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  • Poverty in India Essay for Students in English

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Essay on Poverty In India

People living in poverty do not have enough money for basic necessities such as food and shelter. An example of poverty is the state a person is in when he is homeless and does not have enough money. The rate of poverty in India is increasing because of the population in the urban areas. Most importantly, crores of peoples are below the poverty line and most of the people are on the borderline of poverty. Poverty in India is seen mainly in the rural areas because of the uneducated and unemployed and increased population. Many people do not afford to get proper foods for their daily life and even they don’t have their own homes, they sleep on the footpath or road, more populations need more food, money, and for staying houses but due to lack of this poverty grows very quickly, thus in addition rich are growing richer and the poor becoming more poorer which becomes difficult to fill the gap. Poverty has many effects like it reduces poor housing, illiteracy, increase the rate of child labour and unemployment, poor hygiene hence these poor people can not afford a balanced diet, nice clothes, well education etc. reason only because they don’t have much money to afford this. Poverty can be controlled by giving them proper education and also providing the proper facilities to the farmers so that those farmers get more profitable and do not migrate to cities in search of employment. Also, the illiterate people should get proper education to make their life better. Family planning is also essential for coming out of poverty. Poverty in our country is from ancient times. Even earlier times the poor people were not given the place that rich people used to get even if they were not allowed to enter religious places. Main causes of poverty are like unemployment, lack of education, poor utilization of resources, corruption and poor government policy.

How You Can Improve or Solve Poverty in India?

Poverty can be solved by improving food security by providing three meals a day and making them healthy and providing houses for those people at low cost and giving them proper education and facilities so that they can earn well and take care of their family and live a peaceful life. Awareness on population so that once the population is under control, the economy of the country will improve and move towards development and decrease in the poverty line. Poverty is becoming a complex problem for the people and for the government. How to overcome this, in India the poverty is high compared to other countries because the growth rate of per capita income per person is very low.

With lack of job opportunities many people move as a rickshaw puller, construction workers, domestic servants etc, with irregular small incomes hence they live in slum areas. Also, lack of land resources has been one of the major causes of poverty in India, even the small farmers of our country lead to poverty because they cultivate but do not get proper money in terms of profit and leads to poverty.

Population of India

The population has been increasing in India at a rapid speed, India’s population in 1991 was around 84.3 crores where was poverty at a high rate but now the current population of our country is around 130 crores whereas the population is almost doubled in last three decades but still not enough done for controlling the poverty in our country. Due to an increase in population, there is more unemployment, hence poverty is just the reflection of unemployment. More capital is required for making industry, giving proper transport facilities and other projects, hence the deficiency of its country is still underdeveloped and causes more poverty. Lack of skilled labor also leads to poverty because less-skilled labor have insufficient industrial education and training. Lack of infrastructure means that transport and communication have not been properly developed so that the farmers are not getting fertilizers for cultivation on time and industries do not get power supply and raw materials on time and thus end products are not marketed properly and not reachable on time. Because of poverty sometimes we don’t get those things for what we actually are. Hence to come out of poverty our government has to be more serious and also the citizens should take equal responsibilities. Remove the poverty from country governments has started many steps, in last 2-3 years we have seen that they become more serious by bringing GST in the action, demonetization so because of GST all the businessman can pay full tax and which will help to develop the country and the poverty ratio can be reduced. Steps of demonetization were taken so that black money can be utilized for the poor people and poverty can be reduced. We can overcome poverty by following all the guidelines of the government and can be free from poverty.

India's Poverty Factors

One of the biggest problems of poverty in India is the country's rapid population growth. As a result, there is a high rate of illiteracy, poor health-care facilities, and a lack of financial resources. Furthermore, the high population growth rate has an impact on individual income, making individual income much lower. By 2026, India's population is predicted to surpass 1.5 billion, making it the world's largest country. However, Economic growth is not rising at the same rate as the rest of the world. This indicates a labor shortage. About 20 million new jobs will be required to accommodate this big population. If such a vast number of people are poor, the number of poor will keep rising.

How Much Research is Important for Students to Write Good Essays?

The students must realize that brainstorming and a mind map of the essay will take them in the direction of their research. With the advent of the internet, the days are numbered for students who rely on a well-tipped encyclopedia from the school library as their only authoritative source for their story. If there is any real problem for our readers today is reducing their resources to a manageable number. At this stage, it is important to:

Make sure the research material is directly related to the essay work

Record detailed sources of information that they will use in their story

Communicate in person by asking questions and challenging their own bias

Identify the main points that will be highlighted in the story

Gather ideas, arguments, and opinions together

Identify the major issue they will discuss in their case.

Once these stages have been completed by the student, the student will be ready to make his points in a logical order and prepare an essay.

Therefore, the topic discussed on this page is poverty and poverty is not a human problem but a national one. Also, it should be addressed immediately with the implementation of effective measures. In addition, the eradication of poverty has been a prerequisite for sustainable and inclusive growth for individuals, communities, the country and the economy.

Paragraph Tips on Essay Writing

Each paragraph should focus on one main idea

The Paragraphs should follow a logical sequence, students should collect similar ideas together to avoid collisions

Paragraphs should be stated consistently, learners should be able to choose which line to reverse or skip.

Transition words and similar phrases, as a result, should instead be used to provide flow and provide a bridge between Paragraphs.

General Structure of an Essay

Introduction: Give the reader the essence of the essay. It sets out the broader argument that the story will make and informs the reader of the author's general opinion and method of questioning.

Body Paragraphs: These are the ‘flesh’ of the essay and outline the point made in the introduction by a point with supporting evidence.

Conclusion: Usually the conclusion will repeat the middle argument while providing a summary of the main reasons supporting the story even before linking everything back to the first question.

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FAQs on Poverty in India Essay for Students in English

1. What are the Causes of Poverty in India?

The cause of poverty is very obvious in a country like India. The people in India are very careless about the population growth and due to which there is a lot of hassle and unnecessary elevation in population growth rate. This is automatically leading to poverty as there are fewer resources and more people to be served in each state in India. Various causes affect poverty:

Unemployment.

The intensity of population.

The high rate of inflation.

Lack of skilled labor

2. What are the Types of Poverty?

Although there are only two main types of poverty existing in India we will be learning all of them as mentioned in the following lines. The two main classifications of poverty are relative poverty and absolute poverty and both of them emphasize income and consumption. Sometimes, poverty cannot be blamed or associated with economic problems but also it must be associated with society and politics.

There are six types of poverty which are listed below:

Situational poverty.

Generation poverty.

Absolute poverty.

Relative poverty.

Urban poverty.

Rural poverty.

3. How to Reduce the Poverty Line in India?

India is a country that has been under the radar of poverty for centuries. The people of India are making efforts to take themselves out of the poverty line but there are a lot of hindrances. The lack of resources and limited alternatives have thrown the rural and urban residents below the poverty line making life unhealthy and miserable for them. 

Here are some measures listed below

Provide food, shelter and clothes facilities to poor people.

Encourage them for education either male or female. 

Give employment.

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Students should refer to Vedantu for downloading as these solutions will be filling you with the basic knowledge of writing essays. There are loads of vocabulary words and phrases which will enable the students to write high-class essays. The Vedantu website provides 100% authentic content which will lead to additional accuracy of the student’s essay. Basic concepts of writing an essay are available free of cost on the Vedantu website. Avoid problems and enjoy hassle-free preparation with the help of Vedantu.

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  • Poverty Essay

Poverty in India Essay

500+ words poverty in india essay.

Poverty is defined as a condition in which a person or family lacks the financial resources to afford a basic, minimum standard of living. Poor people don’t have adequate income; they can’t afford housing, health facilities and education which are essential for basic survival. So, poverty can be understood simply as a lack of money, or more broadly, barriers to everyday human life. With the help of this poverty essay, students will understand the meaning of poverty, the major causes of poverty and the efforts taken to eliminate poverty in India. So, students must go through this poverty in India essay in depth to get ideas on how to write effective essays and score high marks in exams.

What Causes Poverty?

There are various factors that are responsible for poverty. The major causes are unemployment, illiteracy, increasing population, and lack of proper education and training. As people are not able to find work for themselves, they are not able to earn their livelihood. Due to this, they lack access to basic education, health care, drinking water and sanitation. They are unable to feed their families and children. The other causes of poverty include war, natural disasters, political instability, etc. For example, World War II impacted many countries and they had to suffer from poverty for a long time. It took a lot of effort for such countries to recover their normal state. Similarly, natural disasters affect some areas so badly that poverty and hunger arise.

How is Poverty Measured in India?

The minimum expenditure (or income) required to purchase a basket of goods and services necessary to satisfy basic human needs is called the Poverty Line. Poverty can be measured in terms of the number of people living below this line. It is measured by the State Governments and information is provided by Below Poverty Line (BPL) censuses. Different countries use different measures for measuring poverty but the basic concept remains the same. The definition of the poverty line remains the same, i.e, consumption required for maintaining the minimum standard of living in a country.

Efforts to Eliminate Poverty

Earning income is the first step towards poverty eradication. Poverty can be eliminated by empowering people, and by giving them a good education that will prepare them to have a better career and future. With the help of education, people can get good jobs which allow them to earn a good living. In this way, they will be able to provide their children with a better life. People should be given easy access to transportation, information, communication, technologies, and other public facilities and services to help remove poverty.

The government has also taken several steps to eradicate poverty in India. It has launched various programmes and schemes such as the Five Years Programme, Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana, Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana etc. These programmes help to generate wage employment for the poor, unskilled people living in rural areas. The government also has social security programmes to help a few specific groups such as poor women, elder people, and widows. Apart from these government initiatives, citizens of India have to take an active part in eliminating poverty because it can’t be achieved by just a few people. It needs the support of everyone.

Did you find “Essay on Poverty” useful for improving your writing skills? Do let us know your views in the comments section. Keep learning, and don’t forget to download the BYJU’S App for more interesting study videos.

Frequently asked Questions on Poverty in India Essay

How can poverty in india be abolished completely.

Abolishing poverty in India completely can be challenging. Steps should be taken to ensure equality in education so that everyone gets equal opportunities to find better livelihoods. Proper sanitation and water facility 3. Economic security and development

When was the first plan implemented for Poverty abolition?

The fifth five-year plan was first implemented in the year 1974-79 and since then the government has taken several steps and made many reservations to take this plan forward.

What is the relation between Poverty abolition and economic development?

Poverty abolition and economic development go hand in hand with each other and they are interlinked to each other. Eradication of poverty automatically improves the overall economic situation of a country.

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Poverty Essay for Students and Children

500+ words essay on poverty essay.

“Poverty is the worst form of violence”. – Mahatma Gandhi.

poverty essay

How Poverty is Measured?

For measuring poverty United nations have devised two measures of poverty – Absolute & relative poverty.  Absolute poverty is used to measure poverty in developing countries like India. Relative poverty is used to measure poverty in developed countries like the USA. In absolute poverty, a line based on the minimum level of income has been created & is called a poverty line.  If per day income of a family is below this level, then it is poor or below the poverty line. If per day income of a family is above this level, then it is non-poor or above the poverty line. In India, the new poverty line is  Rs 32 in rural areas and Rs 47 in urban areas.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Causes of Poverty

According to the Noble prize winner South African leader, Nelson Mandela – “Poverty is not natural, it is manmade”. The above statement is true as the causes of poverty are generally man-made. There are various causes of poverty but the most important is population. Rising population is putting the burden on the resources & budget of countries. Governments are finding difficult to provide food, shelter & employment to the rising population.

The other causes are- lack of education, war, natural disaster, lack of employment, lack of infrastructure, political instability, etc. For instance- lack of employment opportunities makes a person jobless & he is not able to earn enough to fulfill the basic necessities of his family & becomes poor. Lack of education compels a person for less paying jobs & it makes him poorer. Lack of infrastructure means there are no industries, banks, etc. in a country resulting in lack of employment opportunities. Natural disasters like flood, earthquake also contribute to poverty.

In some countries, especially African countries like Somalia, a long period of civil war has made poverty widespread. This is because all the resources & money is being spent in war instead of public welfare. Countries like India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, etc. are prone to natural disasters like cyclone, etc. These disasters occur every year causing poverty to rise.

Ill Effects of Poverty

Poverty affects the life of a poor family. A poor person is not able to take proper food & nutrition &his capacity to work reduces. Reduced capacity to work further reduces his income, making him poorer. Children from poor family never get proper schooling & proper nutrition. They have to work to support their family & this destroys their childhood. Some of them may also involve in crimes like theft, murder, robbery, etc. A poor person remains uneducated & is forced to live under unhygienic conditions in slums. There are no proper sanitation & drinking water facility in slums & he falls ill often &  his health deteriorates. A poor person generally dies an early death. So, all social evils are related to poverty.

Government Schemes to Remove Poverty

The government of India also took several measures to eradicate poverty from India. Some of them are – creating employment opportunities , controlling population, etc. In India, about 60% of the population is still dependent on agriculture for its livelihood. Government has taken certain measures to promote agriculture in India. The government constructed certain dams & canals in our country to provide easy availability of water for irrigation. Government has also taken steps for the cheap availability of seeds & farming equipment to promote agriculture. Government is also promoting farming of cash crops like cotton, instead of food crops. In cities, the government is promoting industrialization to create more jobs. Government has also opened  ‘Ration shops’. Other measures include providing free & compulsory education for children up to 14 years of age, scholarship to deserving students from a poor background, providing subsidized houses to poor people, etc.

Poverty is a social evil, we can also contribute to control it. For example- we can simply donate old clothes to poor people, we can also sponsor the education of a poor child or we can utilize our free time by teaching poor students. Remember before wasting food, somebody is still sleeping hungry.

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Poverty In India Essay

Poverty is a situation in which people do not have enough money for basic necessities or survival, such as food and shelter. Due to the poor income of the people, they cannot even meet their basic needs. Here are a few sample essays on the topic of ‘poverty’.

  • 100 Word Essay On Poverty In India

Poverty is the financial state of the individual or family in which they are unable to meet their basic needs in life. A poor person does not earn enough to buy basic necessities such as a 2-time meal, water, shelter, cloth, the right education, and many more. In India, overpopulation and underdevelopment is the main cause of poverty. India's poverty can be decreased with a few effective programs, in which the government should focus on developing the rural areas by providing primary education, implementing population control policies, creating jobs, and providing basic necessities at subsidized rates. Poverty is a very serious problem in the whole world and many efforts are being made to eradicate poverty.

200 Word Essay On Poverty In India

500 word essay on poverty in india, causes of poverty, poverty situation in india, how to solve poverty in india.

Poverty In India Essay

Poverty is defined as a situation wherein a person or family lacks the money to fulfil basic needs. Poor people don’t have good enough money to make a decent living; they don't have the funds for housing, nutrition, and schooling which are vital for survival. So, poverty can be understood absolutely as a lack of money, or extra extensive, obstacles to everyday human life.

Mahatma Gandhi once said that poverty is the worst form of violence. Poverty has been proven as the biggest hurdle in the development of India. Since 1970, the Indian government has made eradicating poverty a priority in its 5-year plans. Policies are made to ensure food security, housing, and employment through more access to increasing salary employment and enhancing access to simple social services. The Indian authorities and non-governmental corporations have initiated numerous new programs to relieve poverty, like easy entry to loans, enhancing agricultural techniques and price supports, and providing vocational skill training to people so they can get jobs. These measures have helped eliminate famines, reduce absolute poverty ranges, and decreased illiteracy and malnutrition.

The occurrence of rural poverty has declined in the past years because of rural-to-city migration. A severe limit on population growth is necessary to address the issue of poverty.

Poverty is a condition in which a person lacks basic necessities of life. This consists of food, water, clothes, and shelter. Moreover, people living on or below the poverty line don’t have enough money to buy even a single meal a day. They somehow survive with whatever they could discover on the street – salvaging food from the trash, sleeping on park benches or the roadside and depending on the charity of those with more resources.

There are many factors that are responsible for poverty. The principal causes are unemployment, illiteracy, increasing population, and lack of proper schooling and training. Humans are no longer able to earn a livelihood since they are unable to find and obtain employment. They're not able to feed their family. The other causes of poverty include war, natural disasters, political instability, and many others.

India is undoubtedly one of the most populous democracies, and its economic structure is rapidly increasing. India is still considered a developing country as opposed to a developed one. Poverty is one such issue, which creates hurdles in the development of India. A good sized portion of the population in India lives in poverty. Even 75 years after gaining our freedom, we still have problems, and poverty has troubled our country. India has a very excessive rate of poverty, which affects its progress.

Many business and public region organizations have effectively labored with the federal and state governments to cope with this difficulty. Their principal aim is to abolish poverty in India completely. Together, they have been able to put into effect some effective policies to partly eliminate this intense issue and maintain the happiness of their people.

If you want to make an actual change and a difference in society, then some measures should be taken that assist the population living beneath the poverty line. The main two reasons for poverty in India are illiteracy and unemployment. Only with appropriate education and monetary aid can this hassle be solved. In India, education and population control is the strongest weapon against poverty. The best way to eradicate poverty is through educating the masses.

Moreover, actions taken by the government can help in eradicating the situation of poverty in India to a greater extent. Some of the options available are—

Increasing the variety of jobs available in India

The employees who lack literacy should receive advanced schooling.

The public distribution system needs to carry out its responsibilities adequately.

The underprivileged should receive free food and water.

Controlling population growth is necessary and also introducing birth control promotion plans is important.

Farmers should have access to appropriate agricultural resources. They can also improve their profit with this technique. They won't migrate to metropolitan regions looking for food as a result.

Poverty is a major problem of the country and it must be addressed on an urgent basis through the implementation of powerful measures. In addition, the eradication of poverty has turned out to be important for the sustainable and inclusive boom of people, society and the economy.

Explore Career Options (By Industry)

  • Construction
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Data Administrator

Database professionals use software to store and organise data such as financial information, and customer shipping records. Individuals who opt for a career as data administrators ensure that data is available for users and secured from unauthorised sales. DB administrators may work in various types of industries. It may involve computer systems design, service firms, insurance companies, banks and hospitals.

Bio Medical Engineer

The field of biomedical engineering opens up a universe of expert chances. An Individual in the biomedical engineering career path work in the field of engineering as well as medicine, in order to find out solutions to common problems of the two fields. The biomedical engineering job opportunities are to collaborate with doctors and researchers to develop medical systems, equipment, or devices that can solve clinical problems. Here we will be discussing jobs after biomedical engineering, how to get a job in biomedical engineering, biomedical engineering scope, and salary. 

Ethical Hacker

A career as ethical hacker involves various challenges and provides lucrative opportunities in the digital era where every giant business and startup owns its cyberspace on the world wide web. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path try to find the vulnerabilities in the cyber system to get its authority. If he or she succeeds in it then he or she gets its illegal authority. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path then steal information or delete the file that could affect the business, functioning, or services of the organization.

Data Analyst

The invention of the database has given fresh breath to the people involved in the data analytics career path. Analysis refers to splitting up a whole into its individual components for individual analysis. Data analysis is a method through which raw data are processed and transformed into information that would be beneficial for user strategic thinking.

Data are collected and examined to respond to questions, evaluate hypotheses or contradict theories. It is a tool for analyzing, transforming, modeling, and arranging data with useful knowledge, to assist in decision-making and methods, encompassing various strategies, and is used in different fields of business, research, and social science.

Water Manager

A career as water manager needs to provide clean water, preventing flood damage, and disposing of sewage and other wastes. He or she also repairs and maintains structures that control the flow of water, such as reservoirs, sea defense walls, and pumping stations. In addition to these, the Manager has other responsibilities related to water resource management.

Geothermal Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as geothermal engineers are the professionals involved in the processing of geothermal energy. The responsibilities of geothermal engineers may vary depending on the workplace location. Those who work in fields design facilities to process and distribute geothermal energy. They oversee the functioning of machinery used in the field.

Geotechnical engineer

The role of geotechnical engineer starts with reviewing the projects needed to define the required material properties. The work responsibilities are followed by a site investigation of rock, soil, fault distribution and bedrock properties on and below an area of interest. The investigation is aimed to improve the ground engineering design and determine their engineering properties that include how they will interact with, on or in a proposed construction. 

The role of geotechnical engineer in mining includes designing and determining the type of foundations, earthworks, and or pavement subgrades required for the intended man-made structures to be made. Geotechnical engineering jobs are involved in earthen and concrete dam construction projects, working under a range of normal and extreme loading conditions. 

Operations Manager

Individuals in the operations manager jobs are responsible for ensuring the efficiency of each department to acquire its optimal goal. They plan the use of resources and distribution of materials. The operations manager's job description includes managing budgets, negotiating contracts, and performing administrative tasks.

Budget Analyst

Budget analysis, in a nutshell, entails thoroughly analyzing the details of a financial budget. The budget analysis aims to better understand and manage revenue. Budget analysts assist in the achievement of financial targets, the preservation of profitability, and the pursuit of long-term growth for a business. Budget analysts generally have a bachelor's degree in accounting, finance, economics, or a closely related field. Knowledge of Financial Management is of prime importance in this career.

Finance Executive

A career as a Finance Executive requires one to be responsible for monitoring an organisation's income, investments and expenses to create and evaluate financial reports. His or her role involves performing audits, invoices, and budget preparations. He or she manages accounting activities, bank reconciliations, and payable and receivable accounts.  

Product Manager

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

Investment Banker

An Investment Banking career involves the invention and generation of capital for other organizations, governments, and other entities. Individuals who opt for a career as Investment Bankers are the head of a team dedicated to raising capital by issuing bonds. Investment bankers are termed as the experts who have their fingers on the pulse of the current financial and investing climate. Students can pursue various Investment Banker courses, such as Banking and Insurance , and  Economics to opt for an Investment Banking career path.

Underwriter

An underwriter is a person who assesses and evaluates the risk of insurance in his or her field like mortgage, loan, health policy, investment, and so on and so forth. The underwriter career path does involve risks as analysing the risks means finding out if there is a way for the insurance underwriter jobs to recover the money from its clients. If the risk turns out to be too much for the company then in the future it is an underwriter who will be held accountable for it. Therefore, one must carry out his or her job with a lot of attention and diligence.

Fund Manager

Are you searching for a fund manager job description? A fund manager is a stock market professional hired by a mutual fund company to manage the funds’ portfolio of numerous clients and oversee their trading activities. In an investment company, multiple managers oversee the clients’ money and make their respective decisions. 

Welding Engineer

Welding Engineer Job Description: A Welding Engineer work involves managing welding projects and supervising welding teams. He or she is responsible for reviewing welding procedures, processes and documentation. A career as Welding Engineer involves conducting failure analyses and causes on welding issues. 

Transportation Planner

A career as Transportation Planner requires technical application of science and technology in engineering, particularly the concepts, equipment and technologies involved in the production of products and services. In fields like land use, infrastructure review, ecological standards and street design, he or she considers issues of health, environment and performance. A Transportation Planner assigns resources for implementing and designing programmes. He or she is responsible for assessing needs, preparing plans and forecasts and compliance with regulations.

Individuals in the architecture career are the building designers who plan the whole construction keeping the safety and requirements of the people. Individuals in architect career in India provides professional services for new constructions, alterations, renovations and several other activities. Individuals in architectural careers in India visit site locations to visualize their projects and prepare scaled drawings to submit to a client or employer as a design. Individuals in architecture careers also estimate build costs, materials needed, and the projected time frame to complete a build.

Landscape Architect

Having a landscape architecture career, you are involved in site analysis, site inventory, land planning, planting design, grading, stormwater management, suitable design, and construction specification. Frederick Law Olmsted, the designer of Central Park in New York introduced the title “landscape architect”. The Australian Institute of Landscape Architects (AILA) proclaims that "Landscape Architects research, plan, design and advise on the stewardship, conservation and sustainability of development of the environment and spaces, both within and beyond the built environment". Therefore, individuals who opt for a career as a landscape architect are those who are educated and experienced in landscape architecture. Students need to pursue various landscape architecture degrees, such as  M.Des , M.Plan to become landscape architects. If you have more questions regarding a career as a landscape architect or how to become a landscape architect then you can read the article to get your doubts cleared. 

An expert in plumbing is aware of building regulations and safety standards and works to make sure these standards are upheld. Testing pipes for leakage using air pressure and other gauges, and also the ability to construct new pipe systems by cutting, fitting, measuring and threading pipes are some of the other more involved aspects of plumbing. Individuals in the plumber career path are self-employed or work for a small business employing less than ten people, though some might find working for larger entities or the government more desirable.

Urban Planner

Urban Planning careers revolve around the idea of developing a plan to use the land optimally, without affecting the environment. Urban planning jobs are offered to those candidates who are skilled in making the right use of land to distribute the growing population, to create various communities. 

Urban planning careers come with the opportunity to make changes to the existing cities and towns. They identify various community needs and make short and long-term plans accordingly.

Construction Manager

Individuals who opt for a career as construction managers have a senior-level management role offered in construction firms. Responsibilities in the construction management career path are assigning tasks to workers, inspecting their work, and coordinating with other professionals including architects, subcontractors, and building services engineers.

Environmental Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as an environmental engineer are construction professionals who utilise the skills and knowledge of biology, soil science, chemistry and the concept of engineering to design and develop projects that serve as solutions to various environmental problems. 

Orthotist and Prosthetist

Orthotists and Prosthetists are professionals who provide aid to patients with disabilities. They fix them to artificial limbs (prosthetics) and help them to regain stability. There are times when people lose their limbs in an accident. In some other occasions, they are born without a limb or orthopaedic impairment. Orthotists and prosthetists play a crucial role in their lives with fixing them to assistive devices and provide mobility.

Veterinary Doctor

A veterinary doctor is a medical professional with a degree in veterinary science. The veterinary science qualification is the minimum requirement to become a veterinary doctor. There are numerous veterinary science courses offered by various institutes. He or she is employed at zoos to ensure they are provided with good health facilities and medical care to improve their life expectancy.

Pathologist

A career in pathology in India is filled with several responsibilities as it is a medical branch and affects human lives. The demand for pathologists has been increasing over the past few years as people are getting more aware of different diseases. Not only that, but an increase in population and lifestyle changes have also contributed to the increase in a pathologist’s demand. The pathology careers provide an extremely huge number of opportunities and if you want to be a part of the medical field you can consider being a pathologist. If you want to know more about a career in pathology in India then continue reading this article.

Speech Therapist

Gynaecologist.

Gynaecology can be defined as the study of the female body. The job outlook for gynaecology is excellent since there is evergreen demand for one because of their responsibility of dealing with not only women’s health but also fertility and pregnancy issues. Although most women prefer to have a women obstetrician gynaecologist as their doctor, men also explore a career as a gynaecologist and there are ample amounts of male doctors in the field who are gynaecologists and aid women during delivery and childbirth. 

An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.

Audiologist

The audiologist career involves audiology professionals who are responsible to treat hearing loss and proactively preventing the relevant damage. Individuals who opt for a career as an audiologist use various testing strategies with the aim to determine if someone has a normal sensitivity to sounds or not. After the identification of hearing loss, a hearing doctor is required to determine which sections of the hearing are affected, to what extent they are affected, and where the wound causing the hearing loss is found. As soon as the hearing loss is identified, the patients are provided with recommendations for interventions and rehabilitation such as hearing aids, cochlear implants, and appropriate medical referrals. While audiology is a branch of science that studies and researches hearing, balance, and related disorders.

Dental Surgeon

A Dental Surgeon is a professional who possesses specialisation in advanced dental procedures and aesthetics. Dental surgeon duties and responsibilities may include fitting dental prosthetics such as crowns, caps, bridges, veneers, dentures and implants following apicoectomy and other surgical procedures.

For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs. 

Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages.

Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

Talent Agent

The career as a Talent Agent is filled with responsibilities. A Talent Agent is someone who is involved in the pre-production process of the film. It is a very busy job for a Talent Agent but as and when an individual gains experience and progresses in the career he or she can have people assisting him or her in work. Depending on one’s responsibilities, number of clients and experience he or she may also have to lead a team and work with juniors under him or her in a talent agency. In order to know more about the job of a talent agent continue reading the article.

If you want to know more about talent agent meaning, how to become a Talent Agent, or Talent Agent job description then continue reading this article.

Radio Jockey

Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.

Videographer

Multimedia specialist.

A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications. 

An individual who is pursuing a career as a producer is responsible for managing the business aspects of production. They are involved in each aspect of production from its inception to deception. Famous movie producers review the script, recommend changes and visualise the story. 

They are responsible for overseeing the finance involved in the project and distributing the film for broadcasting on various platforms. A career as a producer is quite fulfilling as well as exhaustive in terms of playing different roles in order for a production to be successful. Famous movie producers are responsible for hiring creative and technical personnel on contract basis.

Copy Writer

In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism , Advertising , Marketing Management . Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. 

Ever since internet costs got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, a career as a vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the Vlogger eligibility, roles and responsibilities then continue reading the article. 

Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

Advertising Manager

Advertising managers consult with the financial department to plan a marketing strategy schedule and cost estimates. We often see advertisements that attract us a lot, not every advertisement is just to promote a business but some of them provide a social message as well. There was an advertisement for a washing machine brand that implies a story that even a man can do household activities. And of course, how could we even forget those jingles which we often sing while working?

Photographer

Photography is considered both a science and an art, an artistic means of expression in which the camera replaces the pen. In a career as a photographer, an individual is hired to capture the moments of public and private events, such as press conferences or weddings, or may also work inside a studio, where people go to get their picture clicked. Photography is divided into many streams each generating numerous career opportunities in photography. With the boom in advertising, media, and the fashion industry, photography has emerged as a lucrative and thrilling career option for many Indian youths.

Social Media Manager

A career as social media manager involves implementing the company’s or brand’s marketing plan across all social media channels. Social media managers help in building or improving a brand’s or a company’s website traffic, build brand awareness, create and implement marketing and brand strategy. Social media managers are key to important social communication as well.

Quality Controller

A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product. 

A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

Production Manager

A Team Leader is a professional responsible for guiding, monitoring and leading the entire group. He or she is responsible for motivating team members by providing a pleasant work environment to them and inspiring positive communication. A Team Leader contributes to the achievement of the organisation’s goals. He or she improves the confidence, product knowledge and communication skills of the team members and empowers them.

Procurement Manager

The procurement Manager is also known as  Purchasing Manager. The role of the Procurement Manager is to source products and services for a company. A Procurement Manager is involved in developing a purchasing strategy, including the company's budget and the supplies as well as the vendors who can provide goods and services to the company. His or her ultimate goal is to bring the right products or services at the right time with cost-effectiveness. 

Merchandiser

A career as a merchandiser requires one to promote specific products and services of one or different brands, to increase the in-house sales of the store. Merchandising job focuses on enticing the customers to enter the store and hence increasing their chances of buying a product. Although the buyer is the one who selects the lines, it all depends on the merchandiser on how much money a buyer will spend, how many lines will be purchased, and what will be the quantity of those lines. In a career as merchandiser, one is required to closely work with the display staff in order to decide in what way a product would be displayed so that sales can be maximised. In small brands or local retail stores, a merchandiser is responsible for both merchandising and buying. 

AWS Solution Architect

An AWS Solution Architect is someone who specializes in developing and implementing cloud computing systems. He or she has a good understanding of the various aspects of cloud computing and can confidently deploy and manage their systems. He or she troubleshoots the issues and evaluates the risk from the third party. 

Azure Administrator

An Azure Administrator is a professional responsible for implementing, monitoring, and maintaining Azure Solutions. He or she manages cloud infrastructure service instances and various cloud servers as well as sets up public and private cloud systems. 

Information Security Manager

Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack 

Computer Programmer

Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

ITSM Manager

.net developer.

.NET Developer Job Description: A .NET Developer is a professional responsible for producing code using .NET languages. He or she is a software developer who uses the .NET technologies platform to create various applications. Dot NET Developer job comes with the responsibility of  creating, designing and developing applications using .NET languages such as VB and C#. 

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Understanding Poverty in India: Causes, Estimation, and Challenges

Table of Contents

(Relevant for Economics Section of General   Studies Paper Prelims/Mains)

Poverty, Best Sociology Optional Coaching, Sociology Optional Syllabus.

Poverty signifies a state or circumstance wherein an individual or a community lacks the necessary financial means and fundamental requisites to achieve a basic standard of living. It indicates that the earnings derived from employment fall to such a minimal extent that fundamental human necessities remain unattainable.

As per the World Bank’s perspective, poverty denotes significant deprivation in overall well-being and encompasses multifaceted dimensions. This encompasses inadequate income levels and the incapability to secure essential commodities and services vital for survival with dignity. Moreover, poverty encompasses limited access to proper healthcare and education, deficient availability of clean water and sanitation facilities, insufficient physical safety, absence of empowerment, and limited potential and opportunities to enhance one’s quality of life.

Within India, as of 2011, around 21.9% of the population resides below the national poverty threshold.

In 2018, nearly 8% of the global workforce and their families were constrained to subsist on an income of less than US$1.90 per individual per day, in line with the international poverty benchmark.

Poverty estimation in india

  • Poverty assessment in India is conducted by NITI Aayog’s task force, employing data gathered by the National Sample Survey Office under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI). The poverty line in India is determined by calculating the poverty threshold, which relies on consumption expenditure rather than income levels.
  • In India, the evaluation of poverty is based on consumer expenditure surveys carried out by the National Sample Survey Organisation. A household is classified as poor if its expenditure falls below a specified poverty line. The extent of poverty is gauged through the poverty ratio, denoting the proportion of the impoverished population to the total population, presented as a percentage and commonly referred to as the head-count ratio.
  • The Alagh Committee (1979) established the poverty line considering a daily minimum caloric intake of 2400 and 2100 calories for adults in rural and urban areas, respectively. Subsequent committees, such as the Lakdawala Committee (1993), Tendulkar Committee (2009), and Rangarajan Committee (2012), have contributed to refining poverty estimation methodologies.
  • According to the Rangarajan committee’s findings (2014), the poverty line is set at a Monthly Per Capita Expenditure of Rs. 1407 in urban regions and Rs. 972 in rural areas.
  • Population Explosion: India’s population has consistently surged over the years. In the past 45 years, it has grown at an annual rate of 2.2%, signifying an average addition of approximately 17 million individuals to the country’s populace each year. This surge further escalates the demand for consumer goods substantially.
  • Diminished Agricultural Productivity: A pivotal factor contributing to poverty is the low productivity within the agricultural sector. This situation is multifaceted. Primarily, it stems from fragmented and divided land holdings, lack of access to capital, ignorance regarding modern farming technologies, reliance on conventional cultivation techniques, and losses during storage.
  • Inefficient Resource Utilization: The prevalence of underemployment and concealed unemployment, particularly in the agricultural domain, has resulted in diminished agricultural output and a corresponding decline in living standards.
  • Limited Economic Growth Rate: Economic advancement has been sluggish in India, particularly during the initial 40 years following independence, prior to the economic liberalization reforms in 1991.
  • Escalating Prices: Persistent inflation in the country has augmented the hardships endured by the impoverished. While a small portion of the population has benefited, those from lower income strata have borne the brunt, struggling to meet even their most basic needs.
  • Unemployment: Unemployment stands as another notable contributor to poverty in India. The surging population has led to a concurrent surge in job seekers, but the growth of job opportunities has not kept pace with the escalating demand.
  • Shortage of Capital and Entrepreneurial Ventures: The insufficiency of capital and entrepreneurial activities has resulted in low investment levels and insufficient job creation within the economy.
  • Social Factors: Beyond economic factors, various social barriers obstruct the eradication of poverty in India. Some of these hindrances include inheritance laws, the caste system, and certain entrenched traditions.
  • Colonial Exploitation: The two-century-long British colonization and dominion over India had a detrimental impact, causing the decline of traditional handicraft and textile industries. The colonial policies converted India into a mere supplier of raw materials for European industries.
  • Climatic Influences: The majority of India’s impoverished population resides in states like Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Jharkhand, among others. Natural calamities such as frequent floods, disasters, earthquakes, and cyclones heavily impact agriculture in these regions.

The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index-2018, issued by the UN, highlighted that around 271 million individuals transitioned out of destitution between 2005-06 and 2015-16 within India. The poverty rate within the nation has nearly halved, plummeting from 55% to 28% over the course of a decade. Nevertheless, a substantial segment of India’s population still resides below the Poverty Line.The swift expansion of the economy and the integration of technology into social sector initiatives have played a pivotal role in significantly reducing extreme poverty within the country.Despite the rapid strides made in terms of growth and advancement, an unacceptably large portion of our populace continues to grapple with extensive and varied forms of deprivation. Consequently, addressing poverty in India necessitates a more comprehensive and all-encompassing strategy.

To master these intricacies and fare well in the Sociology Optional Syllabus , aspiring sociologists might benefit from guidance by the Best Sociology Optional Teacher and participation in the Best Sociology Optional Coaching . These avenues provide comprehensive assistance, ensuring a solid understanding of sociology’s diverse methodologies and techniques.

poverty in India, poverty estimation, poverty causes, poverty line, NITI Aayog, National Sample Survey Office, MOSPI, Alagh Committee, Lakdawala Committee, Tendulkar Committee, Rangarajan Committee, population explosion, agricultural productivity, resource utilization, economic growth rate, inflation, unemployment, capital shortage, social factors, colonial exploitation, climatic influences, Global Multidimensional Poverty Index, poverty reduction, technology integration, social sector initiatives, Best Sociology Optional Coaching, Sociology Optional Syllabus.

essay writing on poverty in india

Choose T he Best Sociology Optional Teacher for IAS Preparation?

At the beginning of the journey for Civil Services Examination preparation, many students face a pivotal decision – selecting their optional subject. Questions such as “ which optional subject is the best? ” and “ which optional subject is the most scoring? ” frequently come to mind. Choosing the right optional subject, like choosing the best sociology optional teacher , is a subjective yet vital step that requires a thoughtful decision based on facts. A misstep in this crucial decision can indeed prove disastrous.

Ever since the exam pattern was revamped in 2013, the UPSC has eliminated the need for a second optional subject. Now, candidates have to choose only one optional subject for the UPSC Mains , which has two papers of 250 marks each. One of the compelling choices for many has been the sociology optional. However, it’s strongly advised to decide on your optional subject for mains well ahead of time to get sufficient time to complete the syllabus. After all, most students score similarly in General Studies Papers; it’s the score in the optional subject & essay that contributes significantly to the final selection.

“ A sound strategy does not rely solely on the popular Opinion of toppers or famous YouTubers cum teachers. ”

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This decision marks a critical point in your UPSC – CSE journey , potentially determining your success in a career in IAS/Civil Services. Therefore, it’s crucial to choose wisely, whether it’s the optional subject or the best sociology optional teacher . Always base your decision on accurate facts, and never let your emotional biases guide your choices. After all, the search for the best sociology optional coaching is about finding the perfect fit for your unique academic needs and aspirations.

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essay on poverty for upsc

Essay on ‘Poverty’ for UPSC: Improve UPSC Essay Topics Writing Skill with Ease

essay on poverty for upsc

To those that are looking to improve their UPSC essay topics writing skills for the IAS exam can go through this article.

This article provides a sample essay on poverty for UPSC and candidates can learn how to write the best essay for UPSC.

The article will first introduce the topic, then talk about the issue of poverty in India and then conclude by talking about changes that can help create a change.

Essay on ‘Poverty’ for UPSC – First Para

Poverty is said to be a state where a person cannot even get the most basic needs of human life. They cannot get these basic needs due to lack of financial resources in their life. Poverty is a very major issue in the country. The poverty level in India is very high and is hindering the development goals of the country. The reasons for poverty are many but in short, population explosion, lower agricultural productivity, price rise, insufficient resources, debt trap and no proper government program development.

These causes have increased the poverty level and have increased the gap between the rich and poor. The poor keep getting poor whereas the rich keep getting richer. This has further caused problems in the economy. Poverty not only affects a single family or person, but also the economy of the country. The overall economy of the country depends on the output produced and poverty decreases the efficiency.

Problems with Poverty

Poverty also leads to problems like illiteracy, bad health and these lead to a downfall in human capital. Due to high poverty, India has a huge labour force that works for underpaid amounts and they hardly manage to meet the daily needs of their family.

Malnutrition and unhygienic living conditions is very common among the poor sections of society. Poverty also leads to discrimination in society. The poor are looked down upon and people believe they are not the same as the rich and noble. They do not get the chance to overcome this poverty due to discrimination. The poor section of people due to illiteracy do not get high paid jobs, and the poverty continues.

Second Para

Poverty has been in society for a long time and to create change it is very important to have support from the private sector too. The government has set up a lot of programmes in order for poverty alleviation. The NREGA 2005 is one of the most famous programmes released by the government. The program gives wages to laborers for work provided. Even if the government cannot give them work, they yet will be given the amount promised by the government. This programme is one of the most profound and important programmes for poverty alleviation in India.

Present State

The government is doing the best it can but the people need to create a change in mindsets. The need for having no discrimination is very important. With a change in mindset will come the ability for creating a real change in the society. These changes will also help in eliminating poverty.

The coronavirus is a deadly disease that has been affecting the lives of every person, but the most affected are again the poor section of society. Government programs alone will not be enough to create a permanent change, NGOs are going out of their way to create a change and it is very positive to see the rich trying to create a change by donating or helping by providing even the basic services.

Conclusion Para

Poverty is an issue that will not disappear in a day or two but even the most basic efforts have not been helping to eradicate poverty. India has had a large section of poor people from the time of British rule itself. India has overcome many stages but is yet to cut down the poverty levels by a big majority in recent times. Poverty is not just subjected to not having enough money but also not having the ability to get basic life requirements like food, sanitation, clean drinking water or even shelter. Rapid economic growth through a boost in technology has surely helped India to halve the rate of poverty from 55% to 27%. This positive growth in poverty alleviation is very essential for the basic development of India.

Also Read: Best Essay Books for UPSC: Perfect the Art of IAS Essay Writing

This article is a sample essay for UPSC essay topics. This will help students to understand how to write essays for the IAS exam and how to write to score higher in exams.

The essay is divided into parts so that it is easier to cover every aspect of the topic. This will allow you to show the knowledge you have on the topic and also try your best to link the topic to a current affair.

Also Read: Essay on ‘Climate Change’ for UPSC: Learn How to Write Best Essay for UPSC

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Poverty in India Essay for School Students in English [Easy Words]

January 13, 2021 by Sandeep

Essay on Poverty in India: People who are unable to satisfy basic necessities of life like food, water, shelter and education are considered unprivileged and face poverty. They may not be able to afford even a single square meal for their families. They are deprived of healthy and nutritious food. Population increase, migration to cities and rampant unemployment are some of the reasons for growing poverty in India. Increasing literacy and providing sustainable living conditions for the poor can curtail poverty.

Essay on Poverty in India 500 Words in English

We have provided Poverty in India Essay in English, suitable for class 6, 7, 8, 9 & 10. This essay is useful for UPSC aspirants too!

India is the world’s largest democracy and fastest-growing economy. It is one of the chief developing nations with an international level of influence. Yet, it is still viewed as a poor man’s country. This is because a large population of our country is still living below the poverty line. Even after almost seventy-two years of independence, poverty has plagued our nation. Our Union, as well as State governments, have collaborated with many private and public sector institutions. Together they have been able to roll out successful schemes to keep their citizens satisfied.

They are trying their best to provide us with our daily requirements. Yet this task has not helped remove poverty at all. The situation of poverty in India cannot be solved by judging it by its face value. It is essential to understand the nature of polity in India through a historical context. That way, we would be able to find reforms that can be implemented to curb this social evil.

Origin of Poverty in India

From the earliest kingdoms to the Mughal era, India has always had a rich history. Historians had given the Indian sub-continent the title ‘Golden Bird’. The vast reserves of gold and resources were the major indicators of a prospering economy during that era. Over time, invaders plundered these resources, and the economical health of this golden bird rapidly deteriorated. The most significant damage was done by the colonials. They entered our land as traders but slowly established their monopoly over various regions and services, and the entire sub-continent was then in their control.

Around the 19th and the 20th century, poverty bloomed under the British Raj. Industrial expansion and agricultural exports were increasing day by day. Farming was forced upon every labourer in India even when they were not farmers by profession. Though employment existed in the form of farming, farmers were being underpaid. While Nawabs and Maharajas enjoyed wealth and privileges, most of these workers could not even buy one proper meal a day. By 1943, poverty had reached a point where millions of people died of starvation, disease, and destitution (during the Bengal famine). Sir Antony MacDonnell, a civil servant of British India, quoted in the 1900’s “people died like flies”.

Poverty in Free India

Post-independence, India was divided into two different countries. This caused an inflow of refugees along the western border. This further aggravated the condition of poverty prevailing in the nation, according to B.S. Minhas, an economist, about 65% of the Indian population was living in poverty during the 1950’s. In the 1960’s, a new poverty line was set for the country to be at ₹ 20 a month. The estimated percentage of the population below this line was found to be 44%. The following decades noticed the common man’s frustration about the nation’s poor economic condition.

Slogans like ‘Garibi Hatao’ were being raised, and people were desperate to improve society’s condition. Over the years, many committees redefined the poverty line as per the changing dynamics of the Indian economy. At present, as per the World Bank estimates, 5.4% of our population is still suffering from extreme poverty. The figures have improved since the last century. Poverty can only be abolished if the developmental schemes keep evolving according to the country’s needs.

Causes of Poverty in India

Many factors directly contribute to the continual rise of poverty in India. To address and solve them, we need first to identify these factors. Here we have listed down some of these causes:

  • Demography of a country plays a vital role in its state of poverty. Rural areas have larger families who owe to a lower per capita income. Ultimately, this results in a low standard of living.
  • The increasing urban population has raised the rate of poverty in our country. The migration of rural people to urban areas has diluted out the wages. People eventually get closer to the poverty line.
  • One of the major economic causes includes the surge in unemployment. The survey reports of 2015 say that 77% of Indian families lack a regular source of income.
  • India is marked for its unequal distribution of assets. These assets and shares are disproportionately distributed among masses having different economic levels. 20 % of our population is reaping the seeds of 80 % of the total wealth.
  • Maximum economic value cannot be attained when we have an abundance of the unskilled labour force in our country. Moreover, the caste system has caused marginalization and discrimination of specific portions of our society. Some places still exist where lower caste people are treated as untouchables.
  • Besides, corruption is one of the leading causes of poverty. The poor are being neglected, whereas the wealthy can bribe their way to get their jobs done.

Effects of Poverty in India

The effects of poverty are far-fetched. One of its most disturbing effects includes the overall health conditions. Poor people are often malnourished. Children are devoid of a balanced and nutritious diet. Their poor immune system makes them prone to several ailments. Poverty makes them susceptible to anaemia, impaired vision, cardiac issues, etc. This is why 38 out of every 1000 infants die before turning 1.

India’s economy is correlated to its poverty rate. Poverty determines the possibility of rendering adequate amenities to our society’s underprivileged people. A poverty-ridden society is vulnerable to violence and crimes. Poor people indulge in criminal activities to feed themselves. Apart from that, homelessness is a typical outcome of poverty. This risks the safety of women and promotes child labour. It also increases terrorism.

Solutions for Eradicating Poverty in India

The following measures will help us fight against poverty in India:

  • Increasing employment opportunities in India is a beneficial option.
  • Farmers must be provided with proper agricultural resources. It will help them make a profit and will control their migration to urban regions (in search of jobs).
  • Growing population must be checked. Schemes promoting birth control must be implemented.
  • The Government must invest in the poverty-stricken states of India.
  • Free education and healthcare units must be set up.
  • Public Distribution System must be effective in its duty. People below the poverty line must be able to access free food and fresh water.
  • Illiterate labourers must be provided with skill-based training so that they can make a better living out of it.

Essay On Poverty In India

Poverty is one of India’s biggest challenges and has remained a major concern for the government, policymakers, and society at large. Despite one of the highest economic growth rates over the past decade, nearly one-third of the country’s population still lives below the poverty line. Poverty is a complex phenomenon that affects various aspects of society, such as health, education, and employment, among others, and has a lasting impact on the economy and social cohesion. This essay explores the causes, consequences, and potential solutions to poverty in India.

Causes of Poverty in India

There are various factors that contribute to poverty in India. Here are some of the most significant causes of poverty:

Population Growth and Urbanization

India is one of the world’s most densely populated countries, with a population of over 1.3 billion people. As the population continues to grow, the demand for basic necessities such as food, water, and shelter has increased substantially. Urbanization has also led to the growth of slums and informal settlements, which lack basic sanitation, healthcare, and education services. The proportion of the population in urban areas has grown from 17% in 1951 to 31% in 2011, and is projected to reach 40% by 2030.

High Levels of Inequality

India has one of the highest levels of wealth inequality in the world. The richest 1% of the population owns more than half of the country’s wealth, while the poorest 50% of the population owns just 2% of the wealth. This extreme wealth concentration is exacerbated by caste and religious differences, which limit access to equal opportunities such as education and employment.

Lack of Access to Education and Healthcare

Access to education and healthcare services is vital to breaking the cycle of poverty. However, India has one of the lowest rankings in the world for primary education, and the quality of education is often poor. Similarly, healthcare services are often inadequate, particularly in rural areas where medical facilities are scarce. This not only impacts the well-being of individuals and communities but also severely restricts their ability to access education and employment opportunities.

Unemployment and Underemployment

India has a sizeable informal sector, which comprises mostly of unorganized workers who lack job security, social protection, and access to basic rights such as maternity leave and pensions. According to the World Bank, more than 80% of Indian workers in non-agricultural sectors are employed in informal jobs. This not only affects their income and living standards but also restricts their ability to access credit and financial services, which are essential for breaking the cycle of poverty.

Consequences of Poverty in India

Poverty has severe consequences on society and the economy of India. Here are some of the most significant consequences of poverty:

Health and Well-being

Poverty has a severe impact on health and well-being. Poor living conditions, inadequate nutrition, and lack of access to healthcare services increase the risk of diseases and malnutrition. India accounts for one-third of the world’s undernourished children and has one of the highest rates of infant mortality in the world. Poverty also affects mental health, leading to higher incidents of depression, anxiety, and suicide.

Education and Literacy

Access to education is severely restricted due to poverty. Children are often forced to work instead of attending school, and girls are particularly vulnerable due to social and cultural taboos. The low quality of education also limits their future employment prospects and restricts their ability to escape from poverty.

Economic Growth and Development

Poverty acts as a significant impediment to economic growth and development. Large sections of the population lack the education, skills, and opportunity to gain employment in the formal sector. This restricts their income, demand, and purchasing power, which, in turn, limits economic growth. Poverty also restricts access to credit, which limits the ability of businesses to expand and create job opportunities.

Potential Solutions to Poverty in India

Poverty is a complex and multifaceted problem that requires a range of solutions to address. Here are some potential solutions to poverty in India:

Investment in Education and Healthcare

Education and healthcare are crucial to breaking the cycle of poverty. Enhancing the quality of education, increasing enrollment rates, and improving healthcare services can go a long way in improving the health, well-being, and employment prospects of individuals and communities.

Job Creation and Skill Development

Creating jobs and developing skills that are in line with the demands of the labor market is critical to reducing poverty. By enhancing access to credit, formalizing the informal sector, and investing in skill development, more people can gain employment, earn a living wage, and access social protections such as health insurance and pensions.

Social Safety Nets

Social safety nets such as cash transfers, food subsidies, and employment programs can offer temporary relief to families in poverty. These programs can help ensure that basic needs are met, while individuals and communities work towards achieving long-term solutions to poverty.

Women’s Empowerment

Empowering women can be a powerful means of addressing poverty. By enhancing access to education, healthcare, and job opportunities, women can play an active role in the economy and society. Women’s empowerment also enhances their decision-making power, leading to better outcomes for families and communities.

Poverty is one of the most significant challenges facing India today. Addressing poverty requires a comprehensive and multifaceted approach that addresses the root causes of poverty and its consequences. Education, healthcare, job creation, and social safety nets can go a long way in breaking the cycle of poverty, while empowering women can enhance their role in society and the economy. Only by working together can India overcome poverty and achieve sustained and inclusive economic growth.

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Essay on Poverty: Samples in 100, 200, 300 Words

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Essay on poverty

Poverty is a deep-rooted problem that continues to affect a large portion of the world’s population today. It touches on several aspects of human life including but not limited to political, economic, and social elements. Even though there are several methods to escape poverty, still issues arise due to a lack of adequate unity among the country’s citizens. Here are some essays on poverty which will give you insights about this topic.

This Blog Includes:

Essay on poverty in 100 words, essay on poverty in 200 words, reasons behind poverty, world poverty conditions, role of ngos to eradicate poverty, what can be done by us.

Poverty is defined as a state of scarcity, and the lack of material possessions to such an extreme extent that people have difficulties in fulfilling their basic needs. Robert McNamara, a former World Bank President, states that extreme poverty is limited by illiteracy, malnutrition, disease, high infant mortality rate, squalid conditions of living, and low life expectancy.

In order to eradicate poverty in a country, strict measures need to be taken on all levels. The political system needs to address this issue with utmost sincerity and strategic implementation in such a way that it improves the lives of people, especially the ones living below the poverty line. 

Also Read: Speech on Made in India

Poverty is like a parasite that degrades its host and eventually causes a lot of damage to the host. It is basically the scarcity of basic needs that leads to an extremely degraded life and even low life expectancy. It includes a lack of food, shelter, medication, education, and other basic necessities. Poverty is a more serious circumstance where people are forced to starve. It can be caused by a variety of factors depending upon the country. 

Every country that is hit with pandemic diseases, experiences an increase in poverty rates. This is because of the fact that poor people are unable to receive adequate medical care and hence are unable to maintain their health. This renders the people powerless and even puts their liberty in jeopardy. This is because of the fact that poor people can become trapped in a vicious cycle of servitude. The condition of poverty is a distressing one that causes pain, despair, and grief in the lives of the ones it affects. 

This is also a negative scenario that prevents a child from attending basic education. It’s the lack of money that prevents people from living sufficiently. Also, it is the cause of more serious social concerns such as slavery, child labour, etc. Hence action is needed on the same with utmost sincerity. 

Essay on Poverty in 300 words

Poverty is a multifaceted concept that includes several aspects such as social aspects, political elements, economic aspects, etc. It is basically associated with undermining a variety of essential human attributes such as health, education, etc. Despite the growth and development of the economies of countries, poverty still exists in almost every one of them. 

There are several contributing reasons behind poverty in a nation. Some of them are mentioned below:-

  • Lack of literacy among citizens
  • Lack of Capital in the country
  • Large families and a rapidly growing population
  • Limited employment opportunities

There are even urban areas where the slum population is increasing. These are deprived of many basic amenities such as sanitation, drainage systems, and low-cost water supply, etc. 

According to UNICEF , around 22000 children lose their lives each day due to poverty. There are approximately 1.9 billion children in developing countries in the world and India is also among them. Out of these, approximately 640 million don’t have a proper shelter, 270 million are living without medical facilities, and approximately 400 million don’t have access to safe water. This worldwide situation is growing at a fast pace. 

The approaches by NGOs basically include helping the poor by providing various public services such as medical services etc.

They also play a major role in mobilizing the services recommended by the government. They have various approaches and strategies that directly help the poor in various ways.

We help in eradicating poverty by increasing employment opportunities.

Ensuring financial services and providing the same is another such measure that can be taken.

Recognizing social entrepreneurs as people of influence, conveying to them the seriousness of this situation, and then eventually making people aware of the same is another thing that can be done. 

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Writing an essay on poverty in 200 words requires you to describe various aspects of this topic such as what causes poverty, how it affects individuals and society as a whole, etc. The condition of poverty is a distressing one that causes pain, despair, and grief in the lives of the ones it affects.

An essay on poverty may be started as follows:- Poverty is a deep-rooted problem that continues to affect a large portion of the world’s population today. It touches on several aspects of human life including but not limited to political, economic, and social elements. Even though there are several methods to escape poverty, still issues arise due to a lack of adequate unity among the country’s citizens.

Poverty in 100 words: Poverty is defined as a state of scarcity, and the lack of material possessions to such an extreme extent that people have difficulties in fulfilling their basic needs. Robert McNamara, a former World Bank President, states that extreme poverty is limited by illiteracy, malnutrition, disease, high infant mortality rate, squalid conditions of living, and low life expectancy. In order to eradicate poverty in a country, strict measures need to be taken on all levels. The political system needs to address this issue with utmost sincerity and strategic implementation in such a way that it improves the lives of people, especially the ones living below the poverty line.

For more information on such interesting topics, visit our essay writing page and follow Leverage Edu .

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Essay on Poverty in india 100, 200, 300, 500 words

Essay on poverty in india.

Poverty in India

Essay on Poverty in India : Poverty is one of the major challenges that India has been grappling with for many decades. Despite the significant economic growth that India has seen in recent years, a large proportion of its population continues to live in abject poverty. Poverty is not just an economic issue but a social and cultural issue which affects the lives of people in many ways. In this essay, we will examine the causes and consequences of poverty in India and some of the measures taken to remove it.

1. lack of access to basic resources

2. unequal distribution of wealth., 3. lack of access to education, 4. overcome the issues of poverty, 5. significant challenge, affects of poverty, how to reduce it, essay on poverty in india 500 words, causes of poverty:, consequences of poverty:, essay on poverty in india 200 words, essay on poverty in india 100 words, causes of poverty in india.

Poverty in India is a complex issue for many reasons. One of the primary causes of poverty is lack of access to basic resources such as food, clean water, health care, and education. India is a country with a high population density, and a large proportion of its population lives in rural areas where access to these basic resources is limited. Additionally, India has a high rate of illiteracy and unemployment, which further adds to the problem of poverty.

Another important reason for poverty in India is the unequal distribution of wealth. A small fraction of the population has access to wealth and resources, while a vast majority live in poverty. This inequality is mainly due to historical and social factors that have led to the concentration of wealth and power in the hands of a few.

The consequences of poverty in India are serious and far-reaching. Poverty leads to malnutrition, disease and premature death, especially among children. It also results in lack of access to education, which perpetuates the cycle of poverty. Poverty also leads to social exclusion and discrimination, which further marginalises vulnerable communities.

To overcome the issue of poverty in India, the government has implemented several measures. One of the most important measures is the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA), which guarantees 100 days of employment to rural households. The government has also implemented various poverty alleviation programs such as the National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM), Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) and Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY).

However, despite these measures, poverty remains a significant challenge in India. More investment is needed in basic resources such as education, health care and infrastructure. The government needs to address the issue of income inequality by implementing policies that promote equitable distribution of resources. Additionally, greater awareness and social action is needed to address the cultural and social factors that perpetuate poverty.

Conclusion : poverty in India is a complex and multidimensional issue that requires concerted efforts from all stakeholders. While the government has taken several measures to address poverty, more investment is needed in basic resources and policies that promote equitable distribution of wealth. Additionally, greater awareness and social action is needed to address the cultural and social factors that perpetuate poverty. Only through a concerted effort can India tackle the issue of poverty and achieve a more equitable and just society.

Definitely! Poverty in India is a vast and multidimensional problem affecting various aspects of people’s lives. Here are some additional facts and information on poverty in India:

1.Poverty rate: According to the World Bank, more than 134 million people in India live below the poverty line, which is defined as living on less than $1.90 per day. The poverty rate in India has decreased over the years, but it remains a significant challenge, especially in rural areas.

2. Rural-urban divide: Poverty in India is concentrated in rural areas, where access to basic resources is limited. According to a report by the National Sample Survey Office, rural poverty in India is twice that of urban poverty.

3. Education and Poverty: Education is an important factor in reducing poverty, as it helps individuals acquire the necessary skills and knowledge to secure better jobs and improve their standard of living. However, India has a high rate of illiteracy, which perpetuates the cycle of poverty.

4. Health and poverty: Poverty in India is associated with poor health outcomes, especially among children. Malnutrition is a widespread problem, with 34% of children under the age of five being underweight. Lack of access to clean water and sanitation also leads to the spread of diseases such as diarrhoea, cholera and typhoid.

5. Women and poverty: Women are more likely to live in poverty than men in India, mainly due to cultural and social factors that limit their access to education, health care and employment opportunities.

6. Social Safety Net: The Government of India has implemented various social safety net programs to address poverty, such as the Public Distribution System (PDS), which provides subsidized food grains to low-income households.

However, these programs have been criticized for their inefficiency and corruption.

7. Sustainable Development Goals: India is committed to achieving the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which aim to eradicate poverty, reduce inequality and promote sustainable development. To achieve these goals, the government has implemented various initiatives such as the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, which aims to provide access to clean water and sanitation.

In short, poverty in India is a vast and complex issue that requires a multi-pronged approach to address it. While progress has been made, more needs to be done to achieve a more equitable and just society

Alleviating poverty in India requires a concerted effort by various stakeholders including the government, civil society organisations, the private sector and individuals. Here are some measures that can help reduce poverty in India:

1.Investment in basic resources: Investment in basic resources such as education, health care, water and sanitation is necessary to reduce poverty. Ensuring that all citizens have access to these resources will help break the cycle of poverty.

2. Promotion of employment opportunities: Creating employment opportunities especially in rural areas will help in reducing poverty. The government can implement policies that promote the growth of small and medium-sized enterprises, which are the primary sources of employment in India.

3. Promoting Entrepreneurship: Encouraging entrepreneurship can help reduce poverty by creating more employment opportunities and promoting economic growth. The government can provide support to entrepreneurs through funding, training and other resources.

4. Promoting gender equality: Promoting gender equality will help reduce poverty, as women are more likely to live in poverty than men. The government can implement policies that promote women’s education, employment and participation in decision making.

5. Strengthening social safety net: The government may strengthen social safety net programs such as the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) and the Public Distribution System (PDS) to ensure that benefits reach the intended beneficiaries.

6. Strengthening Governance: Corruption and inefficiency in governance are major barriers to poverty reduction. Government can strengthen governance by implementing policies that promote transparency, accountability and the rule of law.

7. Promote sustainable development: Promoting sustainable development can help reduce poverty in the long run. The government can implement policies that promote sustainable agriculture, renewable energy and environmental protection.

In conclusion, reducing poverty in India requires a multi-pronged approach involving various stakeholders. Ensuring access to basic resources, promoting employment and entrepreneurship, promoting gender equality, strengthening social safety nets, strengthening governance and promoting sustainable development are some of the measures that can do help reduce poverty in India.

Poverty in India is a widespread issue that affects a significant portion of the population. Despite economic growth in recent years, a large proportion of the population still lives in poverty, with inadequate access to basic necessities such as food, shelter and health care. Poverty in India is a complex problem caused by various factors such as caste discrimination, lack of education, unemployment and inadequate infrastructure.

essay writing on poverty in india

Caste discrimination is one of the major causes of poverty in India. The caste system has existed in India for centuries and is deeply rooted in the social fabric of the country. People from lower castes are often discriminated against and denied access to basic resources and opportunities. This often leads to a cycle of poverty that is difficult to break.

Lack of education is another factor that contributes to poverty in India. Without access to education, people are unable to acquire the skills necessary to secure well-paying jobs. This keeps them stuck in low paying jobs with little hope of upward mobility. Apart from this, lack of education also leads to lack of awareness about basic health and hygiene practices, which leads to more diseases.

Unemployment is also an important contributor to poverty in India. Despite the government’s efforts to create jobs, the unemployment rate remains high, especially among the youth. This leads to a reduction in income, making it difficult for people to afford basic needs such as food, shelter and health care.

Inadequate infrastructure is another factor that increases poverty in India. Poor road network, inadequate health facilities and lack of access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities are some of the basic infrastructure problems that affect people living in poverty. These problems make it difficult for people to access basic necessities and increase their vulnerability to diseases and other health problems.

Poverty in India is a complex problem that requires a multidimensional solution. Addressing issues such as caste discrimination, lack of education, unemployment and inadequate infrastructure can go a long way in reducing poverty in India. Additionally, the government needs to focus on creating more jobs and providing a better social safety net for those living in poverty. Only by adopting a comprehensive approach to reducing poverty can India hope to lift its citizens out of poverty and move towards a better future and their vulnerability to diseases and other health problems.

In conclusion, poverty in India is a complex problem that requires a multi-pronged solution. Addressing issues such as caste discrimination, lack of education, unemployment and inadequate infrastructure can go a long way in reducing poverty in India. The government needs to focus on creating more jobs and providing a better social safety net for those living in poverty. Only by adopting a comprehensive approach to poverty reduction can India hope to lift its citizens out of poverty and move towards a better future.

Essay on Poverty in India 300 words

Introduction:

Poverty is a multifaceted issue that has plagued India for centuries. Despite remarkable economic growth and development in recent decades, a significant portion of India’s population continues to grapple with poverty. This essay aims to shed light on the persistent problem of poverty in India, its causes, consequences, and potential solutions.

  • Income Inequality: Income inequality is a major driver of poverty in India. The rich-poor divide is stark, with a small elite accumulating enormous wealth while a large section of the population struggles to make ends meet.
  • Unemployment: High levels of unemployment, particularly in rural areas, contribute to poverty. Lack of access to quality education and skills training perpetuates this problem.
  • Agricultural Dependence: A significant portion of the Indian population relies on agriculture for their livelihoods. Fluctuating crop yields, inadequate infrastructure, and lack of modern farming techniques make agriculture a precarious source of income.
  • Social Factors: Caste-based discrimination and social exclusion continue to marginalize certain groups, making it difficult for them to escape the cycle of poverty.
  • Healthcare: Poverty leads to inadequate access to healthcare, resulting in higher mortality rates and increased susceptibility to diseases.
  • Education: Impoverished families often cannot afford education for their children, perpetuating a cycle of illiteracy and limited opportunities.
  • Malnutrition: Poverty contributes to malnutrition, affecting physical and cognitive development, particularly in children.
  • Crime and Social Unrest: High levels of poverty can foster crime and social unrest, as individuals may resort to illegal means for survival.
  • Education and Skill Development: Investing in quality education and skill development programs can empower individuals to break free from the cycle of poverty.
  • Rural Development: Improving infrastructure, agricultural techniques, and providing alternative livelihood options in rural areas can alleviate poverty.
  • Social Welfare Programs: Expanding and improving social welfare programs, such as food subsidies, healthcare access, and direct cash transfers, can provide immediate relief to those in need.
  • Reducing Income Inequality: Implementing progressive taxation and wealth redistribution policies can help bridge the income gap.
  • Addressing Social Discrimination: Stricter enforcement of anti-discrimination laws and promoting social inclusion can reduce the impact of caste-based discrimination.

Conclusion:

Poverty remains a formidable challenge in India, affecting millions of people across the country. To eradicate poverty, it is essential to address its root causes, including income inequality, lack of education, and unemployment. A multi-pronged approach that combines economic development with social welfare programs and efforts to reduce discrimination is crucial to uplift the impoverished sections of society. Only through sustained efforts can India hope to overcome the scourge of poverty and provide a better future for all its citizens.

India, a country known for its rich cultural heritage and economic potential, also grapples with a severe and persistent issue – poverty. With a population of over 1.3 billion, India is home to one-third of the world’s poor. Poverty in India is a complex problem that has deep-rooted causes and far-reaching consequences.

One of the primary causes of poverty in India is the vast income inequality. While India has witnessed significant economic growth over the past few decades, this growth has not been inclusive. A small section of the population has reaped the benefits of economic progress, leaving a large majority of people behind. This inequality is exacerbated by factors such as lack of access to education, healthcare and job opportunities, especially in rural areas.

Furthermore, India’s high population density and limited resources make poverty a persistent challenge. The lack of basic infrastructure, inadequate sanitation facilities and unreliable access to clean drinking water further perpetuate poverty cycles.

Poverty in India has multifaceted consequences, affecting not only the economic well-being of individuals but also their health, education and overall quality of life. It also hinders the country’s overall development and social progress.

Addressing poverty in India requires a comprehensive approach that includes equitable economic policies, improved access to education and healthcare, rural development initiatives and social safety nets. Empowering marginalized communities, investing in skill development and promoting job creation can help break the cycle of poverty.

In conclusion, poverty remains a pressing issue in India, impacting millions of lives. It is essential for the government, civil society and international organizations to work collaboratively to address the root causes of poverty and uplift the disadvantaged populations, ensuring a brighter and more equitable future for all Indians.

Poverty in India remains a pressing issue with multifaceted challenges. Despite economic growth, a significant portion of the population still lives below the poverty line. Factors contributing to this include unequal distribution of wealth, limited access to quality education and healthcare, and a lack of employment opportunities, especially in rural areas. Additionally, social disparities, such as caste and gender discrimination, exacerbate the problem. Addressing poverty requires comprehensive strategies encompassing economic reforms, social programs, and inclusive development initiatives. By tackling these root causes, India can strive towards a more equitable society, improving the lives of millions and fostering sustainable growth.

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Essay on Poverty in India

Poverty is the inability to secure the minimum human needs of food, clothing, housing, education, and health. When a person is unable to fulfil these basic needs, it leads to pain and distress.

Even after 74 years of Independence, India is still struggling with the problem of poverty. After going through this ‘ Essay on Poverty in India’ you will learn about the Features of Poverty in India, the Causes of Poverty in India, and Anti-poverty measures taken by the government of India to reduce the poverty in India.

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Essay on Poverty in India

Features of Poverty in India

Variations:  In the mid-seventies, the poverty ratio (which was more than 50%) got reduced to 22% by the end.

Trend:  There has been a secular decline in the poverty ratio. Because of the increase in population, the number of poor people remained stable for a long period of time.

Interstate variations:  More than 90% of India’s poor are living in Bihar, Odisha, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, and Uttar Pradesh. Gujarat, Kerala, Haryana, Goa, and Punjab have a low poverty ratio.

Vulnerable groups:  Among the economic groups, the most vulnerable groups are the rural agricultural labour households and the urban casual labour households. On the other hand, among the social groups, the most vulnerable groups are scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.

Inequality of income within a family:  Women, female infants, and elder people suffer more than other members of the family. They are the poorest of the poor.

Rural and urban poverty:  Nearly 75% of poor people live in rural areas. Many poor people from rural areas migrate to urban areas in search of jobs. However, the industrial and service sectors cannot provide sufficient jobs to these poor people.

Causes of Poverty in India

Inequality in the distribution of income and wealth:  During the plan periods, the national income of India has been increasing, but it has not been distributed properly among the different sections of people. The majority of the income of the economy has been enjoyed by the rich. These inequalities in the distribution of wealth and income have worsened the problem of poverty in India.

Underdevelopment of an economy:  Physical and natural resources are underutilized because of a lack of technology, capital, and entrepreneurial ability. Therefore, the productive capacity and gross domestic product of the economy are low. Primitive technology of production occurs in the agricultural sector. They lack irrigation facilities, fertilizers, and a high-yielding variety of seeds. This backwardness in agriculture has given rise to rural poverty.

Price inflation:  Upward trends in the consumer price index during the plan periods led to a fall in the real income of fixed and low-income earners. It decreases purchasing power and hence a lower standard of living and a higher incidence of poverty.

High rate of population growth:  Because of the increase in population, the dependency burden has increased. Hence, the provision for their minimum needs becomes a crucial problem. This high growth rate of the population also signifies lesser availability of health facilities and other amenities and therefore a lower standard of living.

Illiteracy:  Because of a lack of literacy, Indian farmers fail to learn new methods of cultivation, and adopt new tools and implements. Also, the village moneylenders succeed in cheating them more easily. On the other hand, urban people are employed as unskilled workers and receive very low wages in return. They mostly live in slums and they lead miserable lives.

Social causes:  Many social factors such as the caste system, religious faith and beliefs, and joint family system have hindered the process of economic growth.

Political causes:  The policies of the colonial government have ruined traditional handicrafts and discouraged the development of textile industries. Even after Independence , the government failed to protect the interest of the poor.

Anti-Poverty Measures in India

The anti-poverty strategy of the government is based on the promotion of economic growth and targeted anti-poverty programs.

National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA), September 2005

  • 100 days assured employment every year to every household in 200 districts; will be extended to 600 districts later.
  • One-third of jobs are reserved for women.
  • The Central Government will establish National Employment Guarantee Funds.

National Food for Work Programme (NFWP), 2004

  • Launched in 150 most backward districts.
  • Open to all rural poor who are in need of wage employment and manual skilled labour.
  • 100% centrally sponsored scheme and food grains free of cost. Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY), 2000
  • Additional central assistance to states for basic services.

Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY), 1999

  • To assist poor families above the poverty line by organizing them into self-help groups through a mix of bank credit and government subsidy.

Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP), 1995

  • To create self-employment opportunities in rural areas and small towns.
  • To create 25 lakh jobs for the program under the Tenth Five-Year Plan.

Prime Minister Rozgar Yojana (PMRY), 1993

  • To create self-employment opportunities for educated unemployed youth in rural areas and small towns.
  • To help set up small businesses and industries

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Essay on Poverty in India 

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Essay on Poverty in India

What is Poverty? Poverty is defined as the lack of sufficient money to meet basic needs such as food and shelter. Poverty is a situation in which a person is homeless and has very little money. Due to the growing population in urban areas, India’s poverty rate is rising. The most important fact is that huge numbers of people live in poverty, with the majority living on the edge of it. Poverty in India is mostly observed in rural regions due to a large number of uneducated and unemployed people within the growing population.

Many people cannot afford proper food for their daily lives, and because they do not have their own homes, they sleep on streets or footpaths. As a result, more people require more food, money, and shelter, but poverty grows rapidly due to a lack of these resources. This is why the rich become richer and the poor become poorer, making it difficult to bridge the gap. Poverty has several consequences, including poor housing, illiteracy, increased child labor and unemployment, and poor hygiene. As a result, these poor individuals cannot afford a balanced diet, decent clothes, or a good education for the simple reason that they do not have enough money.

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Essay on_Poverty in India

Ways to Reduce Poverty :

Poverty may be reduced by providing sufficient education and facilities to farmers, allowing them to become more profitable and not feel the need to migrate to cities in search of work. Also, uneducated individuals should receive a good education to improve their lives, and family planning is also necessary for getting out of poverty. Poverty in our country dates back to ancient times, when the poor were not given the same privileges as the wealthy, and they were even denied access to religious places. Unemployment, a lack of education, poor resource utilization, corruption, and poor government policy are all major causes of poverty.

In India, poverty is high when compared to other nations due to the poor growth rate of per capita income per person. Due to a lack of career prospects, many individuals work as rickshaw pullers, construction laborers, domestic servants, and other low-wage jobs, which leads them to live in slum areas.

In addition, lack of land resources has been one of the key reasons for poverty in India; even small farmers in our nation are poor since they cultivate but do not receive fair pay in terms of profit, resulting in poverty.

The population of India as a Major Cause of Poverty :

Since the beginning of time, poverty has been an unavoidable problem. Under British colonial authority, poverty in India worsened from the late 19th century through the early 20th century, peaking in the 1920s. During this time, the colonial government de-industrialized India by restricting the production of finished garments and other goods by Indian craftsmen.

From then till recent times, the situation has been quite the same or has even worsened in many places. In 2013, the Indian government reported that 21.9% of the country’s population lived below the official poverty line. In other words, India, which accounted for 17.5% of the world population, had 20.6% of the world’s poorest people in 2013. Rural areas are home to a huge number of poor people. Poverty is more severe among members of scheduled castes and tribes in the country’s rural areas.

Population Trends in India :

India’s population has been rapidly increasing. In 1991, India’s population was around 84.3 crores, with a high rate of poverty; now, our country’s population is around 130 crores, with the population nearly doubling in the last three decades, but not enough has been done to control poverty in our country. As the population grows, so does unemployment, and poverty is just a reflection of unemployment. More capital is necessary for developing industry, providing adequate transportation, and other projects, as a result of which the country’s deficiency is underdeveloped and more people live in poverty. Lack of skilled labor also contributes to poverty since less-skilled workers lack industrial training and education and miss out on opportunities that more skilled workers can avail. Lack of infrastructure means that transportation and communication have not been properly developed, resulting in farmers receiving fertilisers for cultivation late and industries receiving power and raw materials not on time and thus, end products not being properly marketed and reaching customers on time. Hence, to escape poverty, our government must be more serious, and citizens must share equal responsibility.

Conclusion : Remarkably, as a result of rural-to-urban migration, the incidence of rural poverty has fallen steadily. First and foremost, population growth should be strictly controlled to tackle the serious problem of poverty. Other approaches to fight this problem include expanding work possibilities, educating people, eliminating black money, decentralized planning, and assisting women and youth in becoming self-sufficient. Empowering the weaker and most backward sections of society is also expected to help reduce poverty. We are not failing to achieve our goals owing to a lack of resources or technical support, but rather due to a lack of execution of our plans and programs.

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Essay on Poverty in India – 2 Essays

Category: Essays and Paragraphs On July 3, 2019 By Various Contributors

Poverty in India- Essay 1.

Poverty basically means a condition where a person does not have the amenities or money to provide for basic needs. The basic needs are food , clothes , medicine, and shelter . Poverty also doesn’t possess meaning to just one thing. There are different areas of poverty.

It is one of the bigger challenges in many developing countries across the world, including India. The government policies are usually focused on alleviating poverty and eventually eradicating it.

Causes of Poverty

There are various causes of poverty in India . They range from a person being unable to have the means to generate money for themselves leading to them not being able to buy the basic amenities needed. There are instances where infants are born then discarded and they start to fend for themselves from an early age, and that might result in them not making any headway in life and leaving them in poverty .

Effects of poverty

Poverty leads to bad health. Poverty is a major factor of bad health because people below the poverty line cannot even have access to Healthcare because they can’t afford it.

Also, as there are advancements in society, the cost of products is on the rise, and poor people cannot afford them especially food items leading to hunger and starvation. There have been some instances of food riot in some countries because of increase in prices of food.

Poverty by itself means the inability of that proportion of the population is sustaining hardships and deprivation. Malnutrition gives rise to many diseases, and a high incidence of poverty brings down the health profile of an area.

Education, while by itself does not guarantee freedom from poverty, can certainly provide a better chance to step out of it. The government can help provide training to the less educated to adapt to some productive trade. There should be increased incentives for people who take any effort towards financial freedom. Short term loan to engage in properly investigated financial activities should be made easily available.

Attempts are being made to reduce and eliminate poverty as establishments are being created to provide for the less privileged people. It is indeed an unpleasant state to be in. Individuals and Governments must come together to find ways to find better solutions towards alleviating it.

By Teamwork (2019)

Short Essay on Poverty in India – 2

Poverty is one of the biggest problems that the country is having not from a few years but from the time of country’s existence. People in various communities and religions suffer a lot because they don’t get their deserved jobs and due to that reason, they don’t get enough money to feed their families. The government has taken a lot of steps to make sure that poverty in India gets decreased.

If a survey gets organized at the current time, it will get noticed that a large percentage of people belong to the community which is very poor.

Here are some probable solutions to enhance the lifestyle of all the poor people in the country:

  • The education system of India should get organized in such a way that all the rich and the poor people should study in the same manner and due to the lack of money, the poor people should not lag behind. Some special schools and colleges should get open for the underprivileged to make sure that they also get taught what all the other categories do get taught.
  • A lot of new factories and industries should get open in the country which will create more jobs and hence all the poor people who are well educated, can get to work easily by doing jobs at such factories or any other industries.
  • The poor people should get taught about opening various kinds of small level businesses. It is very visible that people from various villages are doing their best to open their small businesses and they are earning quite well from it. For example, if a tailor who has the talent to sew any kind of material, opens a shop and markets about I well in the village and other nearby areas, he will surely get more income than he could ever desire.
  • All the upper-grade categories have the benefit of a lot of things in the country. For example, there isn’t any electricity issue in most of the big houses; however, if you go to any village, you will find out that a lot of houses don’t even have proper electricity to study or prepare for other things. The upper-grade people should try to help the people from lower grade in every way possible so that the country should start getting called a developed instead of a developing country.
  • Educating people is the key to success for a lot of problems and if we can educate all the poor people about how they can earn money by educating themselves or by learning new skills etc. they will surely be able to earn more money than they have ever earned before.

These were a few key points that should be taken care of by the government to vanish the poverty in India. Poor people try their best to become rich, but they do not get their desired resources due to which they lag behind.

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Poverty In India Essay

Poverty In India Essay | Poverty In India Essay for Students and Children

Poverty In India Essay: Poverty In India Essay aims to educate students about the plight of the poor and underprivileged. In India, the wealth is distributed in a disproportionate manner. Explore how this factor and others affect the poverty rates in India through this essay. Furthermore, discover the various means to eliminate poverty from the society.

To write an engaging essay on poverty in India or any other topic, students have to follow certain rules and guidelines. These will also help students to fetch more marks in their exams. So, please consider adopting the following tips and tricks to an engaging essay.

Poverty In India Essay Writing Tips

  • Always write an introductory paragraph highlighting the background or history of the topic.
  • Include names, dates, and figures wherever possible.
  • Avoid the use of jargon.
  • Present content in easy-to-read, digestible chunks.
  • Present information in points where necessary.
  • End the essay with a concluding paragraph.
  • Check for grammatical or factual errors before submission.

Poverty In India

Poverty In India Essay – Sample 1 (250+ Words)

Poverty is a situation where an individual lacks the means to purchase basic necessities of life. These can include food, water, clothes, and shelter. Moreover, these individuals may not be able to afford even a single square meal a day. They make do with whatever they can find on the street – such as salvaging old food from the trash, sleeping on park benches or roadsides and wear raggedy old clothes.

Poverty and Its Causes

Poverty is primarily caused by the unequal distribution of wealth in a country. Furthermore, unemployment and an increase in the urban population can drastically increase the rate of the country’s population. To aggravate the condition, the jobs that these individuals work pay woefully low wages. This is because these individuals do not possess the required qualifications or are not employable.

A 2012 survey revealed that an estimated 276 million individuals are under the poverty line in India. The same survey also revealed that more people hovering just above the poverty line. Corruption is one of the biggest factors contributing to poverty followed by illiteracy.

Reducing Poverty – How To Reduce it

One of the most effective ways of reducing poverty, at least for future generations is by providing access to education. This ensures that the individuals are skilled and qualified enough to secure a well-paying job. Furthermore, family planning must also be taken into consideration due to the fact that the rising population contributes to poverty.

In conclusion, poverty is not a problem can be solved overnight, however, implementing these solutions over the course of a decade or two will help to alleviate the problem.

Poverty In India Essay – Sample 2 (350+ Words)

Poverty has been a societal problem since times immemorial. It is a situation where an individual is unable to purchase basic necessities such as food, clothes, and shelter. Moreover, these individuals sustain themselves on a single meal a day since they can’t afford more. They may engage in begging since they cannot earn money any other way. Sometimes, these individuals may scavenge rotten food from a dumpster near a hotel or a restaurant just to satisfy their hunger. They may sleep on the pavement or park benches on clear nights. On rainy days, they may sleep under bridges or any other indoor shelters.

How is Poverty Caused?

There are a lot of socio-economic variables that influence poverty. First and foremost is the unequal distribution of wealth. This is compounded by corruption and the ever-increasing population of the country. The next influential factor that causes poverty is illiteracy and unemployment. These two factors go hand-in-hand because, without proper education, unemployment is sure to follow. Most of the people under the poverty line have no marketable or employable skills required by the industries. In case these individuals do find a job, most of these pay extremely low wages, which is insufficient to support oneself or lead a family.

Effects of Poverty

When individuals are unable to afford basic necessities for life, other undesired consequences follow. For instance, health care becomes impossible to afford. This means the individual is at an increased risk of diseases and infections. Sometimes, these individuals also resort to unfair means to obtain money – such as robbery, murder, assault, and rape.

Solutions to End Poverty

Poverty is not a problem that can be resolved over a week or a year. It requires careful planning from the government to implement relevant policies that cater to the population falling below the poverty line. Another important factor affecting poverty is illiteracy and unemployment.

This issue can be tackled with one stone – i.e, to provide education and financial support. Access to education, especially providing means to pursue higher education increases the employability of individuals. This directly helps to alleviate poverty as the individual can start earning. Therefore, one of the most effective tools to combat poverty is education.

In conclusion, poverty in India may remain for another decade or so. However, there are strategies that help to gradually alleviate the problem.

Solutions to End Poverty

FAQ’s on Poverty In India

Question 1. What is poverty?

Answer: Poverty is a situation where an individual lacks the means to purchase basic necessities of life such as food, water, clothes and shelter.

Question 2. What are some of the adverse effects of poverty?

Answer: Poverty leads to a miserable quality of life. It can also give rise to anti-social activities such as robbery, murder, assault, and rape.

Question 3. How to combat poverty?

Answer: If we are able to provide access to free education and reduce unemployment, the rate of poverty will be reduced. Moreover, providing free access to basic necessities such as health care and shelter will also help to alleviate poverty.

Question 4. What is the Poverty Line?

Answer: The Below Poverty Line (BPL)  is a benchmark that indicates an economic disadvantage. Moreover, it is used for individuals that are in need of aid and assistance from the government.

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Essay on Causes of Poverty in India

Students are often asked to write an essay on Causes of Poverty in India in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

Let’s take a look…

100 Words Essay on Causes of Poverty in India

Introduction.

Poverty in India is a significant issue affecting millions. It’s a complex problem with multiple causes.

Population Growth

Rapid population growth is a major cause of poverty. More people means more resources are needed, leading to scarcity.

Lack of Education

Insufficient education prevents people from securing good jobs, keeping them in poverty.

Unemployment

High unemployment rates also contribute to poverty. Without jobs, people can’t earn money to support themselves.

Social Inequality

Inequality in India, based on caste or gender, limits opportunities for certain groups, perpetuating poverty.

Poverty in India is caused by various factors. Addressing these issues is crucial for poverty reduction.

250 Words Essay on Causes of Poverty in India

India, despite its economic growth and development, is still grappling with the issue of poverty. It is a complex problem with a myriad of causes, deeply rooted in the country’s historical, social, and economic fabric.

Historical Factors

India’s history of colonization significantly contributed to its poverty. The British Empire exploited India’s resources, leading to economic stagnation and widespread poverty. The repercussions of this exploitation continue to affect the country’s economic scenario.

Social Factors

India’s rigid caste system also exacerbates poverty. Lower caste individuals often face discrimination and are denied access to resources and opportunities. This social stratification hinders upward mobility, perpetuating cycles of poverty.

Economic Factors

Economic inequality is another major cause. Despite India’s rapid economic growth, the benefits have not been evenly distributed. The wealth disparity between the rich and the poor continues to widen, leading to persistent poverty among the lower-income groups.

Rapid population growth also contributes to poverty in India. The pressure on limited resources, coupled with inadequate public infrastructure, leads to lower living standards and increased poverty.

Addressing poverty in India requires a multi-faceted approach. Economic policies should aim to reduce inequality and promote inclusive growth. Social reforms are needed to dismantle discriminatory practices and ensure equal access to opportunities. By tackling these issues, India can make significant strides towards eradicating poverty.

500 Words Essay on Causes of Poverty in India

India, despite being one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, grapples with the persistent issue of poverty. A significant portion of the population still lives under dire conditions. The causes of poverty in India are complex and multi-faceted, spanning from historical, social, economic, and political factors.

The roots of poverty in India can be traced back to the colonial era. British imperialism resulted in the exploitation and depletion of India’s resources, leaving a legacy of economic stagnation and underdevelopment. The colonial administration’s focus on cash crops over subsistence farming led to a decline in agricultural productivity, exacerbating poverty.

Caste-based discrimination is another significant factor contributing to poverty. The caste system, a deeply entrenched social hierarchy, often limits access to resources and opportunities for lower-caste individuals, perpetuating their state of poverty. Additionally, gender inequality, marked by a preference for male children and discrimination against women in access to education, health, and employment, further fuels poverty.

India’s economic structure is characterized by a large unorganized sector, which includes informal labor and small-scale industries. These sectors, marked by low wages, job insecurity, and lack of social security, are breeding grounds for poverty. Additionally, the unequal distribution of land and resources, with a small elite owning a large portion of the wealth, exacerbates economic disparities.

Political Factors

Political factors, such as corruption and poor governance, also contribute to poverty. Corruption diverts resources intended for development and welfare schemes, while poor governance leads to ineffective implementation of poverty alleviation programs. Moreover, the lack of political will to enact comprehensive land reforms perpetuates the economic disparities rooted in the feudal landholding system.

Rapid population growth is another significant factor contributing to poverty in India. High fertility rates, especially among the poor, lead to larger families with more mouths to feed, straining the limited resources and perpetuating the cycle of poverty. Moreover, it places immense pressure on the already strained public services, such as education and healthcare.

In conclusion, the causes of poverty in India are deeply intertwined, with historical, social, economic, and political factors acting in concert. Addressing poverty in India thus requires a comprehensive approach that acknowledges and tackles these interrelated factors. It necessitates not only economic reforms but also social and political changes, including the eradication of caste and gender-based discrimination, the improvement of governance, and the promotion of sustainable population growth.

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Essay On The Problem of Poverty in India in 1000 Words

A well-written essay on the problem of poverty in India in 1000 words for CBSE, SEBA, and any other state education board. This essay on the problem of poverty in India will be very helpful to those students who are going to appear for the Class 10 and class 12 final examinations. Since this essay is very easy to understand and memorize any non-English medium students can easily understand. Also, this essay can be converted into 500 and 300 words essay easily.

Essay On The Problem of Poverty in India in 1000 Words

Table of Contents

A Brief Essay On The Problem of Poverty in India in 1000 Words

This essay on the problem of poverty in India is written in the proper format of essay writing so that students can carry maximum marks from this essay. All causes and prevention measures of poverty in India are explained properly in this essay. Before we started our essay, please have a look at the quick view of the essay.

Quick view of the essay on the problem of poverty in India: Introduction – Nature and Extent of Poverty – Causes – Methods of Agriculture – Floods – Unemployment – Socio-political and economic system – Difference between the rich and the poor – Conclusion

THE PROBLEM OF POVERTY IN INDIA

Introduction:

India is a rich country in natural resources. Yet, more than fifty percent of its people live below the poverty line. It is one of the biggest blows to our national life and character. All right-thinking people are very much concerned about it.

Nature and Extent of The Problem of Poverty in India

The poverty of the majority of Indians beggars a description. They do not have two square meals a day. The number of beggars is increasing alarmingly. Half-clad and unclad people, including children and women in their thousands, lie on the footpaths and other open places. Crores of people do not have any roof over their heads.

Little children feed themselves with left-overs collected from dustbins or railway platforms and tracks. Skeleton-like people, cooking a fistful of rotten rice of a few festering potatoes in dirty tins and earthen pots by the roadside are a very shameful and disturbing sight. Most of these unfortunate human beings pitiably try to protect themselves from the biting cold of winter with tattered rugs and even newspapers, posters, and festoons. Thousands become victims of cold waves as well as heat waves.

The majority of villages do not have good drinking water and medical facilities. Innumerable patients die due to wanting good food and medicine. One may go on drawing faces of this demon of poverty in India but there would never be an end. This grinding poverty has seriously blotted our image as a nation. It has prevented us from looking at others with a straight face because every one of us is directly or indirectly responsible for this sad state of things.

Causes of Poverty in India: Increase of Population, Exploitation by the Rich

One of the major reasons for this disgusting poverty is the acute shortage of food. The number of babies born to everybody in our country is much bigger than it can feed. About eighty percent. of India’s total population live in the villages. The main. occupation of these people is cultivation. But, with the rapid increase of population, the land holdings of these people are gradually decreasing. Moreover, a vast number of these cultivators do not have any land at all or a pair of bullocks to draw their plough. Big landlords, other rich people, and middlemen have been cheating and exploiting them systematically and depriving them of their dues. All this is a vicious circle and there is no end to the misery of the cultivators most of whom cannot even feed themselves.

Methods of Agriculture

Another reason is that, by and large, the methods of agriculture in our country are very backward and outdated. Very few people have adopted modern and improved methods of agriculture. Again, most of the cultivators are so poor that they cannot afford to adopt such expensive methods. Those who can do so become very rich and form a new class by themselves and start exploiting the poor ones.

Frequent floods also cause great devastation to agricultural crops and corn in our country. Every year, the floods wash away thousands of granaries and cattle-heads as well as seedlings planted in vast areas of and. Thus countless cultivators and other villagers are reduced to utter poverty.

Unemployment

The unemployment problem is closely linked with poverty. There are lakhs of unemployed people in our country. Naturally, these people cannot earn anything for their families. Rather they become burdens on others. This acute unemployment problem which is responsible for a great deal of poverty is the result of our unplanned and haphazard system of education.

Socio-political and Economic System

But the root of all these is the socio-political and economic systems prevailing in our country. As a result of this, the benefit of our vast natural resources and national wealth is concentrated in the hands of a handful of selfish and unpatriotic people. This cruel exploitation of the poor has made the latter utterly destitute and unable to adopt any modern techniques of agriculture. At the same time, this private concentration of wealth has impoverished the national exchequer. Consequently, the State cannot adopt any bold, major, and revolutionary measures for the welfare of the common man.

Difference Between the Rich and the Poor in India

The sight of gigantic multi-storeyed palatial buildings overlooking tattered canvas structures where human beings pass their days in untold misery is very disturbing for any conscientious man. The corrupt and the fabulously rich enjoy themselves in vulgar luxury and display their wealth in five-star hotels that look like dreamlands.

Really, what a wonderful country India is! It is clear that shortage of food, cattle, or implements or lack of adoption of improved methods of agriculture, uncontrolled floods, unemployment and corruption, and the like are only signs of a deeper malady. This malady or the real cause of our poverty is the prevailing socio-political and economic systems resulting in unequal distribution.

Conclusion:

We may try to remove poverty through the adoption of such measures as improving the condition of our poor cultivators by tackling the flood problems, the opening of co-operative farming for the adoption of modern agricultural methods, emancipating the poor from the clutches of different kinds of exploiters, creating employment avenues and controlling the rapid growth of population. But, that way we will succeed only partially. To really doing away with poverty, we must try to radically change the systems so that nobody can exploit others. But, for doing that, we have to remember that mere slogan cannot remove poverty. Everyone must work sincerely for it.

2 thoughts on “Essay On The Problem of Poverty in India in 1000 Words”

This one is the best essay I have ever read on such a sensitive topic. kudos to the writer. keep writing.

who is the reference of the problem of poverty in india essay and please tell about the author name and years etc..

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Write an Essay on Poverty in India in English | Essay Writing for Students

Essay on poverty in india.

Introduction Poverty is still a big problem in India affecting many people. Poverty is a condition where individuals or families lack the basic necessities of life, such as food, shelter, healthcare and education. Around 20% of India's population lives below the poverty line, struggling to meet these basic needs of life.

Reasons for poverty One of the main reasons for poverty in India is the unequal distribution of wealth. The richest 10% of Indians own 80% of the wealth while the poor struggle with limited resources. Another contributing factor is unemployment. Many people are unable to find stable jobs. Lack of access to education and healthcare continues the cycle of poverty. Without proper education, individuals have fewer opportunities for employment. Medical expenses can push families deeper into poverty. Social factors such as caste discrimination and gender inequality play a significant role in perpetuating poverty in India. Lack of social security nets and corruption at various levels of government further intensify this problem.

Steps to Eradicate Poverty To alleviate poverty in India, we need to focus on providing more job opportunities with fair wages, improving access to quality education and healthcare for all and combating corruption. It is important to ensure equal rights and opportunities regardless of caste or gender, and to implement effective social welfare programs. Additionally, developing agriculture, promoting small-scale industries and entrepreneurship in rural areas can create jobs and boost incomes.

Conclusion In summary, poverty is a big problem in India, impacting many people and holding back the country's growth. We need to tackle its root causes with targeted actions and through cooperation between government, civil society, and private sector.

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