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gender stereotypes in movies essay

Gender Roles and Stereotypes in Mulan

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gender stereotypes in movies essay

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Gender Stereotypes In Movies

gender stereotypes in movies essay

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Gender inequality in movies.

A bold statement for recognition of talent, the Oscar Award has become one of the most coveted awards in the film industry. Simply being nominated for an Oscar carries it's own prestige. Every year, actors, film crews and fans alike anticipate nominations and winners for each category. A curious trend continues to arise with the annual Oscar nominees and winners. Not since 2004's Hilary Swank in Million Dollar Baby, has a film featuring a strong lead female character won their Oscar nomination. In fact, of the eight nominees for Best Picture every year, 3 films – at most – featuring strong female leads are nominated. The use of female stereotypes in films could account for this continued trend. The film industry perpetuates stereotypes of females…

Also, Stefan Babich’s article throws more light to the devastating issue of gender gap. She considers the role of female protagonists in animated children’s films. Using Disney and Pixar as a case study, she fairly criticizes Disney films for being sexist and mentions that “A pretty big percentage of the female leads in Disney musicals seem to have only one goal- to get…

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The Role Of Gender In Animation

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Gender Stereotypes In Hollywood

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Mitsuko's Treatment Of Women In Battle Royale

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Gender Stratification In Movies

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Gender Stereotypes In Movies

gender stereotypes in movies essay

Show More Preforming Gender in the Movies Stereotypes are a norm in the society we live in now. They are virtually unavoidable. No matter what type of person you are, male, female, White, African American, Mexican, Asian or anything in-between there is some version of a stereotype. These stereotypes are continually present no matter how much we try to deny them. They are constructed off of what we have learned to believe and what we assume. The media is a major reason that stereotypes are as extensive as they are. The media exploits these stereotypes to produce entertainment that people will watch. All movies has some usage of them. One in particular mocks and depicts them in a very engaging way. This movie the White Chicks. White Chicks is a movie …show more content… While pretending to be these women they attempt to satisfy the classic gender stereotypes that are given white women. Customarily, white women are represented as tall, blonde, women who love to shop. Their attitudes are characteristically seen as stuck up and rude. Throughout the movie, the agents Marcus and Kevin struggle with filling these roles. Not only do they have to fulfill a gender stereotype, they also have to fulfill a racial stereotype. A great instance that illustrates both race and gender stereotypes is when Marcus and Kevin are pretending to be the sisters as they arrive at the hotel. The hotel clerk is not satisfying what the “women” want right away. Kevin, in character Tiffany, exclaims that she is going to throw a BF (B!$%# fit). She is going to throw a temper tantrum because she is not acquiring what she wants and as a tall, blonde, rich, white women this is out of the norm for her. She asserts that she is going to write a letter to the clerk’s manager to notify him of this intolerable service. The agents gathered how to act like this from the sisters when they had to pick them up from the airport. When the agents picked the sisters up from the airport, Brittney …show more content… Throughout most of the characters are cisgender and heterosexual. However, there are some scenes that do not show this. One is when the agent Marcus is pretending to be Brittney but, he forgets he is in character. He approaches a new report that he would like to take out on a date. He begins to talk and flirt with the report, forgetting that he is technically Brittney at the moment. The reporter is a mix between surprised and repulsed when “Brittney” is flirting with her. She was shocked that a girl would hit on her. Marcus realizes what he has done and plays it off like he was not flirting. Another example of sexual identity is when they are all out at a club. Latrell and Russ, another male character, present themselves as the very stereotypical man . Russ is the predictable party boy, who is out just to hook up with women and Latrell is trying to hook up with Tiffany. They end up drugging each other, while attempting to drug the ladies. The next morning they wake up naked in bed together. They both panic and decide never bring up what happened again. Both being dominant males, they did not want to admit that they were with another man. This would affect the way they view their gender. They were raised as males, they were raised to like women, not men. It would go against everything they have learned from being male. This movie was produced in 2004

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Gender Stereotypes in Movies

Gender and feminist stereotypes in films.

The gender and feminist representations conveyed by the media are as harmful as any other kind of representations; they are easily depicted whether directly or indirectly. Their effect starts with little children and goes on to reach adults. Many film studios are devoted especially for children films, and this is the place where the magic happens, portrayals that might seem very innocent and harmless, but in fact are indirectly extremely vicious. Children grow with these assumptions portrayed by the movies, so as full gown adults they will find the motion picture representations as very normal and very acceptable, whatever they might hold in them, because of the background and the platform that was laid before them when they were kids.

The Socioeconomic Status Of Mothers

As one considers a mother and her roles, one normally pictures her at home, cooking meals, cleaning the house, and caring for her children and spouse. After generations of oppression, women continue to struggle with getting the same opportunities as men, whether it be for jobs or for equitable distribution of parenting duties. In the past, it was more common to see the father work and provide for his family, but as time has progressed there have been more women who strive to be independent and make a life for themselves. The majority of American women are currently employed and experience economic independence; 70% of mothers are currently employed, compared to 42% to 47% in 1975 (Willis and Brauer). While the maternal employment has become

Traditional Gender Roles In Movies

“On Wednesdays, we wear pink.” Regina George, from the 2004 movie Mean Girls, states while laying out the rules for entrance into her social group. Gender roles are a set of behavioral norms that are generally considered appropriate for either a man or woman in either a social or an interpersonal relationship. (Boundless, 2014) Norms are rules enforced by members of the community. Traditional gender roles are found worldwide and may vary in different countries. A child’s internalized gender role stereotypes from books, songs, television, and movies. (Throne, 2) Films showcase and establish gender roles. They have a large amount of effect on how people establish themselves, in terms of gender.

Masculinity And The Fag Discourse

Over the past few decades, great strides have been made by women in the workplace. This increased number in women in the workplace does not mean equality however. Even with equal qualifications and achievements, women are still not given all the opportunities that men have. The chapter in the textbook, “Gender at Work”, shows us more of these inequalities in the workplace. Such inequalities cause gender segregation of jobs and can be linked with the pay inequality in the labor force. Even in jobs that are predominantly filled by women, men earn more than women. Women are often stereotyped as being family focused and not as able to travel, therefore they tend to get passed up for promotions (Garson p.353). This invisible barrier that keeps women from moving up the executive ladder is referred to as the “glass ceiling” (Baxter and Wright p. 346). Women also tend to do more domestic work, or unpaid labor and caregiving. This extra unpaid work is referred to as “the third shift” and is largely rested on the shoulders of women (Gersel p. 352). Consequently, this seems to be one of the biggest things holding women back from taking on jobs that are normally considered male

American Dream Inequalities

aren’t getting the same work opportunity and work opportunity as men are which makes it harder

What Role Did Women Play In The Civil War (Essay)

Women are known to be the nurturing part of human nature. It is women who birth and generally care for the young of human kind; however, the roles of women have progressed to be so much more in today’s society. Now women are looked to not only as a homemaker, but a breadwinner as well. In many families, the women provide a major source of income and are responsible for the wellbeing of the family. “More than a quarter century has passed since Arlie Hochschild’s The Second Shift powerfully made the case that women cannot compete fairly with men when they are doing two jobs and men are doing only one.” (Moravcsik). He goes on to say that women’s roles have shifted to being able to balance a job and a family at one time. Despite the many jobs that

Analysis Of Anne-Marie Slaughter's Why Women Can T Have It All

It is still common in today’s society to dismiss women’s experiences in the workforce. According to pureresearch.org, women are more likely than men to adjust their career in order to take care of their family. Anne-Marie Slaughter’s article has given me a lot of insight on how America is structured in terms of women in the workforce. She explains in her article “Why Women Can’t Have It All”, the difficulty of keeping a high profile job while taking care of her family. Her experiences is very common among women all over the spectrum of the workforce.

Male Company President : I 'm Sorry At All The Mothers I Worked With By Kathrine Zaleski

Do women belong in the workplace? Should employers treat them differently because of their responsibilities in the home? The article “Female Company President: ‘I’m Sorry to all the Mothers I Worked With’” by Kathrine Zaleski, president and co-founder of PowerToFly, argues that women can be both successful mothers and employees if employers take the initiative to accommodate them. She believes that women have the ability and skills to become both valuable employees and involved mothers, but employers need to make adjustments in several common work practices in order to build women up to their full potential.

Gender Stereotypes In Horror Movies

Horror movies throughout history have been known to have their cheesy storylines or continuous bad acting. Especially horror movies. People nowadays could easily spot the flaws in a film and judge them drastically in reviews. Yet, little do people notice the ongoing discrimination between genders. Horror films tend to portray males and females substantially differently because of stereotypical views. There seems to be a pattern in which each gender takes a certain role in a movie continuously. Females are shown to be “objects” such as sex and emotional symbols, while males are shown as strong or powerful and moreover as the main bad guy. Although some of the newer edition films of the horror genre are displaying each gender more and more equal throughout the ongoing years, the gender discrimination dilemma still exists and can be seen by the statistics in the movie industry in general.

Gender Stereotypes In Pixar Movies

Stefan Babich, a blogger for Periscope Magazine, a blog for women.Wrote a online article in 2011 that Brings up an issue many of us might not have even knew existed, that there is a lack of female protagonists in Pixar films. Babich brings up many points that are important to think about, because whether we realise it or not films,books,video games, and the media in general, at times do treat women to be less than their male counterparts.

Why Do Women Get Paid Less Than Women?

Women are earning post-secondary degrees at a faster rate than men are, yet a wage gap persists. Over the past few years the issue of unfair pay between men and women has grown significantly. Multiple studies have been conducted since then and almost all of them bring back the same result; that men do in fact get paid more than women. In 2014 women working full time earned 79% of what men were paid, which is about a gap of 21%. Men have always been seen as more competent and fit for labor and have predominately been the main labor force.

Movie Stereotypes

I found that the characters seemed to stereotype each other when they either were in trouble, felt uncomfortable, and / or in and aggravated mood looking for trouble. Which honestly were very realistic because when people are put in a “fight or flight” mode if they resort to the fight one, the thing that is really is easy to come up with is to immediately stereotype and make yourself feel better so yes this really can occur in real life.

Stereotypes: The Sexualization Of Women In Movies

Name one action movie that has not used women as a sexual object to attract the attention of the audience. Movies and television producers use women as a hook for the audience, action plus a beautiful woman, it is the perfect combination for a great movie. Women in general are seen as a sexual object in the modern society, partially because that is how they are portrayed over tv. Nowadays a woman is judged based on her physical appearance more so over her personality. No matter how one may act or portray herself she can be scrutinized for her every move, the way she walks, the way she talks, the way she moves. It is also a known fact that women can account for only a third of the roles in movies worldwide. Even as they are sexualized women

Gender Stereotypes in Popular Culture

For thousands of years, established gender roles have been a part of our society. Women are commonly known as sensitive, emotional, or passive. On the contrary, men are described as rational, competitive, independent, or aggressive. Believing women are more emotional than men is stereotyping. However, the stereotype is not entirely untrue. Development of gender roles is often conditioned more by environmental or cultural factors than by hereditary or biological factors. The development of gender roles between men and women involves the inference of peer community of each gender, the communication style of male and female and the intimacy or connection level of men and women.

Discrimination Against Women in the Workplace

From the beginning of time the male and female have been expected to perform certain roles in society. Males have been expected to work and provide for their family while the female raises the children, cooks, cleans and keeps the house in order. Today many women have broken that tradition and are starting their careers and becoming more independent. Even though females today are braking away from that stereotype, they are being discriminated in the work place because there are still individuals out there that believe that women should play a certain role and that they are not strong enough to work in a cooperation or

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Gender Stereotypes In Movies

Movies have always shown women as weaker ones, while males have major roles and are depicted as strong and fearless. Even In employment, women’s roles in media industry are mostly junior and offering support while males occupy leadership and senior positions. According to stereotypical nature of society males are tough and powerful both intellectually and physically, they should dominate everything. While females are supposed to be soft, caring, emotional and supportive to their male counterparts. They should support and make men’s lives comfortable. Ideological construct of gender includes clothing differences between males and females, their roles (motherhood, wifehood, manhood, etc.) inferiority/superiority at certain tasks. Gender is a …show more content…

Movies shape the way society views male and female characteristics. Movies show these stereotypes for the sexes to follow and these stereotypes slowly become normal way of life for the sexes with time. Genders are stereotyped and portrayed completely different from the other. Men in the movies are shown to be aggressive figures, with financial stability and dominant control. While on the other hand movies project women as weak and the need to be protected by men, they are shown to be concerned with family and their beauty. These assumptions show negative representations of both gender s in society especially placing barriers for women and not allowing them to develop and stopping them from reaching their full potential in the society. These gender stereotypes have made it more difficult for women to be taken seriously at their jobs. Because their male colleagues are respected more in the companies and they are perceived as dedicated workers. (Benoit, 72). “Benoit’s findings indicate that the media’s influence constricts both men and women, as the sexes are forced to conform to gendered …show more content…

This stereotype affects the mindset of women making them believe that only men can dominate important matters and occupy those positions of power. This affects the females in negative way making them doubt their chances and making males think these positions only belong to them these stereotypes are spread by the media and movies . In movies women are more likely to be shown doing housework and cooking because females are expected to be housewives. This thinking limit the chances women have in the society because, men are more likely to be shown with distinguished career or occupation of high office this makes females believe that they cannot achieve much out in the society. The roles in media have influenced people’s thinking. The differences between male and female expectations of genders are big. The costs of production of movies with males as the main cast have a higher budget than those with female main cast. It’s proved that expensive movies produced are more successful therefore this favors movies with male as main cast. In the movies females are portrayed to be showing only their sexuality as their greatest assets and their potential. This influences society making them think that women cannot exhibit their own potential in job markets or other important fields. It doesn’t allow them to compete with men and make them rely on their sexuality only. The types of

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Gender Stereotypes In Action Movies

Filed Under: Essays

Description: The aim of this report is to determine how both males and females are portrayed / stereotyped in the action genre and to obtain a general view on how people feel about these portrayals. The report will also ascertain as to why these stereotypes are found in action movies. Through the research done, an assessment and recommendation will be given with regard to this particular topic. Methodology: Numerous mediums were used to gather the necessary research to fulfill the aims of the report. The main sources of information were gathered from books that I have on the topic as well as various web pages on the Internet.

Other sources included a questionnaire that I used to gather views about the relevant topic, informal discussions and from certain films that pertain to the research. To reach a conclusion as to how genders are stereotyped in action films, I gathered information from film study books. These proved to have been more than adequate as they covered the subject in meticulous detail. The Internet was used to find a reason as to why genders are stereotyped and the questionnaires were key in achieving an opinion as to how these stereotypes are received by viewers.

Findings: Male action heroes tend to act to reinforce their patriarchal stand in masculinity. They rescue women, proving themselves protectors of women. They are proven desirable to women. Another thing that male heroes seem to have in common is that they are often symbols and not actors. They tend to take on physically demanding roles in each movie and often fit the stereotype of built up men with muscles rippling and guns blazing although this is not always the case. Females in action movies are stereotyped in a completely different way to men.

The Essay on Male Directors Movie Women Movies

Gender Influence on the Making of Movies: A Directorial and Production Perspective The direction and production of a movie is a purely personal endeavor; a person making a movie will use his own interpretation of a script or screen play and make a movie the way he see things. The producer will pick a script that he sees as being good, attempt to procure a budget that will allow him to express his ...

Findings all show that women are depicted as weak and dependent on men to save them from a situation in which they cannot help themselves. Even heroines are frequently getting rescued in the final scene. As motivation for violence — violence against women is the trigger for the (male) heroes’ violence, which is what the audience came to see. In this respect, the rape, abuse, murder, whatever, is a ‘good’ thing — it causes a desired response. Female roles provide a second level of appeal.

Rather than only the identifications and envy of hero, the male directed camera portrays desire of female. The women are attractive not only to the hero, but to the audience, in an attempt to make the film attractive. Many popular movies have been criticized for promoting girls to look a certain way. It is estimated that the female body type presented in movies such as Men In Black and Bond Movies only make up about 9% of the total female population. The answers to the questionnaire showed a general consensus amongst those interviewed that these portrayals of the sexes are in fact verifiable and quite common as 80% of those interviewed said that men were cast as heroic, muscular and aggressive characters while women’s roles were limited to those of a helpless trophy girl or a sex goddess.

The general feeling, however, was against the stereotypes and that they should not be allowed to progress any further (73% voted against the stereotypes).

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120 Gender Stereotypes Essay Topic Ideas & Examples

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Home | Science | Sociology | Gender Stereotypes

Gender Stereotypes in Disney Movies

Disney has all the time been accused, by many scholars, because of holding colonialist and conservative ideals. It has also been criticised due to the static patriarchal stereotypes it supported through the different eras during which the fairy tales’ animated movies have been produced.

Gender roles in Disney animated movies were claimed to be accurate reflections of the Victorian norms which drew a widely long line between the typical maleness and the exemplary femininity. In other words, men and women’s roles have been stereotypically classified into domestic females who must stay at home, and individualistic men whose task is to lead and control passive females in the out of home world (Stephanie Coontz 1992 p.144).

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Victorian notions are based on the idea that “maleness represents a world of achievement, autonomy, and effectiveness” while femaleness is equal to deficiency, dependence, subordination and passivity (Stephanie Coontz 1992 p. 62). Nevertheless, Stephanie Coontz, an American historian and author, argued that the Victorian ideals, which are coined to the stereotypical representations in Disney, are not truly accurate conventions of the era. In fact, Coontz believe that these gender roles are not real, instead they are mythical (1992 p.23).

Disney was mainly criticised because of the gender portrayals it exhibits on one hand, and the way the original plots are modified to reinforce streotypes, giving more autonomy to men, on the other hand.

The original sources Disney tales pick are Germanic (Cinderella), French (Beauty and the Beast), Danish (The Little Mermaid) or Middle Eastern (Aladdin).

Disney versions reinforce gender stereotypes . Males are given more importance than that which they had in the source versions. They also identify the framing lines of the story, as it usually ends up with a happy ending after that a prince solves the story’s problem (saving the princess mostly). This way the tail would be centred on the male instead of the female (Zipes 1995 Breaking the Disney Spell‖ p. 36-39; Enchanted Screen 2001 p.24).

Women are numerous in comparison to their male counterparts, the thing that did not witness any progress throughout the successive generations. In terms of roles, the princesses play major roles, as Disney movies are often centred on female heroines (Zipes 2011). In addition to this, the amount of time occupied by the female characters in the events of the story (be it written or animated) is highly far cry from the period of time spent by the princes (DuGar 2013). As a matter of fact, it is not really accurate to say that Disney favoured males over females. Rather, maleness is paradoxically debatable since men play minor roles to perform central scenes (Zipes 2001 p. 124, 122).

It is only starting from the middle era that male roles were emphasized. Yet, princes did not perform focal roles, the thing that made him a shallow persona again, in the story (Zipes).

Beauty and the Beast is the first movie to include more males than females.

Whether Disney favour women over men, or vice versa, is still debatable. Many scholars stand with the view that says women are being domesticated in the middle of an endocentric setting, and violence against them is given romanticized portrayals. Nevertheless, others claim that it is the man who is being neglected, dehumanized and subordinated in these animated movies.

The stereotyped portrayals that Disney characters display are prejudicial for both sexes.

While women’s position is in progress towards moving out of traditional roles to reach egalitarian positions, which make the female as equal as a male character, males’ situation witnessed no evolution towards the performance of central roles. Over and above, the only thing facing a change in the characterization of men is the creation of more male villains.

Recently released movies (The Princess and the Frog, Tangled and Brave) were not extracted from literary fairy tales.

Works released during the period between 1937 and 1992 were picked up from classical fairy tales.

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Gender Stereotypes in Disney Movies. (2021, Feb 16). Retrieved from https://samploon.com/gender-stereotypes-in-disney-movies/

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Gender pay gap in u.s. hasn’t changed much in two decades.

The gender gap in pay has remained relatively stable in the United States over the past 20 years or so. In 2022, women earned an average of 82% of what men earned, according to a new Pew Research Center analysis of median hourly earnings of both full- and part-time workers. These results are similar to where the pay gap stood in 2002, when women earned 80% as much as men.

A chart showing that the Gender pay gap in the U.S. has not closed in recent years, but is narrower among young workers

As has long been the case, the wage gap is smaller for workers ages 25 to 34 than for all workers 16 and older. In 2022, women ages 25 to 34 earned an average of 92 cents for every dollar earned by a man in the same age group – an 8-cent gap. By comparison, the gender pay gap among workers of all ages that year was 18 cents.

While the gender pay gap has not changed much in the last two decades, it has narrowed considerably when looking at the longer term, both among all workers ages 16 and older and among those ages 25 to 34. The estimated 18-cent gender pay gap among all workers in 2022 was down from 35 cents in 1982. And the 8-cent gap among workers ages 25 to 34 in 2022 was down from a 26-cent gap four decades earlier.

The gender pay gap measures the difference in median hourly earnings between men and women who work full or part time in the United States. Pew Research Center’s estimate of the pay gap is based on an analysis of Current Population Survey (CPS) monthly outgoing rotation group files ( IPUMS ) from January 1982 to December 2022, combined to create annual files. To understand how we calculate the gender pay gap, read our 2013 post, “How Pew Research Center measured the gender pay gap.”

The COVID-19 outbreak affected data collection efforts by the U.S. government in its surveys, especially in 2020 and 2021, limiting in-person data collection and affecting response rates. It is possible that some measures of economic outcomes and how they vary across demographic groups are affected by these changes in data collection.

In addition to findings about the gender wage gap, this analysis includes information from a Pew Research Center survey about the perceived reasons for the pay gap, as well as the pressures and career goals of U.S. men and women. The survey was conducted among 5,098 adults and includes a subset of questions asked only for 2,048 adults who are employed part time or full time, from Oct. 10-16, 2022. Everyone who took part is a member of the Center’s American Trends Panel (ATP), an online survey panel that is recruited through national, random sampling of residential addresses. This way nearly all U.S. adults have a chance of selection. The survey is weighted to be representative of the U.S. adult population by gender, race, ethnicity, partisan affiliation, education and other categories. Read more about the ATP’s methodology .

Here are the questions used in this analysis, along with responses, and its methodology .

The  U.S. Census Bureau has also analyzed the gender pay gap, though its analysis looks only at full-time workers (as opposed to full- and part-time workers). In 2021, full-time, year-round working women earned 84% of what their male counterparts earned, on average, according to the Census Bureau’s most recent analysis.

Much of the gender pay gap has been explained by measurable factors such as educational attainment, occupational segregation and work experience. The narrowing of the gap over the long term is attributable in large part to gains women have made in each of these dimensions.

Related: The Enduring Grip of the Gender Pay Gap

Even though women have increased their presence in higher-paying jobs traditionally dominated by men, such as professional and managerial positions, women as a whole continue to be overrepresented in lower-paying occupations relative to their share of the workforce. This may contribute to gender differences in pay.

Other factors that are difficult to measure, including gender discrimination, may also contribute to the ongoing wage discrepancy.

Perceived reasons for the gender wage gap

A bar chart showing that Half of U.S. adults say women being treated differently by employers is a major reason for the gender wage gap

When asked about the factors that may play a role in the gender wage gap, half of U.S. adults point to women being treated differently by employers as a major reason, according to a Pew Research Center survey conducted in October 2022. Smaller shares point to women making different choices about how to balance work and family (42%) and working in jobs that pay less (34%).

There are some notable differences between men and women in views of what’s behind the gender wage gap. Women are much more likely than men (61% vs. 37%) to say a major reason for the gap is that employers treat women differently. And while 45% of women say a major factor is that women make different choices about how to balance work and family, men are slightly less likely to hold that view (40% say this).

Parents with children younger than 18 in the household are more likely than those who don’t have young kids at home (48% vs. 40%) to say a major reason for the pay gap is the choices that women make about how to balance family and work. On this question, differences by parental status are evident among both men and women.

Views about reasons for the gender wage gap also differ by party. About two-thirds of Democrats and Democratic-leaning independents (68%) say a major factor behind wage differences is that employers treat women differently, but far fewer Republicans and Republican leaners (30%) say the same. Conversely, Republicans are more likely than Democrats to say women’s choices about how to balance family and work (50% vs. 36%) and their tendency to work in jobs that pay less (39% vs. 30%) are major reasons why women earn less than men.

Democratic and Republican women are more likely than their male counterparts in the same party to say a major reason for the gender wage gap is that employers treat women differently. About three-quarters of Democratic women (76%) say this, compared with 59% of Democratic men. And while 43% of Republican women say unequal treatment by employers is a major reason for the gender wage gap, just 18% of GOP men share that view.

Pressures facing working women and men

Family caregiving responsibilities bring different pressures for working women and men, and research has shown that being a mother can reduce women’s earnings , while fatherhood can increase men’s earnings .

A chart showing that about two-thirds of U.S. working mothers feel a great deal of pressure to focus on responsibilities at home

Employed women and men are about equally likely to say they feel a great deal of pressure to support their family financially and to be successful in their jobs and careers, according to the Center’s October survey. But women, and particularly working mothers, are more likely than men to say they feel a great deal of pressure to focus on responsibilities at home.

About half of employed women (48%) report feeling a great deal of pressure to focus on their responsibilities at home, compared with 35% of employed men. Among working mothers with children younger than 18 in the household, two-thirds (67%) say the same, compared with 45% of working dads.

When it comes to supporting their family financially, similar shares of working moms and dads (57% vs. 62%) report they feel a great deal of pressure, but this is driven mainly by the large share of unmarried working mothers who say they feel a great deal of pressure in this regard (77%). Among those who are married, working dads are far more likely than working moms (60% vs. 43%) to say they feel a great deal of pressure to support their family financially. (There were not enough unmarried working fathers in the sample to analyze separately.)

About four-in-ten working parents say they feel a great deal of pressure to be successful at their job or career. These findings don’t differ by gender.

Gender differences in job roles, aspirations

A bar chart showing that women in the U.S. are more likely than men to say they're not the boss at their job - and don't want to be in the future

Overall, a quarter of employed U.S. adults say they are currently the boss or one of the top managers where they work, according to the Center’s survey. Another 33% say they are not currently the boss but would like to be in the future, while 41% are not and do not aspire to be the boss or one of the top managers.

Men are more likely than women to be a boss or a top manager where they work (28% vs. 21%). This is especially the case among employed fathers, 35% of whom say they are the boss or one of the top managers where they work. (The varying attitudes between fathers and men without children at least partly reflect differences in marital status and educational attainment between the two groups.)

In addition to being less likely than men to say they are currently the boss or a top manager at work, women are also more likely to say they wouldn’t want to be in this type of position in the future. More than four-in-ten employed women (46%) say this, compared with 37% of men. Similar shares of men (35%) and women (31%) say they are not currently the boss but would like to be one day. These patterns are similar among parents.

Note: This is an update of a post originally published on March 22, 2019. Anna Brown and former Pew Research Center writer/editor Amanda Barroso contributed to an earlier version of this analysis. Here are the questions used in this analysis, along with responses, and its methodology .

gender stereotypes in movies essay

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  1. Gender Stereotypes

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