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7 Essays About Poverty: Example Essays and Prompts

Essays about poverty give valuable insight into the economic situation that we share globally. Read our guide with poverty essay examples and prompts for your paper.

In the US, the official poverty rate in 2022 was 11.5 percent, with 37.9 million people living below the poverty line. With a global pandemic, cost of living crisis, and climate change on the rise, we’ve seen poverty increase due to various factors. As many of us face adversity daily, we can look to essays about poverty from some of the world’s greatest speakers for inspiration and guidance.

There is nothing but a lack of social vision to prevent us from paying an adequate wage to every American citizen whether he be a hospital worker, laundry worker, maid or day laborer. There is nothing except shortsightedness to prevent us from guaranteeing an annual minimum—and livable—income for every American family. Martin Luther King Jr., Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community?

Writing a poverty essay can be challenging due to the many factors contributing to poverty and the knock-on effects of living below the poverty line . For example, homelessness among low-income individuals stems from many different causes.

It’s important to note that poverty exists beyond the US, with many developing countries living in extreme poverty without access to essentials like clean water and housing. For help with your essays, check out our round-up of the best essay checkers .

Essays About Poverty: Top Examples

1. pensioner poverty: fear of rise over decades as uk under-40s wealth falls, 2. the surprising poverty levels across the u.s., 3. why poverty persists in america, 4. post-pandemic poverty is rising in america’s suburbs.

  • 5. The Basic Facts About Children in Poverty
  • 6. The State of America’s Children 
  • 7. COVID-19: This is how many Americans now live below the poverty line

10 Poverty Essay Topics

1. the causes of poverty, 2. the negative effects of poverty, 3. how countries can reduce poverty rates, 4. the basic necessities and poverty, 5. how disabilities can lead to poverty, 6. how the cycle of poverty unfolds , 7. universal basic income and its relationship to poverty, 8. interview someone who has experience living in poverty, 9. the impact of the criminal justice system on poverty, 10. the different ways to create affordable housing.

There is growing concern about increasing pensioner poverty in the UK in the coming decades. Due to financial challenges like the cost of living crisis, rent increases, and the COVID-19 pandemic, under 40s have seen their finances shrink.

Osborne discusses the housing wealth gap in this article, where many under the 40s currently pay less in a pension due to rent prices. While this means they will have less pension available, they will also retire without owning a home, resulting in less personal wealth than previous generations. Osborne delves into the causes and gaps in wealth between generations in this in-depth essay.

“Those under-40s have already been identified as  facing the biggest hit from rising mortgage rates , and last week a study by the financial advice firm Hargreaves Lansdown found that almost a third of 18- to 34-year-olds had stopped or cut back on their pension contributions in order to save money.” Hilary Osborne,  The Guardian

In this 2023 essay, Jeremy Ney looks at the poverty levels across the US, stating that poverty has had the largest one-year increase in history. According to the most recent census, child poverty has more than doubled from 2021 to 2022.

Ney states that the expiration of government support and inflation has created new financial challenges for US families. With the increased cost of living and essential items like food and housing sharply increasing, more and more families have fallen below the poverty line. Throughout this essay, Ney displays statistics and data showing the wealth changes across states, ethnic groups, and households.

“Poverty in America reflects the inequality that plagues U.S. households. While certain regions have endured this pain much more than others, this new rising trend may spell ongoing challenges for even more communities.” Jeremy Ney,  TIME

Essays About Poverty: How countries can reduce poverty rates?

In this New York Times article, a Pulitzer Prize-winning sociologist explores why poverty exists in North America.

The American poor have access to cheap, mass-produced goods, as every American does. But that doesn’t mean they can access what matters most. Matthew Desmond,  The New York Times

The U.S. Census Bureau recently released its annual data on poverty, revealing contrasting trends for 2022. While one set of findings indicated that the overall number of Americans living in poverty remained stable compared to the previous two years, another survey highlighted a concerning increase in child poverty. The rate of child poverty in the U.S. doubled from 2021 to 2022, a spike attributed mainly to the cessation of the expanded child tax credit following the pandemic. These varied outcomes underscore the Census Bureau’s multifaceted methods to measure poverty.

“The nation’s suburbs accounted for the majority of increases in the poor population following the onset of the pandemic” Elizabeth Kneebone and Alan Berube,  Brookings

5.  The Basic Facts About Children in Poverty

Nearly 11 million children are living in poverty in America. This essay explores ow the crisis reached this point—and what steps must be taken to solve it.

“In America, nearly 11 million children are poor. That’s 1 in 7 kids, who make up almost one-third of all people living in poverty in this country.” Areeba Haider,  Center for American Progress

6.  The State of America’s Children  

This essay articles how, despite advancements, children continue to be the most impoverished demographic in the U.S., with particular subgroups — such as children of color, those under five, offspring of single mothers, and children residing in the South — facing the most severe poverty levels.

“Growing up in poverty has wide-ranging, sometimes lifelong, effects on children, putting them at a much higher risk of experiencing behavioral, social, emotional, and health challenges. Childhood poverty also plays an instrumental role in impairing a child’s ability and capacity to learn, build skills, and succeed academically.” Children’s Defense Fund

7.  COVID-19: This is how many Americans now live below the poverty line

This essay explores how the economic repercussions of the coronavirus pandemic 2020 led to a surge in U.S. poverty rates, with unemployment figures reaching unprecedented heights. The writer provides data confirming that individuals at the lowest economic strata bore the brunt of these challenges, indicating that the recession might have exacerbated income disparities, further widening the chasm between the affluent and the underprivileged.

“Poverty in the U.S. increased in 2020 as the coronavirus pandemic hammered the economy and unemployment soared. Those at the bottom of the economic ladder were hit hardest, new figures confirm, suggesting that the recession may have widened the gap between the rich and the poor.” Elena Delavega,  World Econmic Forum

If you’re tasked with writing an essay about poverty, consider using the below topics. They offer pointers for outlining and planning an essay about this challenging topic.

One of the most specific poverty essay topics to address involves the causes of poverty. You can craft an essay to examine the most common causes of extreme poverty. Here are a few topics you might want to include:

  • Racial discrimination, particularly among African Americans, has been a common cause of poverty throughout American history. Discrimination and racism can make it hard for people to get the education they need, making it nearly impossible to get a job.
  • A lack of access to adequate health care can also lead to poverty. When people do not have access to healthcare, they are more likely to get sick. This could make it hard for them to go to work while also leading to major medical bills.
  • Inadequate food and water can lead to poverty as well. If people’s basic needs aren’t met, they focus on finding food and water instead of getting an education they can use to find a better job.

These are just a few of the most common causes of poverty you might want to highlight in your essay. These topics could help people see why some people are more likely to become impoverished than others. You might also be interested in these essays about poverty .

Poverty affects everyone, and the impacts of an impoverished lifestyle are very real. Furthermore, the disparities when comparing adult poverty to child poverty are also significant. This opens the doors to multiple possible essay topics. Here are a few points to include:

  • When children live in poverty, their development is stunted. For example, they might not be able to get to school on time due to a lack of transportation, making it hard for them to keep up with their peers. Child poverty also leads to malnutrition, which can stunt their development.
  • Poverty can impact familial relationships as well. For example, members of the same family could fight for limited resources, making it hard for family members to bond. In addition, malnutrition can stunt the growth of children.
  • As a side effect of poverty, people have difficulty finding a safe place to live. This creates a challenging environment for everyone involved, and it is even harder for children to grow and develop.
  • When poverty leads to homelessness, it is hard for someone to get a job. They don’t have an address to use for physical communication, which leads to employment concerns.

These are just a few of the many side effects of poverty. Of course, these impacts are felt by people across the board, but it is not unusual for children to feel the effects of poverty that much more. You might also be interested in these essays about unemployment .

Different countries take different approaches to reduce the number of people living in poverty

The issue of poverty is a major human rights concern, and many countries explore poverty reduction strategies to improve people’s quality of life. You might want to examine different strategies that different countries are taking while also suggesting how some countries can do more. A few ways to write this essay include:

  • Explore the poverty level in America, comparing it to the poverty level of a European country. Then, explore why different countries take different strategies.
  • Compare the minimum wage in one state, such as New York, to the minimum wage in another state, such as Alabama. Why is it higher in one state? What does raising the minimum wage do to the cost of living?
  • Highlight a few advocacy groups and nonprofit organizations actively lobbying their governments to do more for low-income families. Then, talk about why some efforts are more successful than others.

Different countries take different approaches to reduce the number of people living in poverty. Poverty within each country is such a broad topic that you could write a different essay on how poverty could be decreased within the country. For more, check out our list of simple essays topics for intermediate writers .

You could also write an essay on the necessities people need to survive. You could take a look at information published by the United Nations , which focuses on getting people out of the cycle of poverty across the globe. The social problem of poverty can be addressed by giving people the necessities they need to survive, particularly in rural areas. Here are some of the areas you might want to include:

  • Affordable housing
  • Fresh, healthy food and clean water
  • Access to an affordable education
  • Access to affordable healthcare

Giving everyone these necessities could significantly improve their well-being and get people out of absolute poverty. You might even want to talk about whether these necessities vary depending on where someone is living.

There are a lot of medical and social issues that contribute to poverty, and you could write about how disabilities contribute to poverty. This is one of the most important essay topics because people could be disabled through no fault of their own. Some of the issues you might want to address in this essay include:

  • Talk about the road someone faces if they become disabled while serving overseas. What is it like for people to apply for benefits through the Veterans’ Administration?
  • Discuss what happens if someone becomes disabled while at work. What is it like for someone to pursue disability benefits if they are hurt doing a blue-collar job instead of a desk job?
  • Research and discuss the experiences of disabled people and how their disability impacts their financial situation.

People who are disabled need to have money to survive for many reasons, such as the inability to work, limitations at home, and medical expenses. A lack of money, in this situation, can lead to a dangerous cycle that can make it hard for someone to be financially stable and live a comfortable lifestyle.

Many people talk about the cycle of poverty, yet many aren’t entirely sure what this means or what it entails. A few key points you should address in this essay include:

  • When someone is born into poverty, income inequality can make it hard to get an education.
  • A lack of education makes it hard for someone to get into a good school, which gives them the foundation they need to compete for a good job. 
  • A lack of money can make it hard for someone to afford college, even if they get into a good school.
  • Without attending a good college, it can be hard for someone to get a good job. This makes it hard for someone to support themselves or their families. 
  • Without a good paycheck, it is nearly impossible for someone to keep their children out of poverty, limiting upward mobility into the middle class.

The problem of poverty is a positive feedback loop. It can be nearly impossible for those who live this every day to escape. Therefore, you might want to explore a few initiatives that could break the cycle of world poverty and explore other measures that could break this feedback loop.

Many business people and politicians have floated the idea of a universal basic income to give people the basic resources they need to survive. While this hasn’t gotten a lot of serious traction, you could write an essay to shed light on this idea. A few points to hit on include:

  • What does a universal basic income mean, and how is it distributed?
  • Some people are concerned about the impact this would have on taxes. How would this be paid for?
  • What is the minimum amount of money someone would need to stay out of poverty? Is it different in different areas?
  • What are a few of the biggest reasons major world governments haven’t passed this?

This is one of the best essay examples because it gives you a lot of room to be creative. However, there hasn’t been a concrete structure for implementing this plan, so you might want to afford one.

Another interesting topic you might want to explore is interviewing someone living in poverty or who has been impoverished. While you can talk about statistics all day, they won’t be as powerful as interviewing someone who has lived that life. A few questions you might want to ask during your interview include:

  • What was it like growing up?
  • How has living in poverty made it hard for you to get a job?
  • What do you feel people misunderstand about those who live in poverty?
  • When you need to find a meal, do you have a place you go to? Or is it somewhere different every day?
  • What do you think is the main contributor to people living in poverty?

Remember that you can also craft different questions depending on your responses. You might want to let the interviewee read the essay when you are done to ensure all the information is accurate and correct.

The criminal justice system and poverty tend to go hand in hand. People with criminal records are more likely to be impoverished for several reasons. You might want to write an essay that hits on some of these points:

  • Discuss the discriminatory practices of the criminal justice system both as they relate to socioeconomic status and as they relate to race.
  • Explore just how hard it is for someone to get a job if they have a criminal record. Discuss how this might contribute to a life of poverty.
  • Dive into how this creates a positive feedback loop. For example, when someone cannot get a job due to a criminal record, they might have to steal to survive, which worsens the issue.
  • Review what the criminal justice system might be like for someone with resources when compared to someone who cannot afford to hire expert witnesses or pay for a good attorney.

You might want to include a few examples of disparate sentences for people in different socioeconomic situations to back up your points. 

The different ways to create affordable housing

Affordable housing can make a major difference when someone is trying to escape poverty

Many poverty-related problems could be reduced if people had access to affordable housing. While the cost of housing has increased dramatically in the United States , some initiatives exist to create affordable housing. Here are a few points to include:

  • Talk about public programs that offer affordable housing to people from disadvantaged backgrounds.
  • Discuss private programs, such as Habitat for Humanity , doing similar things.
  • Review the positive impacts that stable housing has on both adults and children.
  • Dive into other measures local and federal governments could take to provide more affordable housing for people.

There are a lot of political and social angles to address with this essay, so you might want to consider spreading this out across multiple papers. Affordable housing can make a major difference when trying to escape poverty. If you want to learn more, check out our essay writing tips !

essay writing on poverty

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Human Rights Careers

5 Essays About Poverty Everyone Should Know

Poverty is one of the driving forces of inequality in the world. Between 1990-2015, much progress was made. The number of people living on less than $1.90 went from 36% to 10%. However, according to the World Bank , the COVID-19 pandemic represents a serious problem that disproportionately impacts the poor. Research released in February of 2020 shows that by 2030, up to ⅔ of the “global extreme poor” will be living in conflict-affected and fragile economies. Poverty will remain a major human rights issue for decades to come. Here are five essays about the issue that everyone should know:

“We need an economic bill of rights” –  Martin Luther King Jr.

The Guardian published an abridged version of this essay in 2018, which was originally released in Look magazine just after Dr. King was killed. In this piece, Dr. King explains why an economic bill of rights is necessary. He points out that while mass unemployment within the black community is a “social problem,” it’s a “depression” in the white community. An economic bill of rights would give a job to everyone who wants one and who can work. It would also give an income to those who can’t work. Dr. King affirms his commitment to non-violence. He’s fully aware that tensions are high. He quotes a spiritual, writing “timing is winding up.” Even while the nation progresses, poverty is getting worse.

This essay was reprinted and abridged in The Guardian in an arrangement with The Heirs to the Estate of Martin Luther King. Jr. The most visible representative of the Civil Rights Movement beginning in 1955, Dr. King was assassinated in 1968. His essays and speeches remain timely.

“How Poverty Can Follow Children Into Adulthood” – Priyanka Boghani

This article is from 2017, but it’s more relevant than ever because it was written when 2012 was the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression. That’s no longer the case. In 2012, around ¼ American children were in poverty. Five years later, children were still more likely than adults to be poor. This is especially true for children of colour. Consequences of poverty include anxiety, hunger, and homelessness. This essay also looks at the long-term consequences that come from growing up in poverty. A child can develop health problems that affect them in adulthood. Poverty can also harm a child’s brain development. Being aware of how poverty affects children and follows them into adulthood is essential as the world deals with the economic fallout from the pandemic.

Priyanka Boghani is a journalist at PBS Frontline. She focuses on U.S. foreign policy, humanitarian crises, and conflicts in the Middle East. She also assists in managing Frontline’s social accounts.

“5 Reasons COVID-19 Will Impact the Fight to End Extreme Poverty” – Leah Rodriguez

For decades, the UN has attempted to end extreme poverty. In the face of the novel coronavirus outbreak, new challenges threaten the fight against poverty. In this essay, Dr. Natalie Linos, a Harvard social epidemiologist, urges the world to have a “social conversation” about how the disease impacts poverty and inequality. If nothing is done, it’s unlikely that the UN will meet its Global Goals by 2030. Poverty and COVID-19 intersect in five key ways. For one, low-income people are more vulnerable to disease. They also don’t have equal access to healthcare or job stability. This piece provides a clear, concise summary of why this outbreak is especially concerning for the global poor.

Leah Rodriguez’s writing at Global Citizen focuses on women, girls, water, and sanitation. She’s also worked as a web producer and homepage editor for New York Magazine’s The Cut.

“Climate apartheid”: World’s poor to suffer most from disasters” – Al Jazeera and news Agencies

The consequences of climate change are well-known to experts like Philip Alston, the special rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights. In 2019, he submitted a report to the UN Human Rights Council sounding the alarm on how climate change will devastate the poor. While the wealthy will be able to pay their way out of devastation, the poor will not. This will end up creating a “climate apartheid.” Alston states that if climate change isn’t addressed, it will undo the last five decades of progress in poverty education, as well as global health and development .

“Nickel and Dimed: On (not) getting by in America” – Barbara Ehrenreich

In this excerpt from her book Nickel and Dimed, Ehrenreich describes her experience choosing to live undercover as an “unskilled worker” in the US. She wanted to investigate the impact the 1996 welfare reform act had on the working poor. Released in 2001, the events take place between the spring of 1998 and the summer of 2000. Ehrenreich decided to live in a town close to her “real life” and finds a place to live and a job. She has her eyes opened to the challenges and “special costs” of being poor. In 2019, The Guardian ranked the book 13th on their list of 100 best books of the 21st century.

Barbara Ehrenreich is the author of 21 books and an activist. She’s worked as an award-winning columnist and essayist.

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About the author, emmaline soken-huberty.

Emmaline Soken-Huberty is a freelance writer based in Portland, Oregon. She started to become interested in human rights while attending college, eventually getting a concentration in human rights and humanitarianism. LGBTQ+ rights, women’s rights, and climate change are of special concern to her. In her spare time, she can be found reading or enjoying Oregon’s natural beauty with her husband and dog.

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Poverty: A Very Short Introduction

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Poverty: A Very Short Introduction

1 (page 1) p. 1 Introduction

  • Published: July 2018
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Poverty is a global issue. There are people in every country with a standard of living that is significantly lower than that of others. Nevertheless, the absolute number of people living in poverty has decreased since 1990, especially in the poorest countries in the world. Therefore, there is reason to hope that further poverty reduction can occur. The Introduction outlines the pervasiveness and trends in poverty around the world; the many different causes of poverty that embed themselves in social, political, economic, educational, and technological processes, which affect all of us from birth to death; and considers why poverty matters. Overall, the economy suffers if systematic public policy does not address poverty.

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Essay about Poverty Causes and Effects: Writing Guide and Topics

Poverty is a dreaded term, and the thought of its visitation elicits nasty reactions. As a high school, college, or university student, you must be well-versed in how to write an essay about poverty causes and effects. As it is a cause-and-effect essay , at least mostly, you must come up with supporting ideas for the causes and effects of poverty.

Sometimes, it can be descriptive causes of poverty essays. So when asked to write a short essay on poverty, you should first understand your writing type.

Writing a good poverty essay needs time and dedication. Getting a topic is never guaranteed as most people have always chosen the best. However, you can get a topic for your poverty essay with creativity and critical thinking.

In this article, apart from offering free topics for poverty essays, we advise you on how to write such essays. When you need help, too, our custom essay writing service is ready to help.

How to Begin a Poverty Essa (An Eye-Catching Introduction)

We can never tire reiterating that any essay begins with a sound, clear, and concise introduction. In your introduction, here are some questions to ask yourself:

  • What is poverty?
  • What are the causes of poverty?
  • What are the causes and effects of poverty?
  • What are the different eradication strategies for poverty?
  • How many people are affected by poverty globally?

The above questions can also be part of the topic ideas for your poverty essay.

The introduction should also have an elaborate poverty essay thesis. The poverty thesis should highlight the gist of the entire essay in either one or two sentences. It helps the reader identify the plan and intention of the essayist when writing a poverty essay.

Your introduction should also have some statistics to show the gravity of the issue globally. And when using quoted statistics, ensure they are recent, from a scholarly source, and well-referenced.

If you write an argumentative or persuasive essay on poverty, follow the right introduction to the poverty essay format.

How to Format/Outline a Poverty Essay

When writing a cause-and-effect essay on poverty, a persuasive poverty essay, or an essay on the causes of poverty, an outline precedes the other sections.

Your global poverty essay should begin with a great topic. After the topic, outline the introduction.

The body paragraphs come immediately after the introduction. Depending on the length of the poverty essay, it can follow the five-paragraph format. The body paragraphs should contain one idea. For instance, if you are writing a short essay on poverty in the world, your ideas can be poor governance, lack of education, and climate change. Those points should be in their paragraphs.

If it is How to end poverty essay, some potential considerations would be policy changes, education, fair sharing of resources, and environmental conservation.  The same applies when writing a short essay on helping the poor.

30 Suitable Topics for Essays on Poverty

Here is a list of some suitable poverty essay topics. They can help you brainstorm for the best topics or better yet you can choose and use them in your essays, research papers, theses, and dissertations.

  • Child poverty and its impact on growth and development
  • Is poverty inevitable?
  • Is there a nexus between poverty and world hunger?
  • Explore the causes and consequences of poverty in India.
  • What are the most successful nations in eradicating poverty?
  • Which countries have the highest poverty index?
  • The impacts of poverty in our society.
  • Poverty definition essay.
  • Real-life examples of poverty.
  • Poverty as a multifaceted issue.
  • Exploring the American stagnant poverty line
  • The connection between poverty and homelessness
  • How poverty affects aboriginal communities
  • Poverty in contemporary society.
  • Poverty and crime rates.
  • Prejudice and poverty.
  • How poverty affects the progress of students
  • Does terrorism cause poverty?
  • Wars and poverty: A case study of Congo, Somali, and Iraq.
  • Human Conflict and Poverty.
  • How the United Nations and the Red Cross are fighting Poverty.
  • State and Non-state actors in poverty eradication.
  • Family planning and poverty.
  • Poverty and access to quality healthcare.
  • The link between culture and poverty.
  • Does poverty in a nation depict poor governance?
  • How poverty acts as a factor in human trafficking and prostitution.
  • How is poverty measured?
  • Capitalism and poverty?
  • The Role of the Great Depression on Poverty.

Related Reading: Informative speech topics and ideas.

Concluding an Essay on Poverty (Leave the Audience Yearning for More)

Now, even after writing an excellent poverty essay, it must end. You don't bring it to an end anyhow. Instead, you will have a closing sentence that signals the reader that the essay, albeit great, is ending.

The best thing to do here is to highlight the essay's main points. Choose the best words to use when summarizing ideas. Again, you will need to restate the thesis in a reinvented format this time.

Make the conclusion memorable, like the introduction to your essay about poverty. You will score the best grades when you balance the introduction, body, and conclusion.

If you cannot find ideas for writing a poverty essay, our professional paper writers can help you. We are a known paper writing service .

From research papers to essays, term papers, thesis, thesis proposals, dissertations, dissertations, and research paper proposals, GradeCrest has experts in any field. Get a custom essay that is professionally done.

If you have written a poverty essay and need some editing, we can correct your poverty essay fast. Get to submit a paper that is devoid of plagiarism, relevant, and informative. After all, there are many reasons  people seek essay writing services .

Useful Resources:

  • Facts on Poverty
  • Poverty World Clock (Real-time poverty index calculator)
  • Defining Poverty
  • Eradicating poverty

essay writing on poverty

Gradecrest is a professional writing service that provides original model papers. We offer personalized services along with research materials for assistance purposes only. All the materials from our website should be used with proper references. See our Terms of Use Page for proper details.

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Essay on Poverty: Samples in 100, 200, 300 Words

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  • Oct 14, 2023

Essay on poverty

Poverty is a deep-rooted problem that continues to affect a large portion of the world’s population today. It touches on several aspects of human life including but not limited to political, economic, and social elements. Even though there are several methods to escape poverty, still issues arise due to a lack of adequate unity among the country’s citizens. Here are some essays on poverty which will give you insights about this topic.

This Blog Includes:

Essay on poverty in 100 words, essay on poverty in 200 words, reasons behind poverty, world poverty conditions, role of ngos to eradicate poverty, what can be done by us.

Poverty is defined as a state of scarcity, and the lack of material possessions to such an extreme extent that people have difficulties in fulfilling their basic needs. Robert McNamara, a former World Bank President, states that extreme poverty is limited by illiteracy, malnutrition, disease, high infant mortality rate, squalid conditions of living, and low life expectancy.

In order to eradicate poverty in a country, strict measures need to be taken on all levels. The political system needs to address this issue with utmost sincerity and strategic implementation in such a way that it improves the lives of people, especially the ones living below the poverty line. 

Also Read: Speech on Made in India

Poverty is like a parasite that degrades its host and eventually causes a lot of damage to the host. It is basically the scarcity of basic needs that leads to an extremely degraded life and even low life expectancy. It includes a lack of food, shelter, medication, education, and other basic necessities. Poverty is a more serious circumstance where people are forced to starve. It can be caused by a variety of factors depending upon the country. 

Every country that is hit with pandemic diseases, experiences an increase in poverty rates. This is because of the fact that poor people are unable to receive adequate medical care and hence are unable to maintain their health. This renders the people powerless and even puts their liberty in jeopardy. This is because of the fact that poor people can become trapped in a vicious cycle of servitude. The condition of poverty is a distressing one that causes pain, despair, and grief in the lives of the ones it affects. 

This is also a negative scenario that prevents a child from attending basic education. It’s the lack of money that prevents people from living sufficiently. Also, it is the cause of more serious social concerns such as slavery, child labour, etc. Hence action is needed on the same with utmost sincerity. 

Essay on Poverty in 300 words

Poverty is a multifaceted concept that includes several aspects such as social aspects, political elements, economic aspects, etc. It is basically associated with undermining a variety of essential human attributes such as health, education, etc. Despite the growth and development of the economies of countries, poverty still exists in almost every one of them. 

There are several contributing reasons behind poverty in a nation. Some of them are mentioned below:-

  • Lack of literacy among citizens
  • Lack of Capital in the country
  • Large families and a rapidly growing population
  • Limited employment opportunities

There are even urban areas where the slum population is increasing. These are deprived of many basic amenities such as sanitation, drainage systems, and low-cost water supply, etc. 

According to UNICEF , around 22000 children lose their lives each day due to poverty. There are approximately 1.9 billion children in developing countries in the world and India is also among them. Out of these, approximately 640 million don’t have a proper shelter, 270 million are living without medical facilities, and approximately 400 million don’t have access to safe water. This worldwide situation is growing at a fast pace. 

The approaches by NGOs basically include helping the poor by providing various public services such as medical services etc.

They also play a major role in mobilizing the services recommended by the government. They have various approaches and strategies that directly help the poor in various ways.

We help in eradicating poverty by increasing employment opportunities.

Ensuring financial services and providing the same is another such measure that can be taken.

Recognizing social entrepreneurs as people of influence, conveying to them the seriousness of this situation, and then eventually making people aware of the same is another thing that can be done. 

Related Articles:

Essay on Agriculture

Essay on Football

Essay on Isaac Newton

Essay on Knowledge is Power

Writing an essay on poverty in 200 words requires you to describe various aspects of this topic such as what causes poverty, how it affects individuals and society as a whole, etc. The condition of poverty is a distressing one that causes pain, despair, and grief in the lives of the ones it affects.

An essay on poverty may be started as follows:- Poverty is a deep-rooted problem that continues to affect a large portion of the world’s population today. It touches on several aspects of human life including but not limited to political, economic, and social elements. Even though there are several methods to escape poverty, still issues arise due to a lack of adequate unity among the country’s citizens.

Poverty in 100 words: Poverty is defined as a state of scarcity, and the lack of material possessions to such an extreme extent that people have difficulties in fulfilling their basic needs. Robert McNamara, a former World Bank President, states that extreme poverty is limited by illiteracy, malnutrition, disease, high infant mortality rate, squalid conditions of living, and low life expectancy. In order to eradicate poverty in a country, strict measures need to be taken on all levels. The political system needs to address this issue with utmost sincerity and strategic implementation in such a way that it improves the lives of people, especially the ones living below the poverty line.

For more information on such interesting topics, visit our essay writing page and follow Leverage Edu .

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  • Poverty Essay for Students in English

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Essay on Poverty

Poverty is a disease that has no cure. The deeper this disease is, the deeper its wound. By the way, man lives under compulsion. But usually one wants to avoid it. Poverty is a condition of extreme poverty for any person or human being. This is a situation when a person starts to lack important things in his life such as the roof, necessary food, clothes, medicines, etc. to continue his life.

The causes of poverty are excessive population, fatal and contagious diseases, natural disasters, low agricultural yields, unemployment, casteism, illiteracy, gender inequality, environmental problems, changing trends in the economy of the country, untouchability, little or limited access to people's rights, Problems such as political violence, sponsored crime, corruption, lack of encouragement, inaction, ancient social beliefs, etc. have to be faced.

Poverty has become a big problem of the world, efforts are being made across the world today to remove poverty, but the problem is that it does not take the name of ending. This problem affects a human's economic and daily life. Poverty teaches man to live like a slave in which he has to change the place over time, in this situation due to the lack of education of the poor, his nature and speech also make a difference. Living in a world of poor people has become a curse. Getting enough money to get food is like getting relief from a curse for the poor, that's why they do not have access to education.

Reasons of Poverty

There are many reasons that have continued with carrying it for a long time. Because of this,  freedom, mental and physical fitness, and lack of security in a person remains. It is very important that in order to live a normal life, the country and the whole world will have to work together to bring proper physical and mental health, complete education, a home for everyone, and other important things.

In today's time, there is the problem of poverty which gives all the pain, pain, and despair to the poor. Due to the lack of money from poverty, I show the lack of many things. Poverty makes children spend life in compulsion. If forced to make bread, sometimes in bringing children's books. At that time he is also unable to raise children.

We can tell poverty in many ways like it has become a common thing in India. Most of the people here are unable to get the things they need. Here a vast section of the population is illiterate, hungry, and forced to live without clothes and a home. About half of India's population suffers from this epidemic of poverty.

A poor person lives his life without possession of basic things like food for two times, clean water, house, clothes, proper education, etc. There are many reasons for poverty in India. Incorrect distribution of national income is also a reason. People in the low-income group are much poorer than those in the high-income group. Children of poor families never get proper education, nutrition, and a happy childhood environment. The main cause of poverty is illiteracy, corruption, growing population, weak agriculture, the growing gap between rich and poverty, etc.

Measures to Control Poverty

Corruption has to be erased.

Unemployed will have to give proper employment

A growing population will have to be stopped

Farmers have to be given proper facilities for farming

Education should be provided to children for proper education

Poverty is not just a human problem but it is a national problem. It should be solved by implementing some effective methods on a quick basis. Every person should be united by ending corruption. A problem has been created in which he does not get even the basics. That is why at present, many measures are being taken to prevent poverty so that the standard of living of people around the world can be improved.

Short Essays on Poverty

Poverty is akin to being a slave, as a person cannot achieve anything he desires. It has various faces that alter depending on who you are, where you are, and when. It can be defined in various ways depending on how a person feels or experiences it.

Poverty is a state that no one wants to be in, but it must be removed owing to cultural norms, natural disasters, or a lack of adequate education. The individual who is experiencing it frequently wishes to flee. Poverty is a call for poor people to earn enough money to eat, have access to education, have adequate shelter, dress appropriately, and take steps to protect themselves from social and political violence.

It's a problem that goes unnoticed yet significantly impacts a person's social life. Poverty is an entirely avoidable problem, but there are various reasons why it has persisted in the past.

Poverty robs people of their freedom, mental health, physical well-being, and security. Everyone must strive to eradicate poverty from the country and the world, ensuring appropriate physical and mental health, full literacy, a home for all, and other necessities for living a simple life.

When a person cannot do anything according to his will, he is said to be in poverty. Many different faces alter depending on who you are, where you are, and time. It can be characterized in a variety of ways, depending on how the person feels or what they have achieved. Poverty is a circumstance that no one wants to be in, even if it is forced upon them due to a lack of experience, nature, natural disasters, or a lack of suitable education. Humans have won it, but they prefer to stay away from it. Poverty is a call for needed clothing and protection against social and political violence for the poor to earn enough money to buy food, receive an education, and find a suitable place to live.

This is an unseen problem that harms a person's social life. Even though numerous factors have contributed to its long-term persistence, poverty is a perfectly preventable problem. As a result, a person's freedom, mental and physical well-being, and sense of security are all compromised. It is critical to bring poverty and poverty from worldwide to work together to live everyday life, provide adequate physical and mental health, complete education, a home for everyone, and other essential things.

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FAQs on Poverty Essay for Students in English

1. What are the Effects of Poverty?

When people are not able to afford their basic necessities. For example medications and hospital fees are impossible to afford for that means they choose crook ways of obtaining money i.e. stealing, robbery, etc.  

2. What are the Possible Ways to Remove Poverty?

Since India is a developing country, eliminating poverty here is much tougher than in other countries but still some measures can be taken and government assistance would be much helpful in this step which requires some relevant planning and policies for those who fall under the poverty line. Another major factor of poverty is illiteracy and unemployment. Therefore education is the most efficient tool to confine the poverty line in the country. 

3. What is the Poverty Line?

The Below Poverty Line (BPL) signifies the state of people who fall under poverty status. It also symbolizes an economic drawback. In addition, it is used for people who are in need of help and assistance from the government.

4. What are the causes of poverty?

Poverty has several causes, including a lack of access to essentials such as water, food, shelter, education, and healthcare. Poverty is also caused by inequities such as gender or ethnic discrimination, bad governance, conflict, exploitation, and domestic violence. These disparities not only cause a person or a society to fall into poverty, but they can also prevent people from receiving social assistance that could help them get out of it. Due to political upheaval, past or present conflict, corrupt authorities, and lousy infrastructure that restricts access to education, clean water, healthcare, and other essentials, children and communities in fragile states confront greater poverty rates.

5. What can we do to put an end to extreme poverty?

We can aid in the eradication of extreme poverty by determining what causes it in a particular community and then determining what needs to change. Because poverty manifests itself differently in different regions and is caused by different circumstances, the work to end extreme poverty differs depending on the situation. More economic resources are needed to assist people in increasing their income and better providing for themselves and their families. To ensure that poverty does not return, the work must be sustainable, regardless of the solution. As a result, the community must be involved at every stage.

6. What criteria are used to assess poverty?

Each country's government determines poverty levels by conducting home surveys of its citizens. The World Bank, for example, assists and may conduct their surveys, although data collecting is time-consuming and slow. New high-frequency surveys are being created and tested, leveraging estimations and mobile phone technologies. If you want to learn more about these topics, download the Vedantu App that has been specifically designed and curated for students by experts.

7. What is the poverty cycle?

Poverty can be a catch-22 situation. To escape poverty, a person requires access to possibilities such as education, clean water, local medical services, and financial means. Poverty creates a generational cycle if these critical factors are not there. If parents cannot afford to take their children to school, they will struggle to find work when they grow up. Even natural disasters and conflicts can exacerbate the poverty cycle by bringing more people.

8. What are the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)?

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a set of goals for countries worldwide to work together in a global partnership for the benefit of people, the environment, and prosperity. The Sustainable Development Goals aim to abolish extreme poverty for all people everywhere by 2030 and to reduce the proportion of people living in poverty in all forms by at least half. In September 2015, the United Nations member states accepted this objective as one of 17 to end extreme poverty.

  • Poverty Essay

Poverty in India Essay

500+ words poverty in india essay.

Poverty is defined as a condition in which a person or family lacks the financial resources to afford a basic, minimum standard of living. Poor people don’t have adequate income; they can’t afford housing, health facilities and education which are essential for basic survival. So, poverty can be understood simply as a lack of money, or more broadly, barriers to everyday human life. With the help of this poverty essay, students will understand the meaning of poverty, the major causes of poverty and the efforts taken to eliminate poverty in India. So, students must go through this poverty in India essay in depth to get ideas on how to write effective essays and score high marks in exams.

What Causes Poverty?

There are various factors that are responsible for poverty. The major causes are unemployment, illiteracy, increasing population, and lack of proper education and training. As people are not able to find work for themselves, they are not able to earn their livelihood. Due to this, they lack access to basic education, health care, drinking water and sanitation. They are unable to feed their families and children. The other causes of poverty include war, natural disasters, political instability, etc. For example, World War II impacted many countries and they had to suffer from poverty for a long time. It took a lot of effort for such countries to recover their normal state. Similarly, natural disasters affect some areas so badly that poverty and hunger arise.

How is Poverty Measured in India?

The minimum expenditure (or income) required to purchase a basket of goods and services necessary to satisfy basic human needs is called the Poverty Line. Poverty can be measured in terms of the number of people living below this line. It is measured by the State Governments and information is provided by Below Poverty Line (BPL) censuses. Different countries use different measures for measuring poverty but the basic concept remains the same. The definition of the poverty line remains the same, i.e, consumption required for maintaining the minimum standard of living in a country.

Efforts to Eliminate Poverty

Earning income is the first step towards poverty eradication. Poverty can be eliminated by empowering people, and by giving them a good education that will prepare them to have a better career and future. With the help of education, people can get good jobs which allow them to earn a good living. In this way, they will be able to provide their children with a better life. People should be given easy access to transportation, information, communication, technologies, and other public facilities and services to help remove poverty.

The government has also taken several steps to eradicate poverty in India. It has launched various programmes and schemes such as the Five Years Programme, Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana, Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana etc. These programmes help to generate wage employment for the poor, unskilled people living in rural areas. The government also has social security programmes to help a few specific groups such as poor women, elder people, and widows. Apart from these government initiatives, citizens of India have to take an active part in eliminating poverty because it can’t be achieved by just a few people. It needs the support of everyone.

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Frequently asked Questions on Poverty in India Essay

How can poverty in india be abolished completely.

Abolishing poverty in India completely can be challenging. Steps should be taken to ensure equality in education so that everyone gets equal opportunities to find better livelihoods. Proper sanitation and water facility 3. Economic security and development

When was the first plan implemented for Poverty abolition?

The fifth five-year plan was first implemented in the year 1974-79 and since then the government has taken several steps and made many reservations to take this plan forward.

What is the relation between Poverty abolition and economic development?

Poverty abolition and economic development go hand in hand with each other and they are interlinked to each other. Eradication of poverty automatically improves the overall economic situation of a country.

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Poverty and Inequality in the World, Essay Example

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Poverty and inequality are two matters at all times influencing one another. Undoubtedly, where there is poverty there is also inequality happening on a social level.  These two terms, applied when discussing society in its entirety, are utilized to describe how inequality on an economical level affects social statuses, making room for let us say lucky groups, the ones able to afford almost anything and the unlucky, those who can barely make it from one day to another. Thereof, these two terms describe the cause and effect of the economic system, however complex it might be.

The main actors included in this process are, actually, the people living in the society and, also, the system at work in the society, by means of which people can or cannot get advantage insofar as to make their lives better. The actors included in the inequality process are, therefore, people on the one hand and, on the other hand, the economic system active in a particular society. This is exactly why the matter could not be discussed generally, but applied to each country in part.

The main focus of each scholar is that of identifying the most efficient strategies by means of each poverty to be avoided and inequality disposed of. However, given the complexity of the problem and the variety of variables which influence it, my standpoint is that no general strategy can be found, no strategy which, if applied anywhere, could solve such a sensitive matter. More precisely, distinct solutions should be sought and applied, afterwards, in each country in part.  I do not ignore the fact that relevant insights could be derived from one country which could aid solve the problem in another country, but that is not, under no circumstance, enough. In other words, global citizenship philosophy should be understood as the point of departure for the struggle of highlighting the efficient solutions towards eliminating inequality in societies.

Thereof, the main question I wish to bring to debate is that of identifying whether it would be more relevant that a united team of researchers would study a corpus of distinct societies in order to put together a strategy which would help eliminate inequality or that the same team of researchers would study the same country and its society, irrespective of the other insights derived from distinct societies, with the same scope. This question parts from the discussions in ”Globalization. A very short introduction”, by Manferd B. Steger. This made me realize that such a scope implies a numerous of variables to be taken into consideration and, however, contextualization, especially at a time in which globalization is rapidly escalating.

Probably, the most important aspect of such a research consists of the capabilities of the specialists of identifying the exact characteristics of each society in part which would affect, in any way, the rise of inequality. The presupposition stands clear. Each society has characteristics that influence the economic process, some of which are the great historical moments it went through, the collective mentality, the political system, the social intake of the differences between people, from the ways in which one can go from one social status to another until the way in which women are being viewed in comparison to men. Thereof, the question I propose stands relevant from the point of view that the strategy which, for example, would be applicable in a society in which women are expected to be paid far less than men occupying the very same positions would not be efficient in a society in which women are already highly emancipated and are not expected to be stay-at-home mothers for a long period of time.

Steger, B. “Manfred. Globalization: A Very Short Introduction.”

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how to reduce poverty essay

Poverty is a major problem that affects millions of people around the world. It can have devastating effects on individuals and communities, including poor health, limited access to education and job opportunities, and a lower standard of living. This essay will examine the various factors that contribute to poverty, and will provide a comprehensive approach to reducing poverty.

I. Understanding Poverty

A. What is Poverty?

Poverty is defined as the state of being without the basic necessities of life, such as food, shelter, and clothing. It can also refer to a lack of access to education, healthcare, and other important services.

B. Causes of Poverty

Poverty can be caused by a variety of factors, including economic, political, and social factors. Some common causes of poverty include low-paying jobs, lack of access to education, economic downturns, and political instability.

II. Approaches to Reducing Poverty

A. Economic Growth and Job Creation

One of the most effective ways to reduce poverty is to promote economic growth and job creation. This can be done by providing incentives for businesses to invest in areas with high poverty rates, and by creating job training and placement programs to help individuals find work.

B. Education and Skill Development

Education and skill development are also crucial for reducing poverty . By providing access to education and job training programs, individuals can gain the skills and knowledge they need to find better-paying jobs and increase their standard of living.

C. Access to Healthcare

Access to quality healthcare is another important factor in reducing poverty. By providing access to healthcare services, individuals and families can stay healthy and productive, and can avoid the financial burden of medical bills.

D. Social Safety Net Programs

Social safety net programs, such as food stamps and housing assistance, can help to mitigate the effects of poverty by providing support to individuals and families in need. These programs can help to provide basic necessities, such as food and shelter, and can help to alleviate the financial burden of living in poverty.

III. Implementing a Comprehensive Approach to Reducing Poverty

A. Collaboration between Governments, Nonprofits, and Private Sector

Reducing poverty requires a comprehensive and collaborative approach that involves the government, nonprofit organizations, and the private sector. Governments can provide financial support and create programs and policies to help reduce poverty, while nonprofit organizations can provide direct support and services to individuals and families in need. The private sector can provide jobs and investment, and can also support poverty reduction efforts through charitable giving and other initiatives.

B. Targeted and Evidence-Based Programs

In order to be effective, poverty reduction efforts must be targeted and evidence-based. This means that programs and policies must be designed and implemented based on data and evidence about what works and what does not.

C. Long-Term Planning and Investment

Reducing poverty requires long-term planning and investment. Programs and policies must be sustainable and must be designed with the goal of reducing poverty in the long term, rather than just providing short-term relief.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, poverty is a complex and widespread problem that requires a comprehensive approach to reducing poverty. By promoting economic growth and job creation, providing access to education and healthcare, and implementing targeted and evidence-based programs, we can work to reduce poverty and improve the standard of living for millions of people around the world.

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Poverty in India Essay for Students and Children

500+ words essay on poverty in india.

Poverty refers to a situation in which a person remain underprivileged from the basic necessities of life. In addition, the person does not have an inadequate supply of food, shelter, and clothes. In India, most of the people who are suffering from poverty cannot afford to pay for a single meal a day. Also, they sleep on the roadside; wear dirty old clothes. In addition, they do not get proper healthy and nutritious food, neither medicine nor any other necessary thing.

Poverty in India Essay

Causes of Poverty

The rate of poverty in India is increasing because of the increase in the urban population. The rural people are migrating to cities to find better employment. Most of these people find an underpaid job or an activity that pays only for their food. Most importantly, around crores of urban people are below the poverty line and many of the people are on the borderline of poverty.

Besides, a huge number of people live in low-lying areas or slums. These people are mostly illiterate and in spite of efforts their condition remains the same and there is no satisfactory result.

Furthermore, there are many reasons that we can say are the major cause of poverty in India. These causes include corruption, growing population, poor agriculture , the wide gap of rich and poor, old customs, illiteracy, unemployment and few more. A large section of people are engaged in an agricultural activity but the activity pays very less in comparison to the work done by employees.

Also, more population needs more food, houses and money and in the lack of these facilities the poverty grows very quickly. In addition, being extra poor and extra rich also widens the gap between the rich and poor.

Moreover, the rich are growing richer and the poor are getting poorer creating an economic gap that is difficult to fill up.

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Effects of Poverty

It affects people living in a lot of ways. Also, it has various effects that include illiteracy, reduced nutrition and diet, poor housing, child labor, unemployment , poor hygiene and lifestyle, and feminization of poverty, etc. Besides, this poor people cannot afford a healthy and balanced diet, nice clothes, proper education , a stable and clean house, etc. because all these facilities require money and they don’t even have money to feed two meals a day then how can they afford to pay for these facilities.

The Solutions for Ending Poverty

For solving the problem of poverty it is necessary for us to act quickly and correctly. Some of the ways of solving these problems are to provide proper facilities to farmers . So, that they can make agriculture profitable and do not migrate to cities in search of employment.

Also, illiterate people should be given the required training so that they can live a better life. To check the rising population, family planning should be followed. Besides, measures should be taken to end corruption, so that we can deal with the gap between rich and poor.

In conclusion, poverty is not the problem of a person but of the whole nation. Also, it should be deal with on an urgent basis by the implementation of effective measures. In addition, eradication of poverty has become necessary for the sustainable and inclusive growth of people, society, country, and economy .

FAQs about Poverty in India Essay

Q.1 List some ways to end poverty in India. A.1 Some ways to end poverty in India are:

  • Develop a national poverty reduction plan
  • Equal access to healthcare and education
  • Sanitation facility
  • Food, water, shelter, and clothing facility
  • Enhance economic growth with targeted action

Q.2 Which is the poorest state in India? A.2 Chhattisgarh is the poorest state of the country.

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English Compositions

Short Essay on Poverty [100, 200, 400 Words] With PDF

In this lesson, you will learn to write short essays on Poverty . Here I will be writing three sets of essays on the same topic covering different word limits relevant for various exams.

Table of Contents

Short essay on poverty in 100 words, short essay on poverty in 200 words, short essay on poverty in 400 words.

Feature image of Short Essay on Poverty

Poverty is when people do not have enough money to meet their basic needs including food, clean water, clothing, shelter and medical necessities. Today, more than 689 million people are living in poverty around the world. In India, about 6% of our total population of around 86 million people are poverty-stricken.

These people do not have enough to even eat two full meals a day. Many of them live on the streets and have no jobs. Those who have jobs work in extreme conditions and still do not get paid enough to provide for themselves or their families. Although governments around the world have taken measures to help these people, the situation wouldn’t get better unless better steps are taken to ensure that people get an education, enough food and an opportunity to live a dignified life. 

Poverty is often described as a state in which people are unable to meet their basic needs including food, clean water, clothing and medical necessities because they do not have enough money. Today, more than 689 million people are living in poverty around the world.

These people often don’t get to eat two full meals a day. Many of them live on the streets, in deplorable conditions, without any proper access to clean water. And these people aren’t all adults, there are little children, old men and women as well as disabled people. Most of them cannot find jobs even if they try to. Those who do find a job have to often work in extreme, unhygienic and inhuman conditions where others wouldn’t dare to work. 

Looking at the struggles of poverty-stricken people often makes one think about why do these poor people have to suffer so much. Now, on one hand, there are the mega-rich people who have more than they could ever need and on the other than there are extremely poor people who would be grateful if they could get one proper meal a day. If only we can bridge the gap between the two, everyone would be able to live well.

The governments around the world have taken some measures to help poverty-stricken people, but the situation wouldn’t really improve unless proper steps are taken to ensure that these people have the access to education, enough food and an opportunity to live a dignified life. 

The father of our nation, Mahatma Gandhi, once said – “poverty is the worst form of violence”. And it is true indeed. Poverty is when people do not have enough money to meet their basic needs including food, clean water, clothing, shelter and medical necessities. Today, more than 689 million people are living in poverty around the world.

Many of them live on the streets, in deplorable conditions, without any proper access to clean water, and don’t have food as well. When we compare this to the huge number of millionaires and billionaires we have in this world, it does paint a really cruel picture. 

Looking at the struggles of poverty-stricken people often makes one think about why do these poor people have to suffer so much. We have more than enough resources on this planet to provide for everyone.

The mega-rich in this world have more than they would ever need while the people living below the poverty line would be grateful if they could even get one proper meal a day. If only we could bridge this gap and bring everyone together, if only we could share what we have and help each other, there wouldn’t be so much suffering in this world. But the reality is that in this capitalist world, most people lack compassion and do not want to share.

The governments make some policies here and some changes there and make it seem like they are going to deal with the issues but by the time the help actually reaches those in need, it is negligible. 

The effects of poverty on a person’s life are manifold. A poor person who doesn’t have enough to buy bread for himself or his family can not think of sending his children to school. These kids who remain uneducated do not get the opportunity in life to rise above their situation or do something good for themselves and end up repeating the same cycle.

Some families remain poverty-stricken for generations, not knowing how to find a way out of it. Their situation can only improve if the government makes proper plans to provide education, food, shelter and jobs for them. It is important that the plan doesn’t just stay on the paper but is actually put to action. 

People who live below the poverty line are also human beings like us. We must always remember that and do our best to help them. Everyone deserves to live a dignified life. 

In this session, I’ve discussed the topic of poverty from a very wide perspective in simple words that everybody understands. If you still have any doubts regarding the topic, kindly let me know through the comment section below. 

Join us on Telegram to get all the latest updates on our upcoming sessions. Thank you. 

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  • Overpopulation

Population Growth and Poverty

Updated 13 September 2023

Subject Overpopulation

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Category Social Issues ,  Sociology

Topic Population ,  Population Growth

The Rise in Global Population Growth and its Challenges

The rise in the global population growth presents a myriad of challenges to the world such as global warming, climate change, disease outbreak, and poverty. According to Hugo (2012, p. 56), the number of years it takes for the world population to increase by one billion has hit an all-time low of 12. It is therefore expected that the global population will hit 8.5 billion people by 2030 from the current 7.5 billion (Bruton, Ahlstrom & Si 2014, p. 113). The severity of the aforementioned problems is also set to increase unless specific interventions are taken. Poverty remains one of the biggest problems resulting from the growth in the global population and needs to be prioritized for a more sustainable future. This essay examines the causal relationship between global population and poverty and justifies the need for priority measures to be implemented to fight poverty. Additionally, the essay examines possible solutions to poverty. Essentially, the essay attempts to show that it is possible to combat poverty in the wake of rapid global population growth.

Pressure on Limited Resources and its Impact

Global population growth exerts pressure on the limited resources in the world, and it is probably a matter of time before some of them reach their carrying capacity. The disrupted balance between population growth and resources leads to an increase in the cost of basic necessities since the supply exceeds the demand (Renewable Resources Coalition 2016, p. 94). The purchasing power of people goes down since they are compelled to pay more for the same quantities of goods as before. This defines the inflation rates in the whole world. The scramble for resources also leads to higher rates of unemployment due to fewer job opportunities which denies many people the opportunity to contribute to economic development or even their own well-being (Barnosky, Ehrlich & Hadly 2016, p. 134). Global population growth comes with high dependency ratios since only a small fraction of the population is actively engaged in economic activities to support the rest of the population. Poverty is also a precursor of poor health since people are unable to afford proper healthcare. Furthermore, poverty results in overcrowding conditions and mushrooming of slums, both of which are public health hazards as they lead to disease outbreaks (Barnosky, Ehrlich & Hadly 2016, p. 77). Consequently, when people are affected by poor health, they lose their productivity. This leads to a decline in socio-economic development. Global population growth puts pressure on education resources, hence making it impossible for some people to access education. This leads to a decline in literacy levels. High levels of illiteracy are synonymous with poor living standards, less productivity, among other challenges (Renewable Resources Coalition 2016, p. 190). Poverty is also an impediment to the implementation of environmental conservation policies such as the use of renewable sources of energy. The large population compels people to use whatever means necessary to survive at the expense of the environment. Poverty also fuels the culture of corruption and other societal evils, especially crime and drug abuse, since people do not have stable sources of livelihoods (Barnosky, Ehrlich & Hadly 2016, p. 153). In a nutshell, the effects of poverty are dire and widespread, affecting every aspect of human existence including health, well-being, socio-economic development, and morality among others. This is why poverty should be treated as a matter of great urgency and extreme delicacy.

The Role of Population Control in Sustainable Development

The public domain has been awash with the debate about whether controlling population growth can be a long-term measure for sustainable development. It is difficult to address poverty and other challenges that are propagated by population growth without focusing on the cause, hence the first solution to poverty focuses on population growth control. There is a need to foster planned population growth so as to decrease the incidences of unexpected pregnancies. Unwanted and unexpected pregnancies are a major challenge, especially in developing countries, and lead to explosions in population growth without a corresponding capacity to take care of the needs of the population. To address this challenge, there is a need for initiating better sex education programs, especially in developing countries, to enlighten people on the need to prevent unexpected pregnancies (Renewable Resources Coalition 2016, p. 61). Additionally, access to contraceptives should be prioritized, especially in regions experiencing rapid population growth that is unplanned. If people are encouraged to give birth to only the number of children that they are capable of taking care of, some poverty-related issues such as lack of basic necessities will not be there.

Investment in Production as a Solution to Poverty

Secondly, investment in production is important in the fight against poverty. Poor countries in the world associated with little production and overreliance on imports, which is simply unsustainable, especially with the rapid growth in population. An increase in the rate of production, especially through agriculture and manufacturing, is necessary in creating a balance between population growth and resources. An increase in population should be matched with a corresponding increase in the production of resources. This will ensure that the prices of basic commodities do not go up, thus maintaining the standards of living of people high (Renewable Resources Coalition 2016, p. 142). Governments should leverage the potential of factors of production, especially land, by ensuring that they are efficiently used for productive purposes. Investment in production will also lead to job opportunities and the generation of wealth among populations. People will have ample opportunities to not only share the benefits of development but also contribute to development through actively taking part in income-generating activities (Barnosky, Ehrlich & Hadly 2016, p. 89). Governments should also adequately invest in quaternary sectors of the economy in order to create more wealth-generation opportunities for growing populations.

Promoting Access to Education

Thirdly, investment in more educational opportunities is necessary because a literate population is better prepared to solve both commonplace and complex challenges in their lives. Education empowers people intellectually, socially, economically, and spiritually (Rosling 2012, p. 13). As populations grow, access to education becomes a challenge, hence forcing people into early marriages or child labor, both of which are precedents of poverty. Therefore, there is a need for governments to build more learning institutions to equip people with the knowledge and skills that will enable them to make something out of their lives. This may include making budgetary allocations for free education programs or special aid for those who cannot afford the cost of education (Bruton, Ahlstrom & Si 2014, p. 156). This will guarantee that every individual is exposed to education. An educated population possesses the necessary skills and knowledge to sustain themselves through creativity and innovation. Promoting access to education should also address barriers to education such as lack of basic needs, retrogressive cultures, poor health, and others in order to ensure that all people have access to education.

Environmental Conservation and Climate Change Prevention

Investment in environmental conservation and the prevention of climate change is also central in the fight against poverty. This is because of the pivotal role of the environment in production, wealth generation, and the health of human beings. The increase in population generally strains the environment through pollution and over-exploitation, hence reducing the capacity of the ecosystem to sustain production (Hamilton 2016, p. 26). For instance, the rapid growth of the population in Saudi Arabia has led to overexploitation of oil reserves, hence reducing the level of moisture in the soils. This has contributed to the drought in the UAE and is likely to lead to food shortages, water shortages, and poverty in the long run. It is, therefore, important to support global initiatives in the prevention of climate change, such as the use of green energy, afforestation, efficient utilization of natural resources, proper waste management, among others (Rosling 2012, p. 82). The environment should be protected in order to prevent the emergence of health hazards that could potentially lead to poor health and undermine people’s productivity.

Leadership and Local Innovation for Poverty Alleviation

The fight against poverty can only be won with able and responsible leadership, hence the need to ensure that good leaders are put in charge of public affairs. In the wake of high population growth rates, limited opportunities, and encroaching poverty, leaders should ensure that the correct value system prevails (Barnosky, Ehrlich & Hadly 2016, p. 41). The culture of corruption and impunity that precedes the misuse and unequal distribution of resources should be eradicated. High levels of corruption and impunity have been associated with poor countries and have undermined their objectivity in balancing population growth and resources (Hamilton 2016, p. 64). The design, implementation, and success of anti-poverty policies and initiatives are premised on the kind of leadership that is in place. Leaders should be able to understand the impact of population growth on poverty levels and commit and alleviate them by shepherding key policies. Additionally, world leaders should plan for the population growths in their individual capacities and implement specific policies to cushion the world from the aftermath.

Encouraging local innovation and creativity is pivotal in the fight against poverty. With the rapid rise in population, the number of people who can be absorbed in the job market is increasingly reducing. This means that there is no guarantee of employment even after completing formal training because of the stiff competition for job opportunities. This has amounted to high poverty and unemployment rates. Therefore, encouraging local innovation stimulates the economy and promotes self-sufficiency as people look for alternative ways of earning a living from their skills (Bruton, Ahlstrom & Si 2014, p. 95). Innovation can be encouraged by re-structuring educational curricula to emphasize skill development and critical thinking.

In conclusion, poverty is one of the consequences of global population growth. It should be prioritized because it affects every aspect of human lives. Solutions to poverty include control of population growth, investment in production, promoting access to education, installing responsible and visionary leadership, environmental protection, and climate change prevention.

Barnosky, A.D., Ehrlich, P.R. " Hadly, E.A., 2016. Avoiding collapse: Grand challenges for science and society to solve by 2050. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 4, p.000094.

Bruton, G.D., Ahlstrom, D. " Si, S., 2014. Entrepreneurship, poverty, and Asia: Moving beyond subsistence entrepreneurship. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 32(1), pp.1–22.

Hamilton, C.. 2016. Population and environment: What we do in Woolies matters more than what we do in bed. 1-3. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6773.2010.01090.x

Hugo, G., 2016. Challenge 3: Balancing population growth and resources. The conversation, pp.1–3.

Renewable Resources Coalition, 2016. Overpopulation Causes, Effects " Solutions | Renewable Resources Co. Renewable Resources Coalition. Available at: https://www.renewableresourcescoalition.org/overpopulation-causes-effects-solutions/ [Accessed May 13, 2018].

Rosling, H., 2012. Hans Rosling: Religions and babies. PsycEXTRA Dataset.

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The Problem of Poverty in Africa Essay

Introduction, background of the study, problem statement, research questions, hypotheses and variables, theoretical framework, works cited.

The paper is a proposal on how the problem of poverty in Africa can be solved. The study will use a mixed research approach in attaining its goals (Creswell, 2009). The major aim of the study is to identify the causes of poverty and propose best strategies that can help Africans come out of poverty.

Africa has long been known to suffer from a number of calamities such as floods, drought among others; however the issue of poverty seems to have brushed the continents the wrong way leaving thousands of individuals dead. According to Adato et al., 2006 Currently poverty is seen as a long problem that will continue to be with us, as long as the world remains. Mahatma Gandhi had some of the most creative insights into this problem with regards to India. Mao Tse Tung was similarly quite creative on this issue in China, as was John Kenneth Galbraith with regards to affluent society. There are numerous people who have lost many a night’s sleep on this matter in Africa.

[Poverty is relative, not absolute. It is about getting basic needs, not huge material surpluses. It is about having enough resources for meeting basic needs for tomorrow and the day after tomorrow. It is about none material satisfaction not excess material goods of little intrinsic value] (Adato et al., 2006: 23).

There is no doubt that there exist large volumes of material regarding poverty in Africa. With this there are a number of solutions that have been brought forth with the aim of curbing poverty in the continent. Despite the fact that the majority of the authors have tried to address the causes so that they can develop best strategies, their is a gap in trying to establish how best the proposed strategies will be implemented based on the variation in a number of issues such as population, policies in each and every country. The study will thus seek not only to bring out the causes of poverty and how to curb it but propose how to implement the strategies based on the country’s needs.

The research question that will guide the study is what the major ways of curbing poverty in Africa are. From this, the three main objectives of the study are:

  • To find out how prevalent is poverty in Africa
  • To establish the major causes of poverty in Africa
  • To find out the best strategies to curb the issue of poverty in Africa.

The hypotheses for the study are:

  • H o There is a significant difference in causes of poverty.
  • H o There is a significance difference in strategies used in curbing poverty in Africa and its reduction
  • H o There is significant difference in the prevalence of poverty in Africa.

The dependent variable in the study is poverty. It is worth noting that this is the variable the research will try to predict its variation in presence of certain variable known to be independent is important. The independent variable will include all the causes of poverty and the strategies used to curb the same (Reynolds, 2007).

It has been argued that the world food production is enough to feed the world populations. The major problem associated with poverty has been deemed to be unequal distribution of wealth and the natural resources plus the opportunity to access financial resources for investments (Creswell, 2009).

It is human understanding that wealth is generated by labour upon acting on natural resources. From this notion it is evident that if the same is made available to each and everyone and the individuals are encouraged, able and at will to work tirelessly, then poverty could be history. Nonetheless, this is not the case as this vital resource lies in the hands of a few individuals who exercise monopoly over them. Another problem that has caused poverty is the unfair market prices of goods and services from the continent. It is postulated that equal distribution of natural resources and fair market policies will help the poor in Africa to have enough to eat, shelter, clothing and education (Adato et al., 2006.).

Adato, M., Carter, M. & May, J. 2006. Exploring poverty traps and social exclusion in South Africa using qualitative and quantitative data. Journal of Development Studies , 42(1): 226 – 247.

Creswell, J. 2009. Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Reynolds, P. 2007. A primer in theory construction. Boston: Pearson Education.

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IvyPanda. (2022, January 11). The Problem of Poverty in Africa. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-problem-of-poverty-in-africa/

"The Problem of Poverty in Africa." IvyPanda , 11 Jan. 2022, ivypanda.com/essays/the-problem-of-poverty-in-africa/.

IvyPanda . (2022) 'The Problem of Poverty in Africa'. 11 January.

IvyPanda . 2022. "The Problem of Poverty in Africa." January 11, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-problem-of-poverty-in-africa/.

1. IvyPanda . "The Problem of Poverty in Africa." January 11, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-problem-of-poverty-in-africa/.

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Home — Essay Samples — Social Issues — Poverty in America — Life in Poverty: Defying the Odds

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Life in Poverty: Defying The Odds

  • Categories: Child Poverty Poverty in America

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Published: Jan 25, 2024

Words: 438 | Page: 1 | 3 min read

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Defying the odds, works cited.

  • ASHBERY, JOHN. "My Philosophy Of Life". Midwest Studies In Philosophy 33.1 (2009): 1-2. Web.
  • Kass, Leon. Life, Liberty, And The Defense Of Dignity. 1st ed. San Francisco: Encounter Books, 2002. Print.

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Essay on Poverty

The situation where one is unable to fulfil the minimum requirements of life such as food, clothing, housing, education, and health facilities is referred to as poverty. 

After reading our post ‘Essay on Poverty’ you will be able to understand the meaning of poverty, the causes of poverty and how to deal with it.

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Essay on Poverty

Poverty is the inability to secure the minimum human needs of food, clothing, housing, education, and health. When a person is unable to fulfil these basic needs, it leads to pain and distress.

Poverty can be categorized in many ways. In one of the methods of categorizing poverty, the people who always remained poor or are usually poor but sometimes have a little more money are grouped together and are known as chronic poor. The people who are rich most of the time but sometimes become poor are known as occasionally poor. The people who are never poor are called the non-poor. They can be categorized as not-so-poor, middle-class, upper-middle-class, rich, very rich, millionaires, and billionaires.

The problem of poverty can be solved by accelerating the pace of economic growth. A higher growth rate creates new employment and income-earning opportunities. Efforts should be made to incorporate new and modern techniques of production so as to improve productivity and production. Similarly, mechanization should be followed in the agriculture sector so as to improve production. An increase in production would lead to higher income and thereby, help eradicate poverty.

In addition to rapid economic growth, it is necessary to ensure that the increased income does not remain concentrated in a few hands. In other words, to remove poverty it is necessary to remove the inequality of income and wealth. This can be achieved by means of legislative and fiscal measures. Legislative measures include such measures as the Minimum Wages Act , Minimum Support Price, Right to Education, etc. Such measures raise the income earning capacity of people and improve their standard of living.

On the other hand, fiscal measures comprise taxation and subsidy measures of the government. A high rate of taxes can be levied on the high-income group while the poor are granted subsidies. In this sense, the purchasing power is transferred from the rich to the poor. Similarly, pensions, scholarships, grants, etc. can be granted to the poor. Both the legislative as well as fiscal measures are aimed at encouraging an egalitarian society and reducing poverty.

A high population growth rate offsets the benefits of a high economic growth rate. Even when the level of national income is high, the per capita income will remain low if the population growth rate is high. Thus, to combat poverty, it becomes necessary to control the population growth rate.

People should be made aware of the benefits of a small family and different family control measures. Another measure of controlling the population is encouraging female education and employment. Stress should also be laid on other similar measures such as education, research in the field of family planning, and population control.

Poor are worse hit by the rising prices. Rising prices reduce purchasing power and make it difficult for the poor to purchase even the basic necessities. To reduce poverty steps must be taken to ensure stability in the prices. A two-fold methodology can be adopted for price stability. First, by increasing the production of goods and services, and second, by distributing the essential goods to the poor through fair price shops and ration shops.

Unemployment is one of the major causes of poverty. Steps must be taken to eradicate unemployment. India is a labour-abundant country, and one of the measures to increase employment can be to adopt labour-intensive techniques of production. Similarly, to absorb the labour in rural areas cottage and small-scale industries must be encouraged.

Self-employment must be encouraged in both rural areas and urban areas. Self-employed persons should be provided with such facilities as credit, marketing, transportation, technical training, etc. Besides, to improve employment in the country, it is necessary to make the education system more job-oriented, so that people have the practical knowledge and skill required for gainful employment. A reduction in unemployment through these measures will help in the reduction of poverty.

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Essay on No Poverty

Students are often asked to write an essay on No Poverty in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

Let’s take a look…

100 Words Essay on No Poverty

Understanding poverty.

Poverty refers to the state of not having enough money to take care of basic needs such as food, clothing, and housing. People who live in poverty struggle to survive.

Causes of Poverty

Poverty is caused by many factors including lack of education, unemployment, and economic inequality. Sometimes, natural disasters can also lead to poverty.

Effects of Poverty

Poverty affects individuals and society. It can lead to poor health, lack of education and crime. It also prevents people from realizing their full potential.

Fighting Poverty

To fight poverty, we need to promote education, create job opportunities, and ensure economic equality. Everyone deserves a life free from poverty.

250 Words Essay on No Poverty

Poverty, a multifaceted socioeconomic issue, is often characterized by a lack of access to basic human necessities such as food, clean water, healthcare, and education. It is not merely a financial condition but an intricate web of social, political, and economic dynamics that perpetuate inequality and deprivation.

The Impact of Poverty

The implications of poverty are far-reaching. It not only affects individuals but also hampers the overall progress of societies and nations. People living in poverty often experience poor health, limited educational opportunities, and reduced life expectancy. Moreover, poverty can breed social unrest and instability, undermining the fabric of communities and societies.

Strategies to Eradicate Poverty

Eliminating poverty requires comprehensive, multi-pronged strategies. At the macro level, governments must implement equitable economic policies, promote job creation, and ensure access to quality education and healthcare for all. On the micro level, empowering individuals—especially those in marginalized groups—through skill development and financial literacy can help break the cycle of poverty.

The Role of Technology

In the 21st century, technology plays a pivotal role in poverty alleviation. Digital platforms can enhance financial inclusion, provide access to online education, and create new job opportunities. However, it is crucial to bridge the digital divide to ensure that these benefits reach the most impoverished.

Eradicating poverty is an ambitious yet achievable goal. It necessitates collective action from governments, non-governmental organizations, and individuals. While the path is fraught with challenges, a future without poverty promises a more equitable, prosperous, and sustainable world.

500 Words Essay on No Poverty

Introduction.

Poverty, a multifaceted and global issue, is a state of deprivation that transcends geographical, political, and cultural boundaries. It is a significant barrier to human development and prosperity, impacting millions of lives worldwide. However, envisioning a world with no poverty is not a utopian dream but a plausible reality that can be achieved through concerted efforts, innovative strategies, and sustainable policies.

The Concept of No Poverty

“No Poverty” is not merely about the absence of financial resources. It encompasses the eradication of all forms of deprivation, including lack of access to essential services like education, healthcare, and sanitation, and opportunities such as employment and political representation. It is about creating a world where everyone has the resources to meet their basic needs and the opportunity to improve their living standards.

The Importance of Eradicating Poverty

Eradicating poverty is crucial for several reasons. Firstly, it is a moral imperative. In a world of abundance, it is unjust that a significant portion of the population should live in extreme poverty. Secondly, poverty is a significant barrier to social and economic development. It hampers productivity, stifles innovation, and perpetuates social inequality. Lastly, poverty exacerbates environmental degradation and contributes to political instability, making it a threat to global peace and sustainability.

Strategies for Achieving No Poverty

Achieving a world with no poverty requires a multi-pronged approach. Firstly, it necessitates economic growth that is inclusive and benefits all segments of society. Policies should be aimed at creating job opportunities, improving income distribution, and promoting entrepreneurship.

Secondly, social protection systems need to be strengthened to shield the vulnerable from shocks and provide them with the means to escape poverty. This includes safety nets like unemployment benefits, pensions, and disability allowances.

Thirdly, access to quality education and healthcare services should be universal, enabling individuals to break the cycle of poverty and lead healthier, more productive lives.

Lastly, it is essential to promote political empowerment and participation, especially among marginalized groups, to ensure their interests are represented in decision-making processes.

Achieving a world with no poverty is an ambitious goal, but it is within our reach. It requires collective effort, political will, and innovative solutions. It is about creating a world where everyone has the opportunity to live a life of dignity, prosperity, and fulfillment. As we move forward, let us keep in mind that no one should be left behind in our quest for development and progress. The eradication of poverty is not just a goal, but a prerequisite for a sustainable, equitable, and peaceful world.

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Poverty Has Soared in New York, With Children Bearing the Brunt

The share of New York City residents who could not afford basic essentials jumped dramatically in 2022, with one in four children living in poverty, a new report found.

An empty playground in New York City.

By Stefanos Chen

After several years of declining poverty, New York City saw a sharp reversal in 2022, when it experienced its largest yearly increase in the poverty level in a decade.

Listen to this article with reporter commentary

Open this article in the New York Times Audio app on iOS.

Twenty-three percent of the city’s residents were unable to afford basic necessities like housing and food, according to a new report by a research group at Columbia University and Robin Hood, a large philanthropic organization. In 2021, that number was 18 percent.

The number of New Yorkers living in poverty, nearly two million in all, included one in four children.

The findings mark a major setback for New York City, where expanded government aid during the coronavirus pandemic had helped to counteract job losses, rising rents and high inflation.

With most of those programs ending, poverty has risen nationwide, but the surge has been especially clear in New York, said Christopher Wimer, the director of the Center on Poverty and Social Policy at the Columbia School of Social Work and a co-author of the report.

The national poverty rate in 2022 was 12.4 percent, up from 7.8 percent in 2021, the largest one-year jump on record, according to the United States Census Bureau. New York City’s rate was nearly double the national average, and there are signs that the gap is widening, Dr. Wimer said.

“It’s dispiriting,” Dr. Wimer said. “We’re going in the wrong direction.”

The biggest reason for the increase in poverty, both nationally and in New York, was the end of pandemic-era policies like the expanded child tax credit, enhanced unemployment insurance and cash payments that helped low-income families keep up with rising costs, Dr. Wimer said.

The steep rise in the number of New Yorkers living in poverty, which grew by 500,000 residents in 2022, underscores wide and longstanding disparities.

Black, Latino and Asian New Yorkers were roughly twice as likely as white residents to live in poverty, according to the report, and women were more likely than men to be unable to afford their basic necessities.

The report, part of a study that began in 2012, was based on surveys of a representative sample of more than 3,600 New York City residents that were conducted in 2022 and 2023.

The researchers used a metric called the supplemental poverty measure, which considers both income and noncash support like food stamps, as well as the local cost of living.

It differs from the Census Bureau’s official poverty measure, which only counts cash resources, but versions of the supplemental measure are also widely used by government officials, including in reports put out by the city.

In 2022, under the supplemental measure, a family of New York City renters made up of two adults and two children was considered below the poverty line if it made less than about $44,000. The poverty threshold for a single adult renter was $20,340.

A major reason for the disparities seen among those living in poverty is the lopsided jobs recovery, said James Parrott, the director of economic and fiscal policy at the Center for New York City Affairs at the New School.

Dr. Parrott, a former chief economist for New York City, was not involved with the poverty report, but broadly agreed with its findings.

“A lot of the progress made in the prepandemic years in reducing poverty and child poverty has been undone with diverging unemployment rates by race and ethnicity,” Dr. Parrott said.

While the city said in October that it had recovered all the jobs lost during the pandemic, the positions that have returned have largely been in low-paying industries.

The retail sector, which pays around $54,000 a year and employs a large share of Black, Latino and Asian workers, has shed more jobs than any other industry, Dr. Parrott said. But the industry that is hiring the most employees, home health care, pays workers far less — around $32,100 a year. The median household income in New York City is about $75,000.

The average unemployment rate in 2023 among Black New Yorkers was 9.3 percent, more than three times higher than among white residents, according to Dr. Parrott.

“The Covid-19 pandemic took a disproportionate toll on our most vulnerable neighbors,” said Charles Lutvak, a spokesman for Mayor Eric Adams. But he pointed to a number of initiatives, including investments in a summer youth employment program and the expansion of the city’s earned-income tax credit, as signs of progress.

A full 25 percent of children in New York City lived in poverty in 2022, the highest rate since 2015, according to the report.

It was a sharp reversal from 2021, when the expansion of the federal child tax credit program cut child poverty in the city by 30 percent, said Chloe Sarnoff, the director of policy research and initiatives at Robin Hood.

The program temporarily increased the annual tax credit to up to $3,600 from $2,000 for each qualifying child under 6 years old, and up to $3,000 for older children. But Congress did not extend the benefits.

The need for public aid is clear at Grand Street Settlement, a nonprofit social services group in Lower Manhattan and Brooklyn that has seen its food pantry lines swell to 2,800 people a month, up from 500 before the pandemic.

A growing child care crisis is fueling the rising poverty rate. “If we’re going to reduce poverty in the city of New York, we have to invest in child care,” said Robert Cordero, the group’s chief executive, adding that dwindling support from the city for its free preschool program is making it harder for parents to make ends meet.

Shavon Johnson, 30, who lives in public housing on the Lower East Side, is a recent widow who was fired in September from her job as a dog food cook, where she made $20 an hour. She said she was let go because she couldn’t get to work on time and still drop her 4-year-old son, Dominique, off at school.

Now she is enrolled in a medical assistant program in the hopes of becoming a nurse — a goal she couldn’t accomplish without the free day care program offered by Grand Street Settlement, which enables her to afford other necessities.

“I would be homeless” if not for the program, she said.

The report recommended permanently expanding public benefits such as the federal child tax credit and New York’s Empire State Child Tax Credit, a credit for state residents that was first passed in 2006.

Robin Hood said it supported expanding the Empire State tax credit to a maximum benefit of $1,000 a year, per child, up from $330, and eliminating income criteria that disproportionately leaves out Black and Hispanic families.

The changes could lift up to 76,000 children out of poverty, according to an analysis by the Center on Poverty and Social Policy at Columbia.

The report also supported zoning reforms that would increase the supply of affordable housing, and an expansion of rental assistance vouchers to help keep low-income residents in their homes.

The City Council said on Wednesday that it planned to join a lawsuit ordering the city to comply with laws that would expand the voucher program, known as CityFHEPS. Mayor Adams has opposed such an expansion, arguing that it would be too costly.

Dulce Tellez, 22, is a teaching assistant for middle school students in Long Island City, Queens, where she is paid about $32,000 a year. After taxes, she said she cleared about $1,600 a month.

Every month she spends $1,000 for a babysitter and another $1,000 for her share of the rent in an apartment in Bushwick, Brooklyn, where she lives with family. She is also chipping away at more than $4,000 in student debt.

Since her expenses exceed her monthly take-home pay, she sometimes picks up shifts at a gelato shop, or works extra hours at her school.

She estimates that 60 percent of the teaching assistants she works with have to take on hourly side jobs, including as security guards or hotel receptionists.

“It makes it seem normal,” she said. “But it shouldn’t be normal.”

Audio produced by Tally Abecassis .

Stefanos Chen is a Times reporter covering New York City’s economy. He previously covered real estate in the city for over a decade. More about Stefanos Chen

essay writing on poverty

National Science Day Theme For 2024 Is ‘Indigenous Technologies For Viksit Bharat’. Know Its Significance

National science day 2024: promoting 'indigenous technologies for viksit bharat' will help address global concerns and emphasise the need to make india 'atmanirbhar' through science..

National Science Day 2024 Theme Indigenous Technologies For Viksit Bharat Know Its Significance CV Raman Nobel Prize Raman Effect India National Science Day Theme For 2024 Is ‘Indigenous Technologies For Viksit Bharat’. Know Its Significance

National Science Day 2024's theme is 'Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat'. This has been chosen as the theme for National Science Day to emphasise the relevance of indigenous innovations and to showcase the work of Indian scientists. The topic heralds a new age and provides an opportunity for the public and scientific community, both domestically and worldwide, to unite, collaborate, work, and contribute to the well-being of India and humanity.

Promoting 'Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat' will help address global concerns and emphasise the need to make India 'Atmanirbhar' through science, according to a statement released by the Union Ministry of Science and Technology.

ALSO READ | National Science Day 2024: Why February 28 Marks a Celebration of Science in India

India’s indigenously developed technologies

The INS Vikrant is India's first indigenously developed aircraft carrier for the Indian Navy. The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed numerous aeronautical systems, missiles, and electronic technologies.

Bharat Biotech's Covaxin is India's first indigenously developed Covid-19 vaccine.

Corbevax, manufactured by Biological E, is India's first indigenously developed receptor-binding domain (RBD) protein subunit vaccine against Covid 19.

Zydus Cadila's ZyCOV-D is the world's first DNA vaccine.

CERVAVAC is India's first indigenously developed quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccination for cervical cancer.

ALSO READ | 'Brain Drain', Indigenous Equipment Development — Challenges For India In Science, And How To Overcome Them

More about National Science Day

National Science Day is observed annually on February 28 in India to honour the discovery of the 'Raman Effect'. National Science Day is celebrated nationwide with theme-based scientific communication events.

On February 28, 1928, Indian physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman announced to the world his discovery of the 'Raman Effect'.

The primary goal of National Science Day is to raise awareness of the importance of science and its applications among people. Every year, National Science Day is observed as one of India's major science festivals in order to achieve a variety of objectives.

On National Science Day, students from schools and institutions present a variety of science projects. Additionally, national and state science institutions showcase their most recent research.

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  1. Poverty Essay for Students and Children

    500+ Words Essay on Poverty Essay "Poverty is the worst form of violence". - Mahatma Gandhi. We can define poverty as the condition where the basic needs of a family, like food, shelter, clothing, and education are not fulfilled. It can lead to other problems like poor literacy, unemployment, malnutrition, etc.

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    Updated: Oct 26th, 2023 29 min 📑 Aspects to Cover in a Poverty Essay Students who learn economics, politics, and social sciences are often required to write a poverty essay as part of their course. While everyone understands the importance of this topic, it can be hard to decide what to write about.

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    2. The Surprising Poverty Levels Across the U.S. In this 2023 essay, Jeremy Ney looks at the poverty levels across the US, stating that poverty has had the largest one-year increase in history. According to the most recent census, child poverty has more than doubled from 2021 to 2022.

  4. 5 Essays About Poverty Everyone Should Know

    Poverty is one of the driving forces of inequality in the world. Between 1990-2015, much progress was made. The number of people living on less than $1.90 went from 36% to 10%. However, according to the World Bank, the COVID-19 pandemic represents a serious problem that disproportionately impacts the poor.

  5. Poverty: A Very Short Introduction

    The Introduction outlines the pervasiveness and trends in poverty around the world; the many different causes of poverty that embed themselves in social, political, economic, educational, and technological processes, which affect all of us from birth to death; and considers why poverty matters. Overall, the economy suffers if systematic public ...

  6. How to write an essay about poverty (Guide plus Topics)

    How to Begin a Poverty Essa (An Eye-Catching Introduction) We can never tire reiterating that any essay begins with a sound, clear, and concise introduction. In your introduction, here are some questions to ask yourself: What is poverty? What are the causes of poverty? What are the causes and effects of poverty?

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    Writing an essay on poverty in 200 words requires you to describe various aspects of this topic such as what causes poverty, how it affects individuals and society as a whole, etc. The condition of poverty is a distressing one that causes pain, despair, and grief in the lives of the ones it affects.

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    You can also find more Essay Writing articles on events, persons, sports, technology and many more. Long and Short Essays on Poverty for Students and Kids in English. We provide children and students with essay samples on a long essay of 500 words and a short essay of 150 words on the topic "Poverty" for reference.

  9. Poverty in the United States

    We will write a custom essay on your topic. It has been found that the poverty is a cyclic process varying with time. The level goes up and down regardless of age, region, or family size. It is ironical that as poor as the country is, it registers the highest number of immigrants per annum. Inadequate fundamental learning, a wide gap between ...

  10. Concept of Poverty

    Researchers have defined poverty as the lack of wealth (or little wealth). Proponents of this view also define poverty as the inability to consume goods and services (low purchasing power) (Misturelli & Heffernan 2010). Additionally, this definition also includes no (or poor) access to quality services.

  11. Full article: Defining the characteristics of poverty and their

    1. Introduction. Poverty "is one of the defining challenges of the 21st Century facing the world" (Gweshengwe et al., Citation 2020, p. 1).In 2019, about 1.3 billion people in 101 countries were living in poverty (United Nations Development Programme and Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, Citation 2019).For this reason, the 2030 Global Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals ...

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    Essay on Poverty Poverty is a disease that has no cure. The deeper this disease is, the deeper its wound. By the way, man lives under compulsion. But usually one wants to avoid it. Poverty is a condition of extreme poverty for any person or human being.

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    Short Essay on Poverty in 100 Words Poverty is when people do not have enough money to meet their basic needs including food, clean water, clothing, shelter and medical necessities. Today, more than 689 million people are living in poverty around the world. In India, about 6% of our total population of around 86 million people are poverty-stricken.

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    Life in Poverty: Defying The Odds Categories: Child Poverty Poverty in America Human-Written Words: 438 | Page: 1 | 3 min read Published: Jan 25, 2024 Table of contents My life as a fourth-born in a poor family was not one anyone would wish to experience, especially at a young age.

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    Essay on Poverty. Poverty is the inability to secure the minimum human needs of food, clothing, housing, education, and health. When a person is unable to fulfil these basic needs, it leads to pain and distress. Poverty can be categorized in many ways. In one of the methods of categorizing poverty, the people who always remained poor or are ...

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    The national poverty rate in 2022 was 12.4 percent, up from 7.8 percent in 2021, the largest one-year jump on record, according to the United States Census Bureau.

  25. National Science Day 2024 Theme Indigenous Technologies For Viksit

    National Science Day 2024's theme is 'Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat'. This has been chosen as the theme for National Science Day to emphasise the relevance of indigenous innovations and to showcase the work of Indian scientists. The topic heralds a new age and provides an opportunity for ...