.” There could be found a direct correlation between aggressive behavior and violence witnessed on television. The more violence watched, the more desensitized a viewer would become. Dubow and Miller further state “viewers become [fearful] and begin to identify with the aggressors and the aggressors’ solutions to various problems.” It is this identification that causes violent behaviors to become encoded in the person’s mind when exposed to repeated violent acts. The person may then come to see the world as a bleak and sinister place. Along with this

The Effects of Media Violence on Children Essay

  • 7 Works Cited

            In recent times, the news media has cried out against violent media, painting it as the leading cause for youth violence. Following events such as the Columbine massacre, news sources have vilified violent media, claiming that it is a primary cause of violent behavior in youths. This analysis provides firm research on the subject from the opposing and supporting sources, giving a thorough definition to the term “violent media” and  brings forth evidence that other psychological effects and environmental factors are more significant causes of increased youth aggression than violent media.

Analysis Of The Book Critique Of Violence

In the book Critique of Violence ,author Walter describes Violence as "The intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, male development, or deprivation .The violence that is portrayed in the media has been debated for decades ,and it has rose a question about how does it influence the youth?. From movies to video games society has been accustom to seeing violence in their everyday entertainment. Since children are easy to be influence by their environment, it is safe to say that violence in the media can and will contribute to violent behavior.

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Essay On Violence In The Media

essay about influence of media on violence

Show More Violence in media has been a controversial topic for some time now due to the idea that violent media causes aggressive behavior in children and adults. Mass media has been pointed to as the cause of adolescents committing crimes, because human beings tend to do what they see. However, there is no certain evidence that these claims are true, and I personally disagree with the argument. Some people say that exposing children to violent media such as television shows, movies, or video games, will cause them to display more aggressive behavior because they are imitating what they see people older than them doing. This argument is based on the thought that children follow the actions of people they view as role models, whether that be a celebrity …show more content… According to one study, high school aged students took inkblot tests before and after viewing violent behavior and hearing violent audio, the results concluded that exposure to violent media produced and increase in violent inkblot results (Hess, Hess, & Hess, 1999). While this does support the argument that viewing violence in media increases aggression , another study was done on elementary school students to judge whether or not seeing violent media caused children to build a tolerance to violence in real life, but the results concluded that most children did not let violence in media affect their judgement on aggression in real life and only one child did not get help in the situation (Moliter & Hirsch, 1994). These two cases show that results can be varied among individuals, which drives the point that violent media does not necessarily influence adolescents. Consequently, we cannot say that children who play a violent video game or watch a violent T.V. show will become more aggressive. Factors in situations like these can be anything from the individual’s personal values and morals to the way their parent’s raised the child. Researchers cannot undoubtedly say that violence in media causes aggression without knowing the other factors among the

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Gerard Jones Violent Media Is Good For Kids Summary

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In an article published by CNN, Sasha Emmons has found that, “excessive TV watching in childhood and adolescent [years] (we’re talking about 3 [or more] hours a day) is associated with an increased risk of criminal violence and antisocial behavior in young adults,” (Is Media Violence Damaging to Kids?). This evidence further proves that when young people have excessive exposure to violence it can provide aid in creating criminal offences and negative behavior. In the article “Shooting in the Dark,” new studies have shown that “schools have found that over time, digital warriors get into increasing numbers of scrapes with peers - fights in the school yard for example,” (Benedict Carey). If small to moderate doses of violent video games can lead to school fights, then high doses must lead to dangerous situations and violations of the law. As a child and adolescent, exposure to media violence can have a negative impact on their future and can lead to criminal offences and…

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Essay on Media and Violence


Research studies indicate that media causes violence and plays a role in desensitization, aggressive behavior, fear of harm, and nightmares. Examples of media platforms include movies, video games, television, and music. Violence in media has also been associated with health concerns. The youth have been the most common victims of media exposure and thus stand higher chances of exposure to violence (Anderson, 2016). In the contemporary world, violence in media platforms has been growing, reaching heightened levels, which is dangerous for society. When you turn on the television, there is violence, social media platforms; there is violence when you go to the movies; there is violence. Studies indicate that an average person in the United States watches videos for nearly five hours in a day. In addition, three-quarters of television content contain some form of violence, and the games being played today have elements of violence. This paper intends to evaluate the concept of media messages and their influence on violent and deviant behaviors. Television networks and video games will be considered.

The Netflix effect involves the behavior of staying home all day, ordering food, and relaxing the couch to watch Netflix programs (McDonald & Smith-Rowsey, 2016). Netflix and binge-watching have become popular among the younger generation and thus are exposed to different kinds of content being aired. Studies indicate that continuous exposure to violent materials has a negative effect on the aggressive behavior of individuals. Netflix is a global platform in the entertainment industry (Lobato, 2019). Although, the company does not have the rights to air in major countries such as China, India, and Japan, it has wide audience. One of the reasons for sanctions is the issues of content being aired by the platform, which may influence the behaviors of the young generation. The primary goal of Netflix is entertainment; it’s only the viewers who have developed specific effects that affect their violent behaviors through imitation of the content.

Television Networks

Television networks focus on feeding viewers with the latest updates on different happenings across the globe. In other instances, they focus on bringing up advertisements and entertainment programs. There is little room for violent messages and content in the networks unless they are airing movie programs, which also are intended for entertainment. However, there has been evidence in the violence effect witnessed in television networks. Studies called the “Marilyn Monroe effect” established that following the airing of many suicidal cases, there has been a growth in suicides among the population (Anderson, Bushman, Donnerstein, Hummer, & Warburton, 2015). Actual suicide cases increased by 2.5%, which is linked to news coverage regarding suicide. Additionally, some coverages are filled with violence descriptions, and their aftermath with may necessitate violent behaviors in the society. For instance, if televisions are covering mass demonstrations where several people have been killed, the news may trigger other protests in other parts of the country.

Communications scholars, however, dispute these effects and link the violent behaviors to the individuals’ perception. They argue that the proportion of witnessing violent content in television networks is minimal. Some acts of violence are associated with what the individual perceives and other psychological factors that are classified into social and non-social instigators (Anderson et al., 2015). Social instigators consist of social rejection, provocation, and unjust treatment. Nonsocial instigators are physical objects present, which include weapons or guns. Also, there are environmental factors that include loud noises, overcrowding, and heat. Therefore, there is more explanation of the causes of aggressive behaviors that are not initiated by television networks but rather a combination of biological and environmental factors.

Video games

Researchers have paid more attention to television networks and less on video games. Children spend more time playing video games. According to research, more than 52% of children play video games and spend about 49 minutes per day playing. Some of the games contain violent behaviors. Playing violent games among youth can cause aggressive behaviors. The acts of kicking, hitting, and pinching in the games have influenced physical aggression. However, communication scholars argue that there is no association between aggression and video games (Krahé & Busching, 2015). Researchers have used tools such as “Competition Reaction Time Test,” and “Hot Sauce Paradigm” to assess the aggression level. The “Hot Sauce Paradigm” participants were required to make hot sauce tor tasting. They were required to taste tester must finish the cup of the hot sauce in which the tester detests spicy products. It was concluded that the more the hot sauce testers added in the cup, the more aggressive they were deemed to be.

The “Competition Reaction Time Test” required individuals to compete with another in the next room. It was required to press a button fast as soon as the flashlight appeared. Whoever won was to discipline the opponent with loud noises. They could turn up the volume as high as they wanted. However, in reality, there was no person in the room; the game was to let individuals win half of the test. Researchers intended to test how far individuals would hold the dial. In theory, individuals who punish their opponents in cruel ways are perceived to be more aggressive. Another way to test violent behaviors for gamer was done by letting participants finish some words. For instance, “M_ _ _ ER,” if an individual completes the word as “Murder” rather than “Mother,” the character was considered to possess violent behavior (Allen & Anderson, 2017). In this regard, video games have been termed as entertainment ideologies, and the determination of the players is to win, no matter how brutal the game might be.

In this paper, fixed assumptions were used to correlate violent behaviors and media objects. But that was not the case with regards to the findings. A fixed model may not be appropriate in the examination of time-sensitive causes of dependent variables. Although the model is applicable for assessing specific entities in a given industry, the results may not be precise.

Conclusion .

Based on the findings of the paper, there is no relationship between violent behaviors and media. Netflix effect does not influence the behavior of individuals. The perceptions of the viewers and players is what matters, and how they understand the message being conveyed. Individuals usually play video games and watch televisions for entertainment purposes. The same case applies to the use of social media platforms and sports competitions. Even though there is violent content, individuals focus on the primary objective of their needs.

Analysis of sources

The sources have been thoroughly researched, and they provide essential information regarding the relationship between violent behaviors and media messages. Studies conducted by various authors like Krahé & Busching did not establish any relationship between the two variables. Allen & Anderson (2017) argue that the models for testing the two variables are unreliable and invalid. The fixed assumptions effect model was utilized, and its limitations have been discussed above. Therefore, the authors of these references have not been able to conclude whether there is a connection between violence and media messages.

Allen, J. J., & Anderson, C. A. (2017). General aggression model.  The International Encyclopedia of Media Effects , 1-15.

Anderson, C. A. (2016). Media violence effects on children, adolescents and young adults.  Health Progress ,  97 (4), 59-62.

Anderson, C. A., Bushman, B. J., Donnerstein, E., Hummer, T. A., & Warburton, W. (2015). SPSSI research summary on media violence.  Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy ,  15 (1), 4-19.

Krahé, B., & Busching, R. (2015). Breaking the vicious cycle of media violence use and aggression: A test of intervention effects over 30 months.  Psychology of Violence ,  5 (2), 217.

Lobato, R. (2019).  Netflix nations: the geography of digital distribution . NYU Press.

McDonald, K., & Smith-Rowsey, D. (Eds.). (2016).  The Netflix effect: Technology and entertainment in the 21st century . Bloomsbury Publishing USA.

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Essay On Violence In Media

Media plays a tremendous role in children’s everyday life and for many years concerns have been raised on the influences of media. Violence in media is one of the most crucial problems facing the world today. Many studies and researches on violence through television, video games, internet and others have shown convincing correlation between exposure to media violence and children violent attitudes or behaviors. As many children rely on media as source of entertainment or hobby, they are more likely to be influenced by the violence they watch through some programs that can desensitize them to aggressive behaviors. Parents have to be a dominant force in dealing with the problem by controlling the quality and amount of information or content …show more content…

The most important question is whether children being exposed to media violence really does reflect in their behavior. Recent studies have stated that there is no correlation between media violence and children’s aggressive behavior. The American Medical Association quoted; ‘Media violence affects children’s behavior’ this can be explained by the learning approach, (Beresin, 2012). There are hundreds of shows which constantly show violence such as wrestling, in which kids are attracted to. The learning approach would state that the main reason that children are liable media violence is that they have learnt it through observing and imitating. Social learning theory says that for children to learn, two things have to happen; observation and imitation. The process is called modeling. The child must be motivated to imitate the behavior, otherwise it won’t be reinforced. The theory can be applied to media violence as the child observes the violence and is motivated by the fact that they are enjoying the show. Some violence may be consequence in being rewarded. The children will also want to be rewarded so they will copy the behavior they see. This is called vicarious reinforcement. Also if the violence is committed by an attractive or heroic person, the child will identify with them and the affect will be

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Analysis Of Violent Media Is Good For Kids By Gerard Jones

In “Violent Media is Good for Kids”, Gerard Jones argues that violent media gives good impact for psychology development of the children. This good impact has been implemented to himself and make him a writer as well as his son who transformed bloodthirsty dinosaur into a stimulation to enter preschool; a Power Ranger into self endowment by joining social competition in Kindergarten. He likewise has helped a little girl named Emily who really likes exploding violent action, to have more self-controlled and socially competent by letting her wrote stories and drew comic to express her emotion. From his experiences, he believes that violent entertainment in which people might think it is the trashiest pop culture has its own developmental function.

Summary Of Violent Media Is Good For Kids By Gerard Jones

In the passage “Violent Media Is Good For Kids” written by Gerard Jones, Jones claims that violence through comics, toys, and the media helps kids to cope with everyday issues. The reason Jones feels this way is because as a child he was taught that violence was ba,d and he did not have a very good experience with coping with his fears. Jones argues that the Hulk helped him through tough times, that his own son using characters to overcome obstacles, and how violence can avoid some negative feelings. In the beginning of the passage, Jones talks about how he was told to stay away from violence as a child, which at first did not help him till he met the hulk.

Rhetorical Analysis Of Violent Media Is Good For Kids By Mother Jones

Mother Jones is a reader-supported nonprofit investigative news organization, reporting on everything from politics and climate change to education and food. Violent Media is a recurring topic nowadays in the United States, as well as around the World, and the influence it may had on cruel events; specifically the culprits of these atrocities. Gerard Jones unsuccessfully delivers the message of “Violent Media is Good for Kids” with the usage of Pathos and Kairos, lack of Ethos, and inadequacy of the opposing views; promoting a biased article The article “Violent Media is Good for Kids” written by Gerard Jones, from my point of view it seems to be a written opinion rather than an informational paper.

Gerard Jones Violent Media Is Good For Kids

All children are different so it is the parent’s responsibility to determine whether or not their children can handle the different media. Some media critics believe that violent cartoons, video games, movies etc. are good for children. Gerard Jones gives an example in his essay “Violent media is good for kids” which he explains how violent media can be good for children, Jones explains his point by giving an example of his son. Jones tells how he exposed his son to marvel comics which helped him in his kindergarten experience. The marvel characters gave Jones’s son the desire of “transforming himself into a bloodthirsty dinosaur to embolden himself for the plunge into preschool” (373).

Social Media Rhetorical Analysis

Today, it is normal for modern technology to show many forms of violence. These acts of violence may influence children and teens to be more aggressive in everyday life. For example, I babysit a pair of twin boys. Their names are Devin and Gavin. Devin and Gavin like to play video games.

Prostitution In Truman Capote's In Cold Blood

Violence is easily seen in today's culture through criminal actions in the media. Surprisingly, "on average, American youth view more than 1,000 murders, rapes, and assaults each year" (Rockefeller 2). This shocking fact demonstrates just how prevalent violence is in the young minds of Americans. As a result of these viewings, young adults are sure to have psychological effects. Studies have proven that "children who view media violence are more likely to have increased feelings of hostility, decreased emotional response to the portrayal of violence and injury that lead to violent behavior through imitation" (Tompkins 1).

Juvenile Boot Camps Sociology

1. There are many problems with boot camps (J.Knowles, 2001). 2. Juvenile drug use is increasing in the United States (Oakley, Smith & Jones, 2008). 3.

Modeling Theory Vs Attachment Theory

Compare and contrast modeling theory with attachment theory. How do each of these perspectives explain aggressive and/or criminal behavior? Which of these two explanations do you find more compelling? Justify your selection.

Summary Of Violent Media Is Good For Kids

With this is learning of positive and negative violence, it can help them later on in their future choices. Also, children often need to experience some traits that go along with violence so that they can conditioning themselves to develop who they are going to become. Corresponding with this idea, thoughts of having powers or even the stories about having powers can help a child learn they can overcome any kinds of conflicts they may face externally or internally in life. Thus, also helps them with gaining dependence with themselves overtime. As well as with “creative violence”, this term that is correlated to the idea of helping children learn how to deal with rage and even be able to control it whenever life becomes challenging.

Social Learning Theory And Domestic Violence

Social learning theory states that an individual will model behaviors that one has been exposed to as a child (Chibucos, Leite, & Weis, 2005). As a child, it is through observation and imitating other people that we learn our behaviors and what is acceptable or normal behaviors. Violence is said to be a learned behavior which can be learned directly or indirectly through family members, friends, partners, etc. These learned behaviors are reinforced in childhood and can continue into adulthood through a term called operant conditioning. Bandura (1973) mentions that these behaviors that continue into adulthood typically act as a coping response to stress or as a method of conflict resolution.

Essay On Effects Of Violence On Media

As television watching increased severely over the past half-century, it also became more violent. In 1969 the National Commission on the causes and prevention of violence indicated that ‘The preponderance of the available research evidence strongly suggests…that violence in television programs can and does have adverse effects upon audiences’ (cited in Berkowitz, 1993, p.199.) Since that time, television violence has increased largely. Research reports in 1970, published that children has seen over 11,000 murders on television by the age of 14. More recent researches and reports have demonstrated that now, the average child sees more than 100,000 violent crimes on television every year and about 200,000 crimes when they reach their teens.

Argumentative Essay On Media Violence

There are many studies on media violence and its social effects. Most of the studies have indicated that children who are exposed to media violence are more likely to exhibit violent and aggressive behaviors. As the child observes the violence, he/she is motivated by the fact that the show is enjoyable without realizing the violent behaviors. As a result, they copy and identify the behavior, and this has detrimental effects on their social life. According to Boxer et al., the content of the media has a direct impact on its audiences (420).

How Does Tv Violence Affect Children

Impacts of watching violent scenes to Children Does TV violence have a harmful effect on children? The violent scenes has a astonishingly negative effect such as cause violent and aggressive behavior among children, and make them become panic stricken to the outside world. TV programs are not all bad; however, data shows that the negative effects of disclosure to violence are powerful. First of all, aggressive behavior among children is caused by television violence.

Negative Effects Of Movies

As a young child begins to mature, the different types of movies he or she may watch will affect how they behave. Violent films, are a prime example of this concept. Studies by George Gerbner, Ph.D., at the University of Pennsylvania, have proven that “children 's TV shows contain about 20 violent acts each hour” which supports the claim that these violent acts can correspond with how a child perceives the world (“Violence on Television” np). Psychological research also have shown that if a infant is exposed to violent movie, they may “...become less sensitive to the pain and suffering of others, be more fearful of the world around them, and be more likely to behave in aggressive or harmful ways toward each other”

Thesis Statement On Media Violence

Thesis Requirement for English 27 NB Title: Media and Violent Behavior Thesis Statement: Media violence encourages real violence I. Overview of Violence in the Media Definition of Violence When we hear the word violence what comes into our mind? For me I always associate violence from movies with fight scenes that show a lot of blood and gore. Although my definition is closely related to the general definition of violence, it’s a bit too specific.

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Exposure to Media Violence on Behavior Essay

Jonathan freedman’s argument, nancy signoriell’s argument, pro-side of the argument, con-side of the argument, author credibility, personal opinion, contemporary research, reference list.

The debate on whether exposure to media violence plays a role in influencing aggressive or violent behavior is a critical one. There are those who argue that exposure to media violence encourages violent behavior while others oppose the notion.

Those who support the idea like Nancy Signorielli argue that exposure to media violence prompts people to have a notion that the world is a violent place. This desensitizes them so that they begin adapting unacceptable behavioral traits.

The pro side of the argument clearly brings out the fact that media violence has a long time effect on the people especially the children. They are desensitized and tend to become aggressive or fearful.

The argument against the connection has however been clearly brought out the fact that media violence has significantly increased in the resent past yet cases of real-life violence have significantly reduced.

The argument for the existence of a connection between the two proposes that people exposed to media violence are more likely develop aggressive behavior than those who are not. It is stated that the media does not clearly bring out the fact that crime is bad and people in the long run tend to ape aggressive behavior from the same.

Those arguing against it on the other hand insist that studies show no connection between the two. They are of the opinion that exposure of media violence to the children at an early age has no effect whatsoever to the change of the children’s behavior to that associated with violence.

It is argued that the violence in the media is purely entertainment and that there is no message intended to convince the viewers that violence is good.

Those who are against the notion like, Jonathan Freedman, argue that scientific evidence shows no connection between media violence and the actual aggressive behavior in people. They argue that the violence in the media just causes arousal and existent among the people but not necessarily aggressive behavior.

According to this argument, there has been a significant increase in media violence in the resent past yet the real cases of violence have significantly reduced (Potter, 2003).

According to Signoriell’s argument, children who are exposed to violence at an early age tend to develop antisocial behavioral traits that are associated with violence later in life. Some of them indulge in fights, abuse of their spouses as well as other criminal activities.

It is believed that most of the violence shown in the media does not clearly bring out the fact that crime never pays. In some cases, those who indulge in criminal activities go unpunished and children get the wrong signal that indulging in crime is not immoral and hence tend to adopt criminal behavior.

The argument is based on several studies and statistical data which have proved that children exposed to media violence are more likely to exhibit aggressive behavior than those who are not. Several experiments have been carried out to the same effect.

Studies have proved that the children exposed to pro-social media messages are likely to develop positive behavior traits while those exposed to media violence tend to copy the same. Exposure to media violence increases the rates of gender stereotyping especially among the children.

People tend to use the media while confirming their attitudes as well as beliefs for instance while approving violence. Some of these arguments are however biased in a way given that some of the studies have been done in highly repressed societies like South Africa during the colonial era (Freedman, 2002).

The other weakness of this argument is that violent or aggressive behavior among people could be due to the fact that people come from families that witness frequent incidences of violence.

The media might in such cases not be the cause of aggressive behavior in such people. There have also been an increase in the media violence in the resent past yet the cases of real violence in society have significantly reduced instead of increasing. This shows weakness in the argument.

Going by the con side of the issue, desensitization has its own positive side. It has for instance been found out that children with problems of fear are likely to be less fearful after being exposed to desensitizing films or media programs, particularly those that are horrifying. It is therefore a remedy to those children with social problems.

The weakness of the con side is that exposing people to media violence desensitizes them and they in the long run tend to approve of such violence and show less concern or pity for the victims of the violence.

The violence and scary images are likely to instill fear in the children who watch such programs either on the short or long-term basis. Some of them might even have nightmares in which they might scream while sleeping. People exposed to more of the violent media tend to believe that the world is a scary place and they become cautious of many people or things.

They tend to believe that they are out to protect themselves. Studies carried out have proved that people exposed to media violence are more likely develop aggressive behavior than those who are not. This evidence shows weakness on this side of the argument (Phillip, 1979).

The arguments are credible given that the authors have cited the appropriate sources and studies that support their arguments. Those who argue that there exists no connection between media violence and aggression have for instance based their arguments on other scholars who have written concerning the same issue like Fowles : (Fowles 1999).

Some of the studies quoted include that done by Ronald Milavsky with others which was a longitudinal study that was carried out in three years from 1970 t0 1973. These are accompanied by statistical evidences and figures.

In this case for instance, a study was carried out on 2400 school children at the elementary level while 800 teenagers were sampled in the study. The argument for the existence of the connection between the two has also been based on other scholarly material like; (Singer 1988) as well as (Potter 2003). The two arguments are both coupled with evidence from other sources.

The author who holds a substantive argument is the one who argues that media violence affects people’s behavior driving them towards aggressive or violent behavior. This is because the argument is couple with enough evidence to justify the same.

Television for instance tends to shape people’s opinions as well as perceptions towards life issues. When it is stuffed with violence and crime people tend to appreciate the fact that crime and violence are not bad, given that some of the offenders go without being punished. People therefore tend to adopt violent and aggressive behavior as a result.

The description, analysis as well as evaluation of the argument has been done in a comprehensive and clear way coupled with evidences derived from different studies or sources. It has been clearly brought out that exposure to violent programs to children as well as adults tends to drive them towards behaving aggressively as compared to those who are not exposed to them (Signorielli, 2002).

Contemporary research supports the side which argues that a connection exists between aggressive behavior and exposure to violent media programs.

Different studies have been carried out to the same effect and they have proved that children who are exposed to violent media at an early age tend to have their future lives characterized by acts of violence like spouse abuse as well as fighting.

Studies have also been carried out whereby children have been separated into two groups; one group is exposed to violent media and the other not.

The evidence revealed that those children that were exposed to violent media exhibited change in their behavior as well as speech as they tended to be more aggressive than their counterparts who were not exposed to the same.

It has also been proved that those who are exposed to violent media programs tended to be desensitized in the sense that they tended to sympathize less with the victims of violence as compared to those who were not exposed to the same.

Fowles, J. (1999). Teaching the Post modern. The Enigma, 50-60.

Freedman, J. (2002). Media Vilence and its Effects on Aggression: Assessing The Scientific Evidence. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Phillip, D. (1979). Suicide, the motovehicle facilities and the mass media: Evidence towards a theory of suggestion. American Journal of Sociology , 560-568.

Potter, J. (2003). The eleven myths of media violence. Califonia: Sage Publications.

Signorielli, N. (2002). Violence in the Media. A Reference Handbook , 25-268.

Singer, R. (1988). Strategies and metastrategies in learning and performing self-paced athletic skills . The Sports Psychologist , 49-68.

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IvyPanda. (2023, December 9). Exposure to Media Violence on Behavior.

"Exposure to Media Violence on Behavior." IvyPanda , 9 Dec. 2023,

IvyPanda . (2023) 'Exposure to Media Violence on Behavior'. 9 December.

IvyPanda . 2023. "Exposure to Media Violence on Behavior." December 9, 2023.

1. IvyPanda . "Exposure to Media Violence on Behavior." December 9, 2023.


IvyPanda . "Exposure to Media Violence on Behavior." December 9, 2023.

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