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Process of the rock cycle

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Rocks are best known for their rugged nature. Nature is so iconic and popular that people often describe their level of determination by using the word ‘Rock’-solid or ‘Rock’-hard. In contrast, we should all be aware that rocks also change. They change property. In this case, high temperature and pressure are required. The rate of change in these two aspects plays an important role. It takes place under a cycle known as the Rock Cycle.

One might wonder, “What is a rock cycle and how does it work?” or “what does the rock-mass mean?” Simply put, the definition goes to-

“A rock cycle is a process that completely transcends complex and interconnected rock formation from one stage to another.”

A simple description of all the steps played, and their final results are given below-

Steps of the Process of Rock Cycle

Simply put, the weather is the process of breaking down rocks into smaller and smaller particles without any transport agent in play. Factors such as temperature limits, ecosystems, and water play a significant role.

It can be classified into chemical, physical, and biological influencing agents.

1. Physical

In particular, rapid changes in temperature or high temperatures are causing climate change. IT HAPPENS when rocks freeze and melt. Another condition in which the pressure of the tectonic plates suddenly changes, causing cracks. It usually occurs in rocky areas or mountains.

2. Chemicals

It usually occurs with rainwater reacting with rock minerals and creating other minerals or chemical compounds. It usually occurs in wet and warm climates as reactions happen at high temperatures.

The three main reactions are

 1. Hydrolysis – Acidic reaction, soluble salt, and clay formation.

2. Oxidation – In the presence of oxygen, the production of iron-rich stones.

3. Solution : In the presence of rainwater, CO2 can dissolve limestones, resulting in new stones.

Living organisms contribute to rock formation by:

Erosion and Transportation

Erosion is also a natural process of breaking down rocks into sand-like particles. The only difference between climate change and erosion is the presence of agents such as water and air. In the past, water only existed as part of a reaction during erosion, acting as a transport agent as well.

Various events such as sinking, abrasion and resolution, air transport cause caves, new ditches, and cracks in large rocks, while air transport causes reduced stones.

Installation of the Sediment

Sediment is the erosion or settlement of tiny particles of sand, rock formations, etc., broken in the rocks. Usually done by:

Burial and Co-operation

The next step in the decomposition process of sedimentation is burial and Compaction. The process is straightforward. Once the sand particles are in the soil, they form layers quickly covered with another layer of new debris, continuing the cycle. This results in compression of the subsoil layers. During that time, minerals in water act as a slow-acting agent between particles. Thus, the soft layers turn into solid mineral rocks inside.

Crystallization of Magma

Magma is a muddy mud that stays quiet in the middle of a volcano. It is a liquid rock under tremendous pressure and temperature due to global warming. Magma can be both sticky or slightly viscous. It depends on factors such as temperature and the amount of dissolved gas.

The small dense erupts and forms rocks with fine holes, while the attractive ones form solid stones with distorted letters.

The deflection of the previous process is melting as soon as the rocks reach the ground, the temperature rises, and the pressure increases. Soon, they melt and cause molten rock called mud. This only explodes to cool off to form rocks. Some stones do not flash and are forced to change features to produce new stones.

The process of forming a crust to the surface due to the natural forces that cause the movement of the tectonic plates is called lifting. This is how the mountains rise when the new islands appear in the middle of the ocean.

Deformation and Metamorphism

Constant pressure and sudden movement put some residual and igneous rocks under tremendous pressure. Such forces can cause curves or cracks between stones, and in the midst of all these events, rocks collapse to form metamorphic rocks. Deformation refers to the bending and deflection of stones. This is due to pressure and tension.

Results of the process of Rock Cycle

Igneous rocks.

Igneous rocks are made of cool magma and are usually very hard or hollow, depending on the cooling area. They have minerals in the form of crystals that are typically very visible.

Metamorphic Rocks

When Igneous, Sedimentary or Metamorphic rocks are under intense pressure and heat, rock formation changes. Under such conditions, some rock structures change, resulting in new rock formations known as metamorphic rocks. The process may be repeated in metamorphic rocks.

Sedimentary Rocks

Stones are formed due to continuous sedimentation followed by increased pressure and temperature. During that time, minerals act as a composite agent and thus, sedimentary rocks are formed. Construction particles can range from sand to rock. The main feature is undoubtedly the visible strata and beds.

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