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Persuasive Speech Outline on Death Penalty
If you are looking for a persuasive and controversial topic for your speech, the death penalty is the exact one you need. However, do not consider it to be an easy task, as you need to do a great research as to what would persuade an audience to agree with you and to take action. Let’s look at the persuasive speech outline, specially developed on the death penalty subject , which will definitely steer you in the right direction for delivering the greatest speech.
1. First, create an exciting title to make your speech compelling to your listeners.
2. Your introduction should include strong and purposeful thesis statement that would gain audience attention and orient them to the topic. For example, you can say that capital punishment is used for protecting the safety of the citizens, deterring crime and bringing criminals to justice. Though the purposes are convincing, none of them can justify the killing of a human being.
3. In the body part present the most evident points about the death penalty , which prove your statement. Supporting arguments for you can be:
- Death penalty does not deter the crime rates more than Life without Parole and it’s more expensive.
- Capital punishment can’t undo the damage done.
- There’s always a risk of executing innocent people .
- Police admit that death penalty does not reduce the incidence of violent crimes, etc.
4. Briefly summarize the strongest points in your conclusion. Emphasize that the justice system will be more just and equal, if the death penalty is removed.
5. Choose the bright quote that would finish you speech more persuasively. Mine is Dr. Rush’s, a friend of Benjamin Franklin: “ The punishment of murder by death is contrary to reason, and to the order and happiness of society, and contrary to divine revelation.”
Follow this working outlet and you will surely prove all your ideas with a feeling of complete self-confidence, and deliver a speech, which will have certainly the greatest success.
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Persuasive Speech on the Death Penalty
Society has always used punishment to discourage would-be criminals from unlawful action. Since society has the highest interest in preventing murder, it should use the strongest punishment available to deter murder, and that is the death penalty. If murderers are sentenced to death and executed, potential murderers will think twice before killing for fear of losing their own life. For years, criminologists analyzed murder rates to see if they fluctuated with the likelihood of convicted murderers being executed, but the results were inconclusive. Then in 1973 Isaac Ehrlich employed a new kind of analysis which produced results showing that for every inmate who was executed, 7 lives were spared because others were deterred from committing murder. Similar results have been produced by disciples of Ehrlich in follow-up studies. Moreover, even if some studies regarding deterrence are inconclusive, that is only because the death penalty is rarely used and takes years before an execution is actually carried out. Punishments which are swift and sure are the best deterrent. The fact that some states or countries which do not use the death penalty have lower murder rates than jurisdictions which do is not evidence of the failure of deterrence. States with high murder rates would have even higher rates if they did not use the death penalty. Ernest van den Haag, a Professor of Jurisprudence at Fordham University who has studied the question of deterrence closely, wrote: "Even though statistical demonstrations are not conclusive, and perhaps cannot be, capital punishment is likely to deter more than other punishments because people fear death more than anything else. They fear most death deliberately inflicted by law and scheduled by the courts. Whatever people fear most is likely to deter most. Hence, the threat of the death penalty may deter some murderers who otherwise might not have been deterred. And surely the death penalty is the only penalty that could deter prisoners already serving a life sentence and tempted to kill a guard, or offenders about to be arrested and facing a life sentence. Perhaps they will not be deterred. But they would certainly not be deterred by anything else. We owe all the protection we can give to law enforcers exposed to special risks." Finally, the death penalty certainly "deters" the murderer who is executed. Strictly speaking, this is a form of incapacitation, similar to the way a robber put in prison is prevented from robbing on the streets. Vicious murderers must be killed to prevent them from murdering again, either in
Pauline Tracy Batiles
Augustine M Idom
There is no doubt that the criminal justice system in Nigeria is in strong discordance with the legal demands of the Nigerian people. This study is a sociological assessment of capital punishment and its enforcement in the Nigerian State. Specific reviews were done on the debate for and against capital punishment in Nigeria, the social attributes of capital crime offenders, and the causal factors of crimes punishable by death. Using secondary sources, this study revealed that there exists a social gap between capital punishment, criminal justice system and the Nigerian socioeconomic formation and that most of the perpetrators of capital crimes are people from the underprivileged group, who were considered the most vulnerable of the operative social order. The study recommends among others a total de-corruption of the Nigerian criminal justice system and that government should review capital punishment to make it more relevant for legal operation in the country. INTRODUCTION One of the ways man has enthroned social order in both the past and present societies is the philosophy of crime control otherwise called the punishment of crime.
Dr Reeza Hameed
There has been an organised move to bring back the hangman and implement the death penalty in Sri Lanka. Several weeks ago, Colombo District MP Hirunika Premachandra presented in Parliament an adjournment motion for the revival of capital punishment in Sri Lanka. She said that once the motion went through Parliament she would request President Maithripala Sirisena and the government to consider bringing back capital punishment. The motion seems to have been grounded in the member's belief that capital punishment is the solution to the increasing antisocial and violent activities within the country. An adjournment motion does not end in a vote but some members of the government supported the motion while others spoke against it. In the course of the debate, the Minister of Justice made a statement in the House, confirming the government's intention to sign the UN moratorium in November 2016. Subsequent to his statement in Parliament, the Minister was reported to have said that the moratorium on the penalty will continue but it will not be abolished. The death penalty is a cruel, inhuman or degrading form of punishment and it should be eliminated from the statute books. It is premeditated killing by the state. Curiously, even before the fair member had tabled her motion in Parliament, the Prison Commissioner had advertised the vacancies for the post of hangman and refurbished the gallows at the Welikade Prison. In the vernacular, a hangman is referred to as vadhaka, commonly known as 'alugosuwa', a word which is of Portuguese origin (algoz). The main criteria for selection as alugosuwa were that applicants shall be five feet and four inches in
Zoltan J. Toth
Journal of Social Issues
Capital punishment, even in the 21st century is flawed. It is said to be immoral and violates the constitutional ban against cruel and unusual punishment, while doing very little to prevent crime or deter violence. To some degree, it's our society's fault, in fact within an educated society so enriched in Culture; no one deserves to die by the hands of another. We shouldn't be determining the consequences of our judgment on other peoples' rights and wrongs, but we should always act as to produce the greatest overall and long-term amount of happiness for the greatest number of people. In saying so, the death penalty is harsh and unjustified. On the other hand, many say that our moral obligation is to protect the safety and welfare of our citizens. It is said that murderers and habitual criminals threaten this safety and welfare of others and so by putting murderers and habitual criminals to death, we can ensure our society that convicted killers do not kill again. While many of us believe that a person's wrongs and willful actions in the midst of a crime are wrong no matter what, we still shouldn't be the judge, jury and executioner of anyone in a civilized society. Capital punishment kills people for what our society call undesirable morals and ethics. We do this for what they have done and not the reasons behind those actions. We focus on the rights or wrongs of a violent persons actions, other that the rights or wrongs of the consequences of those actions.
In this essay I am going to discuss the reasons why the death penalty is an immoral act and should be abolished. First I am going to discuss the value of human life, and why life should be preserved, secondly I will talk about the right to live as this right is given to us from the day of our birth. Thirdly I am going to talk about the possible mistakes that can be committed in the juridic process of a capital punishment. This paper will also discuss the problem of retribution with this punishment as it may be unfair and immoral and lastly I will express the outcome that comes from this and why
Andrew R Grasmick
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Persuasive speech outline
Persuasive Speech Outline Abolishing the Death Penalty Introduction: Attention Getter: On September 24th, 1983, 11 year old Sabrina Buie was brutally raped, strangled to death, and left in a soybean field in rural North Carolina by two young men. One of those men was Leon Brown, a 16 year old African American, who was sentenced to death for the murder of this little girl. Brown’s brother, 19 at the time, with his mother crying outside the interrogation room, was questioned for five hours. At that point, he confessed and implicated his little brother as well. This past September, after 30 years in jail, the Brown brothers, now 46 and 50, respectively, and still sitting on death row, were freed. New DNA evidence proved that they were innocent. This story is too common in our judicial system. Unfortunately, not all of those wrongly convicted are freed before their execution, leaving the judicial system to grant posthumous pardons to those later found innocent. Credibility: I’ve spent the last several weeks researching the death penalty; I’ve talked to lawyers, read through books and government documents, and evaluated arguments for both sides. Thesis: Today I will argue why congress should abolish the death penalty because of its various problems. Preview: First, I will discuss three reasons why the death penalty should be abolished: the cost to taxpayers, the inherent unfairness and racial biases, and its failure to deter crime. Then, I will explain the solution. I.
The death penalty is problematic for society. A. First, let’s talk money. The cost to taxpayers for a person sentenced to death is higher than the cost for someone serving a life sentence. 1. According to the Congressional Research Service’s Report for Congress on Capital Punishment, “the extra cost per death penalty imposed is over a quarter million dollars, and per execution exceeds $2 million.” 2. Death Penalty Info.Org cites a study showing that in California alone, the death penalty has cost taxpayers over $4 billion since 1978. They state that “if the Governor commuted the sentences of those remaining on death row to life without parole, it would result in an immediate savings of $170 million per year, with a savings of $5 billion over the next 20 years.” B. Second, let’s look at the color of justice. The death penalty is applied arbitrarily without consistency and is racially biased. 1. According to the NAACP, [over 40%] of the death penalty inmates are black. The problem with that is that black people only made up [around 10%] of the US population as a whole. 2. The NAACP also addresses those who were later proven innocent. Their website states that “over 130 people have been freed from death row since 1973 due to evidence of their innocence after being sentenced to death: [nearly 40%] of death row inmates who were ultimately freed because of new evidence were African Americans, and 35% of those executed and later found to be innocent were black.” 3. In fact, a recent study put together at the Cornel School of Law indicates that the darker the accused’s skin, the higher the likelihood that they will be sentenced to death.
C. Third, let’s talk about deterrence. The system is inherently flawed and doesn’t
achieve its goal of deterrence. 1. One reason that it doesn’t deter crime is because of mental dispositions of those who do crimes that would receive the death penalty. a. Eric Freedman, a professor at Hofstra University School of Law, explains that “people who commit capital murders generally do not engage in probability analysis concerning the likelihood of getting the death penalty if they are caught.” In other words, those who are motivated and capable of committing these crimes aren’t mentally stable enough to understand the gravity of their situation. b. In fact, Freedman explains, “they may be severely mentally disturbed people like Ted Bundy, who [selected] Florida for his final crimes because it had a death penalty.” 2. Those in the police force agree that the death penalty is not a deterring factor. a. According to Death Penalty Info.Org, over two-thirds of the nearly 400 police chiefs surveyed did not think that the death penalty significantly reduced the number of homicides. b. When asked what the most effective ways of deterring crime were, they identified “the need to reduce the prevalence of drug abuse [as] their first priority. They also [advocated] longer prison sentences for criminals, fewer technical legal barriers to the prosecution of criminals, more police officers on the street, a better economy with more jobs, and reducing the number of guns [instead of] an expanded use of the death penalty as better ways to lower crime.” Transition: The problems are significant, clear, and numerous, but the solution is quite simple: we must abolish the death penalty. II.
In order for the death penalty to be abolished, we need to urge our congress to eliminate this system. A. Many people argue that the death penalty should be used because it is an equal punishment for the crime or crimes committed. In other words, the concept of “an eye for an eye.” 1. To this, we should return to a concept briefly mentioned earlier: wrongful convictions and executions. 2. Wrongful convictions can come from bad eyewitness testimony, improper forensic science, false confessions, incriminating statements, or incorrect informants, according to the Innocence Project. 3. The Innocence Project also found that since 2000, there have been over 250 exonerations based on new DNA evidence. That’s 250 individuals that would have been legally and wrongfully murdered. B. Let’s examine where the US sits in the pantheon of civilized countries. According to Anti Death Penalty.Org, the US, China, and North Korea are among the few countries in which the death penalty still survives. No European, South American,
or other North American countries are found in that list. So, we would not be paving the way in abolishing the death penalty, but rather joining numerous forward-thinking nations in doing so. Transition: With heated debate from both sides, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s important to understand the research behind why we should call on congress to remove this system. Conclusion: Restate Thesis and Main Points: The death penalty should be abolished by congress because it is not cost effective, it is racially biased, and it fails to achieve its main goal of deterrence. Closer: Now letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s return to Brown and his brother, the men freed for a murder they never committed when they were only in their teens. In a system that seeks to find justice for everyone involved, can we really defend a punishment that leaves little room for error? The death penalty should not be applied if we cannot be 100% fair and certain that the evidence is correct. I urge you all to examine this issue more carefully. Or at least be a little more educated the next time that this debate takes center stage in the political realm. Thank you.
References Biesecker, M. (2014, September 3). Leon Brown freed after 30 years in prison because of new DNA evidence. The Huffington Post. Call on congress to pass the federal death penalty abolition act into law. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.NAACP.org/ Congressional Research Service. (1998). Capital punishment: A brief overview (CRS Report 98499 GOV). Washington, DC: Library of Congress. Costs of the death penalty. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/ Department of Justice. (2000). The federal death penalty system: A statistical survey. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice. Dieter, R. (1995, February 1). On the front line: Law enforcement views on the death penalty. Retrieved from http://www.DeathPenaltyInfo.org/ Eberhardt, J., Davies, P., Purdie-Vaughns, V., & Johnson, S. (n.d.). Looking deathworthy: Perceived stereotypicality of black defendants predicts capital-sentencing outcomes. Psychological Science, 383-386. Who is on death row. (2011, January 1). Retrieved from http://wwww.AntiDeathPenalty.org/
Presentations to Persuade
Sample persuasive speech, here is a generic, sample speech in an outline form with notes and suggestions., learning objectives.
By the end of this section, you will be able to:
- Understand the structural parts of a persuasive speech.
Show a picture of a person on death row and ask the audience: does an innocent man deserve to die?
Briefly introduce the man in an Illinois prison and explain that he was released only days before his impending death because DNA evidence (not available when he was convicted), clearly established his innocence.
A statement of your topic and your specific stand on the topic:
“My speech today is about the death penalty, and I am against it.”
Introduce your credibility and the topic: “My research on this controversial topic has shown me that deterrence and retribution are central arguments for the death penalty, and today I will address each of these issues in turn.”
State your main points.
“Today I will address the two main arguments for the death penalty, deterrence and retribution, and examine how the governor of one state decided that since some cases were found to be faulty, all cases would be stayed until proven otherwise.”
Information: Provide a simple explanation of the death penalty in case there are people who do not know about it. Provide clear definitions of key terms.
Deterrence: Provide arguments by generalization, sign, and authority.
Retribution: Provide arguments by analogy, cause, and principle.
Case study: State of Illinois, Gov. George Ryan. Provide an argument by testimony and authority by quoting: “You have a system right now…that’s fraught with error and has innumerable opportunities for innocent people to be executed,” Dennis Culloton, spokesman for the Governor, told the Chicago Tribune . “He is determined not to make that mistake.”
- National level . “Stay all executions until the problem that exists in Illinois, and perhaps the nation, is addressed.”
- Local level . “We need to encourage our own governor to examine the system we have for similar errors and opportunities for innocent people to be executed.”
- Personal level . “Vote, write your representatives, and help bring this issue to the forefront in your community.”
Reiterate your main points and provide synthesis; do not introduce new content.
Imagine that you have been assigned to give a persuasive presentation lasting five to seven minutes. Follow the guidelines in Table 14.6 “Sample Speech Guidelines” and apply them to your presentation.
Table 14.6 Sample Speech Guidelines
A speech to persuade presents an attention statement, an introduction, the body of the speech with main points and supporting information, a conclusion, and a residual message.
- Apply this framework to your persuasive speech.
- Prepare a three- to five-minute presentation to persuade and present it to the class.
- Review an effective presentation to persuade and present it to the class.
- Review an ineffective presentation to persuade and present it to the class
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The pros and cons of the death penalty.
In this paper I will be discussing everything you need to know about the death penalty such as its pros and cons. While the innocent can be killed, the death penalty has its pros because it prevents them from killing again if they are released or have escaped from prison, it helps overpopulated prisons, and it can help victims’ families get justice and closure. Not only can the innocent be killed, but in the past the death penalty was very inhumane. To some its feels right but to others they feel like 2 wrongs don’t make a right. Most people think that the defendant deserves the death penalty, but what does the defendants’ family think?
Differences And Similarities Between The Canadian And American Criminal Justice System
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In the United States, the use of the death penalty continues to be a controversial issue. Every election year, politicians, wishing to appeal to the moral sentiments of voters, routinely compete with each other as to who will be toughest in extending the death penalty to those persons who have been convicted of first-degree murder. Both proponents and opponents of capital punishment present compelling arguments to support their claims. Often their arguments are made on different interpretations of what is moral in a just society. In this essay, I intend to present major arguments of those who support the death penalty and those who are opposed to state sanctioned executions application . However, I do intend to fairly and accurately
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Persuasive Speech On Capital Punishment
II. Second Main Point: The excessive cost of execution is also a reason for the death penalty to be abolished. To keep a man in prison for one 's whole life cost less than executing him. A state would save millions of dollars if they did away with death row and executions.
Immorality of the Death Penalty, A Speech
A. Attention Getter: Thou shall not kill, only one of the ten commandments that some individuals unfortunately can not seem to uphold. What would the world look like if we did not have an “eye for an eye” mentality? The debate about whether or not capital punishment is ethical or immoral is significant because our country is spending unnecessary amounts on death penalty executions, in which citizens do not know enough about the subject matter to disagree or protest its use. While tax payers are paying for this procedure, the death penalty poses many moral insurrections.
An Advocate for Capital Punishment
Well First let me explain what capital punishment is. Capital punishment, the death penalty, or the execution of somebody is the infliction of death upon a person by a judicial process as a punishment for an offence. Crimes that can result in a death penalty are known as capital crimes or capital offences.
Murder Is Wrong Essay
From an early age, children are taught that murder is morally wrong. In today’s complex society that is impeded by unsettling periods of civil unrest, it is an expectation for everyone to acknowledge and accept that murder is one of the worst crimes individuals can commit. Perhaps it can be said that the death penalty is one of our legal system’s biggest contradictions of itself, as, if someone commits murder (or another heinous crime of that caliber), such ‘murderers’ will, in states that have capital punishment laws, be sent to Death Row and ultimately murdered in order to prevent potential future crimes by such perpetrators. I believe that the death penalty is wrong not only as it is immoral to take a life, but also, such ineffective laws waste money and do not deter crime.
Persuasive Speech On Death Penalty
Comrade judges and layers: I am overjoyed to be here with you today. However, today is not a particularly joyous occasion. Today we are talking about the future of the death penalty. Due to new technology, access to execution drugs, -- or lack thereof, -- irreversible sentences, and constitutional issues, lawyers all around the nation are wondering: is the death penalty actually a good punishment, or should we simply outlaw it?
Essay on The Death Penalty Is Morally Unjustified
- 8 Works Cited
According to opponents of the death penalty, the death penalty, not only does not heal the wounds and hearts of the victim’s family and society, but it will also inflict more hatred and vengeance in the society. As Morgan (2011) said in her chapter “The Death Penalty Does Not Deliver Justice”, death penalty does not allow the relative of the victims to forgive and forget. For instance, she believes that seeing the cold-blooded execution of the criminal will not bring any peace or healing, rather, she believes that being involved in activities with other friends and relatives of the victim, such as the memorial service for the victim will be more effective in bring about peace and healing. In addition, she believes that arresting rather than executing the offender will bring more
A historical moment in United States history was shortly after the “so called,” “Boston Massacre. Many British soldiers were being accused of murder; but one Patriot, John Adams, who would one day become our second President, asserted that everyone deserves a fair trial. There was no killing. Only trials, observation, and questions. Our country states that everyone deserves the right to a trial, and not automatic death. The theory of capital punishment, or as most of you call it, the death penalty, is a violent way to sort out the criminals of an event. Capital punishment is a serious issue, and most of United States is on it. In fact, it is on the 2016 Presidential ballot, whether it should remain or be abolished. To inform people, capital punishment is a government practice where a person is put to death for a crime they committed. These capital offences are of serious issue, but should it really determine whether a person is allowed to live? No! I am an opponent for the death penalty being used anywhere in the world.
- Capital punishment