Essay on Smoking
500 Words Essay On Smoking
One of the most common problems we are facing in today’s world which is killing people is smoking. A lot of people pick up this habit because of stress , personal issues and more. In fact, some even begin showing it off. When someone smokes a cigarette, they not only hurt themselves but everyone around them. It has many ill-effects on the human body which we will go through in the essay on smoking.
Ill-Effects of Smoking
Tobacco can have a disastrous impact on our health. Nonetheless, people consume it daily for a long period of time till it’s too late. Nearly one billion people in the whole world smoke. It is a shocking figure as that 1 billion puts millions of people at risk along with themselves.
Cigarettes have a major impact on the lungs. Around a third of all cancer cases happen due to smoking. For instance, it can affect breathing and causes shortness of breath and coughing. Further, it also increases the risk of respiratory tract infection which ultimately reduces the quality of life.
In addition to these serious health consequences, smoking impacts the well-being of a person as well. It alters the sense of smell and taste. Further, it also reduces the ability to perform physical exercises.
It also hampers your physical appearances like giving yellow teeth and aged skin. You also get a greater risk of depression or anxiety . Smoking also affects our relationship with our family, friends and colleagues.
Most importantly, it is also an expensive habit. In other words, it entails heavy financial costs. Even though some people don’t have money to get by, they waste it on cigarettes because of their addiction.
How to Quit Smoking?
There are many ways through which one can quit smoking. The first one is preparing for the day when you will quit. It is not easy to quit a habit abruptly, so set a date to give yourself time to prepare mentally.
Further, you can also use NRTs for your nicotine dependence. They can reduce your craving and withdrawal symptoms. NRTs like skin patches, chewing gums, lozenges, nasal spray and inhalers can help greatly.
Moreover, you can also consider non-nicotine medications. They require a prescription so it is essential to talk to your doctor to get access to it. Most importantly, seek behavioural support. To tackle your dependence on nicotine, it is essential to get counselling services, self-materials or more to get through this phase.
One can also try alternative therapies if they want to try them. There is no harm in trying as long as you are determined to quit smoking. For instance, filters, smoking deterrents, e-cigarettes, acupuncture, cold laser therapy, yoga and more can work for some people.
Always remember that you cannot quit smoking instantly as it will be bad for you as well. Try cutting down on it and then slowly and steadily give it up altogether.
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Conclusion of the Essay on Smoking
Thus, if anyone is a slave to cigarettes, it is essential for them to understand that it is never too late to stop smoking. With the help and a good action plan, anyone can quit it for good. Moreover, the benefits will be evident within a few days of quitting.
FAQ of Essay on Smoking
Question 1: What are the effects of smoking?
Answer 1: Smoking has major effects like cancer, heart disease, stroke, lung diseases, diabetes, and more. It also increases the risk for tuberculosis, certain eye diseases, and problems with the immune system .
Question 2: Why should we avoid smoking?
Answer 2: We must avoid smoking as it can lengthen your life expectancy. Moreover, by not smoking, you decrease your risk of disease which includes lung cancer, throat cancer, heart disease, high blood pressure, and more.
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National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (US) Office on Smoking and Health. Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US); 2012.
Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General.
1 introduction, summary, and conclusions.
Tobacco use is a global epidemic among young people. As with adults, it poses a serious health threat to youth and young adults in the United States and has significant implications for this nation’s public and economic health in the future ( Perry et al. 1994 ; Kessler 1995 ). The impact of cigarette smoking and other tobacco use on chronic disease, which accounts for 75% of American spending on health care ( Anderson 2010 ), is well-documented and undeniable. Although progress has been made since the first Surgeon General’s report on smoking and health in 1964 ( U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare [USDHEW] 1964 ), nearly one in four high school seniors is a current smoker. Most young smokers become adult smokers. One-half of adult smokers die prematurely from tobacco-related diseases ( Fagerström 2002 ; Doll et al. 2004 ). Despite thousands of programs to reduce youth smoking and hundreds of thousands of media stories on the dangers of tobacco use, generation after generation continues to use these deadly products, and family after family continues to suffer the devastating consequences. Yet a robust science base exists on social, biological, and environmental factors that influence young people to use tobacco, the physiology of progression from experimentation to addiction, other health effects of tobacco use, the epidemiology of youth and young adult tobacco use, and evidence-based interventions that have proven effective at reducing both initiation and prevalence of tobacco use among young people. Those are precisely the issues examined in this report, which aims to support the application of this robust science base.
Nearly all tobacco use begins in childhood and adolescence ( U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [USDHHS] 1994 ). In all, 88% of adult smokers who smoke daily report that they started smoking by the age of 18 years (see Chapter 3 , “The Epidemiology of Tobacco Use Among Young People in the United States and Worldwide”). This is a time in life of great vulnerability to social influences ( Steinberg 2004 ), such as those offered through the marketing of tobacco products and the modeling of smoking by attractive role models, as in movies ( Dalton et al. 2009 ), which have especially strong effects on the young. This is also a time in life of heightened sensitivity to normative influences: as tobacco use is less tolerated in public areas and there are fewer social or regular users of tobacco, use decreases among youth ( Alesci et al. 2003 ). And so, as we adults quit, we help protect our children.
Cigarettes are the only legal consumer products in the world that cause one-half of their long-term users to die prematurely ( Fagerström 2002 ; Doll et al. 2004 ). As this epidemic continues to take its toll in the United States, it is also increasing in low- and middle-income countries that are least able to afford the resulting health and economic consequences ( Peto and Lopez 2001 ; Reddy et al. 2006 ). It is past time to end this epidemic. To do so, primary prevention is required, for which our focus must be on youth and young adults. As noted in this report, we now have a set of proven tools and policies that can drastically lower youth initiation and use of tobacco products. Fully committing to using these tools and executing these policies consistently and aggressively is the most straight forward and effective to making future generations tobacco-free.
The 1994 Surgeon General’s Report
This Surgeon General’s report on tobacco is the second to focus solely on young people since these reports began in 1964. Its main purpose is to update the science of smoking among youth since the first comprehensive Surgeon General’s report on tobacco use by youth, Preventing Tobacco Use Among Young People , was published in 1994 ( USDHHS 1994 ). That report concluded that if young people can remain free of tobacco until 18 years of age, most will never start to smoke. The report documented the addiction process for young people and how the symptoms of addiction in youth are similar to those in adults. Tobacco was also presented as a gateway drug among young people, because its use generally precedes and increases the risk of using illicit drugs. Cigarette advertising and promotional activities were seen as a potent way to increase the risk of cigarette smoking among young people, while community-wide efforts were shown to have been successful in reducing tobacco use among youth. All of these conclusions remain important, relevant, and accurate, as documented in the current report, but there has been considerable research since 1994 that greatly expands our knowledge about tobacco use among youth, its prevention, and the dynamics of cessation among young people. Thus, there is a compelling need for the current report.
Tobacco Control Developments
Since 1994, multiple legal and scientific developments have altered the tobacco control environment and thus have affected smoking among youth. The states and the U.S. Department of Justice brought lawsuits against cigarette companies, with the result that many internal documents of the tobacco industry have been made public and have been analyzed and introduced into the science of tobacco control. Also, the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement with the tobacco companies resulted in the elimination of billboard and transit advertising as well as print advertising that directly targeted underage youth and limitations on the use of brand sponsorships ( National Association of Attorneys General [NAAG] 1998 ). This settlement also created the American Legacy Foundation, which implemented a nationwide antismoking campaign targeting youth. In 2009, the U.S. Congress passed a law that gave the U.S. Food and Drug Administration authority to regulate tobacco products in order to promote the public’s health ( Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act 2009 ). Certain tobacco companies are now subject to regulations limiting their ability to market to young people. In addition, they have had to reimburse state governments (through agreements made with some states and the Master Settlement Agreement) for some health care costs. Due in part to these changes, there was a decrease in tobacco use among adults and among youth following the Master Settlement Agreement, which is documented in this current report.
Recent Surgeon General Reports Addressing Youth Issues
Other reports of the Surgeon General since 1994 have also included major conclusions that relate to tobacco use among youth ( Office of the Surgeon General 2010 ). In 1998, the report focused on tobacco use among U.S. racial/ethnic minority groups ( USDHHS 1998 ) and noted that cigarette smoking among Black and Hispanic youth increased in the 1990s following declines among all racial/ethnic groups in the 1980s; this was particularly notable among Black youth, and culturally appropriate interventions were suggested. In 2000, the report focused on reducing tobacco use ( USDHHS 2000b ). A major conclusion of that report was that school-based interventions, when implemented with community- and media-based activities, could reduce or postpone the onset of smoking among adolescents by 20–40%. That report also noted that effective regulation of tobacco advertising and promotional activities directed at young people would very likely reduce the prevalence and onset of smoking. In 2001, the Surgeon General’s report focused on women and smoking ( USDHHS 2001 ). Besides reinforcing much of what was discussed in earlier reports, this report documented that girls were more affected than boys by the desire to smoke for the purpose of weight control. Given the ongoing obesity epidemic ( Bonnie et al. 2007 ), the current report includes a more extensive review of research in this area.
The 2004 Surgeon General’s report on the health consequences of smoking ( USDHHS 2004 ) concluded that there is sufficient evidence to infer that a causal relationship exists between active smoking and (a) impaired lung growth during childhood and adolescence; (b) early onset of decline in lung function during late adolescence and early adulthood; (c) respiratory signs and symptoms in children and adolescents, including coughing, phlegm, wheezing, and dyspnea; and (d) asthma-related symptoms (e.g., wheezing) in childhood and adolescence. The 2004 Surgeon General’s report further provided evidence that cigarette smoking in young people is associated with the development of atherosclerosis.
The 2010 Surgeon General’s report on the biology of tobacco focused on the understanding of biological and behavioral mechanisms that might underlie the pathogenicity of tobacco smoke ( USDHHS 2010 ). Although there are no specific conclusions in that report regarding adolescent addiction, it does describe evidence indicating that adolescents can become dependent at even low levels of consumption. Two studies ( Adriani et al. 2003 ; Schochet et al. 2005 ) referenced in that report suggest that because the adolescent brain is still developing, it may be more susceptible and receptive to nicotine than the adult brain.
Since 1994, several scientific reviews related to one or more aspects of tobacco use among youth have been undertaken that also serve as a foundation for the current report. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) ( Lynch and Bonnie 1994 ) released Growing Up Tobacco Free: Preventing Nicotine Addiction in Children and Youths, a report that provided policy recommendations based on research to that date. In 1998, IOM provided a white paper, Taking Action to Reduce Tobacco Use, on strategies to reduce the increasing prevalence (at that time) of smoking among young people and adults. More recently, IOM ( Bonnie et al. 2007 ) released a comprehensive report entitled Ending the Tobacco Problem: A Blueprint for the Nation . Although that report covered multiple potential approaches to tobacco control, not just those focused on youth, it characterized the overarching goal of reducing smoking as involving three distinct steps: “reducing the rate of initiation of smoking among youth (IOM [ Lynch and Bonnie] 1994 ), reducing involuntary tobacco smoke exposure ( National Research Council 1986 ), and helping people quit smoking” (p. 3). Thus, reducing onset was seen as one of the primary goals of tobacco control.
As part of USDHHS continuing efforts to assess the health of the nation, prevent disease, and promote health, the department released, in 2000, Healthy People 2010 and, in 2010, Healthy People 2020 ( USDHHS 2000a , 2011 ). Healthy People provides science-based, 10-year national objectives for improving the health of all Americans. For 3 decades, Healthy People has established benchmarks and monitored progress over time in order to encourage collaborations across sectors, guide individuals toward making informed health decisions, and measure the impact of prevention activities. Each iteration of Healthy People serves as the nation’s disease prevention and health promotion roadmap for the decade. Both Healthy People 2010 and Healthy People 2020 highlight “Tobacco Use” as one of the nation’s “Leading Health Indicators,” feature “Tobacco Use” as one of its topic areas, and identify specific measurable tobacco-related objectives and targets for the nation to strive for. Healthy People 2010 and Healthy People 2020 provide tobacco objectives based on the most current science and detailed population-based data to drive action, assess tobacco use among young people, and identify racial and ethnic disparities. Additionally, many of the Healthy People 2010 and 2020 tobacco objectives address reductions of tobacco use among youth and target decreases in tobacco advertising in venues most often influencing young people. A complete list of the healthy people 2020 objectives can be found on their Web site ( USDHHS 2011 ).
In addition, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) of the National Institutes of Health has published monographs pertinent to the topic of tobacco use among youth. In 2001, NCI published Monograph 14, Changing Adolescent Smoking Prevalence , which reviewed data on smoking among youth in the 1990s, highlighted important statewide intervention programs, presented data on the influence of marketing by the tobacco industry and the pricing of cigarettes, and examined differences in smoking by racial/ethnic subgroup ( NCI 2001 ). In 2008, NCI published Monograph 19, The Role of the Media in Promoting and Reducing Tobacco Use ( NCI 2008 ). Although young people were not the sole focus of this Monograph, the causal relationship between tobacco advertising and promotion and increased tobacco use, the impact on youth of depictions of smoking in movies, and the success of media campaigns in reducing youth tobacco use were highlighted as major conclusions of the report.
The Community Preventive Services Task Force (2011) provides evidence-based recommendations about community preventive services, programs, and policies on a range of topics including tobacco use prevention and cessation ( Task Force on Community Preventive Services 2001 , 2005 ). Evidence reviews addressing interventions to reduce tobacco use initiation and restricting minors’ access to tobacco products were cited and used to inform the reviews in the current report. The Cochrane Collaboration (2010) has also substantially contributed to the review literature on youth and tobacco use by producing relevant systematic assessments of health-related programs and interventions. Relevant to this Surgeon General’s report are Cochrane reviews on interventions using mass media ( Sowden 1998 ), community interventions to prevent smoking ( Sowden and Stead 2003 ), the effects of advertising and promotional activities on smoking among youth ( Lovato et al. 2003 , 2011 ), preventing tobacco sales to minors ( Stead and Lancaster 2005 ), school-based programs ( Thomas and Perara 2006 ), programs for young people to quit using tobacco ( Grimshaw and Stanton 2006 ), and family programs for preventing smoking by youth ( Thomas et al. 2007 ). These reviews have been cited throughout the current report when appropriate.
In summary, substantial new research has added to our knowledge and understanding of tobacco use and control as it relates to youth since the 1994 Surgeon General’s report, including updates and new data in subsequent Surgeon General’s reports, in IOM reports, in NCI Monographs, and in Cochrane Collaboration reviews, in addition to hundreds of peer-reviewed publications, book chapters, policy reports, and systematic reviews. Although this report is a follow-up to the 1994 report, other important reviews have been undertaken in the past 18 years and have served to fill the gap during an especially active and important time in research on tobacco control among youth.
- Focus of the Report
This report focuses on “young people.” In general, work was reviewed on the health consequences, epidemiology, etiology, reduction, and prevention of tobacco use for those in the young adolescent (11–14 years of age), adolescent (15–17 years of age), and young adult (18–25 years of age) age groups. When possible, an effort was made to be specific about the age group to which a particular analysis, study, or conclusion applies. Because hundreds of articles, books, and reports were reviewed, however, there are, unavoidably, inconsistencies in the terminology used. “Adolescents,” “children,” and “youth” are used mostly interchangeably throughout this report. In general, this group encompasses those 11–17 years of age, although “children” is a more general term that will include those younger than 11 years of age. Generally, those who are 18–25 years old are considered young adults (even though, developmentally, the period between 18–20 years of age is often labeled late adolescence), and those 26 years of age or older are considered adults.
In addition, it is important to note that the report is concerned with active smoking or use of smokeless tobacco on the part of the young person. The report does not consider young people’s exposure to secondhand smoke, also referred to as involuntary or passive smoking, which was discussed in the 2006 report of the Surgeon General ( USDHHS 2006 ). Additionally, the report does not discuss research on children younger than 11 years old; there is very little evidence of tobacco use in the United States by children younger than 11 years of age, and although there may be some predictors of later tobacco use in those younger years, the research on active tobacco use among youth has been focused on those 11 years of age and older.
Although cigarette smoking is the most common form of tobacco use in the United States, this report focuses on other forms as well, such as using smokeless tobacco (including chew and snuff) and smoking a product other than a cigarette, such as a pipe, cigar, or bidi (tobacco wrapped in tendu leaves). Because for young people the use of one form of tobacco has been associated with use of other tobacco products, it is particularly important to monitor all forms of tobacco use in this age group. The term “tobacco use” in this report indicates use of any tobacco product. When the word “smoking” is used alone, it refers to cigarette smoking.
- Organization of the Report
This chapter begins by providing a short synopsis of other reports that have addressed smoking among youth and, after listing the major conclusions of this report, will end by presenting conclusions specific to each chapter. Chapter 2 of this report (“The Health Consequences of Tobacco Use Among Young People”) focuses on the diseases caused by early tobacco use, the addiction process, the relation of body weight to smoking, respiratory and pulmonary problems associated with tobacco use, and cardiovascular effects. Chapter 3 (“The Epidemiology of Tobacco Use Among Young People in the United States and Worldwide”) provides recent and long-term cross-sectional and longitudinal data on cigarette smoking, use of smokeless tobacco, and the use of other tobacco products by young people, by racial/ethnic group and gender, primarily in the United States, but including some worldwide data as well. Chapter 4 (“Social, Environmental, Cognitive, and Genetic Influences on the Use of Tobacco Among Youth”) identifies the primary risk factors associated with tobacco use among youth at four levels, including the larger social and physical environments, smaller social groups, cognitive factors, and genetics and neurobiology. Chapter 5 (“The Tobacco Industry’s Influences on the Use of Tobacco Among Youth”) includes data on marketing expenditures for the tobacco industry over time and by category, the effects of cigarette advertising and promotional activities on young people’s smoking, the effects of price and packaging on use, the use of the Internet and movies to market tobacco products, and an evaluation of efforts by the tobacco industry to prevent tobacco use among young people. Chapter 6 (“Efforts to Prevent and Reduce Tobacco Use Among Young People”) provides evidence on the effectiveness of family-based, clinic-based, and school-based programs, mass media campaigns, regulatory and legislative approaches, increased cigarette prices, and community and statewide efforts in the fight against tobacco use among youth. Chapter 7 (“A Vision for Ending the Tobacco Epidemic”) points to next steps in preventing and reducing tobacco use among young people.
- Preparation of the Report
This report of the Surgeon General was prepared by the Office on Smoking and Health (OSH), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USDHHS. In 2008, 18 external independent scientists reviewed the 1994 report and suggested areas to be added and updated. These scientists also suggested chapter editors and a senior scientific editor, who were contacted by OSH. Each chapter editor named external scientists who could contribute, and 33 content experts prepared draft sections. The draft sections were consolidated into chapters by the chapter editors and then reviewed by the senior scientific editor, with technical editing performed by CDC. The chapters were sent individually to 34 peer reviewers who are experts in the areas covered and who reviewed the chapters for scientific accuracy and comprehensiveness. The entire manuscript was then sent to more than 25 external senior scientists who reviewed the science of the entire document. After each review cycle, the drafts were revised by the chapter and senior scientific editor on the basis of the experts’ comments. Subsequently, the report was reviewed by various agencies within USDHHS. Publication lags prevent up-to-the-minute inclusion of all recently published articles and data, and so some more recent publications may not be cited in this report.
- Evaluation of the Evidence
Since the first Surgeon General’s report in 1964 on smoking and health ( USDHEW 1964 ), major conclusions concerning the conditions and diseases caused by cigarette smoking and the use of smokeless tobacco have been based on explicit criteria for causal inference ( USDHHS 2004 ). Although a number of different criteria have been proposed for causal inference since the 1960s, this report focuses on the five commonly accepted criteria that were used in the original 1964 report and that are discussed in greater detail in the 2004 report on the health consequences of smoking ( USDHHS 2004 ). The five criteria refer to the examination of the association between two variables, such as a risk factor (e.g., smoking) and an outcome (e.g., lung cancer). Causal inference between these variables is based on (1) the consistency of the association across multiple studies; this is the persistent finding of an association in different persons, places, circumstances, and times; (2) the degree of the strength of association, that is, the magnitude and statistical significance of the association in multiple studies; (3) the specificity of the association to clearly demonstrate that tobacco use is robustly associated with the condition, even if tobacco use has multiple effects and multiple causes exist for the condition; (4) the temporal relationship of the association so that tobacco use precedes disease onset; and (5) the coherence of the association, that is, the argument that the association makes scientific sense, given data from other sources and understanding of biological and psychosocial mechanisms ( USDHHS 2004 ). Since the 2004 Surgeon General’s report, The Health Consequences of Smoking , a four-level hierarchy ( Table 1.1 ) has been used to assess the research data on associations discussed in these reports ( USDHHS 2004 ). In general, this assessment was done by the chapter editors and then reviewed as appropriate by peer reviewers, senior scientists, and the scientific editors. For a relationship to be considered sufficient to be characterized as causal, multiple studies over time provided evidence in support of each criteria.
Four-level hierarchy for classifying the strength of causal inferences based on available evidence.
When a causal association is presented in the chapter conclusions in this report, these four levels are used to describe the strength of the evidence of the association, from causal (1) to not causal (4). Within the report, other terms are used to discuss the evidence to date (i.e., mixed, limited, and equivocal evidence), which generally represent an inadequacy of data to inform a conclusion.
However, an assessment of a casual relationship is not utilized in presenting all of the report’s conclusions. The major conclusions are written to be important summary statements that are easily understood by those reading the report. Some conclusions, particularly those found in Chapter 3 (epidemiology), provide observations and data related to tobacco use among young people, and are generally not examinations of causal relationships. For those conclusions that are written using the hierarchy above, a careful and extensive review of the literature has been undertaken for this report, based on the accepted causal criteria ( USDHHS 2004 ). Evidence that was characterized as Level 1 or Level 2 was prioritized for inclusion as chapter conclusions.
In additional to causal inferences, statistical estimation and hypothesis testing of associations are presented. For example, confidence intervals have been added to the tables in the chapter on the epidemiology of youth tobacco use (see Chapter 3 ), and statistical testing has been conducted for that chapter when appropriate. The chapter on efforts to prevent tobacco use discusses the relative improvement in tobacco use rates when implementing one type of program (or policy) versus a control program. Statistical methods, including meta-analytic methods and longitudinal trajectory analyses, are also presented to ensure that the methods of evaluating data are up to date with the current cutting-edge research that has been reviewed. Regardless of the methods used to assess significance, the five causal criteria discussed above were applied in developing the conclusions of each chapter and the report.
- Major Conclusions
- Cigarette smoking by youth and young adults has immediate adverse health consequences, including addiction, and accelerates the development of chronic diseases across the full life course.
- Prevention efforts must focus on both adolescents and young adults because among adults who become daily smokers, nearly all first use of cigarettes occurs by 18 years of age (88%), with 99% of first use by 26 years of age.
- Advertising and promotional activities by tobacco companies have been shown to cause the onset and continuation of smoking among adolescents and young adults.
- After years of steady progress, declines in the use of tobacco by youth and young adults have slowed for cigarette smoking and stalled for smokeless tobacco use.
- Coordinated, multicomponent interventions that combine mass media campaigns, price increases including those that result from tax increases, school-based policies and programs, and statewide or community-wide changes in smoke-free policies and norms are effective in reducing the initiation, prevalence, and intensity of smoking among youth and young adults.
- Chapter Conclusions
The following are the conclusions presented in the substantive chapters of this report.
Chapter 2. The Health Consequences of Tobacco Use Among Young People
- The evidence is sufficient to conclude that there is a causal relationship between smoking and addiction to nicotine, beginning in adolescence and young adulthood.
- The evidence is suggestive but not sufficient to conclude that smoking contributes to future use of marijuana and other illicit drugs.
- The evidence is suggestive but not sufficient to conclude that smoking by adolescents and young adults is not associated with significant weight loss, contrary to young people’s beliefs.
- The evidence is sufficient to conclude that there is a causal relationship between active smoking and both reduced lung function and impaired lung growth during childhood and adolescence.
- The evidence is sufficient to conclude that there is a causal relationship between active smoking and wheezing severe enough to be diagnosed as asthma in susceptible child and adolescent populations.
- The evidence is sufficient to conclude that there is a causal relationship between smoking in adolescence and young adulthood and early abdominal aortic atherosclerosis in young adults.
- The evidence is suggestive but not sufficient to conclude that there is a causal relationship between smoking in adolescence and young adulthood and coronary artery atherosclerosis in adulthood.
Chapter 3. The Epidemiology of Tobacco Use Among Young People in the United States and Worldwide
- Among adults who become daily smokers, nearly all first use of cigarettes occurs by 18 years of age (88%), with 99% of first use by 26 years of age.
- Almost one in four high school seniors is a current (in the past 30 days) cigarette smoker, compared with one in three young adults and one in five adults. About 1 in 10 high school senior males is a current smokeless tobacco user, and about 1 in 5 high school senior males is a current cigar smoker.
- Among adolescents and young adults, cigarette smoking declined from the late 1990s, particularly after the Master Settlement Agreement in 1998. This decline has slowed in recent years, however.
- Significant disparities in tobacco use remain among young people nationwide. The prevalence of cigarette smoking is highest among American Indians and Alaska Natives, followed by Whites and Hispanics, and then Asians and Blacks. The prevalence of cigarette smoking is also highest among lower socioeconomic status youth.
- Use of smokeless tobacco and cigars declined in the late 1990s, but the declines appear to have stalled in the last 5 years. The latest data show the use of smokeless tobacco is increasing among White high school males, and cigar smoking may be increasing among Black high school females.
- Concurrent use of multiple tobacco products is prevalent among youth. Among those who use tobacco, nearly one-third of high school females and more than one-half of high school males report using more than one tobacco product in the last 30 days.
- Rates of tobacco use remain low among girls relative to boys in many developing countries, however, the gender gap between adolescent females and males is narrow in many countries around the globe.
Chapter 4. Social, Environmental, Cognitive, and Genetic Influences on the Use of Tobacco Among Youth
- Given their developmental stage, adolescents and young adults are uniquely susceptible to social and environmental influences to use tobacco.
- Socioeconomic factors and educational attainment influence the development of youth smoking behavior. The adolescents most likely to begin to use tobacco and progress to regular use are those who have lower academic achievement.
- The evidence is sufficient to conclude that there is a causal relationship between peer group social influences and the initiation and maintenance of smoking behaviors during adolescence.
- Affective processes play an important role in youth smoking behavior, with a strong association between youth smoking and negative affect.
- The evidence is suggestive that tobacco use is a heritable trait, more so for regular use than for onset. The expression of genetic risk for smoking among young people may be moderated by small-group and larger social-environmental factors.
Chapter 5. The Tobacco Industry’s Influences on the Use of Tobacco Among Youth
- In 2008, tobacco companies spent $9.94 billion on the marketing of cigarettes and $547 million on the marketing of smokeless tobacco. Spending on cigarette marketing is 48% higher than in 1998, the year of the Master Settlement Agreement. Expenditures for marketing smokeless tobacco are 277% higher than in 1998.
- Tobacco company expenditures have become increasingly concentrated on marketing efforts that reduce the prices of targeted tobacco products. Such expenditures accounted for approximately 84% of cigarette marketing and more than 77% of the marketing of smokeless tobacco products in 2008.
- The evidence is sufficient to conclude that there is a causal relationship between advertising and promotional efforts of the tobacco companies and the initiation and progression of tobacco use among young people.
- The evidence is suggestive but not sufficient to conclude that tobacco companies have changed the packaging and design of their products in ways that have increased these products’ appeal to adolescents and young adults.
- The tobacco companies’ activities and programs for the prevention of youth smoking have not demonstrated an impact on the initiation or prevalence of smoking among young people.
- The evidence is sufficient to conclude that there is a causal relationship between depictions of smoking in the movies and the initiation of smoking among young people.
Chapter 6. Efforts to Prevent and Reduce Tobacco Use Among Young People
- The evidence is sufficient to conclude that mass media campaigns, comprehensive community programs, and comprehensive statewide tobacco control programs can prevent the initiation of tobacco use and reduce its prevalence among youth.
- The evidence is sufficient to conclude that increases in cigarette prices reduce the initiation, prevalence, and intensity of smoking among youth and young adults.
- The evidence is sufficient to conclude that school-based programs with evidence of effectiveness, containing specific components, can produce at least short-term effects and reduce the prevalence of tobacco use among school-aged youth.
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Nicotine Addiction Essay
with the main focus on tobacco and nicotine addiction and touches on the counseling processes involved. The continued overuse of tobacco products all over the world is one of the leading causes of preventable health issues and deaths. The addictive substance found in tobacco is called nicotine. Nicotine is chemical agent that is dispensed in very large doses through the usage tobacco products, such as cigarette smoking or chewing tobacco. Dependence or addiction is commonplace among users of tobacco
harmful habit. Addiction Mechanism In 1988, the Ministry of Health in the United States defined the nicotine as an addictive substance. Cigarettes and other derivatives substances generate tobacco dependence. The addictive mechanisms are similar to the addiction mechanisms to drugs such as cocaine and heroin. Cigarettes are highly efficient at delivering nicotine and other addictive substances. The average smoker takes in 1 to 2 mg of nicotine per cigarette each time they inhale. Nicotine reaches the
Nicotine Addiction Research Paper
The Biological Aspects of Nicotine Addiction Nicotine is the critical factor in tobacco smoke that dictates addiction and continued use of tobacco (Stolerman and Shoaib 1991; Belfour and Fagerstrom 1996; Benowita 1996; Rose and Corrigall 1997). Markou (2008) stated that “nicotine is one of the main psychoactive ingredients in tobacco that contributes to the harmful tobacco smoking habit (Stolerman & Jarvis 1995; Royal College of Physicians of London 2000) leading to high morbidity and mortality throughout
The Addiction Of Tobacco, Nicotine, And Smoking
The addiction to tobacco, nicotine, and smoking is something the humans have embraced and battled since the early 1800’s. With more and more people falling into the habit and becoming addicted, many detrimental health effects on the body caused people to question what was going on and what was causing these negative reactions in the body. Soon enough, the healthy and “cool” cigarettes that everyone was smoking became the face of lung cancer, cardiovascular disease, birth defects, and many other deadly
Essay On Nicotine Addiction
In the modern world, drugs and alcohol have become a form of coping mechanism for many individuals either seeking to relive physical, emotional or psychological pain. With easy accessibility of legal substances such as nicotine and alcohol as well as illicit drugs like cannibis, substance users may develop dependencies. Additionally, certain substances such as alcohol and cannabis have become more socially acceptable leading to repetitive use and use is social situations. When consuming alcohol
Nicotine Addiction Paper
disorders have such a high level of using, abusing, and becoming addicted to chemicals they have access to. According to the lecture and corroborating literature, nicotine addiction is one of the strongest addictions. Nicotine has
Smoking And Nicotine Addiction
psychologically. The physical addiction can traced to the nicotine in each cigarette. The psychological addiction is, in its own way, just as bad. Smoking becomes second nature, like breathing. It seems hard to quit. Stress is the main factor which trigger the smoking in the beginning and after when person addictive to it. In the central nervous system, nicotine causes apparent and immediate relief of anxiety through neurochemical changes. When tobacco inhaled, nicotine enters the brain within ten
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In “Warning: Vaping Teens Becoming a New Generation of Nicotine Addicts” an author from USAToday.com describes the new way teenagres are becoming hooked to nicotie. More specifically he argues that Teenagers are becoming addicted to nicotine through e-cigarettes. He writes “Nicotine, contained in varying amounts in e-cigarettes, can rival the addictiveness of heroin and cocaine.” Additionally, It using e-cigarettes damages the teenagers mental state “For young people, whose brains are not fully
Nicotine Addiction: The Effects On The Body Essay
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A Tobacco plant is made up of approximately 5 percent of nicotine by weight. There are two categories of tobacco products cigarettes and smokeless tobacco. Nicotine has many effects on the body but the effect it has on the brain is responsible for the so called “good feeling” that is behind the addiction. Nicotine is considered to be addictive because of the psychological and physiological effects on a person. The Center for the Advancement of Health published the results of a study on teenager
Nicoine Subdiction : The Problem Of Nicotine Addiction
warnings increase smoker’s knowledge about the consequences of smoking such as smoking effect on human body and environment, etc. My research paper will define nicotine addiction’s problem and then propose solutions to the problem caused by smoking such as secondhand smoke thus that the way to reduce the harm of cigarette smoke. Nicotine Addiction’s Problem First of all, one most warning
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Smoking Addiction Smoking is an extremely addictive habit that usually forms in the early teen years. We should be targeting our children from the time they enter elementary school to prepare them for this temptation and encourage them to steer clear of this problem (Schoebel 287). There is no sure cure for smoking, and every method requires willingness, dedication, and will power. Smokers should recognize the serious health risks they are facing every time they light a cigarette and accept that quitting such an addictive habit would only come with some amount of discomfort. Is there anyone who does not know someone who smoke's? Everyone has a family member, friend, or coworker who smokes. They have chosen to smoke, but by just being around them you are also smoking, only you have not made that choice. Before you choose to take this risk you should think about what may happen to your body. There are many factors that you should take very seriously; smoking is a hazardous habit because it leads to addiction, disease, and high-risk pregnancy. As advertisements have shown on commercial on television that smoking is a way to relax and to be cool by smoking cigarettes, they never show you the negative side of it. For example, addiction is one of the bad side effects and it is caused by nicotine . Once you inhale the cigarette you will then feel or want the need for another one, and you may have different personalities and change because of the addiction. You may get more grouchy and violent behavior and need a cigarette to relax, but instead it is doing more damage. Researchers have found ways to control addictions and some have succeeded. People at a younger age start to get addicted by the nicotine in the cigarette and this is where the problem starts (Schoebel 125). The hazards of smoking lead to many fatal diseases and should persuade people to quit their habit. First, a major reason why people should quit smoking is that many people are dying of cancer. For instance, the statistics say that in the United States six out of ten people are dying daily due to lung cancer (Weitzman 214). This disease is killing people if it is not detected promptly. Another reason for quitting smoking is heart disease and its consequences. For example, many people suffer from heart failure, but even though they know about smoking and its dangers, they do not stop their habit un... ... middle of paper ... ... alarming is that secondhand smoke contains greater concentrations of certain carcinogens than primary smoke. It also contains greater amounts of nicotine and tar, both strong and addictive toxins. There are positive and negative effects to smoking, but mostly negative. Personally, I don’t have an opinion about this topic. I really think that a person, no matter what they are told, are going to smoke. Nothing can change their minds, if they don’t want to change it. It’s a difficult topic, and in my opinion, it’s bad for you, but in some people’s minds, they just don’t care about what will harm their bodies. Smoking for people is a stress reliever and I think that it’s better than hurting yourself in a different way to relieve stress. Works Cited Dhillion, Sulchraj S. (1993). Cigarette Smoking: What its Doing to Smokers And Nonsmokers. PPI Publishing. Fred, Peter A. and Oxom, Harry. (1980) Smoking for Two: Cigarettes and Pregnancy. The Free Press. Schoebel, Robert. (2001). Keep your Kids Tobacco -Free: Smart Strategies for Parents of Children Ages 3 through 19. New Market Press. Weitzman, Elizabeth. (1998). Let's Talk About Smoking. Hazelden Information and Educational Services.
In this essay, the author
- Opines that smoking is an addictive habit that usually forms in the early teen years. smokers should recognize the serious health risks they are facing every time they light a cigarette and accept that quitting would only come with discomfort.
- Explains that smoking is a hazardous habit because it leads to addiction, disease, and high-risk pregnancy. addiction is one of the bad side effects and is caused by nicotine.
- Explains why people should quit smoking because many people are dying of cancer, heart disease, and emphysemea.
- Explains that cigarettes are an appetite suppressant, and people who use tobacco products depend upon it to provide these side effects. nicotine is an addictive substance like many other drugs.
- Explains that nicotine constricts the blood vessels, decreasing blood circulation to the skin and vital organs. long-term smokers look older than non-smokers because of the contraction of capillaries.
- Explains that secondhand smoke contains greater concentrations of carcinogens than primary smoke, and nicotine and tar, both strong and addictive toxins.
- Opines that smoking is a stress reliever and is better than hurting oneself to relieve stress.
- Cites dhillion, sulchraj s. and oxom, harry. smoking for two: cigarettes and pregnancy.
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Smoking Satire Essay
Smoking is a lifestyle, a habit, and a trend. Smoking has become a social activity among teens, connecting them through the craving of a smoke. Smoking is seen as seductive and cool in the media and movies which influences teenagers to smoke even more. The World Health Organization has stated that “Tobacco kills around 6 million people each year. More than 5 million of those deaths are the result of direct tobacco use while more than 600,000 are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke.” As of April 2016, only 7% of teenagers in the U.S. smoke, but it is said that tobacco use will kill 8 million people annually by 2030. 99% of adult smokers start in their years as teenagers. Smoking is an epidemic that has taken control of people’s lives since 1881 and the media since the early 1900s. Smoking currently kills about 440,000 people a year in the U.S. I feel that it is an issue because it is the #1 most preventable way to die, but people still continue to smoke because of how it looks and how they are perceived as a person if they do. The fact that people become addicted to a trend that will attribute to their death for the sake of being thought of as cooler, is a problem that needs to be addressed.
Smoking Case Study Essay
As per the American Heart Association in 2013, an expected 23 percent of grown-up men and 18 percent of grown-up ladies in the United States are smokers. What’s even more troubling is the prevalence of juvenile smoking in our society. juvenile smoking is a very real danger among U.S. youngsters and high schoolers. About 25 percent of U.S. secondary school understudies are smokers, and an extra 8 percent use smokeless tobacco items, for example, snuff and plunge. But what is most disheartening, is that 30 percent of all juvenile smokers will become addicted and suffer health related complications due to prolonged smoking. Numerous components play into a kid's choice to attempt tobacco. A craving to seem "cooler", more advanced, or to
Pros And Cons Of Smoking Essay
In other words, people who smoke should quit not only for their health, but for the health of their loved ones and the people around when they smoke, especially for that of children. We now know that when a person smokes, you’re inhaling life-threatening chemicals, and you’re damaging your internal organs. In addition, smoking leads to wrinkles, teeth falling out, along with other gruesome consequences that eventually lead to death. Another think to recalculate is that apart from the chemicals already in the cigarette more are created when a person light it. It is said that people who quit smoking are doing the most preventable cause of death in the United States.Some of the effects that smoking causes is that it increases the person’s irritability, impatience, hostility, anxiety, depressed mood, it’s difficult for the smoker to concentrate, restlessness, decreased heart rate, appetite or weight gain, all of these things in which are bad for a person’s health.
Essay About Smoking
...her” (Unknown). Smoking is harmful and shouldn’t even have begun with in the first place. To put a single thought about all the bad things that smoking can lead to isn’t hard. Smoking should never even cross the brain. It is crazy how many people just do it so they can “fit in.” That shouldn’t be an excuse to get lung disease, or to ruin cells in the brain. Do not put the harm of others into your hands. Just ask yourself if you can handle the guilt of knowing that someone who doesn’t smoke has “smoker’s lungs” because they have been around someone who smokes. There are so many people today that die, because they have smoked all their life, or even died from secondhand smoke because their parents or spouse have smoked in front of them. So think twice before lighting a cigarette and taking the first puff, think about what all can happen to the body, once addicted.
A History of Tobacco and Smoking in America
Every year cigarette smoking is responsible for 500,000 premature deaths (Nugel), you do not want to be just another statistic, do you? America’s first cash crop was tobacco. That means that tobacco has been around for a really long time. It was not until 1865, though, that cigarettes were sold commercially. They were sold to soldiers at the end of the Civil War (Dowshen). From then, cigarettes spread like wildfire, and it was not until 1964 that anyone made a stand about the negative effects of tobacco and cigarettes. People start smoking for all different reasons, some to fit in and some to “escape”. Regardless, it is a horrible habit. 3900 children will try their first cigarette today. Amongst adults who currently smoke, 68% of them began at age 18 or younger, and 85% at 21 or younger (American Lung Association). And of all those people, 70% say if they were given another chance they would never have picked up that first cigarette (Tobacco Free Maine). Smoking is responsible for 1 and 5 deaths in the united states, and is the number one preventable cause of death (NLH). Smoking burns and there is no doubt about that, but before one picks up that cigarette, understand the negative effects on not only oneself, but others affected by ones poor choices, like second-hand smoke. Because of smoking cigarettes, many types of cancer, decrease of life quality, and negative health effects have become all too common in the world today.
Smoking in Public Spaces Should be Banned
Ever since earlier years, when cigarettes came into market, people have had the right to make the decision of whether or not they want to smoke. But for some people, this is not a choice. This creates the problem of second-hand smoke, which is more harmful than people think. Second hand smoke has been liable to increase the risk of lung cancer by three times. Cigarette smoke contains a deadly mixture of carbon monoxide, nicotine, and more than 4,000 other chemicals, many of which cause cancer and heart disease. The smoke that appears off the end of an idle burning cigarette is even more toxic than inhaled smoke because the tobacco is smouldering at a lower temperature and is therefore burning less efficiently. When you sit in a smoky room, office, restaurant or bar, you can't help breathing in some of these toxic gases, particles, and chemicals. Some of the tar stays in your lungs. Small amounts of nicotine and carbon monoxide pass into your bloodstream. After half an hour, your blood pressure and heartbeat rise measurably. This means that extra stress is being placed on your heart. ...
Essay On Personal Health Profile
One of the most hazardous habits to our health is smoking. I am a none smoker and have always been a none smoker. I take a lot of precautionary steps to keep it this way and will continue doing so. But before I talk about how I keep myself from falling into this habit, lets talk about the negative impact smoking can have on someones health. As stated in the textbook, “If nobody smoked, 1 out of every 3 cancer deaths in the United States would not happen.”(pg239) Smoking is one of the leading causes of lung cancer. It also increases risk of many other cancers including larynx, pharynx, oral cavity, sinuses, cervix, pancreas, liver, and kidney. About 25 to 40 years after smoking rates began to increase for men, lung cancer started a steep rise. About 25-40 years after cigarette consumption decreased for men, lung cancer death rates for men began to drop (pg239). Now lets talk about how I prevent myself from smoking. There are many precautionary steps I or anyone can take. The biggest is to avoid the situation. To avoid picking up smoking I try to stay clear of smokers. If one of my friends happens to be a smoker ...
Tobacco: The Negative Health Impact Of Tobacco
Through public education, most elementary school kids can understand that smoking is bad for them and that cigarettes are additive. Cigarettes are addictive due to nicotine, a drug found in tobacco (“Quitting Smoking”, 2015). According to Schneider (2016), some of the greatest health problems associated with smoking include: lung cancer, other cancers, coronary heart disease, other heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, other vascular disease, diabetes mellitus, pneumonia, influenza, tuberculosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), prenatal conditions, and sudden infant death syndrome. As stated by the Authority of the American Lung Association in an article titled “Health
Smoking Decreases Life Expectancy
“Smoking decreases a person's life expectancy by 10 - 12 years” (Newman). Smoking cigarette is a substance that burn and is tasted, inhale or both. Smoking is also as addictive and harmful as cocaine, heroin, alcohol, and many other injurious drug. Smoking cigarette is bad for health, however it can be stopped by higher taxes, smoke-free places, and laws that prohibit smoking when there are children around.
Electronic Cigarette Is The Social Problem Of Electronic Smoking
Smoking - one of the most harmful addictions, is a social problem of society, both for its smoking and non-smoking section. For the first part of the problem it is to quit smoking, for the second - to avoid the influence of smoking society and not "catch" their habit, as well as - to protect their health from smoking products. It's no secret that smoking is harmful to health, however, every day about 15 billion cigarettes are smoked.
The Negative Effects Of Cigarette Smoking
One puff equals one life of misery: Smoking at first can seem harmless, but ones’ choice to experiment with cigarettes can turn into a costly habit, that is addictive and eventually, deadly. According to Factslides, “ Smoking a cigarette causes damage in minutes not years”. Every cigarette is filled with harmful chemicals that will leave someone with health problems and cancer, wishing that they hadn’t started smoking in the first place. Smoking is a problem among most adults and sadly, teenagers. Smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer, and it is a disgusting habit. Cigarette smoking can have many negative effects: it can create health problems, financial problems, and hygiene problems.The main problem with smoking is that it can damage your health. According to Tobacco Fact File, “On average, each cigarette shortens your life anywhere from seven to eleven minutes. In other words, the time it takes you to smoke a cigarette equals the time that cigarette takes
Argumentative Essay: Why Cigarettes Should Not Be Legal
These facts alone should be enough to convince a person to stop smoking in my opinion. One cigarette contains over 4,000 toxic chemicals which then enters your body as poisons. Second-hand smoke kills approximately eight adults a day from lung cancer and about 35,000 deaths per year from heart disease. Cigarette smoking is also tied to 300,000 cases of bronchitis and pneumonia each year. If that isn’t enough to change your mind, just to produce 300 cigarettes one tree is being wasted so that people can smoke and cigarettes take 25-26 years to decompose. Cigarettes are so harmful that they kill about 6 million people each year. Cigarettes are also defective because they are engineered to produce an inhalable smoke that can cause major health concerns to smokers, and all the people around them. Last but not least, there is a financial burden from the cost of treating illnesses due to
Does Smoking Cause Lung Cancer?
Studies have proven that there is no safe way to smoke. Tobacco contains many dangerous cancer causing chemicals that affects the lungs of the smoker and the nonsmoker, so smoking just a little amount can increase your chances of getting lung cancer. The Surgeon General has said that "smoking is the single most important cause of death in our society, and it is responsible for more than one out of every five deaths in the United States." The purpose of this report is to inform and educate the reader about smoking and why it is considered the biggest cause of lung cancer. This subject is near and dear to me because my grandfather, who was once a heavy smoker, is now fighting this awful disease. The only way to protect yourself against this killer disease is to never start smoking or to stop smoking if you are a smoker.
Persuasive Essay: Why Tobacco Should Be Banned?
All tobacco products have a warning label on the package, and yet people continue to use it. I’ve heard of different reasons from different people. None of them make sense to me. The only borderline logical reason to me is growing up with that in your household. You don’t stand a chance after you get use to the chemicals. The smoke reels you in like a fish on a hook and you become a slave to the smell. Even if that is the case, I still believe you have a choice. A majority people start due to people in their family, but I’ve heard of less intelligent reasons. Two people told me they started just because the turned eighteen and they realized they were of legal age. I’ve been informed of someone finding cigarettes and deciding to try them. Another person told me they started because they wanted to prove they could smoke cigarettes and do “cool” smoke tricks. I’ve also heard a few people say they started due to peer pressure. A lot of people tend to use stress as an excuse, but a tobacco won’t solve your problems. An interesting reason I’ve recently discovered is social awkwardness. One person told me they would use smoking as an excuse to evade uncomfortable situations. Whatever the reason may be, an abundance of people have a difficult time quitting. One person close to me has described smoking as “muscle memory” and you also associate smoking with
The Causes and Effects of Smoking
Consequently, tobacco which contains many harmful chemicals damages human beings’ health day by day. Although people are aware of the bad effects of smoking, they still smoke for one reason or another. When the current situation is considered, it is clear that smoking which has been spreading all over the world is not only the problem of a country or a territory but the problem of mankind because smoking brings many disadvantages for humans like diseases. I personally believe that it is important to help children remain lifelong non-smokers because they are our hope for a non-smoking future.
More about Smoking Addiction
Smoking and Tobacco Use
The cigarette industry has taken over a large portion of the world economy in the past decade. There has been a significant rise in the global population of smokers due to this quick expansion. There are three common reasons people smoke: relieve stress, reduce weight, or fit in with a specific social group. In other words, since cigarettes are so physically and psychologically addicting, individuals will spend whatever it takes to keep getting more of them, according to new research on the subject. Tobacco usage is a significant issue in today’s society. People of all ages are presently using tobacco products, and the number of dependent on the drug is growing. Smoking is more common among the elderly due to addiction than among youngsters, who see it as a symbol of freedom and maturity. Cigarettes damage almost every part of the human body, causing sickness and disability due to the damage done. Despite recent attempts to eliminate smoking, it remains the leading cause of disease, disability, and death in the US. More than 34.1 million adults in the United States already smoke, with 15.3 million males and 12.7% of women now doing so. In the United States, around 1,600 individuals under 18 begin smoking each day. Tobacco use has been linked to several health problems, and this research explores the difficulties that smokers have in giving up the habit.
Why smoking should be banned
There are so many health issues associated with smoking that it’s impossible to identify them all. It is the essential risk factor for adults and adolescents to control. Chronic and acute disorders alike may be aggravated or exacerbated by smoking. To educate people about the severity of COPD, the article on “Respiratory Disease and Respiratory Physiology” uses pathos. According to the findings, COPD, a common smoking illness, maybe prevented via smoking cessaed by smoking each year, and at least 41,000 of these fatalities are due to secondhand smoke exposure. This is why I think smoking should be banned since it poses a severetion (Berend). In this well-researched essay about COPD, a condition that is still mostly unknown, statements and support from well-known experts who specialize in the topic are included. To bolster his arguments, the author cites a slew of facts on the dangers of secondhand smoke-induced ailments, including COPD. These illnesses eventually lead to death. A different estimate of 556 000 adult deaths due to extra mortality from all sources is included in the study. At least 16 million people in the United States now suffer from a smoking-related illness. More than 30 persons are left with a significant smoking-related disease for every death caused by cigarette smoking (Berend). More than 4.8 million Americans are kill danger to your health, the environment, and your wallet.
Why do smokers find it difficult to quit smoking?
Smoking cessation is a difficult objective to attain. Even those who can control their urges might quickly go back into their destructive habits since there is always a trigger that forces them to return to their old ways. Some people believe they will die if they don’t smoke, even for an hour a day. Smoking is a lifeline for people dependent on it (Hopkinson). Even if you’re motivated to give up smoking, the fear of withdrawal symptoms might make you hesitate. Addiction to it is one of the most challenging things to break. Nicotine dependence may be challenging to break even after repeated tries. When you smoke, your body becomes dependent on the highly addictive chemical nicotine.
In the same way that heroin and cocaine are addictive, nicotine is also considered. To make cigarettes more addictive, the tobacco industry has tinkered with them. Logos says that nicotine, a stimulant, may momentarily reduce feelings of worry and sadness (Hopkinson). Tension and a desire to smoke arise as the brain’s nicotine levels drop between cigarettes. Because of the calming effect of the next cigarette, quitting smoking is tough. People who are more dependent on tobacco are more prone to begin smoking in the first place, as seen by this correlation.
What are the alternatives available?
Many individuals are convinced that vaping is the most excellent way to stop smoking cigarettes for good. Cigarettes have been shown to have a significant impact on health. Cigarettes not only harm the smoker but others around them as well. As a result, quitting smoking and switching to vaping will not end the cycle of addiction that started with smoking. Although vaping looks to be a viable alternative to smoking cigarettes, it still contains toxins found in tobacco products that may be hazardous to one’s health (Marton). Many individuals feel that vaping should be the first step toward quitting smoking, yet perspectives and ideas vary between vaping and cigarette smoking. The likelihood of a person effectively stopping smoking increases when they properly use nicotine replacement therapy. Prescription drugs may help smokers quit by easing withdrawal symptoms and increasing nicotine intake cessation.
How does tobacco use benefit the economy?
The expenses of tobacco use and the costs of lowering its prevalence among smokers are both parts of the economic effect of smoking. Smoking has far-reaching health and financial ramifications for people, families, businesses, and the government that go beyond the cost of the cigarettes themselves (Mundial). We may now classify tobacco-related expenses as direct, indirect, and intangible. Smoking’s direct expenses include the health care expenditures associated with treating people who have acquired ailments due to smoking (e.g., cost of drugs and administrative services). These include GP visits, medicine prescriptions, and other expenditures associated with treating smoking-related illnesses in the United Kingdom. It’s not only government institutions and philanthropic groups that eat up resources. Low-income countries with undeveloped income tax systems get a large portion of their revenue from tobacco excise taxes. Excise taxes on cigarettes are easy to collect since cigarette manufacturers are low (Mundial). Nine to eleven per cent of government income is generated by taxes on tobacco in some nations. Even tiny sums of government money may be worth billions of dollars in high-income countries. Tobacco regulation is commonly regarded as a danger to the industry’s profitability. However, for the time being, governments worldwide are counting on higher cigarette levies to help them fund their budgets.
How does tobacco use detrimental to the economy or health sectors?
Tobacco-related ailments have exceptionally substantial medical expenditures. Smoking results in an estimated $170 billion in yearly costs for public and private health care in the United States. The cost of smoking in the United States is around 1% of GDP. Smoking-related emergency and primary care visits for adults and children are also markers of health care spending (Ries). It has been projected that smoking costs Taiwan and Hong Kong an annual health-related cost of $397.6 million and $688.5 million for adults aged 35 and over, respectively.
Smokers in Taiwan spend an average of US$70 more per year on medical care than nonsmokers. Tobacco-related health care expenses in Hong Kong rose by 23 per cent in 2013, indicating an increasing incidence of passive smoking. Smoking everywhere is expensive in many ways, and it has a significant impact on the state’s budget. Smoking-related expenses account for most overall health care expenditures, with far-reaching consequences for the economy. Smoking during pregnancy, or “maternal smoking,” has other financial implications (Ries). Health care expenses for children and the general population are expected to rise significantly as a result.
In conclusion, More than 34 million adults in the United States smoke, with 15.3 million males and 12.7% of women now doing so. Around 1,600 individuals under 18 begin smoking each day. Smoking is more common among the elderly due to addiction than among youngsters, who see it as a symbol of freedom and maturity. At least 16 million people in the United States now suffer from a smoking-related illness. More than 4.8 million Americans are killed by smoking each year, and at least 41,000 of these fatalities are due to secondhand smoke exposure.
Smoking should be banned since it poses a severe danger to your health and the environment. Smoking has far-reaching health and financial ramifications for people, families, businesses, and the government. Smoking’s direct expenses include the health care expenditures associated with treating people who have acquired ailments due to smoking. Prescription drugs may help smokers quit by easing withdrawal symptoms and increasing nicotine intake cessation. Smokers in Taiwan spend an average of US$70 more per year on medical care than nonsmokers. Smoking costs Taiwan and Hong Kong an annual health-related cost of $397.6 million and $688.5 million. Smoking during pregnancy, or “maternal smoking,” has additional financial consequences. It is evident from the information provided by the articles above that tobacco use brings serious health issues to people. Therefore, those trying to quit smoking should seek better alternatives such as smokeless tobacco, while those who have never smoked should desist from smoking.
Berend, Norbert. “Respiratory disease and respiratory physiology: putting lung function into perspective interstitial lung disease.” Respirology 19.7 (2014): 952-959.
Hopkinson, Nick. “Why Is It so Hard to Stop Smoking?” British Lung Foundation,
Marton, Hanna. “Cigarette Substitutes: How Safe or Effective Are the Alternatives to
Tobacco?”Healthdirect, Healthdirect,14Sept. 2021,https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/blog/cigarette-substitutes-how-safe-or-effective-are-the-alternatives-to-tobacco.
Mundial, Banco. “The Economics of Tobacco Use & Control in the Developing World.” Development Planning and Tobacco Control, 2014,
Ries, Richard K., Shannon C. Miller, and David A. Fiellin, eds. Principles of addiction medicine . Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009.
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229 Smoking Essay Topics & Examples
Looking for smoking essay topics? Being one of the most serious psychological and social issues, smoking is definitely worth writing about.
🏆 Best Smoking Essay Examples & Topic Ideas
🥇 good titles for smoking essay, 👍 best titles for research paper about smoking, ⭐ simple & easy health essay titles, 💡 interesting topics to write about health, ❓ essay questions about smoking.
In your essay about smoking, you might want to focus on its causes and effects or discuss why smoking is a dangerous habit. Other options are to talk about smoking prevention or to concentrate on the reasons why it is so difficult to stop smoking. Here we’ve gathered a range of catchy titles for research papers about smoking together with smoking essay examples. Get inspired with us!
Smoking is a well-known source of harm yet popular regardless, and so smoking essays should cover various aspects of the topic to identify the reasons behind the trend.
You will want to discuss the causes and effects of smoking and how they contributed to the persistent refusal of large parts of the population to abandon the habit, even if they are aware of the dangers of cigarettes. You should provide examples of how one may become addicted to tobacco and give the rationales for smokers.
You should also discuss the various consequences of cigarette use, such as lung cancer, and identify their relationship with the habit. By discussing both sides of the issue, you will be able to write an excellent essay.
Reasons why one may begin smoking, are among the most prominent smoking essay topics. It is not easy to begin to enjoy the habit, as the act of smoke inhalation can be difficult to control due to a lack of experience and unfamiliarity with the concept.
As such, people have to be convinced that the habit deserves consideration by various ideas or influences. The notion that “smoking is cool” among teenagers can contribute to the adoption of the trait, as can peer pressure.
If you can find polls and statistics on the primary factors that lead people to tweet, they will be helpful to your point. Factual data will identify the importance of each cause clearly, although you should be careful about bias.
The harmful effects of tobacco have been researched considerably more, with a large body of medical studies investigating the issue available to anyone.
Lung cancer is the foremost issue in the public mind because of the general worry associated with the condition and its often incurable nature, but smoking can lead to other severe illnesses.
Heart conditions remain a prominent consideration due to their lethal effects, and strokes or asthma deserve significant consideration, as well. Overall, smoking has few to no beneficial health effects but puts the user at risk of a variety of concerns.
As such, people should eventually quit once their health declines, but their refusal to do so deserves a separate investigation and can provide many interesting smoking essay titles.
One of the most prominent reasons why a person would continue smoking despite all the evidence of its dangers and the informational campaigns carried out to inform consumers is nicotine addiction.
The substance is capable of causing dependency, a trait that has led to numerous discussions of the lawfulness of the current state of cigarettes.
It is also among the most dangerous aspects of smoking, a fact you should mention.
Lastly, you can discuss the topics of alternatives to smoking in your smoking essay bodies, such as e-cigarettes, hookahs, and vapes, all of which still contain nicotine and can, therefore, lead to considerable harm. You may also want to discuss safe cigarette avoidance options and their issues.
Here are some additional tips for your essay:
- Dependency is not the sole factor in cigarette consumption, and many make the choice that you should respect consciously.
- Cite the latest medical research titles, as some past claims have been debunked and are no longer valid.
- Mortality is not the sole indicator of the issues associated with smoking, and you should take chronic conditions into consideration.
Find smoking essay samples and other useful paper samples on IvyPanda, where we have a collection of professionally written materials!
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- Putting Out the Fires: Will Higher Taxes Reduce the Onset of Youth Smoking? According to the article under consideration, increase in price of cigarettes can positively or negatively affect the rate of smoking among the youth.
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- Smoking Ban in the State of Florida These are the Total Ban Policy, the Partial Ban policy and the Liberated Smoking policy. The policy is authoritarian and ignores the interests of the smokers.
- Possible Smoking Policies in Florida Majority also think that went it comes to workplaces hotels and bars it would be more appropriate to provide specific smoking zones as opposed to total bans The implications of the policy adopted therefore affect […]
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- Combating Smoking: Taxation Policies vs. Education Policies This is a considerable provision in the realms of health; hence, the efforts created by the government to curb this trend should be supported fully. In this regard, there is need to reduce the mentioned […]
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- The Change of my Smoking Behavior With the above understanding of my social class and peer friends, I was able to create a plan to avoid them in the instances that they were smoking.
- Electronic Cigarettes: Could They Help University Students Give Smoking Up? Electronic Cigarettes An electronic cigarette is an electronic device that simulates the act of smoking by producing a mist which gives the physical sensation and often the flavor and the nicotine just as the analog […]
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- Smoking Cessation for Ages 15-30 The Encyclopedia of Surgery defines the term “Smoking Cessation” as an effort to “quit smoking” or “withdrawal from smoking”. I aim to discuss the importance of the issue by highlighting the most recent statistics as […]
- Marketing a Smoking Cessation Program In the case of the smoking cessation program, the target group is made up of smokers who can be further subdivided into segments such as heavy, medium, and light smokers.
- Post Smoking Cessation Weight Gain The aim of this paper is to present, in brief, the correlation between smoking cessation and weigh gain from biological and psychological viewpoints.
- Smoking and Its Effects on Human Body The investigators explain the effects of smoking on the breath as follows: the rapid pulse rate of smokers decreases the stroke volume during rest since the venous return is not affected and the ventricles lose […]
- Teenage Smoking and Solution to This Problem Overall, the attempts made by anti-smoking campaigners hardly yield any results, because they mostly focus on harmfulness of tobacco smoking and the publics’ awareness of the problem, itself, but they do not eradicate the underlying […]
- Smoking Causes and Plausible Arguments In writing on the cause and effect of smoking we will examine the issue from the point of view of temporal precedence, covariation of the cause and effect and the explanations in regard to no […]
- Smoking and its Effect on the Brain Since the output of the brain is behavior and thoughts, dysfunction of the brain may result in highly complex behavioral symptoms. The work of neurons is to transmit information and coordinate messengers in the brain […]
- Smoking Behavior Under Clinical Observation The physiological aspect that influences smokers and is perceived as the immediate effect of smoking can be summarized as follows: Within ten seconds of the first inhalation, nicotine, a potent alkaloid, passes into the bloodstream, […]
- Smoking: Causes and Effects Considering the peculiarities of a habit and of a disease, smoking can be considered as a habit rather than a disease.
- Ban Smoking in Cars Out of this need, several regulations have been put in place to ensure children’s safety in vehicles is guaranteed; thus, protection from second-hand smoke is an obvious measure that is directed towards the overall safety […]
- Tobacco Smoking: Bootleggers and Baptists Legislation or Regulation The issue is based on the fact that tobacco smoking also reduces the quality of life and ruins the body in numerous ways.
- The Smoking Problem: Mortality, Control, and Prevention The article presents smoking as one of the central problems for many countries throughout the world; the most shocking are the figures related to smoking rate among students. Summary: The article is dedicated to the […]
- Smoking During Pregnancy Issues Three things to be learned from the research are the impact of smoking on a woman, possible dangers and complications and the importance of smoking cessation interventions.
- Smoking Prohibition: Local Issues, Personal Views This is due to the weakening of blood vessels in the penis. For example, death rate due to smoking is higher in Kentucky than in other parts of the country.
- Alcohol and Smoking Abuse: Negative Physical and Mental Effects The following is a range of effects of heavy alcohol intake as shown by Lacoste, they include: Neuropsychiatric or neurological impairment, cardiovascular, disease, liver disease, and neoplasm that is malevolent.
- How Smoking Cigarettes Effects Your Health Cigarette smoking largely aggravates the condition of the heart and the lung. In addition, the presence of nicotine makes the blood to be sticky and thick leading to damage to the lining of the blood […]
- Ban on Smoking in Enclosed Public Places in Scotland The theory of externality explains the benefit or cost incurred by a third party who was not a party to the reasoning behind the benefit or cost. This will also lead to offer of a […]
- The Cultural Differences of the Tobacco Smoking The Middle East culture is connected to the hookah, the Native American cultures use pipes, and the Canadian culture is linked to cigarettes.
- Dangers of Smoking While Pregnant In this respect, T-test results show that mean birthweight of baby of the non-smoking mother is 3647 grams, while the birthweight of smoking mother is 3373 grams. Results show that gestation value and smoking habit […]
- “The Smoking Plant” Project: Artist Statement It is the case when the art is used to pass the important message to the observer. The live cigarette may symbolize the smokers while the plant is used to denote those who do not […]
- “Cigarette Smoking: An Overview” by Ellen Bailey and Nancy Sprague The authors of the article mentioned above have presented a fair argument about the effects of cigarette smoking and debate on banning the production and use of tobacco in America.
- Self-Efficacy and Smoking Urges in Homeless Individuals Pinsker et al.point out that the levels of self-efficacy and the severity of smoking urges change significantly during the smoking cessation treatment.
- Drinking, Smoking, and Violence in Queer Community Consequently, the inequality and discrimination against LGBTQ + students in high school harm their mental, emotional, and physical health due to the high level of stress and abuse of various substances that it causes.
- Legalizing Electronic Vaping as the Means of Curbing the Rates of Smoking However, due to significantly less harmful effects that vaping produces on health and physical development, I can be considered a legitimate solution to reducing the levels of smoking, which is why it needs to be […]
- Smoking Cessation for Patients With Cardio Disorders It highlights the key role of nurses in the success of such programs and the importance of their awareness and initiative in determining prognosis.
- Enforcement of Michigan’s Non-Smoking Law This paper is aimed at identifying a plan and strategy for the enforcement of the Michigan non-smoking law that has recently been signed by the governor of this state.
- Preterm Birth and Maternal Smoking in Pregnancy The major finding of the discussed research is that both preterm birth and maternal smoking during pregnancy contribute, although independently, to the aortic narrowing of adolescents.
- Smoking Cessation Program Evaluation in Dubai The most important program of this campaign is the Quit and Win campaign, which is a unique idea, launched by the DHCC and is in the form of an open contest.
- Long-Term Effects of Smoking The difference between passive smoking and active smoking lies in the fact that, the former involves the exposure of people to environmental tobacco smoke while the latter involves people who smoke directly.
- Cigarette Smoking Side Effects Nicotine is a highly venomous and addictive substance absorbed through the mucous membrane in the mouth as well as alveoli in the lungs.
- Smoking Differentials Across Social Classes The author inferred her affirmations from the participant’s words and therefore came to the right conclusion; that low income workers had the least justification for smoking and therefore took on a passive approach to their […]
- Health Campaign: Smoking in the USA and How to Reduce It That is why, the government is oriented to complete such objectives associated with the tobacco use within the nation as the reduction of tobacco use by adults and adolescents, reduction of initiation of tobacco use […]
- Healthy People Program: Smoking Issue in Wisconsin That is why to respond to the program’s effective realization, it is important to discuss the particular features of the target population in the definite community of Wisconsin; to focus on the community-based response to […]
- Public Health Education: Anti-smoking Project The workshop initiative aimed to achieve the following objectives: To assess the issues related to smoking and tobacco use. To enhance the health advantages of clean air spaces.
- Risks of Smoking Cigarettes Among Preteens Despite the good news that the number of preteen smokers has been significantly reducing since the 1990s, there is still much to be done as the effects of smoking are increasingly building an unhealthy population […]
- Smoking Among the Youth Population Between 12-25 Years I will use the theory to strengthen the group’s beliefs and ideas about smoking. I will inform the group about the relationship between smoking and human health.
- Marketing Plan: Creating a Smoking Cessation Program for Newton Healthcare Center The fourth objective is to integrate a smoking cessation program that covers the diagnosis of smoking, counseling of smokers, and patient care system to help the smokers quit their smoking habits. The comprehensive healthcare needs […]
- Smoking and Cancer in the United States In this research study, data on tobacco smoking and cancer prevalence in the United States was used to determine whether cancer in the United States is related to tobacco smoking tobacco.
- Nursing Interventions for Smoking Cessation For instance, the authors are able to recognize the need to classify the level of intensity in respect to the intervention that is employed by nurses towards smoking cessation.
- Maternal Mental Health and Prenatal Smoking It was important to determine the variables that may lead to postpartum relapse or a relapse during the period of pregnancy. It is important to note that the findings are also consistent with the popular […]
- Health Promotion and Smoking Cessation I will also complete a wide range of activities in an attempt to support the agency’s goals. As well, new studies will be conducted in order to support the proposed programs.
- Smoking and Lung Cancer Among African Americans Primarily, the research paper provides insight on the significance of the issue to the African Americans and the community health nurses.
- Pulmonology: Emphysema Caused by Smoking The further development of emphysema in CH can lead to such complications caused by described pathological processes as pneumothorax that is associated with the air surrounding the lungs.
- “50-Year Trends in Smoking-Related Mortality in the United States” by Thun et al. Thun is affiliated with the American Cancer Society, but his research interests cover several areas. Carter is affiliated with the American Cancer Society, Epidemiology Research Program.
- Analysis of the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act The law ensures that the FDA has the power to tackle issues of interest to the public such as the use of tobacco by minors.
- Smoking in the Actuality The current use of aggressive marketing and advertising strategies has continued to support the smoking of e-cigarettes. The study has also indicated that “the use of such e-cigarettes may contribute to the normalization of smoking”.
- Lifestyle Management While Quitting Smoking
- Advocating for Smoking Cessation: Health Professional Role
- Cigarette Smoking Among Teenagers in the Baltimore Community, Maryland
- Smoking Cessation Clinic Analysis
- Poland’s Smoking Culture From Nursing Perspective
- On Why One Should Stop Smoking
- Smoking and Drinking: Age Factor in the US
- Nicotine Replacement Therapy for Adult Smokers With a Psychiatric Disorder
- Outdoor Smoking Ban in Public Areas of the Community
- Introducing Smoking Cessation Program: 5 A’s Intervention Plan
- E-Cigarettes and Smoking Cessation
- Integration of Smoking Cessation Into Daily Nursing Practice
- Smoking Health Problem Assessment
- Health Promotion Plan: Smokers in Mississippi
- The Stop Smoking Movement Analysis
- The Culture of Smoking Changed in Poland
- Smoking: Benefits or Harms?
- Smoking Cessation Programs Through the Wheel of Community Organizing
- Peer Pressure and Smoking Influence on Teenagers
- Tackling Teenage Smoking in Community
- A Peer Intervention Program to Reduce Smoking Rates Among LGBTQ
- How Smoking Is Harmful to Your Health
- Maternal and Infant Health: Smoking Prevention Strategies
- Smoking Cessation and Health Promotion Plan
- Smoking Cessation Project Implementation
- Smoking as a Risk Factor for Lung Cancer
- Anti-Smoking Communication Campaign’s Analysis
- Aspects of Anti-Smoking Advertising
- Drug Addiction in Teenagers: Smoking and Other Lifestyles
- Smoking Prevalence in Bankstown, Australia
- Anti-Smoking Policy in Australia and the US
- Smoking and the Pandemic in West Virginia
- Smoking as a Predictor of Underachievement
- Smoking and Stress Among Veterans
- Quitting Smoking and Related Health Benefits
- Smoking Cessation Therapy: Effectiveness of Electronic Cigarettes
- Smoking Public Education Campaign Assessment
- Smoking as a Community Issue: The Influence of Smoking
- Investing Savings from Quitting Smoking: A Financial Analysis
- Are Estimated Peer Effects on Smoking Robust?
- Are There Safe Smoking and Tobacco Options?
- What Are the Health Risks of Smoking?
- Does Cigarette Smoking Affect Body Weight?
- Does Cigarette Smuggling Prop Up Smoking Rates?
- What Foods Help You Quit Smoking?
- How Can People Relax Without Smoking?
- Does Education Affect Smoking Behaviors?
- Is Vaping Worse Than Smoking?
- Do Movies Affect Teen Smoking?
- What Is Worse: Drinking or Smoking?
- Does Smoking Affect Breathing Capacity?
- Does Smoking Cause Lung Cancer?
- Does Having More Children Increase the Likelihood of Parental Smoking?
- Does Smoking Cigarettes Relieve Stress?
- Does Time Preference Affect Smoking Behavior?
- How Does Smoking Affect Cardiovascular Endurance?
- How Hypnosis Can Help You Quit Smoking?
- How Does Smoking Affect Brain?
- How Nicotine Affects Your Quit Smoking Victory?
- How Does Secondhand Smoking Affect Us?
- Why Is Smoking Addictive?
- How Smoking Bans Are Bad for Business?
- Why Smoking Should Not Be Permitted in Restaurants?
- Why Public Smoking Should Be Banned?
- Why Has Cigarette Smoking Become So Prominent Within the American Culture?
- What Makes Smoking and Computers Similar?
- Does Smoking Affect Schooling?
- What Effects Can Cigarette Smoking Have on the Respiratory System?
- What Are the Most Prevalent Dangers of Smoking and Drinking?
- Chicago (A-D)
- Chicago (N-B)
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1. IvyPanda . "229 Smoking Essay Topics & Examples." October 26, 2023. https://ivypanda.com/essays/topic/smoking-essay-examples/.
IvyPanda . "229 Smoking Essay Topics & Examples." October 26, 2023. https://ivypanda.com/essays/topic/smoking-essay-examples/.
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